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sense of the services of Bishop Heber, adverts, with feelings of the most painful recollection, to the short interval which has elapsed since it was called upon to pay the like tribute to the memory of his illustrious predecessor:
"That the society, therefore, on the present occasion, while it acknowledges, with the deepest gratitude, the paternal care of his Majesty's Govenment, as well in the formation of an Indian episcopate, as in the selection of the highly-gifted persons who successively devoted themselves to the charge, feels it a paramount duty to repeat the earnest prayer of its memorial, presented in 1812, for the erection of a see at each of the three presidencies; and to declare its conviction, that no individual, however endowed with bodily and mental vigour, can be sufficient for the exertions rendered necessary by the overwhelming magnitude of the diocese of Calcutta:
"That, in the opinion of the society, fatally confirmed by the result of the attempt to govern the Indian Church by a single prelate, nothing but a division of this enormous diocese can prevent a continued sacrifice of valuable lives, and a perpetually recurring interruption of the great work, for the accomplishment of which that episcopal establishment was formed:
"That the constitution of the government in India is constructed upon the principle of a separate administration at each of the three presidencies; and that, in the opinion of the society, it must, necessarily, be inconvenient not to assi milate the government of the church to that system which experience has proved so beneficial in the civil, judicial, and military departments:
"That the memorial now read, renewing the society's prayer for the erection of three sees in India, be adopted; and that his Grace, the President, be respectfully requested to present the same, in the name and on the behalf of the society, to the First Lord of the Treasury, and the President of the Board of Controul :
"That a memorial, to the like effect, be also presented by his Grace the President, to the Honourable Court of Directors of the East-India Company, expressing, at the same time, the gratitude of the society for their continued protection and assist ance to its missions, and the satisfaction with which it contemplates the increased provision they have made for the spiritual wants of the British inhabitants of India." The Archbishop of Canterbury said, that
he should be happy to use his exertions to carry into effect the wishes expressed in the memorial to Government.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA
TION OF THE GOSPEL.
In the Appendix to our last volume, we have inserted, from the last Report of the society, some interesting notices relative to the two North-American dioceses; reserving to our present Number that part of the Report which relates to the diocese of Calcutta, and the society's operations in Barbados.
We have frequently had occasion to state, that the society is not happy as to the manner in which its Reports are drawn up and printed. The subjects are highly interesting; the detail singularly the reverse. The style of printing savours more of 1701, when the society was first incorporated, than of 1826. Thus we have the list of preachers annually reprinted, and the same general notices about the incorporated Society, and Codrington college, and the university of Debritzen, and the Vaudois clergy. We might imagine that this part of the work has been stereotyped, so careful is the compiler to avoid conveying new intelligence.
In other institutions there are officers who manage the concerns, and committees to conduct the proceedings. Whether this is the case in the present instance, does not appear from the Report-there being no allusion either to officers, or committee, or any thing connected with the management. The Report is made up of extracts from letters from the different missionaries, very ill arranged, and, as we have reason to suppose, not very judiciously selected. These letters certainly contain much that is deeply interesting to every real friend of Christian missions— but they are not put in an interesting light; and some of them, we grieve to state, are not altogether marked by that spirit of candour and charity, which the Gospel of our blessed Redeemer uniformly breathes. Why too is that pious prelate, for whom, at this day, all Christian India is in mourning, mentioned without one word of approbation? Why is the name of Heber stripped of every epithet of praise? That lamented bishop is indeed mentioned as he deserves in the address which was delivered at the meeting of the society,at Freemasons' Hall, and which we are glad to see reprinted in the Report; but that address breathes a different spirit throughout, to the regular Reports of the society, and is clearly composed by a far more able hand.
After the qualifications of a missionary," the "notitia," which however are very imperfect, and various accounts of receipts and expenditure in the different branches of the society, we have 200 pages eked out with a list of subscribers, which might with ease be comprised in 50. We have the various kinds of members figuring in various types; the chartered members in pica, and the incorporated in primer-leaded and spaced; next the associated subscribers; and to crown the whole, a minion list, incorporating and associating all who have before appeared, with all who have given the minutest sums. Here we have district committees, which do not exist, and district committees which do; dioceses without churches, and associations without members. Some names appear twice in a page, and almost all are inserted twice in the work. In this respect indeed, the archdeacons are singularly fortunate. One clergyman, whose name appears five times in the book, is inserted in the deanery of the arches, as rector of St. Leonard's, Eastcheap, and in the archdeaconry of London, as rector of St. Bene't, Gracechurch Street, when the churches of St. Leonard and St. Bene't are the same and one venerable archdeacon has been resuscitated by the indefatigable compiler of this list, and appears in large and liberal proportion, although more than two years have elapsed since his death. The style also of the Report is most wretched, and in most places almost unintelligible.
