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there then ensued a “fraternal con- with churches and school rooms, with versation on christian union."
flocks gathered and folded by pastors of On the third day, Aug. 22, the the United Church. This, be it rememRev. Geo. Scott presided, and the bered, is the district over which the notoriRevs. Wm. Thomson and Octavius
ous Dr. M‘Hale has professed to hold sway. Winslow addressed the brethren. The
“We now turn with equal satisfaction business portion of the sitting was
to another and a very important branch
of the work of the Church missions, bethen commenced by a report from the
cause at the present moment it so effectuvarious foreign brethren present, on
ally countervails the presumptuous and the progress
and prospects of the Al- overbearing attempts of the Popish clergy ļiance in their respective countries.
in the capital of Ireland. We extract the Other meetings have been held, but following from the August number of we have no further space. Next month The Banner of the Truth in Ireland :we shall hope to have a paper on the « « The number of families visited in objects of this truly holy Alliance. Dublin during the last six months were
4,200, consisting of 18,900 individuals, The Bishop or TUAM AND THE IRISH
almost all of whom were Roman Catholics. CONVERTS TO PROTESTANTISM.
A great increase of interest is manifested While the Irish and English Papal induced to attend the controversial ser
amongst them, and numbers have been Bishops are labouring hard to force
mons. The enquiring class in St. Michan's their focks into rebellion against their school-room on Tuesday evenings, which, civil rulers, it is refreshing to find the at the close of last year, averaged sixty work of conversion quietly but stea- persons, has now advanced to upwards of dily progressing in the very heart of seven hundred : a very large proportion the enemy's country, We understand of these are Roman Catholics, and many that the Bishop of Tuam estimates
of them may be seen and heard from week the converts to Protestantism, in his to week earnestly contending for the doc
trines of their Churoh. To enable them diocese, at 10,000; and that he is
to do so they have, to a certain extent, seeking the aid of his fellow-Protest
been led to read the Bible and Protestant ants to help him in building churches books, and earnestly solicit Scripture for the accommodation of those who portions, Testaments, and books from the have been rescued from the supersti- missionary, which a liberal grant from the tious vanities and false doctrines of
Hibernian Bible Society has enabled him the apostate Church. The bishop wants to supply them with. Every day numbers about £8,000: surely the Protestants enquire for the missionary, the superior of Ireland will not be slow in aiding lay agent, and visitors at their homes, one who is engaged in so deeply inte- for the purpose of having their doubts resting a work of love; while to their solved and their minds directed aright. brethren in England, the bishop and
Controversial lectures are now delivered in his clergy may fairly look for that
the following places weekly:-St. Michan's
Church; St. Thomas's ; St. Michael's ; measure of help they cannot refuse,
St. James's School-house ; St. Nicholas if they are in earnest for the spread Without; (besides two in Coolock and of Protestant truth in the dark regions Raheny, in the neighbourhood of Dublin,) of their sister land. Again, in a recent at each of which there is an average good number of the Church and State Ga
attendance ; and in several large numbers zette we are happy to find the follow- of Roinan Catholics are to be seen, many ing cheering information, under the of them of the middle and upper classes. head of the Irish Church Missions :- On the Roman Catholic side, Dr. O'Con.
“ We have frequently referred with nell again resumed the controversy, and pleasure to the progress of the society attempted replies to these lectures, the for Irish Church Missions in the first and questions on the placards, and the True principal seat of its operations, West Catholic's' letters in the Warder newsGalway-where a country extending al- paper ; but in his anxiety to satisfy some most fifty miles from Galway to Oinay in he approached so near the truth as to dislength, and thirty from Salruck to Inverin satisfy many of his Roman Catholic in breadth, a country which five years ago hearers, and only created more enquiry, was essentially Popish and ecclesiastically strengthening the minds of several known a desert, has become characteristically doubters. Father Ignatius has lately left Convert and Protestant-is now dotted the field.”
The RomaniSTS AND THE New Bill. letters and by-words of reproach
It has been very plainly manifested against the powerless condition of that Ireland is to be the battle-field, that authority which should be active upon which we shall have to defend in protecting them from insult the national right to put down the
Mr. Moore, the M. P. for Mayo, ever-growing assumptions of Popery.
