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PRISONERS OF THE DEEP.
The "mysterious main" shall give up its dead, its immortal deposits. The spoils of royal argosies, and the palaces of buried cities, cannot be restored; but the depths shall give back the brave and true, the lost and lovely, manhood, and youth, and beauty. "The Lord on high is mightier than the noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea. The sea shall restore its dead, the holy and the unholy.
A CHECK TO PRIDE. Human in the world of power, matter, is limited. Those "oak levi
athans" may appear completely to control the surges through which they plough their course; but, in truth, they are often ocean's toys: the workmanship of man's hands is wrecked upon the shore, or, like the snowy flake, melts into the yeast of waves. So, in the moral world, a man may seem to worldly minds to resist his Maker with impunity, but he will eventually learn that, to have lived proudly and rebelliously, is to have made shipwreck of the immortal soul.
THE OBEDIENT RESPONSE.
The dimpled waves-how they answer "the breathings of the lightest air that blows!" So should the Christian, waiting in meek expectancy for the still small voice of heaven, obey that voice when heard, and answer to the gentlest whispers of the Holy Spirit, whose fellowship can fill the bosom, and irradiate the face, of the Christian, with serenity and joy.
"The wicked are like the troubled sea;" the Christian alone enjoys true peace. As the sea shines and rests, when He that directs the tempest bids it cease, so the believer in Christ Jesus, who is e phatically his peace, securely reposes in the blessedness of redemption, imperfectly imaged forth in the "great calm" of the Sea of Galilee. The Lord "maketh the storm a calm. so that the waves thereof are still. Then" is the believer "glad because "he is "quiet.”
Socrates has said, that, to ground hope on a false supposition, is like trusting to a weak anchor. Blessed be God for "the immutability of his an anchor counsel," the believer has of the soul, both sure and steadfast." The waves may beat, and the tempest blow, but his hope is "a strong consolation." In the storms and trials of life, his mind is calm as long as his expectation of heaven is firm. Happy they whose hope, like a steady anchor, enters into heaven, and binds the soul to the throne of God!
THE HAVEN OF HEAVEN.
Adhering to Christ, and glorying in His sufficiency, the believer shall enter the harbour of rest; not like a shipwrecked mariner, barely saved, clinging to some broken plank, and hardly escaping the raging waves; but like some stately vessel, with all her sails expanded, and riding before a prosperous gale.
THE UNITY OF PROTESTANTS. There are distinct billows, but the sea is one. Such is the unity of Evangelical Protestant Churches. It is not a forced conformity, like that found in polar seas, where eternal winter has locked up the waves in fetters; but rather like old Ocean's unfettered flow, as its waves rush in, in all their might and majesty.
HEAVENLY AND EARTHLY Joy. The harvest moon—how bright and tranquil in the canopy of heaven, how restless and inconstant as reflected in
the wavy sea below. Thus, heavenly fleeting and unreal. The heart must joy is calm, serene, immovable; while “surely there be fixed where true joys inere earthly joy, however intense, are to be found.” fluctuates with life's changing scene,
L. North Wales, Sept. 1851.
PRESENT POSITION OF CHRISTENDOM.—THE THREE FROGS.
IN THREE Parts. A Gleaning from Elliott's Horæ Apocalyptica. Part 3RD.-The SPIRIT FROM THE MOUTH Of The False PROPHET. We have shewn that the spirit from If Rome and its Popes have sent the dragon's mouth is the principle of forth in their bulls and ordinances, infidelity with its proper accompani- their vicars apostolic and bishops, and ments of blasphemy and proud rebel the missions and money of the propaliousness of spirit against rightful au- ganda, their voice of Popery,--the thority, alike divine and human. “By Romish clergy have, as a body, taken that sin fell the angels.”
it up; and themselves, even as if with We have also shewn that the spirit personal interest and ambition in the from the mouth of the beast is the matter, adopted the cry, and urged direct principle of Popery, based on the cause forward, and while mainly its antichristian dogma of the Pope's supporting the Popery of Rome, have being Christ's vicegerent on earth. yet had a certain political independency, The only real difficulty in the case if not religious peculiarity. seems to be that of assigning to the This independency attaches to the third spirit,- or that which issued Spanish, Portuguese, and French clergy; from the mouth of the false prophet,- to the latter more especially, as mema distinct independent character; bers of the Gallican Church; a Church whereas the two horned beast (Rev. proud of its liberties, and not ultraxiii. 11,) was before described as very montane in principle, but rather remuch the organ, agent, and instru- garding general councils as the seat of ment, as well as chief supporter, of the infallibility of the Church, not the beast, its principal. It might, individual Popes. Yet do they all so however, seem supposable, from the hold, like as at Constance, to the new name now given to this agent in superstitions and false dogmas of the the prophecy, viz., the false prophet apostacy, as to speak but one of the or apostate priesthood, that a certain tones of the western false prophet,larger measure of independency and the voice of a modified papacy. distinctiveness of character than be- We are now forced to look nearer fore might now attach to it. And ome, and to ask whether, since indewith a great proportion of the Romish pendency to a certain degree, and hierarchy and clergy, this has become distinctiveness of voice, is thus appathe fact; and the spirit of self-exalta- rently required, in order precisely to tion with which they have gone forth satisfy the emblematic intimations for the Church of their ministrations, respecting this spirit in the text, with its rites, sacraments, authority, we may not among ourselves too have dogmas, and traditions,—to the dis- seen that which has answered to it? paragement and even supercession of What if the high sacerdotal and Christ's own word, worth, and Spirit, sacramental system which has of late in the things of salvation ; at first, in been rampant in our own country, the fifth century, so as to propose for should be in part the very voice from an earthly antichrist in Christ's place; the false prophet in the text? Can and afterwards on re-organization in this be the case ? Is it really the subserviency to Rome, so as to form voice of the unclean spirit, apocalyphis chief support,—marks it as a fit tically prefigured, as issuing like a antitype to the symbol.
frog out of the mouth of the false This is a grave
prophet, that has been resounding lopment of the apostacy. It has sethese eight or ten years from the lected for its primary and fundamenbanks of the Isis?
tal doctrines that the sacraments are question.
the only, and (in the case of baptism) Certainly, if at the first, there was the necessarily effectual means of much in it that to a discerning ear communicating Divine life to man, as and eye seemed suspicious, there well as that respecting the priesthood were indications also apparently of of their apostolic succession, as its an opposite character. When the only and its ex opere operato conveyinfidel revolutionary spirit swept like ancers; a doctrine which is destructive a flood across
our land, and the of personal spiritual religion, and Popish spirit, combining and frater- which supersedes the grace and Spirit nizing therewith, swelled the torrent, of Christ, who is Himself directly and the Oxford primary movement was individually the illuminator and quickagainst, not for it. And hence in ener of each dead soul. It further fact much of its early strength. It teaches the necessity of reserve rewas looked on by the friends of order, specting the atonement, and doctrines religion, and the Church, in times of respecting justification, through which fearful peril and agitation, as an ally Christ was and is virtually superseded of conservatism; and doubtless its in his character of the atonement; early supporters, there, were not a doctrines also concerning the mediafew, that at the time so intended it, tion of living priests, and of departed and foresaw not whither it would lead saints, through which He is equally them. When a spirit of delusion superseded in His character of the goes abroad, its plans are not at once Mediator for sinful men. It refuses fully developed; and thus its agents to receive as the one rule of faith and and instruments are often at the first practice the written word and comled blindfold. Satan may come in, mandments of God, by the addition we know, even as an angel of light. of another rule of faith and conductBut the development has now that of its own traditions and the length been sufficiently clear and un- commandments of men. It supports equivocal. The avowed desire and in no equivocal manner the papal object is to re-appropriate from Popery pretensions and authority, inculcating the doctrines which our Reformers the reverence due to the Pope of rejected, -to set up a Popish rule of Rome, admitting his universal prifaith, a Popish doctrine of apostolical macy, deploring the schism from him succession, a Popish view of the Church made at the Reformation, longing for and sacruments, a Popish doctrine of reconciliation with him, even though sacrifice in the Eucharist, available it might have to be effected in the for the quick and dead for remission garb of penitence,* warding off from of sins; a doctrine on transubstantia- him, with the partiality of filial detion, purgatory, invocation of saints, votedness, all application of the pro&c., &c.,--and even on the Papal phecies of the beast, antichrist, and supremacy,--doctrines in most of these his harlot Church on the seven hills. instances consistent with the Triden- The Tractarian school avows its alle. tine statements ; and only not Popish, giance to Ecumenic General Councils because the scheme does not reach (not exclusively that of Trent) even all the extravagancies practised in the as to that which speaks the voice of Romish communion. The theology God's Spirit, and possesses the Spirit's of the Oxford school takes its stand, infallibility, -wresting the words of not on the primitive age, as is often the Article of our Church, which was untruly asserted, but on that of the drawn up expressly against it, in fourth and fifth centuries, when the order to force on them a sense not Church was greatly corrupted,* and
See Palmer's " Aids to Reflection," "I which the apocalyptic visions designate as that of the first marked deve- nople and our Archbishop of Canterbury go
barefoot to Rome, and fail upon the Pope's
neck and kiss him, and never let him go till * See the sealing of the 144,000.
they had persuaded him to be reasonable."
should like to see the Patriarch of Constanti* The Bishop of Chester.
necessarily unaccordant with this infidel democracy and the spirit of doctrine, and both excusing and ex
direct avowed Popery. pressing desire for the re-enactment Its mode of speech has well anof those penalties of excommunication swered to the symbol of a frog, under and death, with a view to the enforce- which the spirit of the false prophet ment of the Church's decrees, which appeared to go forth. While, on the the false prophet, described in Apoc. one hand, its unceasing emission of xiii., inspired the beast's image to voice in conversational or more forenact against all recusants or disobe- mal discussions,—from the pulpit and dient, in enforcement of its dogmas. from the press, -in tracts, sermons, It professes its bitter enmity against essays, reviews, romances, novels, the anti-papal witnessing of Protes- poems, children's books, newspapers, tantism, and the Reformation of the -in music too, and paintings, and sixteenth century,--that act which, church decoration and architecture,— in a manner too clear to be mistaken, with what is unsound in doctrine, for the Apocalyptic vision notes as done the most part skilfully mystified, the with Christ's direction and blessing, false mixed up with the true, and to the horror of the beast's adhe- burlesques and false picturings of rents, specially of his false prophet; evangelical religion intermingled with it avows the “unprotestantizing" of the
as false but fair-drawn picturings of national Church to be its object, and the religion of the apostacy, if not of one worthy of all hazards, as a matter that of Rome,-making incessant but of life and death; unchurches the delusive appeals to the better and foreign Protestant Churches; and as the worse feelings of our nature, to to the new song of the Reformation, our taste, imagination, affections, the holy and glorious doctrine of ignorance, prejudices, and even right justification by faith alone, shows that feelings and desires, whereby it has it not only does not understand it, but been carrying on its avowed plan of abhors and rejects it, as the idol of ecclesiastical agitation,-exhibit no the Evangelic school. Nehushtan," inexact counterpart to the incessant they say of it, "a piece of brass” and resounding coaxatio of the proworthy only of being broken to phetic symbol. pieces.
The rapidity and extent of its difWe need say no more to establish fusion, forces on us the idea of superthe distinct spirit of the false pro- natural influence. Dr. Pusey (sad phet of the apostacy, in its own proper that such a man should be identified and generic peculiarity of character. with such a system) has himself
The time of its issuing forth is in strikingly sketched this,-its rapidity most exact correspondence with the of diffusion, the wonder of its human prophecy.
originators at the fact, and their conIt was when the drying up of the viction of some higher power assisting mystic Euphrates had made a certain it :-not however reflecting, whether progress in the Apocalyptic figura- this might not be a bad spirit, rather tions, that the spirit of the false pro- than a good; and so only illustrate phet was seen to issue forth.