We trust that matter so important as is given in this Report will never again be brought forward in so careless and yet so expensive a form. We recommend that, in future, a committee be appointed to superintend the preparation and printing of the Report; and that the large body of incorporated members, who have a right to attend every meeting and EVERY COMMITTEE, will take care that these annual publications shall be prepared in a manner more worthy of the very important institution, whose proceedings they are intended to record. But we proceed to those parts of the Report not already abstracted in our pages.
In the course of the preceding year, the society were enabled to complete their establishment at Bishop's College, by sending out two additional professors, Mr. Craven and Mr. Holmes, of St. John's college Cambridge, who were accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Di Mello, a native Portuguese Indian, who CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 301.
had come to this country for the benefit of education, and eagerly embraced the opportunity of returning to the land of his birth under the auspices of the society, to devote himself to the diffusion of Christian knowledge among his heathen countrymen. The Bishop of London admitted him to holy orders for that special purpose, and the happiest results are expected from the employment of his services. At the same time, under the charge of the professors, embarked for Bishop's College a youth from the Clergy Orphan's School, named T. C. Simpson. There are now nine youths, born of European parents, prosecuting their studies under the direction of the professors, and there is no doubt that within a short period the numbers will only be limited by the accommodation the building will afford. Instructions have been given to complete the college-buildings and grounds without delay, and to erect the necessary rooms for carrying on the printing department. The late Bishop of Calcutta, who, at the date of his dispatches, was at Bombay, states that the Principal reports favourably of the labours and conduct of Messrs. Tweddle and Moreton, and that he has received a very gratifying account of the estimation in which their excellent missionary, Mr. Christian, is held at Bhagilpoor.
The encouraging prospects which already cheer his mission, and the neighbouring mountains, his lordship regarded as the nucleus of future possible good on a more extended scale than any other district in India. The translation of the Old Testament into Persian, by the Rev. Mr. Robinson, chaplain of Poonah, was in progress. A specimen of the work had been published from the college press.
The Bishop had noticed his hope of establishing district committees throughout his diocese, in aid of Bishop's College and the society's missions in India. This plan had been carried into effect in the archdeaconry of Bombay, under auspices the most favourable. An example has thus been set to Ceylon, Madras, and Calcutta.
From no fewer than six European stations, within the presidency of Fort William alone, his lordship had received pressing applications to assign them a resident missionary; and in each he had been assured that every facility and encouragement would be given to the exercise of his ministry, both among the natives and his own countrymen.
Our readers are apprised that the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, considering that the charge of foreign misI
sions was more immediately within the province of this society, preferred a request that they would be pleased to undertake the superintendence and management of their establishments in southern India. This society readily undertook the charge, and have placed the missionaries in immediate connexion with Bishop's College. Measures have been adopted for the enlargement of the missionary establishment.
The Report is not so explicit as we could wish respecting the nature of the society's proceeding in Barbados. We look in vain, either in the Report, or in the accounts of the funds, for a statement of what money the society has received from the toil of its slaves, or what it has expended for their benefit. We learn indeed that 21427. have been received from "Messrs. Daniel,” and 14001. from "Mr. Trattle;" but who these persons are, or whence these sums arise, we are not informed. We are not told that the cart-whip has been laid aside on the society's plantations, or that marriage has been instituted, or that one single step has been taken towards making their bondsmen free, or that any of them have become Christians. And, what is most singular, in the elaborate "synopsis of the society's missionaries, catechists, and schoolmasters, with the dates of their appointments, their salaries, notitia, &c." the society's stations in Barbados are left wholly unnoticed. We trust these "notitia," will not fail to be added in the next Report.
We learn, that a collegiate “establishment exists there, which is supported [by the labour of the slaves] with the produce of the estates, consisting of a principal and twelve (of course, White) scholars; stipends being allowed to those who may be desirous of prosecuting their studies in England, either in divinity, law, or physic." "A minister has also been provided for the Negroes, whose whole attention is to be directed to their improvement in moral and religious knowledge:" and that "schools upon the National system have been formed, under the superintendence of the chaplain, and a code of regulations has been prepared, with the sanction of the attorneys, by which sufficient time [it is not stated how much] will be allowed the Negroes, during the week, for the cultivation of their own provision-grounds, to enable them to at tend to the religious observance of the Sabbath without interruption."