not indistinctly hinted at the course The meeting at the Dublin Rotunda to be pursued. We give his words will have served to shew those who for the edification of our readers, are not absolutely politically blind, only trusting that England may find what terms are to be expected from
or demand some expedient to defeat the adherents of Rome. We may as
the dilemma into which he would force. well expect to gather grapes from us, in the event of a prosecution. thorns, as to expect to reap gratitude “He proceeded to allude to the civil or truth from those whose bitter de- and religious disabilities to which the termination it is to extinguish Pro
Roman Catholics of Ireland were obliged testantism in Ireland, and to insult it
to submit in former times, and for which in England, by a defiance of the pre- they were indebted, as he alleged, to the rogatives of the crown, and the loudly persecuting spirit of Protestantism. Now,
however, expressed feelings and determinations
that the penal laws were well
nigh dead, and the wounds of centuries of a people still heartily attached to the Protestant Faith. It will be well lation, Protestantism again stepped in
had begun to be healed by rational legisfor English, Irish, and Scotch Pro- with its little petty acts of persecutiontestants to read, and ponder upon, the its dull decoction of unmitigated vanity thinly-disguised treasonable language and spite—not enough indeed to create a held by the Archbishops and Bishops real wound, but just enough to stimulate who, by mandate from the Pope, pre
the old sores, and excite in a fevered frame sume to take territorial titles in the an additional sense of exasperation. Let three kingdoms.
them for a moment suppose this bill to be Among the many events which the law--if a couple of dozen men in Irewhole matter of the Papal Aggression land, having no legal status, and only a has called forth, few are more singu- send to the Secretary of State, for presen
de facto and de jure existence, were to lar or interesting than the articles
tation to the Queen, a modest apology which have appeared in the Times for being the descendants of the apostles, newspaper. It is not without great signing the document by the titles under thankfulness that we have seen this which alone they could exercise their powerful engine for good or evil di- episcopal jurisdiction--was there a man, rected to combat, with pretty steady English or Irish, who believed that a succonsistency, the false pretensions and cessful prosecution of those persons could rebellious attitude of the Romanists. be carried through by any Government ? The Times has at last acknowledged They defied, spit upon, and scorned their what it cannot now conceal, that those
Their prelates would constatesmen and real christian patriots tinue to be the bishops of their Irish sees,
all statutes of this country to the contrary were right, who sternly and unflinch
notwithstanding. The speaker concluded ingly refused to concede to Romanists
by expressing a conviction that the religithe first steps of that
which they power
ous policy of England towards this counthen humbly and deceitfully sought try was the root of every evil-social, to attain,—it has found that these moral, political and material, which had men were true to the very letter in contributed to make Ireland a dangerous their prognostications of the conse- exception to the peace and prosperity of quences which would inevitably fol- the empire and an unexampled anomaly. low from the adoption of concessions in the history of legislation.” to a power whose only ultimate object was absolute supremacy.
Tue SUPREMACY Declaration. Again, we say that the Protestants The subjoined has been sent to us of the three kingdoms must not allow simultaneously with its transmission the government to let the laws which
to the proper quarter, where the preserve our faith from the open de- “Supremacy Declaration" lies for fiance of Romanists, become dead signature. While we fully admit that
TO THE LAITY OF THE DIOCESE OF
Mr. Gorham's doctrine of "preve- fective manifestation of the cordial nient grace" is the only ground on sympathies of their brother Churchwhich the declarative portion of the men in more favoured dioceses, than Baptismal Service can be used in the they have yet received. literal, grammatical and natural, mean- What
may be in store for this
perseing of the terms it employs, we rather cuted diocese we know not; the
prayprefer to style the doctrine, a some- ers of all ought to be earnestly offered, times unwarrantable assumption, ra- that its next Bishop may be richly ther than a "figment,” as our excel- endowed with the gifts of spiritual lent friend, Mr. Tyndale, calls it. wisdom, love for souls, and a sound The declaration of regeneration is mind and judgment for the difficult founded upon an hypothesis which work which he will have to perform. unfortunately is more often false than
“ SOLEMN AND IMPORTANT PROTEST true.
against the Views upon Baptism, as (copy.)
set forth in the ' Declaration' recently “ Holton Rectory, Oxon, Aug. 5.
adopted by the late Diocesan Synod, held “Dear Sirs, -I cannot send you the
at Ereter-uith a Proposition for the enclosed request to have my name added
establishment of a Scripture Readers' to the Supremacy Declaration, without
Society for the Diocese of Exeter. entering my humble protest against Mr. Gorham's figment of prevenient grace as a qualification for infant baptism; and stating my opinion that the judgment
Gentlemen,-If the great question of the Privy Council was a wise and just which is now agitating this diocese had sentence, in accordance with’the latitude been merely one of Church government, of interpretation of our Baptismal Ser
I should have viewed it as a matter of vice, which has been allowed to the mi- comparative indifference.
