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(1.) We have thought it right to give “ Market Lavington, Devizes, the following fresh correspondence

Oct. 1, 1851. on the above subject, between Mr. Mayow, the Vicar of Market-Laving- of so much public interest as that involved

" My Lord Archbishop,- In a matter ton, and the Archbishop of Canter- in your Grace's letter to Mr. Gawthorn, bury. With these letters, we do trust and subsequently further enlarged upon that the Archbishop will cease to be in the correspondence between your molested by those whose only care it Grace and the Rev. W. Palmer, I trust seems to be, to imitate those of old that you will not think that I exceed the who cried, “ The temple of the Lord, bounds of propriety, as a priest in the the temple of the Lord, are we.” We province of Canterbury, if I venture to cannot dwell with the slightest satis

ask a further explanation on one point.

“ Your Grace informed Mr. Gawthorn faction on the noisy efforts of those still within our own communion to trumpet

that you hardly imagined that there were

'two bishops on the bench, or one clergyforth the exclusive validity of their

man in fifty throughout our Church, who own “orders,” at the expence of re

would deny the validity of the orders of ducing to the rank of what they are these pastors solely on account of their pleased to term “laymen,” those by wanting the imposition of Episcopal whose ministry the Holy Spirit has hands. And your Grace has since, in been pleased to create anew many a your letter to Mr. Palmer, stated, that soul, and to build up many “a con- you thought Mr. Gawthorn's inquiry gregation of faithful men by the equivalent to the question whether we ministration of the word, and the sa

hold that no person in any country, or craments or ordinances of Christ. any circumstances, will be entitled to When the Chief Shepherd and Bishop minister to the Church of Christ, except of souls shall come, we fear that far through the imposition of Episcopal

hands. I replied' (your Grace's letter too many of these pretenders to an

proceeds) 'that I imagined this to be as exclusive ministry in His Church, on

far as possible from the general opinion the sole ground of Episcopal ordina- either among our bishops or clergy. I tion, will be forced to hide their knew that neither our Articles por our heads before a multitude of those

Formularies justified such an opinion. I whose calling to the ministry they knew that many of our ancient divines despise, yea, and before many who, had disclained such an opinion. And perhaps without any outward call your Grace a few sentences further on whatever, have felt constrained by concludes with a reference to Hooker's the love of Christ and of immortal judgment, 'that the lineal descent of souls to make known the Gospel they power by apostolical succession is not have themselves embraced.

in certain cases to be urged, absolutely

and without any possible exception.' Mr. Mayow's concluding letter de

May I then respectfully ask from murs to the Archbishop's opinion, as to the position of foreign pastors; he

your Grace some further explanation

upon one point, viz., in what countries or quietly assumes that in the home

under what circumstances such ordinations question” his Grace does ignore the

as have not the imposition of Episcopal ministerial character of the persons hands conveying the gift of the Holy who preside over the various Dissent- Ghost for the office and work of a priest ing bodies of orthodox Christians. We in the Church of God are supposed feel confident that, were the question

to be valid ? This point, your Grace directly put, as to the invalidity, that will observe, is not reached either in your is the worthlessness of their office, that

Grace's letter to Mr. Gawthorn or in his Grace would not long hesitate in

that to Mr. Palmer; and yet it is most answering, that his Master had sheep important; because if no limitation be and shepherds which, although they greatest licence being used in the inter

set on this matter, there is danger of the were not all in one earthly fold, yet pretation of your Grace's language, were all shielded by Him and fed

Hooker, in the very place above referred from one pasture, and shall all meet to ( Book 7, ch. xiv. sec. 11), states very at last in one heavenly fold, where precisely and exactly the two cases in every feeble hurdle of earthly separa- which he conceives exceptions may law. tion shall have been swept away.

fully be made. 1. When God himself



doth raise up any ...... ratifying their call. “ I am certain your Grace will allow ing by manifest signs and tokens himself that a deep anxiety in these matters is from heaven. 2. When the exiger.ce unavoidable at the present time, and I of necessity doth constrain to leave the trust I shall therefore not appear to have usual ways of the Church ...... where the troubled your Grace unnecessarily. Church must needs have some ordained,

“ I have the honour to be, and neither hath nor can have possibly a

“ My Lord Archbishop, bishop to ordain.' And he sums up his "Your Grace's very obedient and argument in that place with the words

humble servant, immediately following those referred to

“ M. W. Mayow. by your Grace.