Mr. Pinder states, that he has opened
his chapel at five o'clock on the Sunday afternoon, with a view to the accommodation of persons prevented from attending in the morning, as well as of Negroes from the neighbouring estates. The average attendance of adults in the morning, during the crop season, had been from fifty to ninety. The Sunday scholars, out of the crop season, attend him one day in the week, as well as read a portion of the New Testament, and repeat the catechism in chapel on the Sunday. These are twenty-five in number. The children in the daily school are stated to attend regularly; but of their number we are not informed.
Prefixed to the Report is a very interesting and energetic discourse delivered before the society by the present Bishop of Chichester, from Rev. x. 6: "That there should be time no longer." We lay before our readers the following ex
"In respect of the members of the church of Christ, individually considered, there have been few who have passed through the world unmolested; they have been wounded by the tongues of men, where the hand of power has been tied up. Reproach is indeed a part of the cross, which their Master has told them must be taken up. Our blessed Lord foretold that this would be the occasional issue of preaching his doctrine. And predictions of the same kind are to be met with in the Book of Revelation, where the church is described, as a woman fleeing into the wilderness, and concealing herself therein from the rage of her enemies for a long season.
"But shall opposition to the all-gracious designs of Heaven for ever continue? Shall the spouse of our Redeemer be always insulted and trampled on? No! The angel declares with an oath, that in this respect, there shall be time no longer. A period shall be put to the rage of the enemy how great soever the tyranny is, it is yet limited, nor shall it be executed a moment beyond the bounds which God hath set to it.
"In respect of the distresses of the church, that there shall be time no longer, that Christ will interpose for its relief, many and great are the promises of holy Scripture.
"The church of our Redeemer shall not be in that obscure state, or confined to so small a part of the world as it is at present. The Gospel of Christ shall be propagated in every nation of the earth; from the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same, it shall run and be
glorified. Then, the descendants of Israel shall look on Him whom they pierced, and mourn. Then, the deluded worshippers of false gods shall remember themselves, and turn to the true Lord of heaven and earth. Then, the votaries of the eastern impostor shall become the disciples of Christ; and those who, though they are called Christians, idolatrously join other mediators to the name of Christ, shall relinquish their superstition, and make mention of that name by which alone they can be saved.
"At what particular period these words of the angel shall have their final accomplishment, is a question on which it becomes not us to hazard even a conjecture, It is not for us to know the times, and the seasons, which the Father hath put into his own power. Sufficient is it for us to be assured, that He who can no more deceive than be deceived, has promised; and we know, that the eye and the heart of our Lord Jesus are upon this time. To what has it been owing, that the violences hitherto offered, the endeavours used to extirpate the church, have proved thus far ineffectual? Surely to the strength of him, to whom the care of the flock is committed. The government is laid on the shoulder of One who is as mighty as he is vigilant; to whom all power is committed; and who has displayed that power in every age in the support of his church, in the midst of surrounding enemies.
"In the literal use and sense of this prophecy, let us keep our eye steadily on the assurance of the angel, that there shall be time no longer. The world itself, the great scene of human action, shall, when it has answered its purpose, like the scaffolding to a building when the edifice is erected, be taken down; the world and all that therein is, shall be consumed, and no trace remain of it any more, for ever. The triumph of the wicked in the mean time, can be but short; his mirth will soon be converted into mourning. For what else can they expect, who will not stoop to the sceptre of God's grace, but that they should be broken by the rod of his wrath? Be wise now then in time, if ye would be holy in eternity. This is your wisdom and your happiness; make it then the concern and business of your lives.
"In the mean time, let us look and pray for that happy period spoken of in the text. And as God condescends to effect his purposes by human instruments, let as watch every opportunity that may pre
sent itself of advancing his kingdom upon earth. Let us transport into all the dependencies of the empire, the model of that church which our Saviour founded, as the means of bringing all men, in due course of time, to the knowledge of the truth. Let us be the heralds of his redeeming love to all the nations of the earth. It may not much import us whether we ourselves live to see the mighty consummation; but it very highly concerns us, that we should use our utmost endeavours, and offer up our earnest prayers, that the many promises concerning it may be fulfilled; that the kingdom of God should come with power; and that all blindness being done away, and every obstacle removed, which yet prevents the name of Christ from being great among the heathen, all the ends of the earth may see the salvation of their God. And, he, which testifieth these things, saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen Even so, come, Lord Jesus.''
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. A special and open meeting of the committee took place on the 15th of December, the president in the chair. The committee being anxious to record their deep feelings of regret and grief occasioned by the death of the late Bishop of Calcutta, it was resolved,
"That while this committee would bow with submission to the will of Almighty God, they cannot but deeply deplore the loss which this society and the Christian church at large have sustained by the death of the late Right Rev. Reginald Heber, lord Bishop of Calcutta: and, whilst they contemplate with gratitude to the Giver of all goodness,' the strong faith, ardent zeal, unaffected humility, universal love, and incessant labours, of this distinguished prelate, terminating only with his life, they feel themselves peculiarly bound to commemorate his attachment to the cause of missions, and more especially his wise and parental superintendence of the missionaries of this society labouring within his diocese, by whom they trust, no less than by themselves, he will ever be remembered as a bright example of those graces which most eminently adorn a Christian prelate."
It appearing to the committee that the establishment of the English episcopacy in India has been attended with the most beneficial consequences în reference to both Europeans and natives, but that its increasing cares will press too heavily on any one prelate, it was further resolved,
"That while the committee beg to ex
Press, on behalf of the society, their respectful and grateful acknowledgments to his majesty's government and to the court of directors of the Hon. the East India Company for the support which they have given to the establishment of episcopacy in India, they unite their humble request with those of the venerable societies for propagating the Gospel and for promoting Christian Knowledge, for the appointment of such a number of prelates as may be competent to the discharge of the weighty and increased duties of the episcopate in India."
It was also resolved, that the following memorial should be presented to the Earl of Liverpool, to the President of the Board of Controul, and to the Chairman of the Court of Directors of the Hon. the East India Company.
"That your memorial ists have now, for nearly twenty years, be en engaged in promoting the knowledge of the Christian religion in India:
"That they have ever been anxious to conduct their proceedings in conformity with the doctrines and discipline of the united Church of England and Ireland:
"That, before the last renewal of the charter of the East-India Company, they requested the late Rev. Dr. Claudius Buchanan to urge on the public and the legis lature the expediency and necessity of a general colonial establishment; in consequence of which he published his work entitled 'Colonial Ecclesiastical Establishment,' the first edition of which was printed and distributed, by means of your memorialists, among the members of both houses of parliament :
"That your memorialists regarded, with gratitude and joy, the provision made in the new charter granted to the East-India Company, for enabling the crown to constitute a bishopric in India:
That, with similar feelings, they rejoiced in the formation of Bishop's College at Calcutta, for the education of missiona ries to the natives of India; and contributed 50001. toward its erection, having made also successive annual grants, amounting in the whole to 5000l. more, in support of the college:
"That theyhave now established missionary stations, in the presidency of Bengal, at Calcutta, Burdwan, Buxar, Gorruckpore, Benares, Chunar, Allahabad, Cawnpore, Agra, Meerut, and Delhi; in the presidency of Madras, at Madras, Poonamallee, Mayaveram, Palamcottah, Cotym, Allepie, Cochin, Tellicherry, and Nellore; in the presidency of Bombay, at Bombay
and Basseen in the north Concan; in the island of Ceylon, at Cotta, Candy, Baddagame, and Nellore :
"That, in these stations, there are now twenty-eight missionaries, who have received episcopal orders in the united church, and who are labouring to bring the heathen to embrace the Christian faith:
"That these missionaries were licensed by the late Bishop of Calcutta, were received under his episcopal jurisdiction, and were summoned by the Bishop to the visitation of his clergy:
"That very great and valuable benefits resulted from the visits which the Bishop made to the stations of the society; his paternal counsels and exhortations, and his judicious instruction in various difficulties which had occurred, eminently tending to promote the objects of your memorialists, and to strengthen and confirm the missionaries in their arduous labours:
"That the Bishop was on his way to visit the mission of the society in Travancore, when it pleased Almighty God to call this revered and beloved prelate to his heavenly reward:
"That there is sufficient reason to believe that both Bishop Middleton and Bishop Heber, oppressed by the overwhelming duties of their responsible situation, sacrificed their lives in the performance of duties which they were anxious conscientiously to discharge:
"That your memorialists, persuaded that it is impracticable for any one bishop duly to superintend so vast a charge, and deeply sensible of the great advantages which their own missionaries have received from the personal visit of the lamented Heber, cannot refrain from joining the incorporated Society for propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, and the venerable Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, in humbly representing the importance of appointing more than one bishop to so immense a diocese :
"That your memorialists, in making this representation, feel it to be their duty at the same time respectfully and gratefully to acknowledge the support already given to the establishment of episcopacy in India, by his majesty's government and by the court of directors of the Hon. the East-India Company."
In a circular issued by the committee, containing the above resolutions relative to the late Bishop Heber and the increase of bishops in India, the committee state that the society's connexion with Bishop's College, and through the college with the