Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

with him, however, only one regiment of the royal guard, which had revolted, but had returned to their allegiance. He held some communication with O'Donnell, whose fire on the town, which had been again excited, at once ceased. The same evening he left the citadel with a considerable portion of his force, but no interruption was offered by Ayerbe, who had been assured by him, that in case of any attack the bombardment would recommence. O'Donnell's intention was said to be to join Ortigosa, recruit his forces, and obtain provisions, and then to return to the citadel.

Meanwhile, the final plan of the conspirators had been to attack the palace in Madrid with some regiments whose officers had been seduced, as soon as the populace were informed of the rising in Pampeluna. Espartero, the Regent, however, received with the news, information respecting the treacherous officers, and immediately issued orders for their arrest. They were consequently obliged to conceal themselves; but not withstanding, on the evening of the 7th, an attack was made by several disaffected companies and parts of regiments on the palace, with the hope of securing the Queen. The companies of guards on duty had been bribed, and offered no resistance to the attack, and the Queen would have been captured had it not been for the gallant resistance of Colonel Dulce and nineteen old halberdiers who were on duty at the time. They defended the royal apartments from half past seven till one in the morning; at which time the division made in their favor by the faithful regiments which had arrived at the scene of action without the palace, under the command of Espartero, was so pow erful, that the rebels were glad to withdraw. The Queen and suite were in great danger. Some of the apartments of her suite of rooms were pierced with balls, and the doors, walls, and furniture, are represented as appearing like so many targets, after the action was over.

The next day Espartero proceeded to the palace in state, and was cordially received by the people, and he immediately promoted Colonel Dulce to the rank of Brigadier He addressed each of the halberdiers separately, promoted them and gave them at the same time the cross of San Fernando. Madrid, after the crushing of this attempt, was perfectly quiet.

These were the most important points of the developement of the insurrectionary

movements.

Bilboa and a few other places declared against the Regent, but in most of these places the government authorities had entirely suppressed the insurgents, whose cause now seems to be nearly abandoned, except by O'Donnell, whose chief reliance is the citadel of Pampeluna.

Don Francisco Paula, a younger brother of Don Carlos, and uncle to the Queen, proceeded from Paris into Spain, despite the interference of some of the local authorities in the south of France, and offered his influence and means in the service of the constituted authorities. Even Christina herself was in no condition to take an active part in the affair which was got up for her benefit, having within a fortnight borne a son to her second husband, Munoz. She publicly denied any knowledge of, or connexion with, the conspiracy, but no credit was attached to her disclaimers by the best. informed parties. General Leon, the leader of the insurrection in Madrid, a brave and approved officer, suffered death for his attempt, by the sentence of a court-martial, on the 15th of October. Several others of the rebels were also punished capitally.

It was suggested in some quarters, that Louis Philippe had connived at this insurrection from motives of policy, desiring to connect the government of Spain in some manner with that of France; but this surmise appears to be entirely unjust and unfounded. A French army of ob. servation, consisting of about thirty thousand men, was stationed for a short time on the frontier, but the greater part of it. was subsequently withdrawn. Meanwhile a self-constituted junta in Barcelona undertook the duty of destroying the fortifications of that place, under the pretence of advocating the party and views of Espartero. The regent, however, disavowed them and their proceedings entirely, sent a military force against them, and compelled this junta to take refuge in France on the 13th of November.

LONDON, Oct. 18. The buildings on each side of the Thames were visited with one of the most severe inundations ever known. For several days a succession of gales from the east and northeast had prevailed. On the night of the 17th the wind increased to a hurricane, and on the afternoon of the next day, the tide rose so rapidly in consequence, that the river had risen above the highest ordinary level more than an hour before the turn

LONDON, Oct. 25. FRAUD ON THE ExCHEQUER. There was detected this day a fraud to a considerable amount on the Exchequer, the details of which, as ascertained by subsequent legal investigation, were these:

of the tide. In consequence, as the although by their numbers they professed river continued to rise, the wharves and to be. Smith was one of three clerks, jetties with the streets, and the cellars whose duty it was to compare the bills and other underground apartments in the with the counterfoils. As soon as it apneighborhood, were submerged with wa-peared that two or three of the bills were ter. The consequences were distressing. not those which had been issued regularSome lives were lost, and a great quantity ly from the office, he took one of the other of property destroyed. It is computed clerks aside and made a disclosure of the that no less than ten thousand houses fraud. suffered by the irruption. The Blackwall railway was overflowed at the Blackwall terminus, and the trains stopped running in consequence. AMBASSADORS UNDER THE NEW MINIS-vent any detection. The Exchequer bills, TRY. LONDON, October 19. Lord Cow- for the purpose, apparently, of preventing ley was appointed Minister to France; fraud, are frequently called in and others Lord Stuart de Rothsay, to Russia; Sir issued in their places. Smith had taken Robert Gordon, to Austria; Sir Stratford the precaution, however, in delivering his Canning, to the Sublime Porte; Lord to the parties with whom he dealt to make Burgersh, to Prussia. provision that those identical bills should be returned to him; he made them special deposits, as it were, on which he obtained funds. Whenever he found that the bills were to be called in, he redeemed his own, making a new issue as soon as possible. On the funds thus obtained, he The exchequer bills issued by Govern- speculated, in concert with a broker ment are printed, but always bear the named Rapallo, who was the party with signature of the Chancellor of the Ex- whom he had deposited the bills, but chequer. As it frequently happens, how their speculations it appears were always ever, that some of the printed blanks are unsuccessful, and eventually, by some injured before the bills are issued, more failure on his part to redeem his bills, blanks are always printed than are actu- or by some other means not ascertained, ally needed. These blanks are placed in the bills were put in circulation, and fell the charge of one of the clerks in the Ex-back on the Exchequer office and were chequer office; for some years Mr. Beaumont Smith has had this charge. It appears that for some years this person, by means of the facilities he has thus obtained, has issued fictitious bills, duplicates in fact of real bills. It has not yet been satisfactorily ascertained whether he obtained fraudulently the real signature of Lord Monteagle, the minister whose duty it is to sign the bills, or whether the signature was forged. If forged, it is admirably well done.

-

detected.

The amount of fraudulant issues is about £131,000. Government at once called in these bills, and about £100,000 were brought in at the Exchequer office. It has not yet appeared, however, whether the holders of them will receive their value from Government, which they declare they should do, on the ground, which is certainly tenable, that the bills had the genuine stamp upon them, which is the legal proof, or one of the legal

When bills are issued from the Ex-proofs of their genuineness, and that inchequer office, they are cut off from the nocent holders, as it is not doubted all the printed sheet, in such a manner that a parties in question are, ought to be held part of the paper is left in the possession free from loss. The trials of Smith and of the officers issuing them; in precisely Rapallo had not come on at our latest the way in which a merchant secures dates; one of them was to be admitted as himself against a counterfeit of his bank Queen's evidence against the other. checks. On the 25th of October, a number of Exchequer bills were brought into the office to be converted into other Government securities, but on application to these counterfoils, or parts of the sheet remaining, they evidently were not the bills which had been cut from that paper,

BELGIUM, October 30. An insurrection was checked by the arrest of several persons concerned in it, which was to have broken out, according to their arrangements, on the next day. General Vaudersimpers and General Vandermere were at the head of it; they acted with

He had issued, as we have said, these fictitious bills, to a greater or less amount, for some years. Till recently, however, his measures had been so taken as to pre

several other disaffected persons, principally disbanded military officers, with the avowed object of reuniting Belgium with Holland, taking advantage of the dissatisfaction of Ghent, Bruges, and some other parts of the kingdom which had lost their trade with the Dutch colonies by the separation of 1830. The movement did not appear, however, on the trials of the criminals and other investigations, to be very deeply based or widely extended.

LONDON, October 30. FIRE IN THE TOWER. At half past ten in the evening, fire was discovered in the tower of London, that part of the building known as the Round Tower. The alarm was immediately spread, and great excitement prevailed. The tower engines were immediately brought to the spot, and soon after other engines from the city, but it was with difficulty that they could be brought to bear upon the height of the Round Tower.

At two o'clock the fire was at its greatest height, and at three it began to subside. The main building of the Tower was in great danger, and copious streams of water were poured into it in every direction, and it was not until four or five o'clock, that all danger of a farther spread of the conflagration was at an end. The value of the property destroyed was supposed to exceed a million sterling.

DUBLIN, November 1. Daniel O'Connell, Esq., well known in Ireland and elsewhere as the leader of the Irish Repealers and Reformers, was elected Lord Mayor of Dublin.

LONDON, November 9. The Queen was safely delivered of a young prince, the heir apparent to the crown of Great Britain. He takes at his birth the title of the Duke of Cornwall, and the Scotch title of Earl of Renfrew. The title of Prince of Wales is conferred by patent, issued usually a short time after his birth. The Queen rapidly recovered her health.

It was at first hoped that the destruction might be confined to the Round Tower, but it soon communicated to the roof of the Armory. It was soon found a hopeless attempt to save that building, and attention was directed to saving as many of the arms and valuables as possible. At 20 minutes past 11, the flames were issuing from every part of the roof, and soon shot up to an alarming height. At 1 o'clock the Clock Tower fell in with a tremendous crash. Great efforts were made for the preservation of the White Tower, and the Church of St. Peter, which proved successful.

The Jewel Tower next attracted the attention of the authorities. The wind, having somewhat shifted, blew the flames in that direction, and its destruction appeared inevitable. As soon as this was known, measures were taken to have the valuables removed; the room in which the jewels were kept was unlocked, and after some difficulty the iron railing surrounding their cases was broken down, and access obtained to them by the authorities. A most extraordinary scene then presented itself; the warders carry-ed by the company to the health of her ing crowns, sceptres, and other valuables Majesty and the infant Prince. of royalty, between groups of soldiers, police, firemen, and others, from the Jewel Tower to the Governor's residence, which is situated at the very farthest extremity of the green. None, however, sustained the slightest injury, and by dint of most prompt exertion, the Jewel Tower itself was saved.

TEXAS. The official returns of the Presidential election show the following result:

For President, Houston,
Burnett,

66

NOVEMBER 25. Sir Francis Chantrey, the celebrated sculptor, whose works are well known in this country and Europe, died suddenly at his residence.

NOVEMBER 25. THAMES TUNNEL. A thoroughfare was effected in this work, and made use of, for the first time, by the whole of the directors and some of the original subscribers, who had assembled upon the occasion. The shield having been advanced to the shaft at Wapping, a considerable opening was cut in the brickwork, and it was through this the party who had met at Rotherhithe were enabled to pass, thus opening the first subterranean communication between the opposite shores of the river.

Upon their arrival at the shaft, the party were greeted by the workmen with most hearty cheers. A curious and interesting incident was connected with the event: a few bottles of wine, preserved since the dinner on the occasion when the foundation stone was laid, with the understanding that it was to be drunk only when it could be carried under the Thames, having been opened, and enjoy

7,508 2,574

66

For Vice-President, Burleson, 5.088
Hunt, 3,942
McAfee, 27-

"L

66

66

<<

DOMESTIC.

NOVEMBER 28. The steam-packet Savannah, from New York for Savannah, was lost off Cape Hatteras in a severe gale. There were nearly forty persons on board of her, all of whom, with two exceptions, were saved in her boats.

DECEMBER 2. The brig Creole, Capt. Enson, of Richmond, arrived at New Orleans, after having touched at Nassau, N. P., under the following singular circumstances. The brig had a cargo of tobacco, with one hundred and thirty five slaves, and four or five other passengers. On the 7th ult., at 8 P. M., the brig was hove to, in the belief that she was approaching Abaco. The next day, after the passengers and crew not on duty had retired, at about half-past 9 P. M., the slaves mutinied and murdered a passenger named Hewell, owner of a portion of the slaves, by stabbing him with a bowie knife. They wounded the captain and one of the hands dangerously, the chief mate and another of the hands severely. But little defence could be made, as the victims were totally unprepared for an attack, and had but one musket on board, while the slaves were armed with pistols, knives and bludgeons made of handspikes. There is reason to believe, that the whole plot was arranged before they left Richmond.

Having obtained possession of the vessel, they broke open the trunks and ransacked the whole cargo. They spared the lives of the mate, passengers, and a part of the crew, on condition they should be taken immediately to Abaco, an English island. Forced to obey, the crew set sail and arrived at Nassan, N. P., on the 9th ult. On landing, the American consul had the captain and two of the crew immediately taken on shore and their wounds dressed, while every attention was paid to the wounded on board. The consul likewise requested the Governor of N. Providence to place a guard on board, to prevent the slaves from going ashore, as he well knew that if this were not done, would be impossible to secure the guilty perpetrators of the murder. The request of the consul was granted, and an investigation of the affair was conducted by two magistrates of Nassau. The captain also took the testimony of the passengers and crew. Nineteen slaves were identified as having participated in the mutiny and murder. They were placed in confinement until farther orders, the

Governor refusing to have them sent to America under the circumstances. The remainder were liberated by her Majesty's authorities, on the ground that the slaves must be considered and treated as passengers, having the right to land in boats from the shore whenever they thought proper. The captain was so seriously injured, that he was unable to go on with his vessel. Two of the slaves confined for the murder subsequently died, one of them from the wounds he received in the affray. Several of the others shipped for Jamaica as passengers. DEC. 15. MASSACHUSETTS BANKS. The following is an aggregate statement of the condition of the Banks of Massachusetts of the 4th of September last, prepared from the returns legally made for the use of the Legislature. It will be recollected that these returns are made annually, in obedience to a requisition made by the Governor and Council, on some Saturday preceding the date of such requisition, not previously known to the banks.

The object of this provision is that the returns may exhibit the state of the banks, as shown by the books, at a time not previously anticipated, and when of course their condition is not specially prepared, for making a more favorable exhibition than on ordinary days. The requisition this year was issued on the 20th of October.

Amounts due from the Banks. 25 Banks 114 Banks in Boston. in the State.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

1828,
1829,

2,121,618 1830,

838,444 65 1835, 1,548,972 39 813,137 45 1836, 1,614,680 38 1,056,922 12 1837, 1,293,129 80 1831, 1,223,801 98 1838, 1,588,847 87 192,819 1832, 1,229,483 47 1839, 1,610,382 02 1833, 1,463.715 22 1840, 1,775,747 57 4,461,047 1834, 1,339,799 56 1841, 2,033,504 27 DECEMBER 6. INDIANA FINANCES. The Message of Governor Bigger, on the opening of the Legislature of Indiana on 47,553,961 the 6th instant, contains a statement of the condition of the public works, and of 58,679,474 the finances of the State. It has been the misfortune of the State of Indiana to have undertaken a system of public improvements, not only of a magnitude entirely 992,145 disproportioned to the available resources of the State, but of a kind not likely to be 1,383,114 productive, if completed, in the present state of population and business. It was 941,789 a work undertaken for posterity, and with the intention that posterity should pay the debt. It seems to have been forgotten that the charge of current interest would fall upon the present generation, for which the income of the words would have been inadequate in the present state of population, if the works were finished.

The extent of improvements projected, consisting of canals and railroads, is 1291 miles. Of this extent, 281 miles are fin ished at a cost of $8,164,528. The estimated cost of completing the works is $11,826,227, making the total estimate $19,914,424. The parts completed, being in detached portions, bring in little or no income.

considered

doubtful, 735,319

1,043,165

Average rate of dividends in Boston 2 96-100 per cent.; do. of 89 banks out banks out of Boston, 2 -99-100 per cent.; do. of 114 banks in the State, 2 97-100.

The amount of bills in actual circulation, after deducting the amount held by other banks, mostly as agents for returning them after their redemption, is $7,387,494. This amount is doubtless considerably greater than would be shown by returns made at the present time

CONDITION OF THE BANKS OF RHODE ISALND. The amount of circulation of the Banks of Rhode Island on Nov. 1st, 1841, was $1,828,378 06 On the 1st of December, 1841, it was 1,599,814 00

The public debt of the State amounts to $15,088,146, which the Governor classifies under two heads. The first is called suspended debt, and consists of bonds of the State which have been sold on a credit, and for which no consideration has been received by the State. The following are the amounts:

1. Due from the Morris Canal
and Banking Company for
bonds sold to increase the
stock of the State Bank,
[nearly]

From the same, for bonds
sold for internal improve-
ment purposes,

3.

From other Companies, 4. Cost of Cohen property,

Circulation reduced,

228,564 00

The amount of specie in the banks of this State on the 1st of November, 1841, $382,082 96 On the 1st of December it was 296,756 35

was

85,326 61

2.

Specie reduced,
Of the circulation, there is
held by the banks, 227,135 00
In the hands of the people, 1,372,679 00
NEW YORK CANALS. The following
shows the amount of tolls received on
the canals during each year, since the
Erie Canal was partially opened in 1820:
Tolls rec'd.
Tolls rec'd.
$5,437 34 1824, 340,761 07
14,388 47 1825,
565,112 97
64,072 00 1826, 762,003 60
1823, 152,958 33 1827, 859,058 48

1820,

1821, 1822,

$1,000,000

1,146,000 894,000

341,000

Total amount of suspended
debt,

$3,381,009

Of this the Governor says: "A part of the debt may be recovered, but how much, or when, are questions it

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »