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The plotting of the photographic records as now, as $7.50 per square mile. In this follows the plotting of the triangulation survey 15 to 20 points were plotted to the scheme. As has been noted, in taking the square mile. Delville's comparative figures photographs from the stations of the tri- prove undoubtedly that in mountainous angulation survey certain known points countries no other method can compare in their fields are located by transit bear- favorably with the photographic method ings. From these bearings the bearing in economy.-P. W. GREENE, in Engineer

the principal line of each photo- ing graph may


laid down from the point on the triangulation map. Along

RENDER PHOTOGRAPHS TRANSPARENT. the bearing of the principal line, the focal length of the camera is laid off, and through Heat 10 parts (grammes) of paraffin and the point so obtained a perpendicular is 10 parts (cubic centimeters) of linseed cil drawn. The position of any point in the til the mixture begins to melt and dip the photograph may then be plotted as fol- picture in it. Then place the picture belows: the distance of the point on the tween layers of blotting paper under presprint to right or left of the principal line sure to remove any excess of the solution. is transferred by proportional dividers, set Photograplis treated in this way can be ataccording to the scale of enlargement of tached to giass by means of 100 parts (cubic the original photograph, along the right centimeters) of a syndeticon (liquid fish or left of the perpendicular to the bearing gue) and 26 parts (grammes) of sugar. of the principal line on the paper, from There are various kinds of paraffin, having the intersection of the two. A line joining different melting points ranging between the point so obtained with the principal 86 deg. F. and 140 deg. F. It is well, theretriangulation point gives the bearing of

fore, in order to obviate superfluous heat, the point whose position is to be plotted. to heat carefully, and only till the paraffin The operation is repeated for the same

dissolves and combines thoroughly with the point as shown another photograph linseed oil.-Scientific American. taken from another station, and the intersection of the two bearings gives the exact location of the point on the map.

FROM "PUNCH.” The angle of elevation or depression of the point above or below the camera sta

“English Boarding and Apartment tion is obtained from a graphical scale

House.-Darkroom-convenient for bathplotted from calculations on distances on

ing.”Daily Malta Chronicle. the prints and the focal length, and from

This is true modesty. this angle and the horizontal distance scaled from the map, the difference of elevation, and hence, the altitude, of the

TAKING WAY! point is obtained. In the Alaskan boundary survey the

Artist: Are there any

pretty average climbs range from 4,000 to 7,000

about here, my good man? feet. Both ascent and descent are made

Native: Ay, there were

some, but a in one day. The climate in Southeastern photographer came and took 'em. Alaska is unfavorable for this kind of

-Photographic Dealer. work, and there are, as a rule, only from 20 to 40 suitable days for work in a seaDuring a season a party will occupy

MILD SARCASM. from 15 to 30 stations, commanding an area of topography of from 500 to 1,500 Photographer: “Does that pose of your square miles. The cost varies largely in wife suit you, sir?" different localities. Delville, the Sur- Husband: “No; try to make her look veyor-General of Canada, gives the cost a little more happy. She is going to send of the Rocky Mountain survey of 1894,

the picture home to her mother.” when the method was not so far advanced

--Photographic Dealer.


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Among theCamera Clubs

(Officials and other members of Camera Clubs are cordially invited to contribute to this department items of interest concerning their clubs. - The EDITORS.)




The thirtieth annual convention of the Photographers Association of America, held in Milwaukee, July 12-15, was formally cpened by President Proctor. Former presidents were called to the stage and Commodore Steffens was called upon for a few remarks after which the President's address, in which he spoke about the work accomplished during the year, was read.

The following committers were then appointed :-Committee on Progress of Photography: W. H. Rau, Philadelphia, Pa.; J. C. Abel, Cleveland, O.; J. W. Lively, McMinnville, Tenn. Committee on Resolutions : C. W. Hearn, Boston, Mass.; A. L. Bowersox, Cleveland, O.; Melvin Sykes, Chicago, Ill.

Mr. C. W. Hearn the introduced the report of the Committee on the Academy of Photography with a brief speech in which he traced the origin and growth of the French Academy of Painting and Sculpture, and of the Royal Academy of London, and outlined the objects and advantages to be derived from the proposed National Academy of Photography, a plan for the establishment and conduct of which was given in the committee's report, which was very fuil and complete. This report was accepted and referred to the Congress of Photography for further action.

At the Wednesday session, the reports of the Secretary and Treasurer were read and adopted, the latter showing the association to be in a flourishing condition, with a balance to its credit of $6,483.22.

A letter from B. J. Falk, relative to the Photographers Copyright League of America was read, and Mr. Falk and Mr. Pirie MacDonald were elected to honorary Life Membership in the association for their zeal in obtaining a better copyright law for

the protection of professional photograph

A resolution of thanks also ordered spread upon the minutes of the association and engrossed copies sent to each.

The session then passed into the hands of the Ladies' Federation, whose President, Miss Mary Carnell, then took charge, and spoke briefly of sex in business and the need of co-operation among women photographers. She then introduced Miss Lena McCauley, of the Chicago Evening Post, whose address on “The Art of the Hour" was attentively listened to.

In the evening Mr. George W. Stevens, Director of the Toledo Museum of Art, gave a talk on "The Place of Photography in Art.” In this talk he traced the growth of art from the pictures of the cave dwellers on rocks and fragments of bone, through its Egyptian and Greek development, and down to the beginning of modern art with Cimabue and Leonardo da Vinci, and its further evolution to its present condition. He then spoke of the making of the artist, illustrating by Doré the statement that it was not a faculty to be acquired but came from within and meant more than the mere perfection of drawing.

At the Thursday morning session the Nominating Committee and committee on Place of Next Location were appointed and the committee on matters referred to the Congress of Photography made its report through Mr. Harris. This report took up the subject of the Academy of Photography, and stated that a committee of ten had been appointed to select the names of 100 members to form a nucleus for the proposed academy, the committee consisting of Mr. Lewis, Mr. Clarence Hayes, Mr. Phillips, Mr. Holloway, Mr. Steffens, Mr. Tyree, Mr. Hearn, Mr. Stein, Mr. Kneffle, Mr. H is. The report was adopted, after












which Mr. A. F. Sheldon, Founder of the

were Messrs. Hoyt, Ellis, and School for Scientific Salesmanship, spoke Endean, instructors in the Daylight School, on “The Application of Scientific Sales- and J. C. Abel and Ryland W. Phillips, manship to Photography.” The lecture was both of whom gave interesting and ininteresting and profitable and

structive leciures. Coaching parties, theatre thusiastically applauded.

parties, and other outings had been arrangAt the Friday session of the convention, ed for and were most enjoyable and conResolutions of Condolence on the death of tributed largely to the success of the conMr. Ralph P. Bellsmith were adopted and vention. ordered spread on the minutes.

A certificate of Life Membership was presented to ex-President Frank R. Barrows and certificates of Honorary Membership to Messrs B. J. Falk and Pirie MacDonald.

The Nineteenth Annual Exhibition of the The Committee on Place of Location then

Capital Camera Club was notable in several reported and several places placed in nomi

respects. During the few previous exhibination, the final result of the vote being

tions there had been an apparent falling in favor of St. Paul.

off in the interest and attendance of the The election of officers was next in order,

public. This greatly dampened the ardor and resulted as follows:

and enthusiasm of a number of the memPresident-G. W. Harris.

bers and

showed a decided First Vice-President-Ben Larrimer. tendency to abandon the exhibitions. It Second Vice-President-C. F. Townsend. was alleged that there was a waning inSecretary_W. M. Tyree.

terest in pictorial photography; that the old The Committee Resolutions then tripod camera, with its greater cost of brought forward resolutions of thanks to , maintenance, had made its devotees more the demonstrators, lecturers, and others painstaking and studious; that the dewho had contributed to the enjoyment and velopment of the hand-camera had given success of the convention, after which birth to a vast army of button pressers ex-President Proctor was presented with who cared nothing for the pictorial side of a suitable token of the appreciation of the photography but were only interested in association for his services.

making photographic memoranda; thus The last session of the convention was there were none to replace the old workers held on Saturday, the first matter coming as they dropped away. It was rejoined before it being the report of the Committee that the fault lay with the members themon Progress of Photography. In conform- selves; unless they felt interest and enthuance with a recommendation of this com

siasm in the exhibition it would not be posmittee it was decided to set apart $150.00 sible to arouse an interest in others; if for the purchase of a gold medal to be prints of sufficient merit were hung there awarded to such person or persons as shall,

would be no lack of spectators. It was in the opinion of a committee appointed determined that the record of the Capital for that purpose, be entitled to the same Camera Club in having a great annual exfor his or their work in photography. hibition each year since its foundation

The prize of $100.00 for the best novelty should not be broken but, if possible, the shown was awarded to Commodore Steffens coming exhibition should surpass all others for his artificial light.

both as to the quality of the prints and the A motion for the appointment of a com- attendance. mittee to secure legislation requiring all A large exhibition committee was apphotographers who make photographs for pointed which at once began to work profit or gain to pass an examination was energetically. So well was the work done placed in the hands of a committee to be and so great was the enthusiasm aroused reported on next year.

that an unusually large number of prints The attendance at the convention was cf a high quality were subinitted. 1,800, and among the lecturers and demon- It is always difficult to arouse interest in

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demonstrate and help the beginner, as well as the more advanced worker. His enthusiasm and activity will be a stimulant to the club, and the “Drone" is pretty sure to become infected, and turn out an effective, happy worker.

While mentioning the “Drone” it occurred that possibly some of the secretaries of older clubs might be able to give their experience and hints in these columns as to “How to convert or Cure a Drone." I believe "quality" and not "quantity” in numbers is what means success to the clubs. We all like to meet the “Real” ones.