“For his Grace the Abp. of Canterbury, 6. Those cases of inevitable necessity

Addington. excepted, none may ordain but only "Perhaps it is right, though I think bishops. By the imposition of their hardly necessary, that I should add that hands it is that the Church giveth power I do not consider this to be a private of order both unto presbyters and dea- communication.” cons.'

(2.) “I wish, therefore, especially to ask

Addington, Oct. 6. whether we may understand your Grace's

" Rev. Sir, -Having cleared my letter language to mean the same thing as

to Mr. Gawthorn from the misapprehenHooker's, that, although under some cir- sion which had been fastened upon it, I cumstances the imposition of Episcopal must beg to be excused from entering hands may be dispensed with, yet this is

into further discussion on the subject to only in cases of absolute, inevitable ne

which it relates. cessity, where there has been and is the

“ The question which you propose to most earnest longing, and desire, and

me, as to the countries or to the circumvalue for Episcopal ordination, but where

stances in which Episcopal ordination it has been unattainable. I believe I am

may be dispensed with, would require a not mistaken if I say that this is the

dissertation for which I have neither lei. ground constantly taken and the limita

sure nor inclination. I am satisfied with tion universally insisted upon by such of knowing that the validity of our own our ancient and great divines as have

orders is indisputable. treated of this subject, and that the judg

• I used the words of Hooker, not for ment of Andrewes and Bramhall is as

his authority, but because they expressed carefully guarded as that of Hooker. It

my own opinion, which is in exact accordis evidently a matter of very serious in

ance with documents, which are common terest to know whether such a restriction

to us both, and to all the clergy, in the to cases of absolute and inevitable neces

Nineteenth and Twenty-third Articles of sity is to be understood as the sense of

our Church, and the rubric prefixed to your Grace's correspondence.

the Ordination Service. “ I will not dissemble that in any case

“I regret that, in consequence of my I am myself constrained to think that

absence from home, this reply to your even those great divines whom I have

letter of the 1st instant has been delayed ; named have, in an excess of charity, and

And remain, Reverend Sir, in very difficult times, made an uncatho

“ Your faithful servant, lic allowance to the position and circum

“ J. B. CANTUAR. stances of foreign communions; but, at " Rev. M. W. Mayow.any rate, the concession thus made and limited is very different from what may

(3.) be supposed (without limitation distinctly

“Market Lavington, Devizes, expressed) to be intended in your Grace's

Oct. 11, 1851. letters; and I am sure, if your Grace “My Lord Archbishop, I beg to acshall be able to state that you have in- knowledge the receipt of your Grace's tended an adherence to the principle letter of the 6th instant, which, however, above laid down by Hooker, and that cir- having been “missent' by the Post-office, cumstances of inevitable necessity' (to did not reach me until the 9th. use again his expression), where Episco. "May I venture to assure your Grace pacy, though highly valued and desired, that I had no wish by my letter of the 1st cannot be obtained, can alone supply the to impose upon your Grace the necessity lack of imposition of Episcopal hands, of a dissertation as to what were the the plain declaration that such is your countries in which Episcopacy might be Grace's conviction would be a great sa- dispensed with. It is true I used the tisfaction and consolation to many per- terms, 'in what countries and under what plexed minds and anxious hearts. circumstances may such ordinations as


have not the imposition of Episcopal that I quoted Hooker, not altogether as hands, might be supposed to be valid ?' an authority, but because his words, in but this was because those were the terms, the passage referred to, very forcibly and or at least the correlatives of the terms, conveniently expressed the limitation to previously employed by your Grace in which I was anxious to call your Grace's your letter to Mr. Palmer, and I con- attention, as well as because your Grace ceived upon the assertion therein implied appeared evidently to point to him when (that in some countries and under some (besides directly referring to him) you circumstances, the imposition of Episco- said, “I knew that many of our ancient pal hands might be accounted as not es. divines had disclaimed such an opinion,' sential to valid ordination,) the inquiry viz., as the absolute necessity of Episcowas material, what countries and what pal ordination. It seemed, therefore, not circumstances were those intended. I unnatural to ask, whether, with Hooker's could not perceive that this question, concession, your Grace intended also to though raised by both of your Grace's adopt his reservation and restriction ? published letters, had received awy answer “ If your Grace should have patience in either. Nevertheless, though making with me to read the above remarks, I my inquiry in those terms, I certainly would still hope it is not impossible you had no thought of imposing upon your may reply to the question I have asked, Grace the trouble of a statistical or geo- understanding it to be narrowed to the graphical reply, but much desired to

