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We cannot but give, continuous, the concluding stanzas of this very clever poem.
“ Now by the creeping shadows of the noon,
With Reading made Uneasy for a task,
“ Like sportive elfins, on the verdant sod,
Whilst other twain play at an Irish row,
“ But careful Dominie, with ceaseless thrist,
Or plucks the fragrant leek for pottage green,
" And so he wisely spends the fruitful hours,
That does no garden work, nor yet doth teach,
But wears a floury head, and talks in flow'ry speech!" The three last lines are the only bad again, with the sole view and express ones in the poem—and they are as bad purpose of finding faults, like other as can be falsely conceived and poore critics. Where the deuce is that poor, ly expressed. Mr Hood will have the mean, miserable wood-cut gone, that goodness to delete them, and supply we heard a contributor abusing the iheir place, next edition, with others other day in the middle shop? Where about the Irish Schoolmaster himself, the weak and watery lines about a and leave the Cam and the Isis to flow grey mare's tail ? Confound us, if we on undisturbed. Nothing more com can find either the one or the other. mon than to bear amiable and ingeni. Well, then, what is the use of any farous men like Mr Hood, sneering at ther botheration ? the Universities of Oxford and Cam Mr Thomas Hood, we wish you a bridge. Such sneers are very silly, happy New-Year, and many returns and make the sneerer look like an ab- of the season.
Write serious verses solute ninny. It was probably no as well as jocular-for you write them fault of Mr Hood's that he did not very sweetly, very simply, very natureceive a University education. But rally, indeed; but beware of a slight he would have been none the worse inclination towards - You know indeed much the better 'of one; and what we mean. Remember the last since his lot forbade, he should regret, letter in the alphabet. Gruff old Gerather than exult, that he has no Alma neral Izzard is yet alive—so with that Mater.
kind caution-Fare thee well, Thomas Let us now look over the volume Hood-Fare thee well.
WHAT WILL BECOME OP POOR IRELAND ? Que deviendra Paris? was the sub- the absurdities of a servile superstition, ject of a pamphlet which excited much than even by their sloth, ignorance, interest in France about forty-five and barbarity, what a precious fund years since. It was written by Mere is here for choosing senators, filling cier, but soon lost its popularity in civil offices, and contributing, by their the eventful scenes that not long after intellectual endowments, to the hotook place. I forget, now, to what ule nour and glory of the Isle of Saints ! timate fortune he destined the great What a pity it is that pigs cannot city; but I remember well, that his speak-verily they would make noble foresight included some of those revo- Irish forty-shilling freeholders! I have lutionary tragedies, which some of the certainly seen many of the swinish actors, though of course unknown to multitude dragged into an election him, must ever have contemplated. court, who knew just as much of what This reflection affords no great en- they were about, as the grunting in, couragement to similar undertakings mates of the smoky cabin. Such are in the line of prediction. Events, great the electors whose wisdom is to imor little, are in the hands of superior prove the national councils,—whose direction; and unimproved man only suffrages are to decide the fate of Irish shows the blind presumption of igno- elections, -and whose freedom of acrance in an endeavour to anticipate tion, and unbiassed purity of judgthem. Probable consequences are all ment, have been extolled above all that we can safely pretend to point Greek, above all Roman fame!! The out; and hence the office of human last, indeed, excites no wonder ; conwisdom is, to make choice of such geniality of worth is the natural obmeasures as are most likely to lead to ject of laudation, and as the praised, private happiness and national proseso are the praisers. A forty-shilling perity.
election in Ireland is a thing sui gea Though far from entertaining the neris, and may be the subject of some presumptuous design of assuming the future communication. prophetic character, and endeavour To return to our subject,-What,
ing to solve a question which certain in the opinion of the various speculaJy must now offer itself to every re ting parties, is to be, or at least ought Hecting mind-Que deviendra Ireland? to be, the fate of Ireland ? Foreigners --yet it may not be either unamusing probably think that there are but two or unipstractive, to contemplate the parties to the question,--the Protesanticipations which probably occur to tants and the Roman Catholics,-but many of the parties interested in its they are much mistaken. To one well future state. The present state of acquainted with Irish matters, there things seems to indicate the approach appears to be five, all entertaining difof some considerable change, --some ferent views, though not all in preimportant, and, I had almost said, re sent disagreement with each other. I volutionary convulsion. In civilized reckon two Protestant parties, and countries, wealth and intellect are the three Roman Catholic ; and what great political directors, and the wis seems most remarkable is, that the dom and influence of the few, over three latter, though now least dirule and govern the many. In Ireland, vided, and apparently quite consen, long famous for Bulls-and this is not tient, are nevertheless at bottom, and among the least absurd of that kind with respect to ultimate objects, an opposite system is endeavoured to the most discordant of any. The be established. Wealth, intellect, edu, object of one of these Protestant par, cation, and knowledge, are as a feather ties is the most unmixed and simin the political scale of her Milesian ple of all,-being no other than the patriots, who look to nothing but arithe preservation of the present constimetic, and calculate the power, worth, tution in church and statę ;-and, and excellence of a state, by the num- truly, considering how well it has ber of two-legged brutes it produces. worked since its establishment in Wben we include in their estimate of 1688, their attachment to a form of millions, the enormous mass of hu- government, so powerfully recomman beings who are more degraded by mended by practical results, seems
neither very strange, nor, though some by terror. That this time of general of our rulers think otherwise, very re concord will come, we have satisfactory prehensible. The predictive fears of assurance ; and one thing we may prothis party are, that to innovate is to nounce with perfect certainty, that it injure,—that it is better some should will not come by the return of disbe excluded from power, than the senters to the Church of Rome, or whole fabric endangered, and that that those who have happily emancithe best security for national happi- pated themselves from her thraldom ness, is to be found in an inviolable will, for the sake of uniformity, ever adherence to those principles by which come back to her chains. Nor is it that happiness has been achieved. requisite to the attainment of “a con
The second Protestant party are summation so devoutly to be wished," willing to admit that the present sys- that agreement of opinion should be tem has worked well; but they never perfectly unanimous, for that the natheless think, that it may be impro- ture of human intellect shows to be ved. Now, as every work of man is impossible ; it will be sufficient that confessedly imperfect, nobody in his all agree in essentials; that all treat senses will deny that even the Bri- each other with mutual charity and tish Constitution may be capable of forbearance, and that the sole contenimprovement; as a general position, tion among the disciples of Christ be, it is quite incontrovertible. But which shall best obey their Divine when one considers that the great Master. Let the Church of Rome cause of improvement in 1688 con look well to this, for nothing but the sisted in excluding from political exclusion of knowledge, that is to power, in a Protestant state, the mem say, nothing but a miracle beyond her bers of a Church avowedly, irrevoca- power to work, even were all the kings bly, and rootedly hostile to every de- of the earth on her side, will be able scription of Protestantism, it should to restore that barbarous domination seem that the removal of the founda- which all the signs of the times have tion was rather an odd way of strength not yet convinced her that it is im. ening and improving the political fa- possible to regain. bric erected upon it. There is indeed It is but charitable to believe, that one mode of invalidating the force of those Protestant politicians who think this objection to the proposed improve to invigorate the British Constitution ment, and that is the removal of that by an infusion of Roman Catholic avowed and inveterate hostility—the strength, have acted upon the supposireturn of that Church to those evan tion that the Romish Church is regelical principles on which the several formed-that she no longer maintains Apostolic Churches first set out-the her idle pretensions to supreme domirenunciation of her claims to univer- nation-that her superstitious pracsal dominion, spiritual as well as tem- tices are abated, and her intolerant poral—and her taking a seat among spirit liberalised—and