« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
Church which God set up at Jerusa- which had been from the beginning, and lem 1800 years since, but a new Church more like what Scripture says the Church which was set up by men only 300 ought to be. For this reason,
who made these sects called themselves years ago.” This is a statement which might be expected to be made by a Reformers. A reformer means, a man man to whom the New Testament was
who changes things from worse to better.
These men were not content with the old unknown, and who had only read in
Church, which had been from the beginthe missal or the breviary, those es
ning; they said, “We will make a change; sentials of a Church which was to be
we will have a new Church, which shall the direct opposite and antagonist of be a deal better :' and, indeed, they tried the Church of Christ and of His Apose their hands at it. Each one of these retles. Any first-class Sunday scholar formers wished every body else to be concould answer such a false statement tent with his own new church.
As soon with the most abundant weight of as he had made his reformation, he said, Scripture refutation, while with Mr. Now we have had quite change enough: Wilberforce it is the merest assump
let every thing stay now just as it is. We
But other tion, based only upon the fact, that need no more reformation.' what we Protestants ascribe to the people said, "No; why should not I inward work and efficacy of the Holy I can make things better than they have
make a reformation as well as another ? Spirit, he sees as wrought by the
made them.' And in this way one new means of a system and its agents, church and sect keeps springing up after which had their beginning in days another. The Church-of-England man when error began to take the place of reformed the Catholic Church, and the primitive truth. Mr. Wilberforce must Presbyterian reformed the Church of have lost all his reason, and any real England, and the Independent reformed knowledge of Divine truth he ever the Presbyterian, and the Baptist repossessed, before he could string to- formed the Independent, and the Quaker gether such a mass of rubbish as that reformed the Baptist; and now we have we are about to extract.
reformed Quakers, till it seems like
enough we shall have pretty near as “1. Observe, then, in the first place, I
many sects as there are people. But in know that the Roman Catholic Church
the middle of all these sects there is one is the only true Church, because she is
old Church, which has gone on for 1850 the only Church that was set up by God
years--hundreds of years before any of Himself. She began 1800 years ago,
them were thought of, and before the when our Lord sent out the Apostles to men who made them were born. This teach in His name; and she has gone on
is the Catholic Church. Go back a few ever since. But all other churches have
hundred years, and all Christians were begun at some time since. For instance, Catholics: all the new churches and the Established Church is a great deal
sects were begun hy different men. But the oldest Protestant body in this country. the Catholic Church was begun by Jesus But the Established Church began only Christ and His Apostles. This shews 300 years ago, when the Catholic Church
that it is right, and they are all wrong." had already gone on for almost 1550 years; the Church of England is nearly
The known answers,—quoted also 1550 years younger than the Catholic by Bishop Burgess,-to the Romish Church. Beiore that time there was not question, Where was your Church one Church - of - England man in the before the Reformation ? are: first, In world. All the other sects are much the New Testament, where yours neyounger than the Church of England.
ver was; and the second, the homely Now, any plain man may see from this
but apposite question, by way of revery thing, that neither the Church of sponse, Where was your face before it England, nor the Baptists, nor the In
was washed? These answers are sufdependents, nor the Methodists, nor any
ficient to repel the false and arrogant other sect, can be the true Church of
claims of Rome, that in her alone is God; for there were no Church-of-England people, no Baptists, no Independ- found the true Church. As for Mr. ents, no Protestants at all in the world
Wilberforce's triumphant statement 400 years ago. All the Protestant sects
about the numerous sects among Prohave been set up by men who, from time testants, let him look at home. Into time, thought that they could make a fallible Rome has more than once new church better than the old Church been riven by its sects, and if it now
enjoy the aspect of perfect unity, it is Tract Society, for having scattered its the unbroken surface of the foul and millions of little winged gospel mes stagnant pool; while our differing sengers throughout this and other shades of opinion,-at least those ac- countries. The acceptance, or the knowledged by real christian men,- picking up of a dropped tract, will be meet in the acknowledgment of those found to have been the means of gagrand truths of Christianity, the ac- thering many a soul from the midst ceptance of which the Bible teaches of a world of wickedness and woe, as necessary to the attainment of safe into an eternity of bliss; and we eternal salvation.
