Изображения страниц

particulars were announced by Capt El-idly gaining ground, as the whole comliot in a circular addressed to British sub-munity is decidedly against the governjects under date of the 20th Jan. Chu- ment of Gamarra, who has degraded the san was to be evacuated, and no northern country to such an extent as to place it in port opened. The result of the negotia- the class of a Chilian colony, sustained tion excited great dissatisfaction in China by Chilian influence, and subject to Chiland India among the English residents. ian control. The proceedings of Keshen, the Chinese plenipotentiary, were subsequently disavowed by the Emperor, and in consequence, on the 25th of Feb., Capt. Eliot stormed the forts on the Bogue with but trifling loss, and proposed to advance on Canton.

On the 21st ult. a general rising took place in Bolivia, headed by Generals Lara and Irigoyen, who have proclaimed Gen. Santa Cruz, Supreme Protector. This officer was expected at Guyaquil about the 15th or 20th ult., where he was to hold himself in readiness to embark for Peru with a small force on the first fuvorable opportunity; and as such opportunity is now offered, we are momentarily expecting him in Peru. On his arrival, the downfall of this degraded government is inevitable. In fact, nothing prevents its immediate overthrow but the want of some officer of rank and influence under whom all parties would unite.


INDIA, February. A revolution took place this month in the Punjaub, the consequences of which may prove important. It will be remembered that the former sovereign of the Punjaub or Lahore, Kurruck Singh, died on the 5th of November last. At his funeral, his son and heir, Now Nebal Singh, was accidentally killed. At that time Shere Singh (the lion-tiger) expected to assume the crow but the opposition of Beebe Chung Koor, the widow of the deceased king was so successful, that she obtained the throne herself, apparently as regent for the yet unborn heir of her son, whose widow was left pregnant. In this month Shere Sing, by the aid of the principal sirdars, of the European generals Ventura, Court, and Avitable, and the treachery of Rajah Dhean Singh, who brought with him 15,000 of the Ranee's troops, had succeeded in surprising and capturing after a well contested action, the fort of Lahore, and dispossessing the Ranee of the crown, which he had assumed himself It is said that the dispossessed Ranee had CONSTANTINOPLE, March 23. Reschid been negotiating with the British agent Pacha has been dismissed from his post for the purpose of obtaining the aid of that as Minister of Foreign Affairs, and regovernment to recover the kingdom for placed by Rifaat Bey, formerly Ambassaher family It is not known what course the dor from the Porte at the Court of ViIndian government will take. The king- enna, who has also been made a Pacha. dom of Lahore, or the Punjaub, is one of The Minister of Commerce, Fethi Achthe few remaining independent states in met Pacha, has been replaced by the Capthe peninsula of Hindostan. It is situ- itan Pacha, Said Pacha, who is brotherated in the northwest part of that coun-in-law to the Sultan; and Tahir Pacha try, at the head of the Himmalayan has been appointed Capitan Pacha in his branches of the Indus. stead. This change of ministry is stated to be a restoration of the "old school" to office.

YUCATAN. The General Congress has designated Sunday, the 16th inst., as the day for publishing the constitution of that province and declaring its absolute independence of the government of Mexico.

CALLAO, Feb. 18. REVOLUTION IN PERU AND BOLIVIA.-In the course of the last month the anticipated convul sion has taken place.

Col. Vivanco has been proclaimed Supreme Chief in the departments of Cusco, Arequipa, Puno and Moquegua; and notwithstanding Gen. San Roman, who was placed in command of the former by Vivanco, has declared against him with about 1000 men, yet he appears to be rap

BOGOTA, March 5. Intelligence has been received that Gen. Obando has taken Popayan, and will probably raise the province of Cauca in his favor, and march on Bogota. No quorum of Congress was formed, and Pres. Marquez's term of office expiring on the 1st of April, fears were entertained that there would be no general government. (As there are eight rebellious ones, the central government may be well spared.)

PARIS, April 20. THE MILITARY BUDGETS OF FRANCE.-The following is an abstract of the items of the war and marine departments in the budget for 1842:-The budget of the Minister of War amounts to 364,718,891f., exceeding that of 1841 by 113,177,610f. This increase is occasioned by the augmentation of the effective force by 176,246 men,

and 46,854 horses-consequently the estimates are founded upon a basis of a general total of 493,741 men, and 110,996 horses. Out of these numbers the infantry will have an addition of 131,571 men; the cavalry of 24,343 men, and 22,249 horses; the artillery of 14,777 men, and 16,200 horses; the engineers of 2,588 men, and 402 horses; and the waggontrain of 1,515 men, and 1,356 horses. The increase of expense in the matériel of the army arises chiefly from the manufacturing of 62,000 new muskets, 452,000 kilogrammes of gunpowder, 4,000,000 capsules and other artillery stores, and from the improvements of fortifications and military buildings. For the budget of Algeria for 1842, the Minister proposes to raise the present force of 38,000 men to 65,000, which will make the extraordinary budget for this colony increased by 12,636,933f. The budget of the Minister of the Marine for 1842 amounts to 129,290,400f., comprising the expenses of the transatlantic packets, and exceeding the estimates of 1841 by 45,262,100f. By means of this credit the Minister of the Marine will be enabled to have an effective force of 20,628 men for the service of the ports of France, and her colo. nies, and 45,474 for the ships afloat, or ready to go to sea, furnishing crews for 225 ships-viz., 20 of the line, of which four mount 120 guns, two 100, seven 90, and seven 82 guns; 22 frigates, of which six have 60 guns, eight 52, and eight 46 guns; 18 corvettes, of from 32 to 24 guns; 3 advice corvettes of 16 guns; 22 brigs of from 20 to 16 guns; 17 brigs of 12 guns; 55 gun-boats, schooners, and smaller vessels; 12 transport sloops of 800 tons burden; 21 storeships of from 600 to 200 tons; 35 steam-vessels, two of which will be of 450 horse power, one of 320, five of 220, twentyone of 160 or 150, and six of 120. The principal expenditure of this department will be 58.535,900f. for the pay of the men and officers, victualling, and hospitals, and 52,397,400f. for the naval and artillery works, and materials both in and out of the ports, the hydraulic works and civil buildings, and, finally, 12,879,000f. for the colonial service.

leave their places without a struggle, and that they had still a strong card to play. He announced that on the 31st of May he should move that the House should resolve itself into a committee of the whole, to consider the acts relating to the trade in corn, stating at the same time, that the Ministry had agreed on giving their sup port to a fixed duty, instead of the movable duties dependent on the variations of prices which have hitherto been in use. The same night the Chancellor of the Exchequer opened the budget. He admitted that from various causes there was a deficiency of £2,421,000, and assuming, as he felt privileged to do, that £731,000 of this was an extraordinary expense arising from the Chinese war, there was still nearly two millions to be provided for. To meet this deficiency, however, he proposed no new taxes, but he intended to reduce the duty on Baltic timber from 55 to 50 shillings, and to raise that on colonial timber from 10 to 20 shillings, thus leaving a protection of 30 shillings on colonial timber, while he yet hoped from the change, an additional revenue of £600,000. He proposed a similar change with regard to sugars, reducing the duty on foreign sugars from £3 3s. per cwt., to 36s., leaving that on colonial sugars unchanged, by which the protection would be reduced to 12 shillings per cwt. He hoped that the increase of revenue to be derived from the government propositions with relation to the corn laws, would suffice for any further deficiency.

These two statements aroused the greatest excitement throughout Great Britain. The ministry was not one from which so bold a measure as the proposed change of the corn laws would be expected. Nor was the proposition involved in this, one, the popularity of which could be measured by the old party divisions.