But looking nisters of our Church for the last two or at it as a subject which may involve the three hundred years (but not by our Re
eternal interests of our fellow creatures, formers), ' and not contrary or repugnant as compromising the great and vital to the declared doctrine of the Articles truths of Christianity, common to us all, of the Church of England ; and I cannot I own that I feel an irresistible impulse say, it was not contrary to the literal, to use every means in my power to coun. grammatical, and natural meaning of our
teract the mischievous effects which are Baptismal Service.
likely to result from the ‘ Declaration' * I am, Gentlemen, yours, faithfully, which has been unanimously adopted by
“T. TINDALE. the late Diocesan Synod. I refer to that “ To Messrs. Hatchard."
upon the subject of baptism. The Synod
avows that they are induced to make this The Exeter SYNOD.
Declaration because they hope that many, We had not intended again to refer
who are now divided from them, may be
brought to agreement by thus knowing to the proceedings of this self-called
the real meaning and extent of the docSynod, but we could not refuse inser
trine which they hold. It forms then a tion to the following protest against direct appeal to the members of the a part of its proceedings.
Church. As a member of the Church the more willing to draw attention to
of England, therefore, I do, before God this document, as we understand that and the Church of Christ, most solemnly the whole proceedings of the Bishop protest against the views upon baptism of Exeter are watched by a large and
which have been set forth in the said intelligent body of the Devonshire Declaration, as being contrary to the laity, of which the author of the pro- Liturgy and the Articles of the Church test is not the least influential. The of England : and, moreover, as contrawhole circunstances of the diocese of vening the sentiments of that great body Exeter have assumed such an impor- in drawing up and composing the said
of divines who were principally employed tant character, from the teaching and Liturgy and Articles of our Reformed acts of its prelate, that we cannot Church--but, above all, as being conhelp thinking that those clergymen
trary and opposed to the Word of God. and laymen who have been faithful I am perfectly aware that in thus protestenough boldly to maintain the truth, ing against a document which purports have a right to expect some more ef- to be a solemn and formal declaration
pp. 57, 58.
of a large portion of the clergy of this harmonizes all the language and doctrine diocese, and headed, too, by the bishop of our Church in her several formularies ; himself, I incur no small amount of re- and thoroughly agrees with the inspired sponsibility. 1, however, do so advisedly, standard of all truth. What is then the but with the profoundest respect for their question which some so eagerly debate ? office. It is manifestly impossible that, It is neither more nor less than thisin an address, such as the present, I can Are the blessings pronounced as to the fully enter into all the arguments upon efficacy of baptism, conditional or unconwhich I ground my objections--but my ditional ? Is the efficacy universal in all views will at least be better understood cases when it is duly administered, or when I state that they entirely coincide does it depend also on the disposition of with those of the present Bishop of the receiver ? Has this sacrament, in Calcutta, contained in his charge of 1849. 'such only as worthily receive the same, The subject is of such deep importance, a wholesome effect or operation,' or has that I feel assured no apology will be it that effect in all ? Surely this quesdeemed necessary for my quoting rather tion answers itself. The blessings are largely from the Charge in question. His promised under conditions, that is clear lordship introduces the subject by re- they cannot then by any force of argumarking, I first observe, that the cha- ment be interpreted unconditionally,'ritable hope that all the members of our
Again, he adds—'I venture Church are sincere Christians, united to assert, that the Scripture knows nospiritually to Christ by faith, and to each thing of the unconditional opus operatum other in love, pervades our prayers, our efficacy of baptism under the New Tespraises, our declarations; just as it does tament, any more than of circumcision the addresses of St. Paul in his epistles. under the Old. * • * Salvation depends In this spirit is our confession framed ; on our personal faith, not on the recep. in this the absolution ; in this the lan- tion of the Sacraments.' guage relating to the Holy Catholic “ It is quite obvious, as I before intiChurch ; in this the blessings pronounced mated, that I cannot possibly quote more and the thanksgivings offered in the case largely from the Charge of this eminently of each baptized person, adult, and in- pious bishop. The Charge itself is well fant, &c.' After speaking of the nature worth the perusal of all persons who are and effects of baptisın with reference to desirous of obtaining a clear, distinct, and adults, he thus proceeds:- In like man- scriptural view of the baptismal question. ner, in the instance of children, the It was published by Hatchard and Co, Church equally requires the profession 1849. I have, however. quoted thus much of repentance and faith ; and after that with the most perfect confidence, because profession, and on the footing of it, as I feel assured that there is scarcely a made in its name by its sponsors, she pious member of our Church, or out of administers the outward and visible sign, it, who will not acknowledge that any and then charitably pronounces the child doctrine propounded by such an autho• born of water and of the spirit,' that