single point whether your Grace conascertain, if I might, the principle upon ceives our XIX. and XXIII. Articles, whieh such concession to the validity of with the preface to the Ordinal, to warnon-Episcopal orders was made, and the rant a larger concession than that comrule or limitation by which it was circum- prised in the words of Hooker before scribed. I could hardly doubt that some cited, — These cases of inevitable neceslimitation was intended, and it seeined to sity excepted, none may ordain but me most important that what this was bishops only?' should be plainly stated, lest the question “ Whether your Grace may see fit to of ordination without the imposition of make any further reply to me or not, I Episcopal hands, having been brought beg to express my sincere thanks for the under public notice by your Grace's let- kindness and courtesy of the letter now ters, and those letters at the same time received. giving no rule of limitation, an heretical

"I have the honour to be, or schismatical use might be made of this

"My Lord Archbishop, general concession. As matters now Your Grace's very obedient humble stand, every priest ministering in the

servant, Church of England is liable, as it appears

“Mayow WYNELL Mayow. to me, to be told by any Presbyterian " Your Grace has said, in one part of minister who may intrude himself into

your letter to me, 'I am satisfied with his cure, that he has the authority of the knowing that the validity of our orders is Primate of our Church for asserting the indisputable. May I say, in reference validity of orders given without the im

to this, that I am persuaded a very large position of Episcopal hands, and, there

number of those among us who attend fore, that the lack of such imposition in

the worship of schismatical teachers, his own case is no bar to his being a true

would make the same admission, but evi. pastor in the Church of Christ. This is

dently, at the same time, perceive no a conception or a misconception, which inconsistency in denying the whole value has not, that I can see, been at all

of our orders, and conceive themselves at cleared' by your Grace's letter of ex

perfect liberty to join any sect or schism planation addressed to Mr. Palmer, and

which they please, the most prevailing as it was from the beginning, so it seems to me to remain still , a most important sincere objection to any one truth, as such,

heresy of our day being, not an earnest point raised in and by the letters which

but (under the plea of liberality and have been published. I ventured, there

charity) a total indifference to all error. fore, to ask your Grace to relieve per- “ For his Grace the Abp. of Canterbury, plexities on this head, by stating whether

Addington.” circumstances of inevitable necessity, where Episcopacy and Episcopal ordina

(4.) tion, though earnestly desired, were un

Addington, Oct. 13, 1851. attainable, were in your Grace's mind “ Reverend Sir,-I should be very the circumstances alone justifying such sorry if anything written by me, however non-Episcopal ministrations.

hastily, should permit excuse for heresy "I may, perhaps, be permitted to add, or schism. But I think that on reflec


tion, you will perceive that ‘no heretical nion in these realms can lay any claim to or schismatical use of my language can your Grace's sanction for the validity of be justly made, and to prevent unreason- any orders which they may profess to have able inferences impossible. My ori. in their respective schisms, or henceginal letter distinctly referred to the forward quote your Grace's words, as foreign Protestant ministers, concerning proving that those who minister in their whom a question had been asked me, congregations are not merely laymen,' and to them alone. It went no farther such cases having been, if I do not misthan to declare my opinion (which I sup. read your Grace's last communication, posed to be a general opinion), that per- beside the purport of your observations, sons placed in their circumstances were This point, from Mr. Gawthorn's allusion not to be considered as mere laymen,' to Dr. Cumming, and from your Grace, having no valid ministry, solely for the in reply to him, having used the expreswant of Episcopal ordination.

sion the validity of the orders of these “ Such being the case, I must still ministers' (not those foreign ininisters), crave your excuse; I decline to pro- was not, I think, before so plain as it is nounce dogmatically upon the general now rendered. subject, which is very extensive and very “ It would be an insincerity on my complicated, and not, as far as I can see, part, which I am sure your Grace would be so clearly settled by Scripture as to war- the last person to wish that I should pracrant a more definite opinion than that tise, were I to imply that the matter of laid down in the Twenty-third of our the foreign pastors appears to me to be Articles, or the rubric prefixed to the disposed of, either according to the sense Ordination Service.

of our own Formularies or the judgment "I remain, Reverend Sir,

of the Church Catholic. I feel bound, “Your faithful servant, therefore, most respectfully, but yet most

J. B. CANTUAR. solemnly, to enter my protest against “ Rev. M. W. Mayow."

being supposed to be one of that majority

imagined by your Grace to coincide in (5.)

the view of the foreign pastors laid down “ Market Lavington, Devizes,. in your Grace's

recently published corOct. 15, 1851.

respondence. But although I say this, My Lord Archbishop,- I beg to ac- I will hope that the home question (if I knowledge and to thank your Grace for may use the phrase) assumes a somewhat your letter of the 13th, received this better aspect, as we now know that your morning.

Grace has not intended to deal with that “The question concerning orders with- part of the subject at all, and therefore out imposition of Episcopal hands having cannot have warranted any inference as been mooted as it has been, I certainly to ordinations (so called) without impocould have wished, even if the subject be sition of Episcopal hands being valid anynot in your Grace's estimation, so where in Great Britain or Ireland. clearly settled by Scripture as to warrant “ This particular point, even if it stood a more definite opinion than that laid alone, would make me glad that I have down in the Twenty-third of our Articles, addressed your Grace; and perceiving of or the preface to the Ordination Service ;' how much general interest and importance that the Church might have been per

I feel the whole subject to be, your Grace mitted to kn;w how far your Grace deems will not be surprised if I consider it dethose documents themselves to be definite, sirable to make public this correspondence. and to what extent the subject is therein “If I have in any way unnecessarily • settled.'

trespassed upon your Grace's attention or “I trust, however, although your Grace time, or if I have used any single word or has declined entering into this part of the expression which I ought not to have matter, that the statement contained in used, I beg most sincerely to crave your the letter I have just received, viz., that Grace's pardon, and again thanking your your original letter distinctly referred to Grace for your kindness, the foreign Protestant ministers, and to “I have the honour to be, them alone,' may be productive of a

My Lord Archbishop, wholesome and advantageous result, by

“Your Grace's very obedient removing, at any rate, one ground of mis

humble servant, apprehension. It is now plain that no

“ M. W. Mayow. Presbyterian and no Dissenting commu- “ To bis Grace the Abp. of Canterbury.”

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fue coming Session of Parliament tempts to assert a territorial dominion; must not be an idle one for Protest- but Rome will hardly stop to consider ant legislators or Protestant electors. the temporary check as of any imNo doubt whatever can now exist portance, while England bestows its upon two points connected with Po- Maynooth grant, pays its staff of pery ;-first, that its mask is off, and bishops and priests in our colonies, that it is determined to wage war and thus nationally sanctions à sysopenly and secretly for the extinction tem against which we nationally proof Protestantism; secondly, that it is test. Thirty years of measures of using every effort to propagate its concession, and of false liberality, doctrines throughout every parish in have to be retraced. The work of the kingdom,- doctrines which lead retrogression is hard, but the expeto idolatry, ignorance, rebellion, and rience we have bought from the effects discord. Upon the first point Pro- of those measures is amply sufficient testants have been lately roused by to quicken the exertions of those the

open division of a Protestant whose eyes are open to behold the kingdom into a Romish archbishopriè fulfilment of all that was predicted as and twelve bishoprics, created by the the consequence of believing, trustBull of a foreign sovereign; the in- ing, and granting concessions and aidsult has been met in some feeble sort to Rome. by a half-hearted and apathetic legis- First and foremost in the list of acts lature, while it was resented and dis- to be blotted out from our statute claimed with a far higher and nobler book, must be that legislative authofeeling by ä Protestant nation, that rity which gives our money, and the felt for the honour of God and the recognition of the State, to Maynooth true faith of His Church, as well as College. We must no longer pay for the dignity of its Queen. It is far either for poison, or maintain and from enough that this has been done. educate those who are trained to We have shewn Rome, it is true, that spread the poison wherever Rome England can still indignantly protest sends them as its missionaries. It is against its movements, when it at- with no feeling of hatred to the milNovembER-1851.

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