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water, but were all swamped immediately., work was suspended from Sept 1839 to About three hours after, the De Witt April 1840; making the working days on Clinton steamboat, and vessels from Dun- the ship 522. The average number of kirk, arrived at the spot, and took up men employed was 42 carpenters, 15 lasuch of the passengers as had succeeded borers, 8 smiths, 10 joiners, 6 sawyers in supporting themselves in the water. and 5 caulkers. Average rate of pay, Only 29, however, are known to nave 1 dollar 43 c. per day. The Congress is been saved. of heavier tonnage than the 74 America, built in this harbor in the Revolutionary War.
August 16. The U. S. frigate Congress was launched, at the Navy Yard at Portsmouth, N. H. at past 11 o'clock, A. M. She glided off the stocks in a beautiful manner, in presence of a vast concourse of spectators, on the surrounding shores and on the water, and was immediately taken in tow, and conducted to her moorings, by the steamers Portland and Huntress. The frigate is a beautiful ship, of fine proportions and workmanship. The Portsmouth Journal gives the following statement of her dimensions:
She has a billet head. Her stern ornaments are the national emblem, an Eagle; on each side is the National Flag and Olive Branch, emblematic of peace and thrift. The centre piece is the Roman emblem of the strength of union and authority, a branch of rods bound together. About 80,000 pounds of copper bolts were used in constructing her, and about 30.000 lbs. of sheet copper were used on her outer work. The keel was laid in the month of August, '39. The
The naval constructor is Samuel M. Pook, Esq. During the first year from the commencement of the work, the navy yard was under the command of Cominodore Crane, and the last year under Capt. John H. Sloat.
The former frigate Congress, of 1250 tons and 36 guns; the frigate Crescent, of 600 tons and 36 guns, built as a present for the Dey of Algiers, and the sloop-of war Portsmouth, were built at Portsmouth from 1796 to 1799. During the Revolutionary War, there were built at the same place, for the United States, the frigate Raleigh, of 750 tons, and 32 guns; the Portsmouth, Ranger, and BelTower, of 300 tons, and 18 guns each; and the America, of 1700 tons, and 74 guns.
AUG. 4. Died in Kentucky, Rev. John Breckenridge, D. D., distinguished for many years for his philanthropic exertions in behalf of charitable and relig ious institutions.
AUG. 16. General Wool was appointed Brigadier-General in the army in the place of General Scott, promoted.
Sept. 25. The Herkimer County Bank, New York, was robbed of $70,000. After a close pursuit, however, the robbers were arrested, and nearly all the money recovered.
OCT. 3. A violent gale from the northeast prevailed along the northern sea board of the United States. A large number of coasters and fishermen were lost, it being a few weeks before the expiration of the fishing season. A breakwater at Rockport, Cape Ann, was carried away, and all but two of sixteen vessels in the harbor were lost.
Ост. 4. The new cabinet was completed by the appointment of Hon. John C. Spencer of New York, as Secretary of War. Mr. Spencer accepted the ap pointinent, and entered on the duties of the office on the 12th inst.
OCT. 4. The trial of Alexander MeLeod for the murder of Durfee in the attack on the Caroline steamer, which has attracted so much attention in England
and this country, came on at Utica, New York. The evidence on both sides was full the prosecution, however, made out little more than the general facts of the destruction of the steamboat, while the defence proved an alibi with apparent truth, and brought witnesses from each of the attacking boats to prove that McLeod was not of the party. He was accordingly acquitted on the 13th, and immediately returned to Canada.
Ост. 14. The Legislature met at Montpelier. It appeared that Mr. Paine had 23,353 votes; Mr. Smilie, 21,302; Judge Hutchinson, 3039; and there were 248 scattering. Mr. Paine was chosen Governor by the Legislature the next day, by 146 votes out of 254.
Oct. 18. An attempt was made to procure the indictment of Holmes, the mate of the William Brown, lost at sea on the 20th of April last, [see Mon. Chron. p. 236,] for the murder of passengers who were thrown overboard to lighten the long boat. The grand jury ignored the bill. He was afterwards indicted for manslaughter.
CHICAGO, Sept. 11. The sub-treasury safe in this place was robbed of $11,688.
ARKANSAS WEST LINE. The Commissioners who have, for some time, been engaged in running the boundary line between the United States and the Texan Republic, completed their appointment at the north end on the 24th. The line strikes Red River, one mile and a half above the White Oak Shoals, near Mr. David Lloyd's, on range 28, about 50 yards below range 29. The timber has been cut about ten feet each side of the line, making an opening of twenty feet the whole length of the line; mounds have also been raised at every mile five feet high. WASHINGTON, Sept. 25. The President issued a proclamation, announcing that he was well informed of certain warlike preparations made on the frontier against the English forces, and that if the conspirators persevered in their purposes, they must expect to be brought to immediate punishment.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 22. Died, the Hon. John Forsyth, in the 60th year of his
Mr. Forsyth had been for many years in public life. He came into Congress in 1813; subsequently he was appointed Minister to Spain in 1823, which office he filled during Mr. Monroe's Administration. Subsequently he represented Georgia in the United States Senate, and he filled the situation of Secretary of State in Mr. Van Buren's Cabinet till the accession of General Harrison to the Presidency.
NEW-ORLEANS. This city had been unusually healthy through the summer; but about the close of August, the yellow fever made its appearance, and made dis-ors of the United States Bank assigned tressing ravages. At the 25th of Septem- most of the valuable assets of that instiber, the deaths by this cause had been, tution to certain of their creditors, this for some days, more than forty a day. course being made necessary by the number of suits in progress against the Bank.
PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 26. Died, Gen. Thomas Cadwallader, in his sixty-second year. His health had been declining for two years, and a fever which suddenly seized him proved too powerful for his enfeebled constitution to resist. Gen. Cadwallader commanded a regiment of volunteer cavalry in the early part of the late war; he was not called into service, however, till in 1814 the cities of Baltimore and Philadelphia were threatened by the British, after the battle of Bladensburgh. At that time he was appointed Brigadier-General, with the command of the volunteers raised in Philadelphia. Subsequently he entered the United States service, in which he remained till the close of the war.
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 4. The Direct
ALBANY, Sept. 20. Governor Seward issued a proclamation offering a reward of $250 for such evidence as shall lead to the conviction of the persons who stole from the state arsenals in Cayuga county two pieces of cannon in July last, and a quantity of powder, private property, from a magazine in Lockport, on the 17th inst.
NEW YORK, Sept. 20. The Belle Poule and Cassandre, French frigates, the first of which had the Prince de Joinville on board, arrived from Halifax, where they had touched for a few days on their way from Europe.
The Prince proceeded to Philadelphia and Baltimore, as the commencement of a grand tour through the United States.
NEW YORK, Sept 27. An injunction was served on the Commercial Bank, at the instance of the Bank Commissioners.
ALBURGH, Vermont, Sept. 20. A man, named Grogan, who was concerned in the rebellion in Canada, and has since resided in the United States, was seized by
Whigs and nine Democrats, and an Assembly of 35 Whigs and 23 Democrats.
UNITED STATES CONGRESS.
The bill to incorporate the Fiscal Corporation of the United States, which The revenue bill, which had passed the passed the House of Representatives Au- House of Representatives July 30, [see gust 23, [see Mon. Chron. p. 384,] was Monthly Chronicle, p. 333,] was in the referred in the Senate to a special com- Senate referred to the committee on mittee, who reported it without amend- finance. The prominent feature of the ment. The bill was debated two or three bill was to impose a uniform duty of 20 days in the Senate, being defended prin- per cent. ad valorem on articles which cipally by Mr. Berrien, chairman of the were previously free, or subject to lower special committee. A number of amend- rates, with certain exceptions, consisting ments, offered by the opposition, were mostly of raw materials for manufacrejected. The final vote was taken Sept. tures. These exceptions, although em3, and the bill passed by a vote of 27 to bracing a large variety of articles, consist 22, the whig members, with the excep- wholly of such as are imported only in tion of Mr. Rives, voting in the affirma- small amount. The committee reported tive. On the following day, the bill was the bill to the Senate without important laid before the President, and on the 9th amendments, except one, the effect of he returned it to the House of Represen- which was to extend the 20 per cent. duty tatives, with his veto. In his Message, to a class of luxuries which had been specifying his reasons for disapproving heretofore taxed low on account of their the bill, he rests his objections on the liability to be smuggled, namely, watches, general ground, that it creates " a nation- gold, silver, silk and thread laces, jewelry, al bank, to operate per se over the precious stones, &c. After debate, the Union." Although established in the Senate adopted this amendment. Many District of Columbia, the amount of cap- other amendments were proposed, and ital, the manner in which the stock is to debated at length. An amendment was be subscribed and held, the number and adopted, subjecting rail-road iron to a powers of the directors, and agencies, and duty of 20 per cent., but extending the other features of the institution, charac-exemption under the present law in faterize it as a national bank, operating vor of rail-roads already commenced, to throughout the Union, by the authority March 3, 1843. Another amendment, of Congress. To grant such powers to a adding tea and coffee to the list of free bank, he considers transcending the au- articles, was adopted, yeas 39, nays 10. thority of Congress. He makes other A motion to exempt salt from duty was objections, founded on some of the de- negatived, yeas 20, nays 24. An amendtails of the bill. By its unlimited power ment was adopted, by which the bill of dealing in bills of exchange, drawn in should take effect from Sept. 30, and on one state, and payable in another, he the 7th it passed, yeas 33, nays 11. The thinks it might adopt the practice of dis- bill, being returned to the House, most counting in the most objectionable form, of the amendments of the Senate were accommodation paper. He objects, also, concurred in. The amendment to add that there is no restriction in the rate at tea and coffee to the list of free articles which it may deal in bills of exchange. being under consideration, a motion to He expresses a strong desire to meet the amend it by adding to it "salt" was wishes of Congress, in the adoption of a agreed to, yeas 94, nays 8. A motion fiscal agent which shall avoid constitu- to add " sugar was agreed to, yeas 105, tional objections, and harmonize conflict- nays 75, and "cotton," yeas 105, nays ing opinions. He expresses a desire for 75. But on the following day, the votes time to reflect on this difficult subject, on these amendments of the House were and a hope that at a more favorable time reconsidered, and the motions to insert the executive and congress may unite salt, sugar, and cotton in the list of free in a measure of finance, which shall meet articles, were withdrawn. The amendthe wants of the country. The message ment of the Senate adding tea and coffee was entered on the journal, and printed to the free list, was concurred in by a for the use of the House. On the follow- vote of 178 to 7. The other amendments ing day, the House proceeded to recon- of the Senate were concurred in, with the
sider the bill, as required by the constitution, and after a short debate the question was taken and decided as follows; yeas, 103, nays 80. Two-thirds being required to pass the bill against the President's veto, it was lost.
