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1. St. Ignatius, by means of Bardas, Uncle to the Emperor Michael, is expelled

from the See of Constantinople. 2. He is replaced by Photius. 3. Photius

is consecrated. 4. Wrongs inflicted on St. Ignatius and on the Bishops who

defended him. 5. The Pope sends Legates to investigate the Affair. 6. St.

Ignatius appeals from the Judgment of the Legates to the Pope himself.

7. He is depused in a False Council. 8. The Pope defends St. Ignatius. 9. The

Pope deposes the Legates and Pbotius, and confirms St. Ignatius in his See.

10. Bardas is put to Death by the Emperor and he associates Basil in the

Empire. 11. Photius condemns and deposes Pope Nicholas II., and after-

wards promulgates his Error concerning the Holy Ghost. 12. The Emperor

Michael is killed, and Basil is elected and banishes Photius.

ARTICLE II.-The Errors of the Greeks condemned in Three

General Councils,

. 210

13, 14, 15. The Eighth General Council against Photius, under Pope Adrian

and the Emperor Basil. 16. Photius gains over Basil, and in the mean time

St. Ignatius dies. 17. Photius again gets Possession of the See. 18. The

Council held by Photius rejected by the Pope ; unhappy Death of Photius.

19. The Patriarch, Cerularius, revives and adds to the Errors of Photius.

20. Unhappy Death of Cerularius. 21, 22. Gregory X. convokes the Council of

Lyons at the instance of the Emperor Michael ; it is assembled. 23. Profession

of Faith written by Michael, and approved of by the Council. 24. The Greeks

confess and swear to the Decisions of the Council. 25. They separate again.

26. Council of Florence under Eugenius IV. ; the Errors are again discussed

and rejected ; Definition of the Procession of the Holy Ghost. 27. Of the

Consecration in Leavened Bread. 28. Of the Pains of Purgatory. 29. Of

the Glory of the Blessed. 30. Of the Primacy of the Pope. 31. Instructions

given to the Armenians, Jacobites, and Ethiopians; the Greeks relapse into


1. Stephen and Lisosius burned for their Errors. 2. The new Nicholites

and the Incestuosists. 3. Berengarius, and the Principles of his Heresy. 4. His

Condemnation and Relapse. 5. His Conversion and Death.

ARTICLE II.--Heresies of the Twelfth Century, .


6. The Petrobrussians, 7. Henry, and his Disciples. 8. Their Condemna-

tion. 9. Peter Abelard, and his Errors concerning the Trinity. 10. His

Condemnation. 11. His Conversion and Death. 12. His particular Errors.

13. Arnold of Brescia; bis Errors and Condemnation. 14. Causes a Sedition,

and is burned alive. 15. Gilbert de la Poree; his Errors and Conversion.

16. Folmar, Tanquelinus, and the Abbot Joachim; the Apostolicals and the

Bogomiles. 17. Peter Waldo and his Followers under different Denominations

- Waldenses, Poor Men of Lyons, &c. 18. Their particular Errors, and Con-

ARTICLE III.-Heresies of the Thirteenth Century,


19. The Albigenses and their Errors. 20. The Corruption of their Morals.

21. Conferences held with them, and their Obstinacy. 22. "hey create an

Anti-Pope. 23. Glorious Labours of St. Dominick, and his stupendous Miracles.

24. Crusade under the Command of Count Montfort, in which he is victorious.

25. Glorious Death of the Count, and Destruction of the Albigenses. 26. Sen-

tence of the Fourth Council of Lateran, in which the Dogma is defined in

Heresies of the Sicteenth Century,

. 256

ARTICLE I.-Of the Heresies of Luther.

$ 1.—The Beginning and Progress of the Lutheran Heresy.

1. Erasmus of Rotterdam, called by some the Precursor of Luther; his

Literature. 2. His Doctrine was not sound, nor could it be called heretical.

3. Principles of Luther; his Familiarity with the Devil, who persuades him to

abolish Private Masses. 4. He joins the Order of the Hermits of St. Augustin.

5. Doctrines and Vices of Luther. 6. Publication of Indulgences, and his

Theses on that Subject. 7. He is called to Rome, and clears himself; the Pope

sends Cardinal Cajetan as his Legate to Germany. 8. Meeting between the

Legate and Luther. 9. Luther perseveres and appeals to the Pope. 10, 11. Con-

ference of Ecchius with the Heretics. 12. Bull of Leo X., condemning forty-one

Errors of Luther, who burns the Bull and the Decretals.


§ II.—The Diets and principal Congresses held concerning the

Heresy of Luther,


13. Diet of Worms, where Luther appeared before Charles V., and remains

obstinate. 14. Edict of the Emperor against Luther, who is concealed by the

Elector in one of his Castles. 15. Diet of Spire, where the Emperor publishes

a Decree, against which the Heretics protest. 16. Conference with the Zuing-

lians; Marriage of Luther with an Abbess. 17. Diet of Augsburg, and

Melancthon's Profession of Faith; Melancthon's Treatise, in Favour of the

Authority of the Pope, rejected by Luther. 18. Another Edict of the Emperor

in Favour of Religion. 19. League of Smalkald broken up by the Emperor.

20. Dispensation given by the Lutherans to the Landgrave to have two Wives.

21. Council Trent, to which Luther refuses come; he dies, cursing the

Council. 22. The Lutherans divided into fifty-six Sects. 23. The Second

Diet of Augsburg, in which Charles V. published the injurious Formula of the

Interim. 24, 25. The Heresy of Luther takes Possession of Sweden, Denmark,

Norway, and other Kingdoms.


$ III.- Errors of Luther,

. 273

26. Forty-one Errors of Luther condemned by Leo X. 27. Other Errors

taken from his Books. 28. Luther's Remorse of Conscience. 29. His Abuse

of Henry VIII. ; his erroneous Translation of the New Testament; the Books

he rejected. 30. His Method of celebrating Mass. 31. His Book against the

Sacramentarians, who denied the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist.

SIV.—The Disciples of Luther, .

. 279

32. Melancthon and his Character. 33. His Faith, and the Augsburg Con-

fession composed by him. 34. Matthias Flaccus, Author of the Centuries.

35. John Agricola, Chief of the Antinomians; Atheists. 36. Andrew Osiander,

Francis Stancaro, and Andrew Musculus. 37. John Brenzius, Chief of the

Ubiquists. 38. Gaspar Sneckenfield abhorred even by Luther for his Impiety.

39. Martin Chemnitz, the Prince of Protestant Theologians, and Opponent of

the Council of Trent.

§ V.-The Anabaptists,


40. The Anabaptists; they refuse Baptism to Children. 41. Their Leaders-

Seditions and Defeat. 42. Are again defeated under their Chief, Munzer,

who is converted at his Death. 43. They rebel again under John of Leyden,

who causes himself to be crowned King, is condemned to a cruel Death, and dies

penitent. 44. Errors of the Anabaptists. 45. They are split into various Sects.

ARTICLE II.—The Sacramentarians,

. 288

$ 1.-Carlostad.

48. Carlostad, Father of the Sacramentarians. 49. He is reduced to live by

his Labour in the Field; he gets married, and composed a Mass on that Subject.

50. He dies suddenly.

$ II.-Zuinglius,

. 290

51. Zuinglius, and the Beginning of his Heresy. 52. His Errors. 53. Con-

gress held before the Senate of Zurich; the Decree of the Senate rejected by the

other Cantons. 54. Zuinglius sells his Canonry, and gets married ; Victory

of the Catholics; and his Death.

$ III.-Ecolampadius; Bucer; Peter Martyr,

. 293

55. Ecolampadius. 56. Bucer. 57. Peter Martyr.

ARTICLE III.—The Heresies of Calvin,

. 296

$ I.-The Beginning and Progress of the Heresy of Calvin.

58. Birth and Studies of Calvin. 59. He begins to broach his Heresy ; they

seek to imprison him, and he makes his Escape through a Window. 60. He

commences to disseminate his Impieties in Angouleme. 61. He goes to Germany

to see Bucer, and meets Erasmus. 62. He returns to France, makes some

Followers, and introduces the “Supper;" he afterwards goes to Basle, and

finishes his “ Jastructions." 63. He goes to Italy, but is obliged to fly; arrives

in Geneva, and is made Master of Theology. 64. He is embarrassed there.

65. He flies from Geneva, and returns to Germany, where he marries a Widow.

66. He returns to Geneva, and is put at the Head of the Republic; the impious

Works he publishes there; his Dispute with Bolsec. 67. He causes Michael

Servetus to be burned alive. 68. Unhappy End of the Calvinistic Mission to

Brazil. 69. Seditions and Disturbances in France on Calvin's Account ; Confe-

rence of Poissy. 70. Melancholy Death of Calvin. 71. His personal Qualities

and depraved Manners.



1. Religion of England previous to the Reformation. 2. Henry VIII. marries

Catherine of Arragon, but becomes enamoured of Anna Boleyn. 3. The wicked

Wolsey suggests the Invalidity of the Marriage; Incontinence of Anna Boleyn ;

Suspicion that she was the Daughter of Henry. 4. Catherine refuses to have

her Cause tried by English Judges ; Wolsey is made Prisoner and dies at Lei-

5. Henry seizes on the Property of the Church, and marries Anna

Boleyn. 6. He obliges the Clergy to swear Obedience to him, and Cranmer

declares the Marriage of Catherine invalid. 7. The Pope declares Anna Boleyn's

Marriage invalid, and excommunicates Henry, who declares himself Head of

the Church. 8. He persecutes Pole, and puts More and Fisher to Death.

9. The Pope declares Henry unworthy of the Kingdom; the King puts Anna

Boleyn to Death, and marries Jane Seymour. 10. The Parliament decides on

six Articles of Faith ; the Bones of St. Thomas of Canterbury are burned ; Jane

Seymour dies in giving Birth to Edward VI. 11. The Pope endeavours to

bring Henry to a Sense of his Duty, but does not succeed. 12. He marries

Anne of Cleves; Cromwell is put to Death. 13. Henry marries Catherine

Howard, whom he afterwards put to Death, and then marries Catherine

Parr. 14. His Remorse in his last Sickness. 15. He makes his Will and dies.

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