that, though the Christian assemblies of the earth the Church nominally keeps up her as an equal, not as a Mistress. Let titles, and follows her old forms, yet this be done, and all objections to po- that the lay members of her commu. litical union vanish; true Christian nity, at least, utterly disclaim her incharity, so eloquently delineated by St fluence in political matters—that they Paul, resumes its place, and the divine adhere to her, not from bigotted atpetition, Thy kingdom come,” be- tachment, but from early prepossescomes an appropriate prayer in the sion—that they look upon all Chrismouth of all Christians; for how it tians as brothers, differing more in can come, when one Church not only name than in essence—and that, in obstinately rejects communion with, wishing to become partakers of power but absolutely reprobates and anathe- in a Protestant empire, they have no matises every other professor of Chris- other object in view than the promotianity, I cannot possibly conceive.- tion of its interests, the consolidation Let this be done, and religious har- of its strength, and the ensurance of mony will not only succeed to religious its stability. There was certainly a discord, but the Church of Rome will time when some wise men so thought, recover much of that ground which and some who are called wise, continue, she has lost, and regain by love what it seems, to think so still. For this she vainly endeavours to maintain by continuance I can see but one ground, artifice, by delusion, by ignorance, and viz. that not one word of all that
has been spoken and written, and constituents of that body known by the which still continues to be spoken and name of the New Catholic Association. written, by that legally convened body There is, thirdly, that numerous body,
Irish senators, known by the name formidable at present only in the of the Catholic Association, and their speeches of the aforesaid Association, Episcopal and priestly coadjutors, is who estimate their power by heads, no worthy of credit ; for if it be, if they matter whether full or empty, the are to be believed, Protestantism is Romanum Vulgus of Ireland. These the object of their most virulent ha- three parties now make common cause tred-it is an excrescence that must be together, because combined against one anuputated—it is in Ireland at least common enemy, Protestantism, which a usurpation, an intrusion upon the the priests hate as the heretical usurprights of the people, and a corruption er of their rights; which the leaders of Christianity, which, for the benefit of the Association hate, because they of mankind, ought if possible to be wish to have the reins of Hibernian extirpated, and the glorious reign of government in their own hands; and Popery restored in all its pomp and which the people are enjoined to hate, plenitude, even as it now beautifies the as inimical to Milesian glory, and subfree and happy governments of Italy, versive of their ancient laws and cusPortugal, Spain, &c. The main and toms. Now, it is pretty evident, that primary objects of these associated and all these may agree in a general prinself-constituent legislators are, to re- ciple of hostility, and yet propose difscind the Union with Great Britain- ferent objects to themselves, in the to strip the Protestant Church of Ire- event of success; and this is what I land of all its honours and emoluments shall now endeavour to elucidate. -to overturn the University founded A person must be very ignorant inby Queen Elizabeth—to abolish all deed of the history of Christendom, present corporate rights and charters, and the genius of the Romish Church, and to get entire possession of the who does not know that the authority power of returning members to Par- and aggrandisement of that Church liament. With what hope the Pro- are, and have been, from the very intestant abettors of these legislators can fancy of its power, the main, exclusive, look for the improvement of the Bri- and unremitted objects of her numetish Constitution in such projects may rous clergy. For this purpose, abbeys, perhaps be known to themselves; as monasteries, and convents were erectfar as I can see into probable conse ed and endowed, clerical celibacy enquences, the prospect is not very pro, joined, and every stratagem resorted to mising.
that might raise the spiritual over the But upon what colourable hypothe- civil power. I need not say with what sis, it will be asked, can I resolve one success this policy was pursued during firmly united and consentient body, the ages of barbarism and ignorance, as the Roman Catholics of Ireland and until the dawn of light and learnnow are, into three distinct and differ- ing had effected a partial emancipaing parties? The answer is at hand- tion from the chains of an intolerant Three distinct bodies they are already, bigotry. Among the artifices of Papal and, though not dissentient, containing ambition, clerical celibacy was one of within themselves the elements of fu- the most successful. The priest, diture discord. There is first, for we vested of the endearments of domestic must give the Church precedence, the life, has no country, or if he has any, elerical squadron, once satisfied with be his abode where it may, his country commanding consciences, enjoining is Italy--there, the “God of his Idolapenances, and absolving sinners, now try” reigns; the Church is his sovepromoted to the regimental office of reign and his patrimony, and to her drilling freeholders, swaying elections, he looks without respect to persons or and heading mobs. There is next the places. He has no children (bye blows “noble army” of those who call them- excepted), to whom he may transmit selves martyrs to the cause of true re property, or for whom he feels an inligion, private worth, and public vir- terest in the civil prosperity of a state. tue--but who, unlike the martyrs of Such a country as Italy, such a land as old time, place their title to the name, Spain, miserable as both are in respect not in patience and suffering, but in of moral habits, civil rights, and endenunciation and defiance-the sapient lightened minds (I speak of the people
at large), is his Eden, his earthly Pa- “The good must tolerate the evil, when radise. There he feeds upon the fat it is so strong that it cannot be reof the land, he thrives, he luxuriates; dressed without danger and distura he swills the intoxicating draughts of bance of the whole church, and come flattery, eminence, power, and almost mit the matter to God's judgment in adoration, and, if fame be not a liar, the latter day; OTHERW188, when ill of voluptuous indulgences also. What, men, be they heretics (as all Protesthen, judging from all we have read, tants avowedly are), or other malefacfrom all we have heard, and from all tors, may be punished or suppressed we have known, must be the objects without hazard and disturbance of the of the clergy of that persuasion (I good, they may and ought by public speak of them as a body) in this bless- authority, either spiritual or temporal, ed island ? Is it to exteud, to enforce, to be chastised or EXECUTED !!!" Í to strengthen the freedom of cona will not insult the understanding of science, the latitude of inquiry, or the your readers by any comment on this rights of civil and religious liberty? miserable perversion of the gracious Is it to throw open the volume of die Saviour's words, or the vile and impia vine instruction, and invite all mouths ous attempt to make his merciful for-' to drink of the waters of life? No bearance a ground for persecution and certainly-for the imperative mandate intolerance; it is sufficient to say, that of ecclesiastical infallibility enjoins this precious production, abounding in and insists upon the very reverse. Pa- similar notes, was given to the Irish pal Bulls, as absurd as any of their public, in numbers, under the sanction, Irish namesakes, are still bellowing as the title-page professed, of Dr Troy, from the Vatican, for the suppression R. C. Archbishop of Dublin, and tnost of heresy, still calling for the blind of the Prelates and Clergy, with an submission of the faithful, still de- earnest invitation to all the poor who nouncing the diffusion of knowledge, could read, to lay by some of their still forbidding the presumptuous ap- little earnings to purchase so inestiplication of common sense to things mable a treasure, containing all things religious, and still received with be necessary to salvation, and obligatory coming acquiescence and humility by on the consciences of all faithful bethe pious prelates of his Holiness's lievers. Finding it unpalatable to the Irish Church. Now, as it is easy to Catholic Association, or as it was then see, from the high tone these clerical called, the Catholic Board, Dr 'Troy leaders have lately assumed, that they thought proper to disavow his patronreally do look to the regeneration of age of the work; but the editor, in a Ireland, from knowing in what that spirited address to the public, mainregeneration does not consist, we may tained the authenticity of the titlepretty satisfactorily learn in what it page, and to this address no answer does namely, the full restoration of was given. But did Dr Troy, or any Papal rights, the abolition of heresy, other Irish prelate or priest whatsoand the reduction of Ireland within ever, disavow the offensive contents of the pale of the holy Roman Catholic the book ? Not A SINGLE MANI They Church. I will admit this deduction could not--for it contained nothing not to be fairly drawn, if any instance which was not perfectly compatible can be given of that Church's tolera- with the principles and the practice of ting, voluntarily, the profession of any Holy Mother Church—not a sentiment creed but her own. She has indeed which they are not obliged to mainbeen obliged to suffer heretics to breathe tain—not a discipline which is not at the same air with her, and to live in this day rigidly enforced, when that the same country ; but it was, as is Church' has the power and the means honestly expressed in one of the notes of enforcing it. Are we not then fully of the Rheims Bible, which Archbishop authorised to say, that the regeneraTroy first published, and afterwards tion of Ireland in prospectu Ecclesiæ denied some dozen years since, because Romanæ, contemplates the re-estashe could not help it. The note to blishment of the ancient Church, the which I allude is curious, and worth re-edification of monasteries, the retranscribing; it is on the 29th verse sumption of tithes and abbeylands, of the 13th chapter of St Matthew,- the abolition of all worship but her “ Nay, lest while ye gather up the own, the suppression of heretics, and tares, ye root out the wheat also.”- the punishment, or, to use the phrase