exception of an unimportant one, which in case that event should happen, it was subsequently agreed to by both would be followed by a resignation of a branches, as modified by report of a com- part, or all of the members of the Cabi'mittee of conference, and the bill receiv-net. These rumors seem to have been ed the signature of the President on the founded on the supposition, that those 11th. This law was entitled an act re- gentlemen would not be inclined to conlating to duties and drawbacks. The law tinue in the post of official advisers of went into effect from and after the 30th the President, after this proof of his unof September. Several vessels arrived willingness to act in conformity with at New York a day or two before, with a their views on so important a measure. large amount of silk goods, which thus The first veto, however, was not regardavoided the new duties imposed by the ed by either of them as a sufficient reason bill. for abandoning their situations. But the rejection of the second bill was regarded by five of them in a different light, and on the day after the Message was submitted to the House, Messrs. Ewing, Secretary of the Treasury, Bell, Secre
Several other bills of some interest, in addition to those which have been particularly noticed above, were passed during the session. Among these were, an act providing for the fitting out of a home squadron, and making the necessa-tary of War, Badger, Secretary of the ry appropriation therefor; one making Navy, and Crittenden, Attorney-Geneprovision for the maintenance of pauper ral, for reasons stated in their letters, lunatics in the District of Columbia; published in another part of this number, extending the charters of banks in [pp. 423-444] sent to the President their the District of Columbia; providing resignation of their respective offices, for the payment of navy pensions; which was immediately accepted. Their making appropriations for various for- example was followed, on the next day, tifications, for ordnance, and for the by Mr. Granger, the Postmaster-General. expenses of Indian hostilities; providing Mr. Webster, the Secretary of State, refor placing Greenough's statue of Wash- mained at his post. On the 11th, the ington in the rotunda of the capitol; President, who must have been prepared granting the franking privilege to the for the event, sent to the Senate the widow of President Harrison; making following nominations to the vacant of appropriations for ordnance and ordnance fices, which were severally confirmed, stores; and making appropriations for viz.: outfits and salaries of diplomatic agents.
A resolution was reported in the Senate on the 9th, from Mr. Bayard, from a select committee, providing that the Secretary of the Senate be authorized to employ a corps of reporters, not exceeding five in number, at the commencement of each session of Congress, to report the proceedings and debates of the Senate, who shall be sworn to discharge their duties faithfully, and be paid not exceeding $60 a week to the principal reporter, and $50 per week to the others; a report of each day's proceedings and debate to be placed in the hands of the printer, within three hours from the adjournment, and proof slips to be furnished to any publishers in the District of Columbia, who should agree to publish the same entire. After a short debate, the resolution passed to be engrossed by a vote of 23 to 11, but on the 13th it was laid on the table, by a vote of 21 to 16.
CHANGE IN THE CABINET. When the expectation became general, that the first bank bill would be vetoed by the President, rumors were circulated, that
Walter Forward, of Pennsylvania, Secretary of the Treasury.
John McLean, of Ohio, Secretary of War.
A. P. Upshur, of Virginia, Secretary of the Navy.
Hugh S. Legare, of South Carolina, Attorney-General, and
Charles A. Wickliffe, of Kentucky, Postmaster-General.
Judge McLean declined the appointment of Secretary of War, and John C. Spencer, of New York, was appointed in his place.
The two Houses, September 13, adjourned sine die. The following diplo matic appointments were confirmed by the Senate before adjournment:
Charles S. Todd of Kentucky, to be Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia.
Daniel Jenifer of Maryland, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Austria.
Edward Everett of Massachusetts, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain.