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His farewell, and


apostolic benediction.

A.M. 4061.

A. D. 57. Anno Imp. Ne ronis Cæs. 4.

A. M. 4061.

A. D. 57.
A. U. C. 810.
Anno Imp. Ne
ronis Cæs. 4.

ye are strong: and this also we wish,| 12 Greet one another with a holy A. U.C. Sio. a even your perfection.

kiss. 10 Therefore I write these things 13 All the saints salute you. being absent, lest being present 'I should use 14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and sharpness, "according to the power which the the love of God, and 'the communion of the Lord hath given me to edification, and not to de- Holy Ghost, be with you all. Amen. struction.

11 Finally, brethren, farewell. Be perfect, be I The second epistle to the Corinthians of good comfort, obe of one mind, live in peace; was written from Philippi, a city of Maand the God of love 'and peace shall be with you. cedonia, by Titus and Lucas.

* 1 Thess. 3. 10.--"1 Cor. 4.21. chap. 2. 3. & 10. 2. & 12. 20, 21.e Tit. 1. 13. _« ch. 10.8.- Rom. 12. 16, 18. & 15. 5. 1 Cor. 1. 10.

Phil, 2. 2. & 3. 16. 1 Pet. 3. 8. _ Rom. 15. 33. Rom. 16. 16. I Cor. 16. 20. 1 Thess. 5. 26. 1 Pet. 5. 14. b Rom. 16. 24.- - Phil. 2. 1.

implies its purification, and placing every faculty, passion, and tivate a peaceable disposition; and neither say nor do any appetite, in its proper place; so that the original order, har- | thing which has a tendency to irritate each other. mony, unity, and purity of the soul may be restored : and And the God of love and peace shall be with you.] While the whole builded up to be a habitation of God through the ye are full of contentions, dissensions, and discord, peace Spirit, Eph. ii. 22.

can have no place among you; and as to love, the fulfilling Verse 10. Therefore I write these things] I only threaten of the law, that worketh no ill to its neighbour, it has necesyou now, by this Epistle, to put you on your guard, and sarily taken its flight. Love cannot live, peither exist, where lead you to reformation before I visit you ; that I may not there are brawls, contentions, and divisions. And where then have to use sharpness &Totou.&, a cutting off, employing neither peace nor love is to be found, there God cannot be. thus my apostolical authority to inflict punishment; a power And if we be not there, yourselves and the Devil make the which God has given me, rather to be employed in your edi- || whole assembly. fication, than in your destruction.

Verse 12. Greet one another with a holy kiss.] Use Verse 11. Finally] Contov, all that remains for me now every means by which a good understanding may be brought to write, is to wish you all manner of happiness, and so to about. Let the spirit of friendship live among you; and entake my leave.

courage its continuance by every friendly act. See the Note Farewell] A good wish, from our old mother tongue, on Rom. xvi. 16. compounded of faran to go, and pel fairly, properly, or pela Verse 13. All the saints] The Christians of Macedonia or with felicity ; go on prosperously! This is the spirit of this Philippi, from which he wrote this Epistle. In the primitive good wish.

church, a saint and a Christian were the same thing; for the The Greek waupere signifies nearly the same thing. Xaisw Christian religion calls every man to be holy. means, to be very joyous ; Xaipetɛ be joyous and happy ; be Verse 11. The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ] All the ever prosperous, this was among the last words which Cyrus, favour and beneficence that come from and through the when dying, spoke to his friends.

Redeemer of the world ; as the Lord, the ruler and goBe perfect] Kataptizetbe, be compact ; get into joint vernor of all things; as Jesus the Saviour of all men by again; let unity and harmony be restored! See the Note on his passion and death; as Christ the distributor of all that ver. 9.

divine unction which enlightens, comforts, harmonizes, and Be of good comfort] Ilaparans160, receive admonition ; purifies the mind. May this most exalted, glorious, and alla for, Tiapaxa new signifies to admonish, beg, entreat ; and also sufficient Saviour, be ever with you. to comfort. Receive admonition, that ye may receive com- And the love of God] God, your Maker, in that infinite fort. If


take my advice, ye shall bave consolution; if ye | love which induced him to create the world, and form man in do not, ye will have nothing but misery and woe.

his own image, and in his own likeness, that he might be Be of one mind] To auto poveite, think the same ; let capable of knowing, loving, and enjoying him for ever; and there be no dissensions among you. Be of the same creed, God in the fullest manifestations of that love which caused and let disputes about that religion, which should be the him to give his only begotten Son, to the end, that they who bond of peace, for ever subside.

believe on him should not perish, but have everlasting life., Live in peace] Elprveuets ; cultivate peace ; or, as he says May this God of love, and this love of God, be ever with elsewhere, follow peace, and pursue it, Heb. xii. 14. Cul-ll you !