are therefore very glad to see from If Mr. Wilberforce can see in the this and other recent tracts, that the outset, in the Church of Rome of pre- Tract Society is calling forth fresh sent as well as of past days, such dis- and interesting matter for this, the tinctive and exclusive marks of the most important branch of its operatrue Church of Christ, it is not worth tions. The very title PSHAWLAND, a moment's trouble to dissect his ar- will gain for this tract admittance guments why we Protestants should where others which bear a directly believe the heap of absurdities it puts religious meaning would be unhesis forth in counsels of perfection, vir- tatingly refused, and, with but a singinity, poverty, and obedience. The gle exception, we think that its eon, stubborn facts of history upset the tents are admirably adapted for the claims of the first, in a Church whose class of our labouring population to monasteries and nunneries have for whose ideas and principles it is pecuthe most part been seenes of fouł liarly addressed. licentiousness and crimes of the deep- The whole burden of the old man est dye. The vows of poverty may Palmer's narrative, which he adhave been kept and honoured by dresses to his work-fellows, is the some few amongst a host of luxurious exhibition of this world of our's under idlers and lazy mendicants, whose the description of an imaginary counodour of sanctity has been sadly pro- try, to which he gives the name of faned by the filth which accompanied “Pshawland." The character of the it. And as to “the counsel of obe- inhabitants, and their doings, are dience,” it is the inculcation of that made to correspond pretty accurately obedience to man, and his command with the character and actions of the ments and traditions, which has been men of whom his hearers were fair in perpetual opposition to the written representatives. Man's natural lawword of God, and that slavish sub- lessness, discontent, and fancied wismission to an authority whose only dom in reconstrueting society, and the object it is, and ever has been, to agre-division of all property, with the grandize itself at the expense of every necessary and miserable disappointbranch of the real Church of God. ment of such schemes, are admirably
Ļed by the ignis fatuus of “Church pourtrayed; while the only bond of principles,” Mr. Wilberforce began social union and lasting basis of temby treading the slippery paths of poral blessings, are powerfully set Tractarianism, and his pamphlet de- forth under the same guise of an clares that he is now in the natural imaginary prince, kingdom, and laws, terminus of such a road, the quag- The style which the writer of this mire of Rome.
tract has adopted, is one in which it
is difficult to preserve all the consisPSHAWLAND: being the Account which
tencies of the subject it is sought to
introduce, and we think that in one an Old Inhabitant gave, after he had part of this tract, Mr. Tayler has rabeen led to quit that strange land, by ther erred in bringing into such close one who met with him there. By juxta-position, the events of the last C. B. Tayler, M.A. 12mo. pp. 40. French Revolution with the solemn
realities of the life, mission, and cruReligious Tract Society.
cifixion of our blessed Lord. (See We gladly acknowledge the debt pages 10, 11, &c.) This incongruous of gratitude we owe to the Religious anachronism might afford scope for unhappy remarks at the hands of Apart from this objection, we have some shrewd demagogue with infidel been much pleased with a tract which tendencies, and we venture to hope, must rivet the attention of its readers, that in future issues some correction and which, under the blessing of God, may be made, to prevent what is may imperceptibly lead them to discoalmost all good and useful being by ver that, although they may long have any possibility used for a mischievous been citizens, yet that they will cease to purpose.
remain inhabitants of “ Pshawland."
Intelligence. THE CANONRY OF St. Paul's. meeting of the Bible Society, in St. We believe it may be considered set
Andrew's Hall, Norwich, the Bishop tled that Mr. Champneys, the Rector
gave utterance to the manly and of the immense parish of St. Mary's, Christian feeling with which he had Whitechapel, succeeds to the Canonry heard of Dr. Newman's published void by the death of Mr. Tyler. While sentiments, and expressed the disgust we cannot but congratulate our read
he felt in the following words :ers, that this appointment should My friends, I have heard,—and I have been conferred on such a hard am sure all of you who have heard of it working and thoroughly evangelical will share with me in the disgust, as well clergyman as Mr. Champneys, and as the surprise with which I have heard although we thankfully appreciate the of it, -that there is a publication circumotives of Lord John Russell in its lated through this land, the strong-hold bestowal , yet we cannot but regard suing from that Church against which
of Bible Christianity,-a publication isthe constant violation of the statutes relative to these preferments as in one
we are protesting, and which is, on the respect mischievous to the interests of authority,—a publication issuing from
other hand, the strong-hold of human the Church. By these statutes it is
one of the most learned of its members, provided that those Canonries should
a man who, by his zeal as a convert, and be given to men of high learning and by his position and acceptance with that talent, who, being in any way incom- Church, speaks to the authority of the petent for the pastoral office, might Church itself, and represents its docfrom the shelter and learned leisure trives and feelings,-a publication, as I of these situations, send forth works have heard with dismay, read, admired, of high character in defence both of circulated, — which maintains that the Protestant Christianity and of the legendary stories of those puerile iniraChurch in whose bounty they partici- cles, which I believe until now few Pro
testants thought that the Roman Cathopate.