the fulfilment of the prophecy. in the year 1833, after the Turkman Can the rapid and wide-spread repower had dried up in Greece, Mol- ception and popularity of doctrines, davia, Wallachia, Algiers, and other so startling, so dangerous, so unwarcountries, for years overflowed by it, ranted, be accounted for on any that the first of the Oxford Tracts principle but that of an assistant issued from the press.
spirit of infatuation ? The emission of the false prophet's
One of our learned and respected spirit was cotemporary with that of prelates, irrespective of prophecy, the spirits from the mouths of the has ascribed the movement to predragon and of the beast. The Oxford cisely such an agency as the symbol movement has been accompanied by in the text signified. He has avowed a most remarkable and almost simul. his belief of its being the work of a taneous outbreak from the spirit of
spirit of evil ; acting to stop and mar power employed by the three spirits, the good that was before in progress to head their project of gathering the in the Evangelic revival in England, kings of the earth to the battle of the and the Evangelic missions abroad. great day of God Almighty. Signs
The question under the present are not wanting even now, which extraordinary circumstances of the show the active tendencies of France christian world and Church, especi- towards such a position, in its foreign ally in England, cannot but recur policy and proceedings. Nor indeed solemnly to many a mind ;– What is are signs wanting in its ecclesiastic to be the end of these things ?. And policy at home. There is a curious while the hopes are high, of the in- heraldic fact confirmatory of this view, fidel democrats, so too of the Papists, that three frogs were the old arms of and of the Tractarians,--and the France. latter especially boast of their pro- However this may be, the time is gress, and anticipate triumplı,—there most critical,—the subject, heartare not a few of a very different stirring; and it calls aloud on each spirit, who fear that these anticipa- individual for self-examination, watchtions may prove true, and England fulness, and prayer.
In the very again become a kingdom of the Pa- fact of these being now brought upon pacy. On considering the word of the scene all together, visibly before prophecy, however, I am led to a the eyes of men, those three spirits of more hopeful view. For I do not see the dragon, the false prophet, and the in what follows of the Apocalypse beast, that for eighteen centuries have any notice of the reunion of that tenth successively or together withstood the part of the great city which was sepa- Gospel, an intellectual interest is given rated at the Reformation ; the only to the times we live in, very extrafurther prophecy concerning the Pa- ordinary. How much greater their pal Babylon being its tri-partition, spiritual interest! The solemn warnunder some great earthquake or revo- ing voice which follows the text, lution, previous to its final destruction “Behold I come as a thief; blessed by fire. Thus, on the whole, my is he that keepeth his garments, that trust is, that England and its beloved he may not walk naked and his shame Church may be saved from the deadly appear,”-suitable as it is to every plot laid against them; a greater dis- age of the Church, appears now cernment and decision of action on doubly so; when the spirits of deluthe side of truth and religion, given sion are thus abroad, the night thus to our rulers in Church and State ; far spent, and the cry (raised by so and the extraordinary delusion may many as almost to answer to the voice pass away that has led aside many in the text) proclaiming that the day, most respected and eminent indi- —the day of Christ's coming,-is at viduals to sanction Oxford in appear- hand. Watch, it says, especially to ance, who have in heart all the while His ministers and watchmen of the been of a spirit quite alien from that temple ; for His coming is near; and of Oxford. In which case, not Eng- He expects His servants to be awake land, but rather France, may be ex- at their posts, and looking out for pected to prove the chief secular His appearing!
DR. M'NEILE AND THE DEAN OF BRISTOL. “ To believe a business impossible is the way to make it so. How many feasible
projects have miscarried through despondency, and strangled in the birth by a
cowardly imagination.”—Jeremy Collier. It would be with great unwillingness relax in our efforts, in what we conthat we should so often address our- sider a pressing necessity: selves to the consideration of the ques- We do marvel indeed at the contion of Liturgical Revision, if we did tinued apathy of Evangelical Churchnot feel that we must not, and dare not, men; we do pity the timid and tem