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the Execution of it to one R. Cary, many Times Mayor of Oxon, and who had married his Sister Alice; but he dying before he could fulfil his Will, the Business was taken into Hand by his Executors, viz. John Falle, John Cary his Son, and John Longrish, who procured the King's Licence, 24 Ed. II.'— After this, was the Confirmation of it by the Bishop of Lincoln. In both of which is mention of the yearly Value of 5s. to be paid out of several Messuages in this Parish to the said Chantry, (besides what the said N. Burchester and R. Cary did by their Executors institute in St. Martin's Church) towards the Maintenance of a Chaplain, who should celebrate Mass here in this Chapel for the Souls of the Burchesters, Carys, and the Mayors of Oxon, to the last of whom the Patronage thereof did belong:Thus it continued, (having had several other Rents added to it; till the uniting this Church with Lincoln College by R. Fleming, Bishop of Lincoln, when this Chapel with its Chantry was also united to it.—After, because the College was left imperfect by the Founder, Thomas Rotheram, Bishop of Lincoln, who undertook to finish it, held a Conference with the Mayor and his Brethren, concerning a Ratification of the said Chapel to his College, who conceding thereto, did by their Indenture of Composition, (W. Dogvile being then Mayor,) dated May 1, 15 Ed. IV. order it thus,—That it Thould be inserted in the Statutes of his College ; that one of the Scholars thereof should celebrate Divine Service in the said Chapel; that in his Prayers there, he should remember the Welfare of the Founders and Benefactors of his College, as also pray for the good Estate of the Mayor and Commonalty of Oxon; for which, his Service, he should receive an annual Salary of 40s. from the said College; that the College should undergo all the Burdens of Payments belonging to this Chapel, as Fifteenths, Tenths, Taxations, &c. That from the Rents belonging to it, they were to allow 45. 10d. yearly to the Fabrick of this Church; and last of all, that the Mayor, always for the Time being, should have the Nomination of the Chaplain from the Society of Lincoln College, on the Feast of the Circumcifon. -Thus, the chief Substance of the Composition : The Performance of which Service remained till the Reformation, when it was converted, according to the Mayor's Pleasure, into a Sermon, to be preached at St. Martin's; which, Mr. Wood says, continued to his Time, but is now disused.
The next Chapel that occurs, is our Lady's, or the Virgin Mary's, of an ancient Erection on the S. Side of the Body of the Church, supposed to be first built by the Gild. or Fraternity of the Cordwainers in Oxon, others are of Opinion, of a Fraternity of Religious. — Item, says 7. Peggy, a Burgess and Cordwainer of Oxon, in his Will, 1349, Lego Fraternitati Cantaria B. Mariæ in Ecclia. omnium SanEtorum.--He calls himself a Brother of that Fraternity.--Several Benefactors have been very liberal to this Chapel : Jeffery Mounforel, a Draper of Oxon, in the Year of his Death,
• Rot, Pat. 34 Ed. III. M. 13.
& Lib. Mag. Teftam. ut prius.
1349, left to the Proctors of this Chapel and Chantry, which he names,
Of St. Thomas Chapel.-The Will of John Swanborne, Butcher, 22 Jun. 1393, wherein he would have his Body to be buried in All Souls Church, near the Altar of St. Thomas the Martyr ; to the Light of which Altar, called St. Thomas Light, he left 6 s. 8 d. To the Reparation of the South Bridge, 205. To the Reparation of the Way leading to Woodstock, 205. To the same leading to Kidlington. To the repairing of E. Bridge, 135. 4 d. To a Priest that should celebrate for him one Year in All Souls Church, five Marks. And he appoints Joan his Wife to sell his Tenements near All Souls Church, to be disposed of for their Souls Health, and all their Benefactors.
The next to be mentioned, is the Chapel dedicated to the Holy Trinity, being that situated on the S. Side of the Church, built by 7. Stodely, several Times Mayor of Oxon, Circ. 1371; wherein, after his Death, which was 1376, or thereabouts, his Executors, with Licence from the King,' settled, according to his Will, several Revenues issuing out of Mesluages in this and St. Martin's Parish, amounting to eight Marks per Ann. for the Maintenance of a Chapel to say Divine Service in, for him, his Friends, and Christian Souls - The Patronage of which came afterwards to Sir Robert Tresilian, who being attainted of Treason in the Parliament, ni R. II. the Lands belonging to this Chapel and Chantry, as also others that came from the said John Stodley to him, were quite loft and taken from him, and the Presentation or Patronage thereof came to New College. This was called Trinity Chapel.
Robert Lardiner, Vicar of Ambrofden, found so narrow a Portion left him by the religious Improprietors, that like several of his Predecessors, he was glad to accept of an Exchange with Walter Blanket, for a Chaplainship of
* Rot. Cur. Oxon. 35 Ed. III, in Arch. Civit.
& D. 2. Wood, in Mur.
St. Trinity, in the Church of All Saints, presented thereto by the Warden and Fellows of New College, Oxon.
The Glovers anciently celebrated Mass in this Chapel on Trinity Sunday, for the good Estate of the Glovers.—In the Orders of the Glovers, 1461, they are bound to find a Light in Trinity Chapel in Allhallow's Church, viz. 8 Tapers and 6 Torches, to be honestly kept to the Praise of the Holy Trinity.
The next Chapel in this Church, was that little one on the South Side of the Virgin Mary's Chapel, built by John Berry, Mayor of Oxford 31 and 32 of H. VIII. He was a Native of Eynsham, by Profession a Glover, and Warden of the Company; for whose Corporation or Gild of Oxon he erected it, purposedly for a Mass Priest to pray for their Welfare ; but Religion altering not long after, they had only Prayers in the same on the Monday after Trinity Sunday, before they proceeded towards the Election of Officers for their Corporation ; but Alderman Southam allowed something towards a Sermon ; lo that besides praying as formerly, they have now a Sermon.
Amey Lane, buried in this Church by her Husband, William Lane, Anno 1511, founded an Obit here, to be performed by Lincoln College, in the Month of May every Year ; for the Support of which, she gave the said College a House in Grandpont.
We read also of the Image of St. Catherine, the Image of Our Saviour ; divers Lights, and six Altars are also mentioned."
From an old Register it appears, the Chancel of the Church was built circ. 1470, which cost 121. 135. 4d.
A Sermon was annually preached here, Jun. 13, before the Glover's Company, on Pretence that their Society had built one of the Ines.-A Gaudy in Honour of it was also held, which continued till within these two Years, the Sermon being commuted to Trinity Monday.
This Church fell down Mar. 8, 1699, when Dr. Henry Aldrich, Dean of Christ Church, designed the present most elegant and noble Stucture, composed of white Stone; which was finished in 1708, by a general Subscription, and a Brief obtained, Anno 1705.
This, which you enter on the North and South Sides thro' magnificent Doors, supported each by large Columns of the Corinthian Order, is 72 Feet long, 42 wide, and 50 high, without a Pillar.
It is composed of a Body attended with two Illes, extending its whole Length.
a Ex Reg. Eccl. Linc. Kennet Par. Ant. & This I find in the Register of the Parish, Mar. & Hen. V.
8, 1699, about One o'Clock in the Afternoon b). v. 54. p. 323.
the Steeple fell and beat down a considera le Part c Linc. Coll. Vet. Reg. fol. 1. Anno 10 Martii, of the Church..The Inhabitants, within an Hour 3472, Mr. Tristrop, Rector huj. Eccliæ. presenti after, began to remove the Rubbin ; and did from bus Mro. J. Veysey & Tho. Pýts, extraxit e Cista that Time proceed in rebuilding the said Church Collegii pro Ædificatione Cancell. Ecclæ. omnium at all seasonable Times, until the Walls were high Sanctorum Oxon. 121. 138. 4d.
enough for the putting up the Roof. G
THE The Chancel measures 6 Feet broad and 12 long; the Floor and Steps whereof are black and white Marble.
The Seats are all regularly and handsomely pewed with the best Oak, and the Floor paved with white broad Stones.
On the Bottom of the Church is a spacious Vestry; and about the Middle of the Church hangs a very large and handsome Chandelier.
The Church is beautified, both within and without, with Pilasters of the Corinthian Order ; and finished with an Attic Story and Ballustrade.
The Altar is richly executed, being a Stone (Marble-wise coloured) supported by two Pilasters, and covered with a Cornish Pediment, and adorned on each side with two golden Cherubins.--For this, 500l. was consigned by Bishop Crew.
The Pulpit and Desk, which are of the finest Oak, for Neatness and Delicacy of Work exceed any Thing perhaps of the Kind.
The curious Fretwork on the Cieling is very bold and striking, adorned with the painted Arms of its Benefactors, placed in a double Row round the Top of the Sides of the Church in the Cieling; among which are the Royal Arms of Queen Ann, who gave the Timber for the Building; the Dutehefs of Marlborough, who paved it at her own Expence ; Bishop Crew, who gave the Altar Piece ; Sir 7. Walter, Bart. who gave the Glass for the Windows; the Earl of Abingdon, and Lord Guildford,
The Bishops of Durham, Oxford, Bristol, and Carlisle Arms, are among those of the Benefactors.
The University, Colleges, the City, and many private Gentlemen's.
The Whole well illumined with two Rows of Windows on each side, and one along the Top of the Church; the lower of which are 16 Feet high and 6 broad.
The outward Church is formed of a strait lofty Rustic Tower, supporting a Ballustrade, which bears a Circle of Corinthian Pillars; and from which issues a decent handsome Spire, furnished with five Bells,
The handsome Iron Rails before the Church, which, in the Year 1736, cost 2271. 8s. 2 d. raised by Contribution chiefly, and partly by the Parish Rate, add not a little Ornament to the Church.
This Church is a Rectory, incorporated into one Collegiate Church with the College of Lincoln." Lincoln Coll. Patron.
Which College pays for this Church, for Synodals to the Bishop, yearly, 25.
Archdeacon's Procurations, 75. 8d.
Bishop Crew augmented it with rol. per Ann. that it is now worth yearly 401. or more.
Dr. Benjamin Hallifax, Fellow of Lincoln College, the present Curate under the Rector of the said College, succeeded Mr. Robinson in 1757.
a Efton Thefaur.
• Reg. Ep. Oxon.
At the general Tax in 1291, this Church is set down thus, --Worth but five Marks and a Half yearly.
Decan Oxon, 1291. Eccla. omnium Sanctorum deduct Penf. v m. & demi.
Pensio Prioris de St. Frid. in Eccla. omnium Animarum Indecimabilis, ii. Mar.
A Custom is yet retained, for the College of Lincoln to go in Procession, in their Surplices, to and from this Church every Year, on All Saints-Day; the Day of its Dedication.-Vide St. Michael's Church. H. Refp, minija. See tiitino fa.27
Arms in this Church, taken by Richard Lee, Clarencieux King at A15,
at Oxon, Anno 1574.
Vert. a Fess Or, between three Swans, Arg. leg'd and beak’d, Gul.For Rog. Follis, ob. 1444,
Arg. 3 Barrs Az. 3 Lozenges in Chief, between the 2 first Barrs a Mullet Sab.-Fleming, Bp. of Lincoln.
Or. an Ear of Barley between 2 Humets, Gul. 2 Flanches of the second, each charged with an Ear of Barley of the first. Imp. a Fess. between 3
Or and Gul. 4 Crosses counter-changed.--For Rotheram, Bp.
Arg. a Fess Az, a Mitre between 3 Buck's Horns, Sab. and Phæans,
Arg. 2 Chev. between 3 Roses, Gul.-Orate pro Bono Statu Rev. Patris
Az, a Bee between 3 Wolf's Heads erased.—7. Boswell, ob. 1500.
Gul. 2 Lions paslit on a Chief, Or; a Fess bl. our Lady with her Babe in her Arms seated on a Chair. The See of Lincoln.
Dolphin Naiant between 3 Eftoiles. Fitzjames, Bp. of London.
A Chev. engrailed, Gul. charged with Anulets between 3 Leopard's
Wheat Sheaves, Or.