On the 7th Lord John Russell gave notice that when the House should go into committee on the corn laws, he should propose a fixed duty of 8 shillings per quarter on wheat, 5s. on rye, 43. 6d. on barley, and 3s. 4d. on oats. On the same day the debate on the budget began, in which, on the 14th, the ministerial project respecting sugar was rejected. Sir R. Peel at once offered a resolution of want of confidence in ministers, the debate on which was pending at our last ac

LONDON, April 29. Ministers were defeated in the House of Commons in a clause in the Irish Registration Bill by a majority of 11. The defeat was regard-counts. ed by some as the signal for a dissolution. But on the 30th, Lord John Russell made a statement in the House which showed that ministers were determined not to

MADRID, May 7. The Spanish Cortes elected Gen. Espartero, Duke of Victoria, sole Regent of Spain. He received 179 votes, Augustine Aguelles 103, the


Queen Dowager 5; there were two scat-
It had
tering and one blank ticket
been previously voted by 153 votes out of
290, that the Regency should consist of
one person. The number of Deputies
present was 196, of Senators 94.
Arguelles after announcing the result,
dissolved the meeting.


April 17. An atrocious act of arson and murder was discovered at St. Louis. About one o'clock the alarm of fire was given by the flames bursting out of the windows and various parts of the large stone store on the corner of Pine and Water streets; the front on Water street occupied by Messrs. Simonds and Morrison, and the rear by Mr. Pettus as a banking-house, formerly Collier & Pet


At the time of the discovery it was evident that the building had been set on fire in several parts, and the flames had made such progress that it was impossible to save either the house or any of its con


times a large sum of money, and it is sup-
posed that the murder was committed
with a view of entering the vault. Of
the manner, however, there is nothing
but conjecture. Mr. Baker left his board-
ing house about nine for the store, and
Mr. Weaver
has not been seen since.
was in company with a number of young
men at a ten pin alley, until about 11
o'clock, when he went to the store, and
about the time he arrived the report of
two pistols or guns were heard in that
direction by the people in the vicinity,
but from the reprehensible frequency of
excited no
such reports,
Some suppose the murderers had con-
cealed theinselves in the store, and had
previously despatched Baker, and killed
Weaver when he entered. Our own be-
lief, from all the circumstances, is that
they entered with Weaver, and that the
struggle and death of both followed im-
mediately. After the murder they doubt-
less fired the house in several places with
the hope of consuming the bodies, and in
the expectation that their crime would
not be discovered.


That it was the work of an incendiary was soon apparent. Several gentlemen who arrived early, after some difficulty forced open the door of the banking house, and through the smoke discovered a body lying on the floor near the stove. The body was taken out before the flames had reached it; and found to be that of Mr. Jacob Weaver, a young man, a clerk in the store of Messrs. Von Phul & McGil, who usually slept in the room inmediately in the rear of Mr. Pettus's banking room, with Mr. Jesse Baker, the clerk of Messrs. Simonds and Morrison. Mr Weaver was found in the dress he had worn during the day, but his head dreadfully mangled. He had been shot through the head, the ball entering above the left eye, and so near had the weapon been to him that his face and left hand was blackened with the powder, and the little finger nearly cut off, apparently by the ball. His head was also cut open in several places, the wounds appearing to have been made with a bowie knife or hatchet.

So far as there has been any means of judging, it is believed that the murderers failed in their principal purpose, that of entering the vault. Owing to the heat, up to a late hour yesterday, the door could not be approached, but when it was, it was found to be locked, and could not be unlocked. The safe of Messrs. Simonds and Morrison, in which there was some money, was undisturbed, and it was therefore probable that but little booty was obtained.

The loss by the fire has been very great. Mr. Pettus lost all his books and the books of Collier & Pettus. He however, after three attempts at great personal risk, succeeded in getting out a drawer under the counter, in which were all his bills receivable, amounting to near $200,000, the papers being very little injured. Most of the books and papers of the late firm of Hempstead & Beebe were destroyed, and Mr. Hempstead's desk.

Messrs. Simonds & Morrison lost their journal and leger, but saved several other books. Their safe was dragged out, and the papers in it preserved with little damage. Their entire stock of goods however was consumed. Their loss, including their own stock, and the goods on storage and commission, is estimated at about 30,000 dollars, which is probably below the actual amount. They were covered by insurance to the amount of their own stock. The whole loss, includ

Near to him, in the same room, was found the hat and handkerchief of Mr. Baker, but no traces of his body could be discovered. It is conjectured that he had been killed, either in the bed room or some other part of the store, and that his body lies buried in the ruins.

In the banking house there was a large fire proof vault, in which there is at all

ing the goods and the building, may be, ed Ennis, of the manner in which the set down at from 40 to $50,000. deed was done, and the others subsequently confirmed the statements. On Ennis's testimony the officers went in pursuit of them in different directio.is, and arrested them all. The trial of Madison came on on the 24th inst., that of Bro n on the 25th, of Seward on the 26th, of Warwick on the 27th. They were all convicted.

The fire extended to the adjoining building, occupied by Messrs. Kennell, White & Co., which with the stock was damaged to the extent of 10 or 15,000 dollars, and some other buildings were occasionally on fire, but by the exertions of the firemen and citizens, the further spread of the flames was prevented.

About the break of day, the interior of the first building having all fallen in, Mr. Ansel S. Kimball, first engineer of the Union Fire Company, was standing on the side walk on Pine street playing on the fire through a window, when the wall suddenly gave way and fell outwards into the street. A gentleman with him made his escape, but Kimball was caught and crushed beneath the falling mass. remains in a few minutes were disinterred from the ruins, but the vital spark had fled.


Mr. Kimball was an enterprising citizen, a carpenter by trade, and of irreproachable character. He was born in Concord, N. H., and came to this city from Boston in the fall of 1836. He has left a young and amiable wife, and children to mourn his loss, a loss to her which no sympathy can repair, but for whose future comfort it is now the duty of our community to make a liberal provision.

May 1. PENNSYLVANIA. Gov. Porter returned to the Legislature with the Executive veto, the bill commonly called the Relief and Bank bill. The two Houses however subsequently passed the bill by the majorities required by the constitution, so that it has become a law. Its leading object is to raise a revenue, incidentally on which it affords some temporary relief to the banking institutions of the State. It authorizes the contraction of a State loan of $3,100,000 for 5 years at 5 per cent. The credit of the State is so low, however, that under ordinary circumstances, this loan would not be taken up; accordingly the bill provides that the banks may be authorized to take it As they have not money enough to meet their present engagements, much less to make large loans for so long a time, it provides, as inducements to them, that they shall in future be permitted to issue small notes, and to pay the instal ments of the loan in such; that these notes need not be redeemed when offered

This succession of crimes and disasters excited an intense feeling in the community, and the citizens were aroused to every exertion for discovering the perpetrators. These exertions in a very few days proved entirely successful. It ap-in less amounts than $100, and then may peared that this atrocious series of crimes be redeemed in orders for State stock at was perpetrated by four free negroes par; that the banks shall not be subject named Madison, Brown, Seward, and by way of penalty or otherwise to any Warwick. Madison had made a full higher rate of interest than 6 per cent. ; statement in conversation to a negro nam-❘ that the resolution for the resumption of

Mr. Weaver was a young man, about 22 years of age, of excellent character, and had the entire confidence of his employers and the esteem of all his acquaint

April 20. The ship William Brown, of and from Philadelphia, struck on an iceberg, and sunk almost immediately. The captain and 14 others took to the jollyboat at once, and were subsequently picked up by the French fishing lugger, La Mere de Famille, and carried into St. Pierre. The mate and 33 others took refuge in the long boat, but it soon appearing to the seamen, that the boat was overladen, they took the responsibility of lightening her by throwing sixteen passengers, fourteen men and two women, into the sea. They justified this proceeding, by saying that the persons thus thrown overboard were nearly dead, having no protection from the severity of the weather, and that it was necessary for the safety of the others. Within twelve hours, however, the survivors were picked up by the ship Crescent; fortunately, for they had no provisions whatever.


Mr. Baker was a young gentleman of about 22 years of age, the son of a respectable family, residing in Worcester county, Mass., and a nephew of Mr. Jesse Lindall, of this city. For steadiness and propriety of conduct, he was a pattern, and it is nothing more than justice to say, that there was not a worthier young man in our community. He has lived here a number of years, and from all with whom he became acquainted, won the applause due to rectitude and worth.