Success to the Clubs,

H. E. ALLEN, Secretary.

any special exhibit of this kind in Washington because there are

many interests to occupy one's time. The Corcoran Art Gallery, where the exhibitions have been held for a number of years passed, is some little distance from the street cars and in a somewhat out-of-the-way place. Yet when the exhibition opened on Saturday, May 7, a very rainy and disagreeable night, there was a very large attendance, larger than for many years, and no doubt many were kept away by the inclement weather and if the night had been pleasant it would have been the largest first night in the history of the club.

Out of the prints submitted nearly three hundred of a high artistic quality had been selected and hung. The members of the club were well represented and many members of other clubs also exhibited. It had the appearance of a national, rather than a local, exhibition. By many it was thought the standard was higher than at almost any previous exhibition. Some of these prints resembled more old etchings and paintings in monochrome rather than photographs.

At the meeting in May all the old officers were re-elected with the exception of secretary and treasurer, Mr. E. G. Sickler and Mr. W. C. Babcock, being elected to these offices respectively. The finances of the club are

in a most excellent condition, quite a large sum having been received from some entertainments. The club is in a most flourishing condition.


Realizing that the Detroit Camera Club is too young to have an exhibition of their own, they have secured the prize collection of the Round Robin Guild which they exhibited at the Detroit Museum of Art during the month of July. Much interest was displayed by the art lovers and photographers in viewing this attractive collection.

The club expects to have an exhibition of the work of the members next spring.

C. J. SCHAUER, Secretary.


A Lantern Slide Competition among the members is now being held. All slides to be in the hands of the committtee on or before November 14th. The club medals will be awarded and a special medal to the member having the greatest number of slides accepted by the American Lantern Slide Interchange for set of 1911. The Lantern Slide Exhibition will be held in Wallace Hall, Y. M. C. A. building, November 28th.


MONTREAL, CAN. In announcing the election of Mr. A. H. Ward as president of this club, we are to be congratulated.

Mr. Ward's personality, enthusiasm, and love of photography, with his knowledge of photographic supplies, gained from years of service in the manufacturing with Wellington and Ward, manufacturers of the well known “Wellington” goods, particularly fits him for this position, and although thoroughly understanding the manufacturing of supplies Vr. Ward is purely an amateur photographer, and one who loves the “hobby,” ever ready to spend time to

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Photographic Reviews


KODAK COMPANY. In preparing this highly practical and beautifully illustrated book Mr. Phillips has rendered a very valuable service to the American Photographer.

It is unlike any other book on a similar subject, as it not only gives the finished result in each case, but also a photograph of the studio in which the picture was made, showing its setting, the arrangement of the accessories, the lighting, etc., then, a crude print from the negative without retouching or other manipulations; and finally the finished picture, in many cases showing the matting, the mounting, and the final finish.

This comes pretty near to taking the reader right into a man's gallery and demonstrating there for him just how his best pictures are made. It was a very ingenious idea of Mr. Phillips, and it certainly makes his book highly valuable, and entirely practical.

He also gives some account of each man and woman photographer whom he selects for illustration, including a description of his own method of "brush or local development,” which is well illustrated on an accompanying page by pictures of his own. But we are particularly charmed by Mr. Phillips' “Portrait of Miss B.,” which serves aş a very beautiful frontispiece to the handsome volume.

He treats of A. F. Bradley, of New York, “known as the man who photographs New York's 'four hundred'"; E. B. Core, also of New York City, and Rudolph Dührkoop, of Hamburg, Germany, who is probably the most talented portraitist treated of in the entire volume.

John H. Garo, of Boston, one of the most artistic photographers of the country is illustrated, as is Morris Burke Parkinson,

also of Boston; Clarence Hayes, of Detroit, Michigan ; William Shewell Ellis, of Philadelphia, and a number of others equally as well known.

The ladies are by no means neglected, for he includes examples of Miss Mary Carnell, of Philadelphia ; Miss Belle Johnson, of Monroe City, Mo.; Miss Frances Benjamin Johnston, of Washington, D. C.; and Mrs. Sarah F. T. Price, of Philadelphia

Of course there are a good many names which are conspicuous by their absence; but such is inevitable in a work of this kird. There are also

names inciuded whom another writer might have left out; but that, again, is where the personal element enters in.

The book should have a page of contents or an index, as a matter of convenience; but it is beautifully printed on tinted paper, and is tastefully bound. It will be on sale by the photographic trade generally, at $2.50 per copy, and will be sent postpaid on receipt of that amount by the publishers of this magazine.


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ALMANAC, 1911. The stupendous task of preparing for publication 25,000 copies of a volume of over 1,000 pages (a total weight exceeding thirty tons) compels the publishers respectfully to request that orders for advertisements and copies be placed at the earliest possible occasion. The 1911 issue will be the jubilee issue of the British Journal Photographic Almanac, and after fifty years it still has the largest circulation of any photographic annual in the world. It is sold out completely every year. Last year the American edition was not equal to the demand. The regular amount was imported from London, but

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