lics themselves believed, - that these
legends have a claim to belief equally with DR. NEWMAN AND THE Bishop of
that word of God which relates the miraNorwich.
cles of our God, as recorded in the GosA correspondence has taken place pel, and that the authority of the one is as between the eminent persons whose
the authority of the other, the credibility names we have given above, on the of the one based on a foundation no less subject of a statement by the latter,
sure than the credibility of the other." having reference to Dr. Newman's Dr. Newman read these words, and declaration that “legends have a claim a correspondence ensued of a descripto belief equally with the word of tion which we can only characterize as God, which relates the miracles of our deeply humiliating to the Church of God, as recorded in the Gospel, and which the Bishop of Norwich is so that the authority of the one is as the eminent a member. We deeply reauthority of the other,-the credibility gret that in our present number we of the one based on a foundation no cannot make room for it, but just as less sure than the credibility of the we were preparing to condense it for other.” Now on the platform of a publication, the following admirable
article from a morning paper was laid Books have been published in answer to before us, and it so accurately de- the celebrated Essay on Miracles ; but the scribes our own feelings, that we shall
evidence collected in that work, from both give it without another word of com
sides, remains unaltered. Soon after Midment. When will our rulers cease to
dleton, M. de Missy, a learned French bandy compliments with Romanists, Protestant, then residing in this country. and to profess to believe their expla- Polycarp's pigeon, and ended by proving
examined the evidence for the miracle of nations, when they ought to lay aside
the whole of the miraculous circumstances all personal feelings, and to fight with
of his execution to be the forgeries of an all their power, learning, and the wis
age long after the event. He also invesdom given to them of God, against tigated several other ecclesiastical miracles the wiles of His most deadly enemies? with the same result. We know not
whether M. Lennoir and M. Eusebe Sal“ The Bishop of Norwich, in the light verte be Protestants or not; but the forin which he has exhibited himself, is an mer demolished a number of legends and adversary, so easily conquered, as to de- miracles, in the second volume of the prive the victory of any value. He quietly Memoirs of the Celtic Academy in France ; permits Dr. Newman to remain in pos- and the latter, after showing the fabulous session of the field, which he had invaded origin of the legends of Saints Marcel, with the monstrous proposition, that scrip
Romanus, Pol, Bie, or Bienheureux, tural narratives and legendary miracles,
Martha Clement, Bertrand, Martial, and having an equal 'antecedent credibility,'
it matters not how many more, in a meare of equal authenticity ; and, finally, as moir inserted in the Magasin Encyclo if he did not clearly see the drift of Dr. pedique explained the optical, pharmaceuNewman's mystified letter, his lordship tical, chemical, and mechanical contriis glad to find that he had mistaken his vances, by which some hundreds of midear Newman's' sentiments, and that his racles, accredited by the ' faithful,' were, assertions do not tend to infidelity. Dr. New- and are still, accomplished. We might man thereupon writes a last letter, crowing mention other writers, chiefly Protestant, over the Bishop, as well he may; and then who have taken the same sort of pains, no publishes the Bishop's unaccountable ac- doubt finding the sport of the thing their knowledgment of defeat, and the evidences reward. For, certainly, there can be few of his own-what shall we call it ?
employments more amusing than to trace If we adinit Dr. Newman's proposi- the religious miracle of the present age tion, either in his own cloudy terms, or back to the fairy, or witch, tale of the stripped of its artful veil, as we have given nursery, and that again to the fables and it, there is no other course left for us than tricks of mythological priests, at a very to burn both Bible and legend. And so remote antiquity. All this has been done far Dr. Newman has overargued himself, over and over again by the Protestant like logicians, who prove too much. For writers of England and Germany; and if, in his opinion, Scripture be no more yet the Bishop of Norwich suffers Dr. credible than legend, the unbeliever has Newman to deny that they are willing to nothing more to do, in order to destroy go into the evidence for ecclesiastical belief in Scripture, than to show that the miracles. legend is an impudent and bungling lie, “ Again, does Dr. Newman produce an operation which has been performed the miracles of St. Januarius's blood, and hundreds of times by both Catholics and St. Raymund's cloak. They seem to be Protestants. Even in this respect, well his favourites. He either deems them known as the fact is in literary history, the least assailable, or, he adduces thein the Bishop of Norwich allows Dr. Newman as examples for testing his proposition, to affirm, uncontradicted, that . Protest- that scriptural and legendary authority ants are inconsistent and one-sided in re- are equal. With respect to these mirafusing to go into evidence for ecclesias- cles, that of the liquefying blood, was tical miracles.' What Protestant, having shown by Salverti to be performed with overcome his disgust at shallow and bra- spermaceti, tinctured to the colour of Zened imposture, ever manifested reluct- blood with archil. The composition reance to go into evidence for past or present mains in a congealed state until held in ecclesiastical miracles?' Dr. Conyers the hand, or near a candle. When the Middleton formally investigated the whole French Republican army occupied Naples, of the miracles alleged to have been the clergy and monks were highly indigwrought by the Church for several centu- nant. On the day of St. Januarius, the ries after the apostolic age. He examined saint, to manifest his displeasure at the all the evidence for and against them. intruders, refused to liquefy his blood.