Length of keel,
Length between the per-

specie payments be repealed; and that
any provisions in their charters providing
for the forfeiture of charter, other than
that of the U. S. Bank, be suspended till
further legislative action, and the repay-
ment of the loan. The notes issued are
to be receivable and payable by the State
treasurer and the banks. The bill fur-
ther provides for increased taxation, and
specifies various objects to which the rev-
enue is to be applied.
May 5.

The steamship Mississippi
was launched at Philadelphia, between
one and two o'clock, in the presence of a
great concourse of spectators.
300 persons were in the vessel, when she
went off the stocks. The following de-
scription of the vessel, and of the prog-
ress of construction, is given by the Phil-
adelphia Public Leger.

The keel of the Mississippi was laid in August, 1839, since which titne a daily average of about 100 men have been engaged upon her, a period of twenty-one inonths. She measures twelve feet more in length than the great ship Pennsylvania, launched from the same building: and though she has a few feet less of beam, her wheel-house gives her the appearance of much greater width. Her dimensions are as follows: Feet. Inches. 206




or width at the timbers, 39 The same outside of plank


Extreme length from the cutwater to the taffrail, Width of beam moulded


Extreme breadth outside
the paddle-boxes,
Depth of hold,
Measurement of tons (per
carpenter's measurement,)
as a double decker,
Measurement as a single


Measurement by the rule that the tonnage of the steamship President is estimated by,

over the old practice of carrying it in bar-
rels. She has thirty water tanks, twelve
at the engine, and eighteen forward.
These tanks are of wrought iron, securely
riveted, water-tight, and enclosed in
They are of different
wooden cases.
size and shape, and when stowed form a
level surface. The frame of this frigate
is of live oak, from Florida. The frame
is admirably secured by iron trusses run-
ning from the gun deck to the second
futtock head, bolted through the frames.
These are five feet apart, four inches.
wide, and three-quarters of an inch
thick. Between the berth-deck clamps
and the bilge-streaks at second futtock
and first futtock heads, there are trusses
of timber six inches square, running at
right angles with the braces. The main
kelson is of live oak, two feet deep; there
are four wing kelsons of white oak, on
which the bed plates for the engine rest.
These bed plates are secured by about
forty iron bolts, from two to four inches
in diameter, running through the timbers,
the heads covered by the bottom planks.
The engines are secured together by
massive cast iron framing, in the Gothic
style, combining in an eminent degree
strength and compactness. The paddle
wheel, shafts, cranks, connecting rolls,
cross-beads, &c., are immense masses of
wrought iron, which were forged at the
West Point Foundry, at Cold Springs.
In addition to their being beautiful speci-
mens of heavy forging, they are palpable
evidences that heavy smith-work of this
description can be executed in this country.
The boilers are of copper, each being 13
feet wide, 14 feet long, 12 feet 3 inches
high, with double return flues, so that
the flame traverses the length of the
boiler three times before it reaches the
chimney. They are strongly braced at
intervals of eight inches, and are to be
proved to a pressure of thirty pounds to
each square inch of surface. Each will
weigh about 50,000 lbs. The cylinders
are 6 feet 3 inches in diameter-7 feet
stroke. The castings weighed in the
rough about 16.000 lbs., and in their fin-
ished state about 12,000 each. The lever
beams are of cast iron-two for each en-
gine-weighing 12,000 lbs each.
vessel is intended to carry between 700
All the
and 800 tons of coal, which will suffice
for about 25 days' steaming.
work, with the exception of the very
heavy forging and the brass castings, has
been executed at the Southwark Foun-
manner that challenges
dry, and in a
comparison. The whole of the machin-





1788 tons.

1945 tons.

2280 tons. She has two magazines, one forward and one aft, lined all round with copper, fitted with wooden tanks lined with lead, and thus made wholly impervious to water. In case the vessel should spring a leak, or by taking fire should render it necessary to overtlow her with water, the powder would be kept dry and fit for instant use. This is a great improvement

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »