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Incurables,” and “The proper length of study for nurses,'' by Dr. H. M. Hurd, Superintendent of Johns Hopkins Hospital, Balti

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“It is absolutely unavoidable that patients in hospitals should at times contract contagious diseases when in hospitals," said Dr. Charles Sheard, addressing the Canadian Hospital Association at the Parliament buildings yesterday morning. Sometimes by mistaken diagnosis contagious cases were sent to the ordinary wards when they should have been isolated, and vice versa, and frequently patients suffering from a non-contagious disease were hurried to an hospital by a doctor who forgot that they came from an infected house, and were mediums for carrying the disease.

“No Visitors Allowed," was another text taken up by Dr. Sheard. They were, he said, a nuisance, bringing infection into the hospital. A mother might have one child in the hospital and another sick with measles at home. When that mother visited the hospital she was taking tremendous chances of spreading infection.

Miss L. C. Brent, Superintendent of the Children's Hospital, echoed the remarks of Dr. Sheard with regard to visitors, and Mr. J. Ross Robertson said that it had cost the Hospital for Sick Children $15,000 to deal with infection brought in by visitors.

“The nursing methods of America, and I use the term in its broad sense, are in advance of those of Germany,” said Dr. C. R. Clarke, Superintendent of the Toronto Hospital for Insane, in the course of his paper on “European Psychiatric Hospitals." He urged that there should be a closer relation between psychiatric and general hospitals. The training to be gained in a psychiatric clinic would be of great value to the general nurse, while at the same time the psychiatric nurse could not rise to the highest point of her profession without training in medical and surgical nursing. Therefore, when the new Provincial psychiatric clinic was established he urged that there should be the greatest reciprocity between that institution and the general hospitals in regard to affording opportunities to nurses to obtain training.

Dr. H. M. Hurd, Superintendent of the Johns IIopkins Hospital, Baltimore, regretted that general practitioners did not take a greater interest in mental diseases. He congratulated Ontario upon the proposal to establish the new clinic, which would awaken a new interest in this important subject among both nurses and medical men.

Dr. D. C. Meyers thought that few yet realized what a boon to society the establishment of the new clinic would be. He thought,

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however, that it would be a mistake to send to that institution all acute nervous cases. Ile thought that in many cases it would be absolutely wrong to send nervous cases of a certain kind to a hospital for the insane.

Closer relation between the institutions for the insane and the general hospitals was also urged by Dr. Bruce Smith, Provincial Inspector of Prisons. The abandonment of the practice of sending insane persons to prison pending their transfer to hospitals for the insane was, he considered, a distinct advance.

Dr. W. C. Herriman, Mimico, thought it was impossible to draw a hard and fast line. In every nervous clinic cases of insanity would be found.

At the afternoon session exceedingly practical papers were read by Miss M. M. Gray, Superintendent of the Hospital for Incurables, on the nursing of incurables, and Dr. H. M. Hurd, Superintendent of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, on the proper length of the period of study for nurses.

The followinig officers were elected :-President, Dr. W. J. Dobbie, Weston; First Vice-President, Dr. A. D. MacIntyre, Kingston; Second Vice-President, H. E. Webster, Montreal; Third VicePresident, Miss I. C. Brent, Toronto; Fourth Vice-President, W. W. Kenny, Halifax; Fifth Vice-President, L. L. Cosgrove, Winnipeg; Secretary, Dr. J. N. E. Brown, Toronto; Treasurer, Miss Patton, Toronto.

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EX-HOUSE SURGEONS GENERAL HOSPITAL FOREGATHER.

The third annual dinner of the ex-Ilouse Surgeons' Association of the Toronto General Hospital was held at the King Edward Hotel, Toronto, recently. Dr. Alexander Taylor, Vice-President, occupied the chair in the absence of Dr. W. P. Caven, who was unable to be present. Forty guests from the city and province were in attendance. One of the prominent speakers was Dr. T. B. Futcher, Associate Professor of Medicine in Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, who is a member of the organization, and was a house surgeon at the “General” in 1893.

In his address Dr. Futcher referred to the “gold-headed cane” carried by eminent doctors of the 17th and 18th centuries as a mark of distinction, and he reviewed the lives of notable members of the medical profession from that day to this, tracing thereby the progress of medical science. Dr. O'Reilly, former Superintendent at the General Hospital, and Mr. P. C. Larkin, Vice-Chairman of

the Board of Trustees, responded to the toast of "Our Guests.”' Mr. Larkin announced that he would give a prize to the ex-house officer who made the best contribution to medical literature between now and the time of the next meeting.

Among those present were: Dr. J. F. W. Ross, Dr. J. N E. Brown, Superintendent of the General Hospital; Dr. H. A. Bruce, Dr. C. Trow, Dr. H. Parsons, Dr. Hillary, Aurora; Dr. Chas. Temple, Dr. Edw. Gallie, Dr. T. D. Meikle, Mount Forest ; Dr. C. Campbell, Dr. H. Hutchinson, Dr. G. Boyd, Dr. W. B. Hendry, Dr. Taylor, Goderich ; Dr. Winnett, Dr. Burrows, Seaforth; Dr. Donald McGillivray, Dr. Fred Rolph, Dr. A. Caulfield, Dr. W. Charlton, Weston; Dr. W. Carswell, Dr. Harris, Dr. Canfield, Dr. J. A. Kinnear, Dr. John Malloch, Dr. A. Davies.

The annual election of officers resulted as follows: President, Dr. A. Taylor, Goderich; Vice-President, Dr. Fred Fenton ; Secretary, Dr. J. N. E. Brown; Treasurer, Dr. W. B. Hendry; General Council, Dr. W. J. Charlton, Dr. H. A. Bruce, and Dr. Stanley Ryerson.

Dr. Futcher conducted a clinic open to the medical profession at the General Hospital.

Dr. J. F. W. Ross presented to the Association a framed picture, showing the Toronto General Hospital as it was 50 years ago and as it is at present.

AMERICAN MEDICAL EDITORS' ASSOCIATION.

The annual meeting of this Society will be held at the Auditorium Hotel, Chicago, on May 30th and June 1st. An extensive and interesting programme has been prepared and every member of the Association is urged to be present, and editors of medical magazines, not now affiliated with this Society, are also invited to meet with them.

Do not forget the date, Saturday, May 30th and Monday, June 1st.

BRITISH COLUMBIA MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.

The Ninth Annual Meeting of the British Columbia Medical Association will be held in Vancouver on the 20th and 21st of August next, and we should be very pleased to have any members of the profession present from the Eastern Provinces.

A number of papers have been promised, and some interesting discussions are expected, especially on the question of School Hygiene.

The officers of the Association are:- President, Dr. J. M. Pearson, Vancouver, B.C.; Vice-President, Dr. D. Corsan, Fernie; Treasurer, Dr. J. D. Helmcken, Victoria ; Secretary, Dr. R. Eden Walker, New Westminster, B. C.

Hot bricks or stones retain their heat much longer than hot water bags.

Persistent suppuration in a mastoid wound in most cases, means dead bone at the bottom of the cavity.

An opaque growth on the eyeball in a child is likely to be a dermoid growth-that is a growth of skin epithelium on the conjunctiva.

A stye is often most easily treated by the removal of the hair in the infected follicle and the subsequent application of iced boracic acid compresses.

Syphilitic interstitial orchitis resembles closely in appearance new growth of the testicle. Unless the diagnosis of neoplasm is beyond all doubt, an active course of specific treatment should be tried before removing the organ.

An abscess of the right ovary may give the same signs and symptoms as acute fulminating appendicitis. If an incision for appendicetomy is made, it should be of sufficient length and low enough down to allow of careful examination of the right adnexa.American Journal of Surgery.

Physician's Library.

Cosmetic Surgery: The Correction of Featural Imperfections. By

CHARLES C. MILLER, M.D. Second Edition Enlarged. Including the description of numerous operations for improving the appearance of the face. 160 pages. 96 illustrations. Prepaid $1.50. Published by the author, 70 State St., Chicago.

That a second edition of this little book has been called for in so short a space of time, shows that it has been received with encouragement. The little book is profusely illustrated for an effort of its size and scope.

No doubt it fills a niche of its own in the minor realms of surgery, which has to do with the corrections of featural defects.

International Clinics. Volume I, Eighteenth Series, 1908.

This admirable and well-received quarterly by the profession, starts 1908 exceedingly well. There is a splendid article on the Sanatorium, by Dr. L. Brown, of Saranac Lake, quite appropriate at this time when the sanatorial treatment of tuberculosis is so much to the fore; another of equally good production on the opsonic test for diagnosis and of the employment of vaccines in certain infective conditions in children. Two in the department of medicine, the para-typhoid fevers and mucous colitis, are educating, and one by Dr. Rudolf, of Toronto, decidedly interesting-the normal temperature of the body. Several articles on surgery, gynecology, neurology and pathology, with a concise, up-to-date review of medicine in 1907, completes a good volume.

Discases of the Nose and Throat. By IIERBERT TILLEY, B.S. (Lond),

F.R.C.S. (Eng.), surgeon to the Ear and Throat Department, University College lIospital; teacher of Laryngology and . Otology, University of London ; formerly surgeon to the Golden Square Throat IIospital, London. Third Edition; with one hundred and twenty-six illustrations. Price, 14 shillings. London: II. K. Lewis, 136 Gower St., W.C., 1908.

This third edition of what was formerly kuown as IIall and Tilley's Diseases of Nose and Throat, has been prepared by Mr.

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