The people became furious, and a public casion, in churches and inonasteries all disturbance was apprehended. When the over England and Scotland, there were French commander understood the cause found images that bled, images that wept, of the commotion, he dispatched an officer images that winked, and crucifixes that to the priest, with the message that if the bled, wept, and howed the head, to the miracle were not performed in less than great edification of their worshippers, five minutes, he would hang him in front and the greater augmentation of the ecof the cathedral. Of course the blood clesiastical treasury. Unfortunately for very soon liquefied, and the besotted peo- the trade in holy imposture, the Protesple then considered it to be a miraculous tant visitants were neither so 'inconsis. interposition of the saint to save the tent,' nor so 'one-sided,' as to refuse to priest's life. The whole of the anecdote go into the evidence ; for they did so in will be found in the work of Lady Morgan, the most straightforward manner. They or Lady Blessington, on Italy.
took the images in pieces, and inspected “Precisely the same miracle was per
the construction in every part. They formed in Misson's time with sperma- found the secret strings, by which the ceti, but not coloured like blood. It then eyes were made to roll in the head, and represented the milk of the Blessed Virgin, the eyelids to open and shut; the strings which had been preserved, and which be- by which the head was made to bow, and came liquid at all her festivals. Misson, the springs by which it was noved back a traveller, and as respectable in all points again. They found the little holes in as Dr. Newman, saw the liquefaction at
the wounds on the crucifix, through the beginning of the last century; and which, by the pressure of a spring conthe cheat appears to have been practised nected with a pull-string, blood flowed in the time of Erasmus, who, in his In- from a sponge fitted to the inside at the quisitio de Fide, asks the question, 'Cum- pleasure of the ecclesiastical showinan. que sic quidam ostentent sanguinem, aut They found the very simple machinery preputium Christi, et lac math is virginis, by which legs and arms were moved, and quid credis ?'
Let Dr. Newman answer which is, in soine measure, copied in the his own churchman. As to the blood of harlequin toy for children, where, on Janarius, the miracle is so easily per- pulling a string between the legs, all the formed, that it is triplicate. The blood limbs are set in ludicrous motion. They of St. John, preserved in the church of found the secret tubes by which images S. Maria Donna Romita, boils during
were made to speak. Many more things the mass, on the festival of the beheading they found, and exhibited them all to the of that saint; and in the Church of the people at the market places. We call Incarnation at Madrid, there is a phial that going into evidence with something filled with the blood of St. Pantaleon,
like effect. Now, there is not one of which on that day liquefies, and afterwards these things that was not equally done in remains congealed.' Misson did not see the pagan teinples of Italy, Greece, the latter, but takes a Spanish book for Egypt, and Syria, Whence it follows, his authority. Dare the Church of Rome that the pagan and the ecclesiastical allow a Protestant tu 'go into the evi- miracles rest on equal authority. And dence for this ecclesiastical miracle,' by if they do not, will Dr. Newman please allowing him to examine the substance to tell the public in what respect the in the phial ? Most certainly, it no more
evidence for ecclesiastical miracles is dare do that, than allow the reading of superior in credibility to the Mormonite Scripture. With regard to the miracle and the Budhist miracles, both of which of the cloak, we have already shown that are performed at the present moment, in it existed many ages ago in India; but the presence of large concourses of peoforgot to state, that the fable originates ple? We hope in another article entirely in Egyptian mythology: Isis went on
to have done with this correspondence, the Nile in search of Osiris, on a raft of into the consideration of which we have papyrus, as we are told by Plutarch, in entered from the political bearing of Pohis treatise on those deities.
pery. If a bishop can complacently sur“ The visitation of monasteries in the render the cause of enlightened Protestsixteenth century was a going into the antism to a mere dealer in Popish humevidence for ecclesiastical miracles very bugs, when he might, with little charge different from the preceding, which are to his learning, expose his sophistry, and of a literary character, but this was purely upset his facts and arguments, we are practical Remarkable, and
not disposed to follow his dignified exknown as the results are, yet the Bishop ample.” of Norwich allows Dr. Newman to tri. umph over the Protestant. On that oc