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garet Professor of Divinity, in the room of the late Dr. Collinson.
Cambridge.--The Hulseau prize for the last year has been adjudged to W. M. Mayers, of Catherine Hall, for his "Critical Examination of our Saviour's Discourses, with regard to the Evidence which they afford of his Divine Nature." The subject of the Hulsean prize-essay for the present year is, " The Contention between Paul and Barnabas." Dr. Smith's annual prizes to the two best proficients in mathematics and natural philosophy among the commencing bachelors have been adjudged to Mr. Turner, of Trinity college, and H. P. Gordon, Esq. of St. Peter's college, the first and second wranglers.
Mr. Samuel Wesley has discovered, in the Fitzwilliam collection of music at Cambridge, three of the late Rev. Charles Wesley's hymns set to music by Handel, which he has published from the original autograph of that eminent composer. The hymns are, Sinners, obey the Gospel word," "O love divine, how sweet thou art," and " Rejoice, the Lord is King." Handel is conjectured to have become acquainted with these hymns through Mrs. Rich, the wife of the patentee of one of the London theatres; Handel being professionally connected with Mr. Rich, and Mrs. Rich having become an admirer of Mr. Wesley's preaching.
St. David's College, which was founded in 1822 by the present Bishop of Salisbury, at Llampeter, in Cardiganshire, for the benefit of the clergy in South Wales, the poverty of whose preferment precludes them from the advantages of a university education, is about to be opened, and incorporated by royal charter. It is calculated to accommodate seventy students; and the Bishop of St. David's intends to admit persons from any part of the kingdom, provided they are members of the Church of England. The annual expense will, it is expected, be within fifty-five pounds. A valuable collection of books has been presented to it by the Bishop of Salisbury, to which many of the colleges and members of the university of Oxford have liberally contributed. A Grace has also passed the Senate of Cam bridge University to give it a copy of all books that have been printed at its expense, or are now in the press. The Rev. Llewellin Llewellin, of Jesus College, Oxford, has been appointed principal, and the Rev. Alfred Ollivant, of Trinity College, Cambridge, vice principal and senior tutor. An outline of a plan for onsolidating
the criminal jurisdiction of the country, has been drawn up by Mr. Hammond, under the directions of Mr. Peel, and is now privately circulating in the different circuits. During the last year there has been printing, at the government press, by Mr. Peel's directions, a series of documents styled " The Criminal Code." This code contains-A Digest of the Judicial Decisions; A Consolidation of the Enactments; The Opinions of the Text Writ ers; The Law of Scotland and of France; Suggestions for the Amendment of each particular Title of the Criminal Law; and a paper, ascertaining the general princi. ples that should govern in the formation of a code of Criminal Jurisprudence, and shewing in what particulars the English system is perfect or imperfect. The code it self, properly so called, reduces the common or unwritten law to writing, and brings the criminal jurisprudence of the country, common and statute, into a single law. The printing of the first division, that which relates to offences against property, is nearly finished. The other divisions
"Procedure," ," "Offences against the Person," and "Offences against the State." It will not be long before the whole is in print; after which Mr. Hammond hopes to proceed with the civil law in the same way. This laborious undertaking will form an invaluable basis, either for consolidating the existing laws or for amending them where necessary. Peel is conferring an incalculable benefit upon the country, by the diligent attention which he is devoting to this important subject
The library of the late Duke of York is to be sold by auction. It contains above fortyfive thousand volumes, including, many valuable ancient illustrated books.
The valuable collection of MSS. of the traveller Bruce, which were obtained by him in Egypt and Abyssinia, are about to be offered for sale: they consist of nearly 100 volumes, in high preservation.
Mr. Pettigrew, librarian of the Duke of Sussex, is compiling a Catalogue of the rare and valuable Collection of MSS. and Books contained in his Royal Highness's Library at Kensington Palace. The Theological MSS. are nearly 300 in number; and some of them are alleged to be as early as the tenth century. The Hebrew manuscripts are forty-four in number: the Pentateuchs, on African and Basil skins, are considered the finest in the country.There are two complete Hebrew MSS. of the Bible; one of the thirteenth, the other of the fifteenth century. Among the Greek
manuscripts, there is one of the New Testament of the thirteenth century, which has some peculiar readings. The Latin manuscripts are numerous and of great rarity. There are sixteen splendid MSS. of the vulgate, and two MSS. of the Bible allegorised in Latin verses, some of which are in rhyme. There is a MS. Commentary on St. Luke and the Acts, by Bede, which was made about the year 1480 for Ferdinand king of Castile.
So popular does the study of Greek appear to have become of late years, that we have now no fewer than four Greek Lexicons in the English language: namely, Dr. Jones's, Dr. Donnegan's, Groves's, and Valpy's translation of Schrevelius.
A suspension-bridge is being thrown over the Thames at Hammersmith. The piers are finished, and the buttresses on the banks. Massy iron chains pass over the heads of the piers, and are attached to the buttresses; and from these the platform will be suspended.
The annual revenue derived from public charities in the several counties of England, as returned to Parliament, is as follows:-Bedford, 10,112.; Berks, 11,928.; Buckingham, 7,479.; Cambridge, 5,4171.; Chester, 4,258.; Cornwall, 7461.; Cumberland, 1,7931.; Derby, 6,3752.; Devon, 11,674.; Dorset, 5,853/.; Durham, 13,1887.; Essex, 9,4187.; Gloucester, 9,830.; Hereford, 6,7821.; Hertford, 4,3761.Huntingdon, 1,414.; Kent, 203,439.; Lancaster, 22,0511.; Leicester, 9,6017.; Lincoln, 13,1987.; London (city of), 138,5831.; Middlesex, 189,9107.; Westminster, 16,031.; Monmouth, 7287.; Norfolk, 16,4911.; Northampton, 10,8857,; Northumberland, 2,579.; Nottingham, 6,7891.; Oxford, 7,755l.; Rutland, 3,9561.; Salop, 7,864.; Somerset, 23,3037.; Southampton, 5,3391.; Stafford, 10,0891.; Suffolk, 14,9967.; Surrey, 66,0651.; Sussex, 3,7391.; Warwick, 21,249.; Westmoreland, 2,008.; Wilts, 8,4021.; Worcester, 7,069,; York, 48,9261: total, 972,3961. In Wales, 3,519.; in Scotland, 53,0771.; making a total in Great Britain of 1,028,9981.
Mr. Hugh Boyd, in his preface to his translation, just published, of the Epitaphs of Gregory Nazienzen, endeavours to exculpate St. Gregory from the charge of not writing any epitaphs on his beloved friend St. Basil, by urging that he wrote no fewer than twelve, “afterwards jumbled together through the carelessness or stupidity of the transcribers." There is an elegy of Gregory on Basil consisting
of fifty-two lines, in which the name of Basil oceurring twelve times, Mr. Boyd maintains it should be divided into as many distinct compositions.
The Rev. J. H. Evans has lately published "Letters to a Friend, containing the Writer's Objections to his former Work,entitled, Dialogues on important Subjects, together with his Reasons for believing in the proper Deity of the Son of God, and the Divine Personality of the Holy Ghost." As we did not introduce to our readers Mr. Evans's former work, it does not seem to us necessary that we should follow up his refutation; but we cannot but notice the publication for the sake of the frank, humble, candid, and truly Christian manner in which the author has recorded his retractation. It is, he says, "the confession of error before men, and unto God, as openly as the error itself was openly avowed." He expresses his poignant feeling, at knowing "that he has been the means of unsettling the minds of some whom he may never meet till they meet together before the bar of God;" and he commits his work, " in all abasement of spirit," yet with "adoring gratitude" at having himself been rescued from his error, "to the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of the Father, and the blessing of the Holy Ghost."
In an interesting discourse, preached at Hampstead by the Rev. E. G. Marsh, on behalf of the Spanish refugees (see list of new publications), the author states, that though the funds contributed by government, and by individual charity, to supply their necessities, have been considerable in the gross amount, yet that they are so scanty, with reference to the wants of the sufferers, that many of them have been obliged to part with their clothing, their bedding, and any articles of furniture which they might possess, to procure food for the passing day. "These goods," Mr. Marsh adds, "it has never been in their power to recover: and hence I have myself seen among them officers of the army, and members of the late Spanish parliament, and governors of provinces, some of whom had no coat to wear, and no bed on which to sleep. Those of them who are in the most favourable circumstances, find nearly half of their little income absorbed in the rent of a lodging, while families of six, seven, or eight children, are subjected to privations, injurious not only to comfort, but to health. Great numbers are suffering from painful diseases, caused by want of proper nourishment and warmth; thirteen persons are apparently
practice which we must leave Mr. Horne
falling into or suffering under consump-
Mr. Carpenter having published a reply to the accusations of piracy and plagiarism exhibited by the Christian Remembrancer, the British Critic, the Evangelical Magazine, and "other publications," in their review of his "Popular Introduction to the Scriptures," and our own work being among those "other publications" which have repeated the charge of "plagiarism," though not of "piracy," we think it our duty to state, that we have carefully perused his "Reply," and consider, that though he has proved that the substance of some of the passages which his critics adduced as taken directly from Mr. Horne, might have been collected from the common sources to which Mr. Horne was himself indebted, yet the frequently close verbal coincidence with Mr.Horne, (to say nothing of the " plan” and “ order" of the work,) proves that they were in reality copied from the latter. He however certainly has shewn that Mr. Horne very freely engrafts into his own text passages from the writings, of former authors; a
his preface to Exodus, "To ADUMBRATE
Professor Seyffarth, of Leipzig, who has been employed in deciphering the Egyptian antiquities in Rome, states, that he has discovered all the dynasties of Egypt, from Menos to the times of the Romans; that he can shew, that Osiris was a real person; that he has found the picture of a Jew in bonds, and other allusions to the state of slavery to which the Jews were reduced. He adds, that he has found the Old and New Testaments in the Sefitic, and the Pentateuch in the Memphitic dialect; the Acts of the Councils of Nicæa and Ephesus in the Coptic language; Coptic glossaries and grammars in the Arabic language; and a Mexican manuscript in hieroglyphics, from which he infers that the Mexicans and the Egyptians had intercourse with each other from the remotest antiquity, and that they had the same system of mythology.
The shortest period in Hindu chronology is an age, or Yuga; four of these constitute
one Mahayuga; seventy-one of these are under the controul of a Menu, and the aggregate is thence denominated a Manwantara. The duration of a Mahayuga, is 4,320,000 years. Sir Wm. Jones thought that this might refer to the number of years in which a fixed star seems to move through a degree of a great circle, namely, 25,920: for which hypothesis his most plausible reason is, that 432, which seems to be the basis of the Indian system, is a sixtieth of the above sum, and sixty is a number familiar to Indian computation: and that the two periods, 4,320,000 and 25,920, have among their common divisors 6, 9, 12, 18, 36, 72, &c. ; which numbers, with their multiples, constitute some of the most celebrated periods of the Chaldeans, Greeks, Tartars, and Indians. But later writers, with more apparent reason, refer the whole to mere fancy.
An East-Indian native journal exhibits the following practical illustration of the operation of monopolies and jealous international restrictions. The Dutch, who long tried to secure a monopoly of spice in some of their own islands, have, it is said, just smuggled several thousand cinnamon plants from Ceylon, where the exportation of that plant is strictly forbidden. The individual, it is added, who performed this service for the Dutch government is a native of Madras, educated in England, but denied admission into the East-India Company's civil service, on account of his Indian nativity; and afterwards, by the Madras government, refused permission to settle in the interior of India, or to possess lands, because of his European parentage.
in the same degraded state as those of India. A very large proportion of them are taught to read: they are at liberty to go abroad, and have as much influence as in any country in the world. The queen has very great authority. A man may beat his wife and daughters at any age, and also his sons; but a wife can go before a magistrate and obtain a divorce if her husband beats her unreasonably. An elder brother can lawfully beat a younger, or a younger sister.
The literary and scientific societies of the United States amount already to not less than thirty in number, and various new ones are being projected.
Some benevolent individuals in Vermont have formed the design of supporting two Indian youths through a course of medical studies, and to return them to their people with the skill and advantages of regular bred physicians.
The Synod of Kentucky having some time since passed a resolution recommending to its members the religious instruction of slaves within the bounds of their respective congregations, the present Synod has inquired of each minister what attention he had paid to the recommendation, and the answers are generally satisfactory. Fifteen schools for People of Colour are now in operation within the limits of the Synod; and much is doing for the same object, in a less public and formal manner.
An Italian traveller, of the name of Beltrami, is stated to have discovered, in a convent in the interior of Mexico, a manuscript of the Gospel as it was dictated by the Spanish monks, and translated into
The Burman females are said not to be the Mexican tongue by Montezuma.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Sermons. By the late Rev. John Russell, with a Preface and biographical Sketch. By the Rev. T. Chalmers, D. D. 1 vol. 8vo. 12s.
The Testimony of Experience to the Utility and Necessity of Sabbath Schools. By the Rev. J. Brown, D.D.
A Sermon on the Death of Mr. Preston. By the Rev. G. Clayton.
This World and the World to come explored, in a Series of Lectures. By the Rev. S. Piggott.
Romanism contradictory to the Bible. By the Rev. T. H. Horne. 1s.
Sermons, chiefly doctrinal. By the Rev. G. D'Oyley, D.D. 1 vol. 8vo. 12s. Scriptural Geology; or Geological Phenomena, consistent only with the literal Interpretation of in Scripture, in Answer
to the Theories of M. Cuvier and Mr. Buckland. 2 vols. 8vo. 20s.
The Claims of the Established Church, a Sermon. By the Rev. W. Cole.
-A Sermon on behalf of the Spanish Refugees. By the Rev. E. G. Marsh. 2s. 6d. The whole of which will be applied to their relief.
Bagster's Comprehensive Bible, containing, in one volume, the Authorised Version, with Prefaces and Indexes, more than 4000 explanatory Notes, and above 500,000 parallel Passages. Small 4to, 11. 10s.; large 4to, 21. 5s.; royal 4to, 31. 10s.
Sermons on the lamented Death of the Duke of York, by the Rev. J. Abbiss; the Rev. W. Mandell; the Rev. D. Wilson; the Rev. T. Macconnell; the Rev. W. Busfield; and the Rev. T. Mortimer.
The Duty of holding the Traditions which we have been taught, asserted and enforced, in a Sermon preached at the Episcopal Visitation, in the Cathedral Church of Bangor. By the Rev. J. W. Trevor. 1s. 6d.
The Benefits annexed to a Participation in the two Christian Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper considered in eight Sermons, preached before the University of Oxford, in the year 1826. By the Rev. W. Vaux, D.D. 8vo. 9s.
The Timid Christian encouraged to come to the holy Communion, a Sermon. By the Rev. E. Vardon.
The History of the Reformation; the third volume, containing the Reign of Ed
ward VI. By the Rev. H. Soames. 1 vol. 8vo. 18s.
The Liberation of Joseph, a Dramatic Poem. By Miss Hamilton. 7s. Original Tales for Children.
Description of the Anglo-Gallic Coins in the British Museum. 4to. 11. 4s.
Geological and Historical Observations on the Valleys of Norfolk. By J. W. Robberds. 8vo. 4s.
History of the late War in Spain and Portugal. Volume II. By Robert Southey. The History of Scotland. By the Rev. A. Low, A.M. 8vo. 12s. 6d.
Notes made during a Tour in Denmark, &c. By R. Smith. 8vo. 12s.
The Present State of Columbia. By an Officer. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGA
TION OF THE GOSPEL.
WE rejoice to perceive, that this ancient and truly important institution is increasingly attracting the public attention and regard. We might adduce, in proof of this, the increase in the number of the subscribers to its funds, and the various auxiliary societies which have of late been established to contribute towards them. In those of our colonies also to which the society has extended its missions, an increasing attention begins to be manifested to its usefulness and its claims. In India especially, the establishment of Bishop's College, and the wise and zealous efforts of the two prelates who have presided over that vast diocese, have done much to excite an extended interest in behalf of the society in the several presidencies; and the well informed natives themselves, so far from evincing any jealousy in regard to the increased exertions of our countrymen in diffusing the knowledge of Christianity in India, have, in some instances, even contributed to the funds of our religious, as well as our other benevolent societies. A native gentleman, Muthoornauth Mullick, has recently set down his name as an annual subscriber of four hundred rupees to the Calcutta diocesan Committee for propagating the Gospel, in consequence of a visit which he had made to Bishop's College. We might mention as another proof of the increased interest of the public in the proceedings of the society, the highly respectable and crowded auditory which attended the recent
annual sermon at St. Mary le Bow church, and which formed a most pleasing contrast to the deserted aisles which it has often been our painful lot to witness on similar occasions. The sermon, which was preached by the Bishop of Chester, was well calculated to promote the cause of Christian missions. As his lordship's impressive appeal would not, in the usual course, have appeared before the public until the issue of the Society's Report at the close of the year, we had intended to lay before our readers a sketch of the chief points alluded to in it; but we are happy to state, that, chiefly in consequence of its important bearing upon a subject of pressing and immediate interest, we mean the suggestion now under the consideration of the Government and the East-India Company, for adding to the number of bishoprics in India, it was unanimously resolved by the Society to request his lordship to print it immediately, which his lordship has consented to do. We cordially trust that government and the India Company will concur in some plan for carrying into effect this highly beneficial measure. There is also another suggestion, which the leading members of the society have, for a considerable time, been very anxious to impress upon the attention of the government and legislature, and which is adverted to by the Bishop of Chester; namely, the consideration of some plan for making a public provision for the worship of God in our North-American colonies, instead of leaving them dependent upon the voluntary efforts of individuals.