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lips, just when he was going to drink, and delivered it to the soldier, saying, “ Thy necessity is greater than mine.”

4. MORAL AND PHYSICAL COURAGE. — At the battle of Water loo, two French officers were advancing to charge a much superior force. The danger was imminent, and one of them displayed evident signs of fear. The other, observing it, said to him, “ Sir, I believe you are frightened.” — “Yes," returned the other, “I am; and if you were half as much frightened, you would run away.” This anecdote exhibits in a happy light the difference between moral and physical courage.

The brave man is not he who feels no fear,
For that were stupid and irrational ;
But he whose noble soul its fear subdues,
And bravely dares the danger nature shrinks from.

5. RELIGION THE CEMENT OF SOCIETY. — Religion is the cement of all virtue, and virtue the moral cement of all society. A society composed of none but the irreligious could not exist. It is related that three German robbers, having acquired by vari. ous robberies what amounted to a very valuable booty, agreed to divide the spoil, and to retire from so dangerous à vocation. When the day which they had appointed for this purpose arrived, one of them was despatched to a neighboring town to purchase provisions for their last carousal. The other two secretly agreed to murder him on his return, that they might come in for one-half of the plunder, instead of a third. They did 80. But the murdered man was a closer calculator even than his assassins, for he had previously poisoned a part of the provisions, that he might appropriate unto himself the whole of the spoil. This precious trium'virates were found dead together, — a signal instance that nothing is so blind and suicidal as the selfishness of vice.

6. HABITS OF OBSERVATION. — The ignorant have often given credit to the wise for powers that are permitted to none, merely because the wise have made a proper use of those powers that are permitted to all. The little Arabian tale of the dervis I shall be the comment of this proposition. A dervis was journeying alone in the desert, when two merchants suddenly met him. “ You have lost a camel," said he to the merchants. " Indeed, we have,” they replied. — “Was he not blind in his right eye, and lame in his left leg ?” said the dervis. — “ He was," replied the merchants. — “Had he not lost a front tooth ?" said the dervis.

“He had,” rejoined the merchants. — “And was he not loaded with honey on one side, and wheat on the other ?

“ Most certainly he was,” they replied, “and as you have seen

him so lately, and marked him so particularly, you can, in al. probabilitr, conduct us unto him.”“My friends," said the dervis, - I have never seen your camel, nor ever heard of him, but from you.” –“ A pretty story, truly!” said the merchants ; * but where are the jewels which formed a part of his cargo ?—“I have neither seen your camel nor your jewels," repeated the dervis. On this, they seized his person, and forth with hurried him before the cadi, where, on the strictest search, nothing could be found upon him, nor could any evidence whatever be adduced to convict him either of falsehood or of theft. They were then about to proceed against him as a sorcerer, El when the dervis, with great calmness, thus addressed the court:

“I have been much amused with your surprise, and own that there has been some ground for your suspicions; but I have lived long, and alone ; and I can find ample scope for observation, even in a desert. I knew that I had crossed the track of a camel that had strayed from its owner, because I saw no mark of any human footstep on the same route; I knew that the animal was blind in one eye, because it had cropped the herbage only on one side of its path; and I perceived that it was lame in one leg, from the fairt impression which that particular foot had produced upon the sand; I concluded that the animal had lost one tooth, because, wherever it had grazed, a small tuft of herbage was left uninjured in the centre of its bite. As to that which formed the burthen of the beast, the busy ants informed me that it was corn on the one side, and the clustering flies that it was honey on the other."

7. GOOD ADVICE. — A certain khanet of Tartary, travelling with his nobles, was met by a dervis, who cried, with a loud voice, “Whoever will give me a hundred pieces of gold, I will give him a piece of advice.” The khan ordered the sum to be given to him, upon which the dervis said, “ Begin nothing of which thou hast not well considered the end." The courtiers, hearing this plain sentence, smiled, and said, with a sneer, “ The dervis is well paid for his maxim." But the khan was so well pleased with the answer, that he ordered it to be written in golden letters in several parts of his palace, and engraved on all his plate.

Not long after, the khan's surgeon was bribed to kill him with a poisoned lancet, at the time he bled him. One day, when the khan's arm was bound, and the fatal lancet in the hand of the surgeon, the latter read on the basin, “ Begin nothing of which thou hast not well considered the end." and let the lancet fall out of his hand.

He immediately started, confusion, inquired the reason; the surgeon fell prostrate, con.

The khan, observing his fessed the whole affair, and was pardoued; but the conspirators were put to death. The khan, turning to his courtiers, who had heard the advice with disdain, told them that the counsel could not be too highly valued which had saved a khan's life.

8. HUMOROUS RETALIATION. — A nobleman, resident at a castle in Italy, was about to celebrate his marriage feast. All th; elements were propitious except the ocean, which had been so boisterous as to deny the very necessary appendage of fish. On the very morning of the feast, however, a poor fisherman made his appearance with a turbot so large that it seemed to have been created for the occasion. Joy pervaded the castle, and the fisherman was ushered with his prize into the saloon, where the nobleman, in the presence of his visitors, requested him to put what price he thought proper on the fish, and it should instantly be paid him. “One hundred lashes,” said the fisherman, “ on my bare back, is the price of my fish, and I will not bate one strand of whip-cord on the bargain.” The nobleman and his guests were not a little astonished; but our chapman was resolute, and remonstrance was in vain.

At length, the nobleman exclaimed, “Well, well, the fellow is a humorist, 54 but the fish we must have; so lay on lightly, and let the price be paid in our presence.” After fifty lashes had been administered, “ Hold, hold !” exclaimed the fisherman ; “I have a partner in this business, and it is fitting that he should receive his share.” –“ What! are there two such madcaps in the world ?” cried the nobleman. “Name him, and he shall be sent for instantly." — “You need not go very far for him," said the fisherman; “ you will find him at your gate, in the shape of your own porter, who would not let me in until I promised that he should have the half of whatever I received for my turbot." — “0, ho !” said the nobleman, “ bring him up instantly ; he shall receive the stipulated moiëty El with the strictest justice." This ceremony being finished, he discharged the porter, and amply rewarded the fisherman.

CXXXI. — FERDINAND AND ISABELLA. 1. It has been well observed of Ferdinand and Isabella that they lived together, not like man and wife, whose estates are in common, under the orders of the husband, but like two monarchs, strictly allied. They had separate claims to sovereignty, in virtue of their separate kingdoms, and held separate councils. Yet they were so happily united by common views, common interests, and a great deference for each other, that this double adininistration never prevented a unity of purpose and action. All acts of sovereiguty were executed in both their names; all public writings subscribed with both their signatures; their likenesses were stamped together on the public coin; and the royal seal displayed the united arms of Castile and Arragon.

2. Ferdinand possessed a clear and comprehensive genius, and great penetration. He was ēquable in temper, indefatigable in business, a great observer of men, and is extolled by Spanish writers as unparalleled in the science of the cabinet. It has been maintained by writers of other nations, however, and apparently with reason, that he was bigoted in religion, and craving rather than magnanimous in his ambition ; that he made war less like a paladine than a prince, less for glory than for mere dominion; and that his policy was cold, selfish, and artful. He was called the wise and prudent in Spain ; in Italy, the pious; in France and England, the ambitious and perfidious.

3. Contemporary writers have been enthusiastic in their de. scriptions of Isabella ; but time has sanctioned their eulogies. She was of the middle size, and well formed; with a fair complexion, auburn hair, and clear blue eyes. There was a mingled gravity and sweetness in her countenance, and a singular modesty in her mien, gracing, as it did, great firmness of purpose and earnestness of spirit. Though strongly attached to her husband and studious of his fame, yet she always maintained her distinct rights as an allied prince. She exceeded him in beauty, per sonal dignity, acuteness of genius, and grandeur of soul. Com biming the active, the resolute qualities of man, with the softer charities of woman, she mingled in the warlike councils of her husband, and, being inspired with a truer idea of glory, infused a more lofty and generous temper into his subtle and calculating policy.

4. It is in the civil history of their reign, however, that the character of Isabella shines most illustrious. Her fostering and maternal care was continually directed to reform the laws, and heal the ills engendered by a long course of civil wars. She assembled round her the ablest men in literature and science, and directed herself by their counsels in encouraging literature and the arts. She promoted the distribution of honors and rewards for the promulgation of knowledge, fostered the recently-invented art of printing; and, through her pătronage, Salamanca rose to that eminence which it assumed among the learned institutions of the age. Such was the noble woman who was destined to acquire immortal renown by her spirited patronage of the discovery of the New World.

IRVING

CXXXII. - CROMWELL'S EXPULSION OF THE PARLIAMENT,

1653.

1. Ar this eventful moment, big with the most important cousequences both to himself and his country, whatever were the work. ings of Cromwell’yel mind, he had the art to conceal them from the eyes of the beholders. Leaving the military in the lobby, he entered the Parliamental House, and composedly seated himself on one of the outer benches. His dress was a plain suit of black cloth, with gray worsted stockings. For a while he seemed to listen with interest to the debate; but when the speaker was going to put the question, he whispered to Harrison, " This is the time; I must do it;" and, rising, put off his hat to address the house.

2. At first his language was decorous, and even laudatory. Gradually he became more warm and animated. At last he as. sumed all the ve'hěmence of passion, and indulged in personal vituperation. He charged the members with self-seeking and profaneness, with the frequent denial of justice, and numerous acts of oppression ; with idolizing the lawyers, the constant advocates of tyranny; with neglecting the men who had bled for them in the field, that they might gain the Presbyterians, who had a postatized El from the cause; and with doing all this in order to perpetuate their own power, and to replenish their own purses. But their time was come; the Lord had disowned them ; He had chosen more worthy instruments to perforin IIis work.

5. Here the orator was interrupted by Sir Peter Wentworth, who declared that he had never heard language so unparliamentary, - language, too, the more offensive, because it was addressed to them by their own servant, whom they had made what he was. At these words, Cromwell put on his hat, and, springing from his place, exclaimed, “ Come, come, sir, I will put an end to your prating!” For a few seconds, apparently in the most violent agitation, he paced forward and backward, and then, stamping on the floor, added, “ You are no parliament! I say you are no parliament! Bring them in, bring them in!” Instantly the door opened, and Colonel Worsley entered, followed by more than twenty musketeers.

4. - This,” cried Sir Henry Vane, Et « is not honest ; it is against morality and common honesty.” — “Sir Ilenry Vane,” replied Cromwell; “ (), Sir Ilenry Vane! The Lord deliver me from Sir Henry Vane! He might have prevented this. But he is a juggler and has not common honesty himself!” From Vane he directed his discourse to Whitelock, on whom he poured a torrent

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