Concluding observations


on this Epistle

And the communion of the Holy Ghost] May that Holy || ever-blessed and undivided Trinity, he could not have exSpirit, that divine and eternal energy which proceeds from pressed himself thus. And had not our Lord intended to be the Father and the Son; that heavenly fire that gives light understood in this way, he would not bave given such a comand life; that purifies and refines ; sublimes and exalts; com- mission to his apostles to baptize the nations in the name of forts and invigorates; make you all partakers with himself! || the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. The

Kownia which we translate fellowship and communion, doctrine is the teaching of God; let men make of it wliat they signifies properly participation ; having things in common; I please. And the genuine church of God have ever received partaking with each other. This points out the astonishing and understood it in this way. privileges of true believers : they have communion with Amen.] This word is wanting, as usual, in almost every God's Spirit; share in all its gifts and graces; walk in its || MS. of authority. Amen seems to have been anciently light; through him they have the fullest confidence that they added at the conclusion of books, exactly as we add the are of God; that he is their Father and friend; and has blotted word finis: both merely signifying the end. out all their iniquities : this they know by the Spirit which he has given them. And is it possible that a man shall be a par- As to the Inscription, it is wanting, either in whole or in taker with the Holy Ghost, and not know it ! that he shall be part, in almost all the ancient MSS. The principal forms in full of light and love, and not know it! that he shall have which it exists are the following: the spirit of adoption by which he can cry Abba! Father! To the Corinthians, the second.--The second to the Corin. and yet know nothing of his relationship to God, but by in- | thians is completed. The second to the Corinthians is finished. ference from indirect proofs ! In a word, that he shall have to the Corinthians, the second, written from Philippithe grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the Written from Philippi by Titus.-Written from Philippi by communion of the Holy Ghost with him, and all the while | Titus and Luke.-By Titus, Barnabas, and Luke.The seknow nothing certain of the grace, as to his portion in it: cond Epistle to the Corinthians was written from Philippi of feel nothing warming from the love, as to its part in him: Macedonia, and sent by Titus, Syriac.-The End of the and nothing energetic from the communion, as to his partici- | Epistle. It was written from the city of Philippi by Titus pation in the gifts and graces of this Divine energy! This and Luke. Praise be to God for ever, ARABIC.-In the is all as absurd as it is impossible. Every genuine Christian || VULGATE there is no subscription ; nor in the Ethiopic.who maintains a close walk with God, may have as full an Written in Philippi of Macedonia, and sent by Titus and evidence of his acceptance with God, as he has of his own Luke, COPTIC.The second Epistle to the Corinthians is existence. And the doctrine that explains away this privi- ended; which was written from Philippi of Macedonia, by lege, or softens it down to nothing, making the most gracious Titus and Luke, Syr. Puilox.

It has been often remarked that no dependence can be and general uncertainty, is not of God. It is a spurious placed on many of the subscriptions to the sacred books, which gospel, which, under the show of a voluntary humility, not are found in MSS. and Versions, because those subscriptions only lowers, but almost annihilates, the standard of Chris | were not written by the authors of those books; but were tianity.

afterwards added, by the transcribers or copyers, who folThis text, as well as that, Matt. iii. 16, 17. and that other, lowed either tradition or their own judgment. It is generally Matt. xxviii. 19. strongly mark the doctrine of the Holy | allowed that this second Epistle was written from Macedonia; Trinity. See the Note on this latter Text. And had not and probably from the city of Philippi, in that province. the apostle been convinced that there was a personality in this ( See the Introduction and Preface to this Epistle.

and safe state consistent with innumerable doubts and fears

, I


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