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those that love me to inherit substance; and I will fill thei treasures.

5. The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his way, before Sis works of old. I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When there were no depths, I was brought forth; when there were no fountains abounding with water. Before the mountains were settled; before the hills was I brought forth : while as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world.

6. When he prepared the heavens, I was there; when he set a compass upon the face of the depth; when he established the clouds above; when he strengthened the fountains of the deep; when he gave to the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his commandment; when he appointed the foundations of the earth : then I was by him, as one brought up with him; and I was daily his delight, rejoicing always before him; rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights were with the sons of men.

7. Now therefore hearken unto me, 0 ye children, for blessed are they that keep my ways. Hear instruction and be wise, and refuse it not. Blessed is the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors. For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favor of the Lord. But he that sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul; all they that hate me love death.






** All the words in Part II., having the mark of reference at at the end, will be found explained in this Index, which also offers the usual facilities of reference yo the subjects treated, names of authors, places, &c.

Figures attached to wor do in Part II. refer to the corresponding numbers of paragraphs in Part I. See no ice on page 55.


Adj., for adjective; A. D., in the year of our Lord; B. C., before Christ; b., born ; d.

died ; Fr., French ; Gr., Greek ; L or Lat., Latin ; p., page ; pp., pages.

ABBE (abby), a French ecclesiastical titlu, 1 ICADEMICIAN, a member of an academy for

literally meaning an abbot, the goverror promoting arts and sciences. of an abbey or monastery. It is from the ACCENT. See page 25. Syriac, abba, father. Abbés, before the ACCEPTANCE, in commerce, is the receiving French revolution, were persons who fol of a bill or order so as to bind the acceptor lowed a course of theological study, and to make payment. He makes himself a acted as instructors, &c. ; but the charac debtor for the sum named in it, by writing ter denoted by it has ceased to be of any the word “ Accepted" on it, and signing official importance.

his name. ABORIGINES (āb-o-rij-i-nēz), from ab, from, ACCOUTRE (ac-coot'-er), to provide with arms

and origo, origin, are the first inhabitants or equipments. of a country.

ACHILLES (A-kil-les), the son of Peleus, ABSORPT. Some verbs have two forms for | King of Thrace. He was famous in the Tro

the past tense and participle, one in de jan war, which commenced about 1193 the other in t; as burned, burnt, learned, B. C. learnt, &c. The forms in d are often ADAMS, Jonx, the second President of the

pronounced as if spelt with a t. 129. United States, born in Braintree, Mass., ABUT'MENT, the solid pier or mound of earth, 1735, died July 4th, 1826. His last

stone or tirnber, erected on the bank of a words were, “It is the glorious Fourth of river to support the end of a bridge.

July ! God bless it-God bless you all !" ACADEMY. From Acadèmus, an Athen See page 381.

ian, in whose grove a sect of Grecian ADAMS, JOHN QUINCY, son of John, born at philosophers used to assemble. The word Quincy, Mass., 1767 ; died 1848. He was is now applied to any assembly or society the sixth President of the United States ; of persons where learning and philosophy

| p. 226. are the proposed objects ; in the United | ADAMS, Sarah F. An English lady, who States, chiefly to schools, public and pri- died young. vate; in England, to schools for students in Resignation, by, 70. the fine arts.

ADDISON, JOSEPII, one of the best authors in The Silent Academy, p. 55.

English literature, was born in 1672, and

died in 1719. See a mention of his death, | but was finally destroyed by the Saracens, p. 245.

A. D. 612 ; when, it is said, the numerous Folly of Castle building, 71.

volumes supplied fuel during six months Ilymn, 106.

for four thousand baths. Opposite to Creation, 149.

Alexandria was the small isle of l'haros, Providence Inscrutable, 177.

Dow joined to the main land by a causeReflections in Westminster Abbey, 317. way. Here stood a celebrated lightAD-O-LES'CENCE (from the Latin adolescere, house of white marble, and deemed one of

to grow up to), the age between childhood the seven wonders of the world. Its light and manhood.

could be seen at a distance of one hun. ADORATION, homage to God. The root of dreil miles. From the pame of the isle on

the word is the Latin os, oris, the mouth, which it stood, Pharos became a common and it implies spoken prayer.

appellation for all light-houses. The trade ADVANCE Poem by Jil'Carthy, 179.

of Alexandria was greatly reduced by the ADVENTURE in Calabria, 305.

discovery of the passage to India by the '(HINER, the great rival of Demosthenes Cape of Good llope, A. D. 1497 ; but the as an orator, was born in Athens, B. C. town still has a population of about seven389. Being banished to Rhodes, he there teen thousand souls, and a growing trade. set up a school of rhetoric.

There was once a celebrated amphitheatre ÆS'CHYLUS, one of the most famous tragic at Alexandria, where cruel games were

writers of Greece, was born at Athens exhibited. about five huudred years B. C. lle has Gladiatorial Combat with a Tiger, p. 94. been called the father of the Greek stage. ALEXANDRINE. The verse of twelve or He is said to have died in his sixtieth year thirteen syllables ; 80 called from an of a fracture of his skull, caused by an ancient French poet, who first Used it.

eagle's letting fall a tortoise on his head. ALFRED the Great, born 819, died 901, Æsop, a native of Phrygia, a country in the was the greatest king that England can

middle of Asia Minor, flourished about boast ; distinguished for his learning, 672 B. C. IIe was a slave and deformed, wisdom, justice, moderation, and piety. and composed his celebrated fables for his Character, by Dickens, 244. own amusement. Obtaining his freedom, AL'LEGORY (from the Greek words, allo, he made several voyages to Grecce, where another thing, and agoreo, I declare) is he lost his life in a quarrel with the people in literature a continued metaphor ; a of Delphos.

metaphor being the representation of one AFFECTATION, a poem, 114.

thing by another. Fables are a species Afectation of Knowledge, 278.

of allegory. Some of the parables of the AJAX, one of the heroes at the siege of Troy Bible are allegories. Bunyan's Pilgrim's

celebrated by Homer. He was second Progress is one of the most famous of alleonly to Achilles in bravery.

gories, ALBOM, from the Latin albus, white, was a The Two Palaces, an Allegory, p. 219.

white table or register, whereon the de ALLSTUN, Washington, one of the greatest crees of the Romans were written. It is painters that America has produced, was now used to designate a book for auto born at Charleston, S.C., 1779, and died in graphs, an artist's sketch-hook, &c.

1813, at Cambridge, Mass., where he long ALEXANDER the Great, King of Macedon, resided. He was a man of remarkable

and conqueror of Asia, was born B. C. genius, and while in Europe was the 356, and began to reirn in his twentieth frieud of Coleridge and other eminent year. lle died in his thirty-third year, men. Ile was a devout Christian. Ilis of a fever, brought on by intemperate belief,” says Mr. Dana, “ was in a Deing habits. He was, says Seneca, “a cruel as infinitely minute and sympathetic in his ravager of provinces,” and “made his providences, as unlimited in his power happiness and glory to consist in render and knowledge." Mr. Allston showed ing himself formidable to all mortals."

much ability as a poet and essayist. ALEXANDER Se-verus, Emperor of Rome, Anecdote by, 78.

was born at Acre in Pharnicia, in 205. | ALPINE (ine or in), pertaining to the Alps, The chief event of his reign was a great or any losty mountain. victory over Artaxerxes, King of Persia. | AM'ARANTI (from a, the negative prcfir, He was murdered, with his mother, in a and maraino, Gr., I wither) an unmilitary sedition, 235. See Gibbon's ac fading flower. Adj., amaranthine. See count of hin, p. 14.

Prefix ALEXANDRIA, a seaport, situated on a sandy AMATEUR (amatør, or, according to tho

strip of land, running into the Mediter French pronunciation, amatur'; the u as ranean, and the ancient capital of Lower in murmur, and the accent on the last Egypt ; founded by Alexander the Great, syllable), a lover of any art or science, and who peopled it with Greeks, B. C. 332. not a professor. Ilere was a famous library, stored with AMERICA, a vast continent, discovered by from five hundred thousand to seven hun Columbus, in the year 1492, but subsen dred thousand volumes; a large number quently named from Americus Vespuc bi which were burnt during the siege of cius. An honor that clearly belonged to the city by Julius Caesar, B. C. 47. The Columbus was thus given to another. library was afterwards rirtly restored, low this was brought about, or who first

gave the name, is not now accurately onoma, a name), without a name ; nameknown. Alexander Von Humboldt, who less. Á book or writing is said to be studied the question closely, ascribed the anonymous when the author's name is general reception of the name America to guppressed. its having been introduced into a popular A C., or Ante Christum, affixed to dates, work on geography, published in 1507. published in 1507. ar sich in some

signify so many years before the birth of Discovery by Columbus, 188, 191.

Jesus Christ. On Taxing the Colonies, 207.

A. M. These initials may stand for ante Progress of, by Burke, 269.

meridiem, before noon; artium magister, The American Union, 271.

master of arts; and anno mundi, in the AMPHITHEATRE (from the Gr. amphi, about, 1 year of the world.

and theatron, a seeing-place), in anti- ANTIQUITY (from the L. antiquus or antiquity, a spacious edifice of a circular or cus, ancient, which is from ante, before), oval form, having its area encomng sed the times of old. with rows of seats, one above agother, and ANTIPODES (an-tipo-dez), from the Greek used for gladiatorial and other shows. See anti, against, opposed to, and pous, & p. 386.

foot ; those people who, living on the Ayse. This word (sa yg Trench) plainly other side of the globe, have their feet

athrms of itself that amusement must directly opposite to ours. Do not misfirst be earned. It is from a, without, pronounce this word, as many do, by and musis, the Muses, who, it must be making the last five letters of it one syl remembered, were the patronesses, in old lable instead of two. time, not of poetry alone, but of history, APPETITE (from the Latin appetera, to seek geometry, and all other studies as well. after), though used for desire generally, is What shall we, then, say of those who oftener applied to the desire of food, would fain have their lives to be all հսոger. " amusement," or who claim it otherwise APOLOGUE (from the Gr. apo, from, and than as this temporary withdrawal a logos, a saying), a fable or fiction, of muris (from the Muses)? The very word which the object is moral. See Fable. condemns them. See Muses.

Select Apologues, 72. ANAL'OGY (from the Gr. ana, and logos, ac Apologues in Verse, 286.

cording to rule, or proportion), a rclation APOS'TATIZE (from the Gr. apo, from, and of sinilarity between different things in istaxthai to stand), to stand away from ;

certain respects. Adj., analogous. 1 to desert or forsake. ANECDOTE (from the Gr. a, not, ek, from, I APOSTRO-PIIe (Gr. apo, from, and stro

and dotos, given ; meaning, originally, phê, a turning). In rhetoric, a figure something not yet given out, or divulged | of speech by which the orator or writer to the world); any little story or incident

suddenly breaks off from the previous told or narrated.

method of his discourse, and addresses, in Anecdotes and Incidents, 278.

the second person, some person or thing, ANCIENT Mariner. In Coleridge's poem absent or present. For the use of the

under this title, the mariner is ruided to word in grammar, sce p. 49. his own country by angelic spirits, who Satan's Apostrophe to the Snn, 349. 6s stood as signals to the land, each one a ) APRIL. The fourth month of the year. Tho lovely light," 399.

name is probably derived from the Lat. ANGELO, Michael Buonarotti, the greatest aperirë, to open ; from the opening of the

of Italian artists, alike eminent in paint buds, or of the earth in ploughing. ing, sculpture and architecture ; no baud AQUEPECT (Lat. aqua, water, and ductus, pout, and a noble-hearted man. Born at a leading). A conduit (kon'dit), or chanChiusi, in 1474 ; died at Rome, in 1564. I nel, for conveying water from one place to Aneedlite of, 278.

another. AXLE (from the L. angulus, a corner). | AQUA CLAUDIA, a famous aqueduct in Rome,

When one line stands upon another, so as begun by the Emperor Nero in the first not to lean more to one side than to century of the Christian era, and finished another, both the angles which it makes by Claudius. It conveys water from a with the other are callerl right angles. distance of thirty-eight miles. For thirty All right angles are equal to each other, miles it forms a subterranean stream, being all equal to ninety degrees, making and for seven miles is supported on arthe quarter of a circle.

cades (series of arches). Such was tho ANIMAL'CULE, a minute animal, generally solidity of its construction, that it continues

one that can be discerned only by aid of to supply modern Rome with water to this the microscope.

day. See p. 217. ANIMALS, on Cruelty to Brute, 195.

ARRITRARY, bound by no rule or law. A. D., or Anno Domini, in the year of our ARCADIAX, pertaining to Arcadia, a mount

Lori, alli xed to dates, signify so many ainous part of ancient Greece, where the years from the birth of our Saviour.

inhabitants led simple pastoral lives, and AXON', as an adverb, 800n, by and by, I cultivated music.

erer and anon, now and then. Anon., ARCHIMEDES (Ar-ki-me'des), account of, 275 with a perin at the end, is an abbrevia-ARCHITECT (cir. archi, chics, and tektün, a time for mon'ymous.

worker). A chief workman or builder ; ANONYMOUS (from the Or. Q, not, and one skilled in desiguing buildings : thus

architecture is the art of building accord vanished, and you have instead 2 crest ing to certain proportions and rules.

ure more subtle than any beast of the A-RENA. A Latin word, originally meaning field ; upon the belly must it go, and dast

sand, but applied to that part of the must it eat all the days of its life." amphitheatre in which the gladiators ATRENS, the most celebrated city of Greece, fought, which was covered with sand, once the great world metropolis of philas 94.

ophy and art ; mentioned in the Acts of Ari'ox, an ancient Greek bard and per the Apostles. It is the capital of the

former on the cithern, or gittern, a stringed modern kingdom of Greece, 1S. instrument similar to the guitar. Ilis life ATMOSPHERE (Gr. atmos, vapor, and spizi being threatened by pirates at sea, he is ros, a sphere). The fuid which sur. fabled to have played on his cithern, and rounds the earth, and consists of air and then, with a prayer to the gods, to have vapor of water. The air is com

o leaped into the sea, where a song-loving two gases, oxygen and nitrun, mixed dolphin received him on his back, and bore in the proportion of one of the former ta him safely to the shore, 295.

four of the latter. Animals cannot live in ARISTAR'Cats, the greatest critic of anti nitrogen, nor can flame burn in it, sep

quity. He flourished B. C. 156. His rated from oxygen. See pp. 206, 352, criticisms were so severe that his name 404. has become proverbial, 342.

ATONE. To be, or cause to be, at ore; to ARISTOTLE, often called the Stagyrite, from reconcile ; to make amends.

Stagira, a town of Macedonia, where he ATDUBON, John James, a native of Logisi was born, 384 B. C., was a pupil of ana, and celebrated for his published col Plato and a preceptor of Alexauder the lection of drawings, under the title of the Great. He was one of the most influen “Birds of America." He was educated in tial of the philosophers and writers of art at Paris, under the great painter ancient Greece, and a good part of his David. Died 1851. Works still exist. His doctrines are some Disappearance of Indians, 302. times styled the Aristotelian philosophy. AUGUST. The eighth month of the year ; so He died 323 B. C. See p. 311.

named from ARITIMETIC (Gr. arithmos, number), the ACGUSTC3 Cæsar, the first Roman etnperor. science of numbers, 124.

He was born B. C. 63. Literature and ARXDT, from the German of, 360.

the arts flourished remarkably under his ARTICULATION explained, 14, 27.

reign, ASIDE. In dramatic writing, a character is ACRORA. In the ancient Mythology the

supposed to utter a remark aside when goddess of the morning. he does not mean that the other persons Autom. This word is said to be derired of the drama, who may be present, shall from the Latin auctum, increased, te hear it.

cause the wealth of man is augmented by ASININE (as'i-nine), resembling an ass.

the fruits of harvest. Ass. The Ass and the Launb, 67.

Poetry of Autumn, 374. ASPAR'AGUS, a Greek word, meaning the first AVALANCIE (from the French avaler, to

bud or sprout; now applied to a well- descend). A mass of snow sliding doma a known garden vegetable.

mountain. ASSIZE (from a Latin word meaning to sit) AVERAGE, a mean number, or quantity.

is the periodical session held by the judges of the superior courts in the counties of BABEL, or Babylon, an ancient city and England. The plural form, assizes, is province of Asia, on the Euphrates. The popularly used.

city was probably on the site of the fam. ASTHMA (Gr. asthmaino, I breathe hard). ous tower of Babel ; and its present ruins

A disease the leading symptom of which consist of fused masses of brick-work, &c. is difficulty of breathing.

It stood on a large plain ; and its walls ASTONISHED (from the L. ad, to, and tono, formed an exact square, each side of

I thunder) means originally struck with which was fifteen miles long. There were thunder.

one hundred gates, twenty-five in each of ASTRONOMY (Gr. astron, a star, and nomos, the four sides, all of which were of solid

a law). The science which treats of the brass, as Isaiah bears witness, ch. 45. V. celestial bodies.

2. “I will break in pieces the gates of Astronomy and Immortality, 150, 224. brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron.” ASYLUM (Gr. a, without, sule, plunder). A Babylon was taken by Cyrus, the Persian

place to which those who fled were free monarch, B. C. 538 ; and the Babyloniaa frorn harm; a sanctuary. The modern empire was destroyed, as the prophets

use of the word differs from the ancient. Isaiah and Jeremiah had predicted. Cy ATHEIST (Gr. a, without, theos, God). One rus, who was the destined conqueror of

who madly denies the existence of a God. Babylon, was foretold by name above « The fool bath said in his heart, There is one hundred years before he was born. no God." Take away this belief in God' Isaiah 45 : 1-4. See pp. 164, 217. wholly from man,- let him have been sub- BACCHANAL, a drunken reveller; from Baca jected to none of the iniluence from chus, the deity of wine. Bociety and his fellow-men which the Bacon, Francis, Lord, was born in London belief produces, and the man will have i in 1561 ; died 1626. lle was a great

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