is, rity will, at least, claim their serious regenerate. If the infant, when it reaches consideration. the years of intelligence, fulfils the en- "The views of the Bishop of Calcutta, gagements made in its name, the blessings as will be perceived, are so entirely opstand good ; if not, they are in substance posed to those recently adopted by the void, just as in the case of the adult. But Bishop of Exeter and the Diocesan as God only can see the heart, both the Synod, that I feel it necessary to confirm adult and infant are accounted, till the those of the former by a few quocontrary is manifest, regenerate, or born tations froin other bishops, and those, both of water and of the spirit, and retain too, of men who have sealed their testiin the eye of the Church their high sa. mony with their blood, and who, morecramental privileges and advantages. over, were the very persons engaged in
“Nothing can, as it appears to me, framing our Articles and Liturgy, and be more natural and scriptural; for the must consequently know the meanilig whole of the two offices proceeds on the they attached to them. assumption that faith and repentance " For the following quotations, I am exist, or shall hereafter exist, in the mind indebted to the Rev. William Goode's of the candidate; that the promises niade • Effects of Infant Baptism.' The first to in his own person, or by his sponsors, which I will direct your attention shall are sincere, and that the promises have be from Archbishop Cranmer. been, or shall be, performed-precisely • Therefore, as in baptism those that as the Scriptures do. This view fully come feignedly, and those that come un
feignedly, both be washed with the sacra- the Sacraments; and thus, all the virtue mental water, but both be not washed of the Sacraments depends upon faith.' with the Holy Ghost, and clothed with “ An infinite number of testimonies Christ.' Again' All that be washed might be brought forward on the same in the water be not washed with the side, but I think I have already produced Holy Spirit.' And as regards infant sufficient evidence to make the laity baptism, Mr. Goode remarks, ‘Cranmer, pause before they too hastily adopt the at least, did not hold the doctrine of the interpretation of the Nicene Creed, as necessity of baptism for the salvation of propounded by the Synod. I believe it infants-for in the Reformatio Legum, to be most dangerous, and utterly repugcompiled under his superintendence, and nant to the Scriptures. The Scriptures corrected by him, the notion is very de- nowhere inform us that anything but the cisively condemned as superstitious and
blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth us from impious. The quotation, however, is all sin but they do tell us that, without too long for insertion.
shedding of blood is no remission'-and “ Latimer, speaking of Regeneration, this exactly corresponds with the stateobserves And what is this Regenera- ment before alluded to, that it is by tion ? It is not to be christened in water, • Christ's meritorious Cross and Passion, as these firebrands expound it, and no- whereby alone we obtain reinission of our thing else.'
sins. May not the one baptism spoken Bishop Hooper says, — As for those of in the Creed, have some allusion to that say circumcision and baptism be the baptism mentioned in Matt. xx. 22, like, and yet attribute the remission of evidently referring to Christ's sufferings? original sin to baptism, which was never It is more than probable. I know that, given unto circumcision, they not only having ventured to offer an opinion upon destroy the similitude and equality that this much disputed question, and espeshould be between them, but also take cially as being in opposition to the exfrom Christ remission of sin, and translate pressed judgment of the synod, I shall be it unto the water and element of bap- met with the contemptuous appellation tism.'
of being a • Lay Theologian,'*.
-as being “ As a proof that the Church of Eng- one of the “Sages' of Torquay-nay, land does not 'attribute remission of sin more,
may even expose myself to the unto the water and element of baptism,' more degrading charge of being one of I would here direct particular attention the · Ignorant and Presumptuous Agitato the opening passage, where the minis- tors,' who attended the late meetings at ter gives notice of his intention to ad- Torquay and F.xeter. The latter meeting, minister the holy communion. After I would observe, had the express sanction reading the passage, 'the most comfor
of the Lord Lieutenant of the county table Sacrament of the body and blood (Earl Fortescue,) and the Protest which of Christ; to be by them received in re- was the result of that meeting, was signed membrance of His meritorious Cross and by more than six thousand of the laity, Passion,' he adds, 'whereby alone we headed by his lordship, and other nobleobtain remission of our sins.' What is men, with a large number of the county the meaning of the last sentence I have magistrates, &c. But the six thousand underlined, whereby alone?' Is the protesters have recently been informned, statement true, or is it false ? I leave it from high authority, that ' They are not for those who use the language to answer the laity who dare attempt to raise agitathe question.
tion ag"inst their bishop and their clergy “ The last quotation I will make is - the laity were the sound and faithful from Dr. William Whitaker, Regius Pro- members of the Church not in holy orders'fessor of Divinity at Cambridge, from 1580 the others 'were merely unordained perto 1595 — Master of St. John's College sons' from 1586 to 1595. It is as follows; “ Reasoning upon this principle, it can * For not even little children partake of scarcely be deemed transgressing the grace merely because they are baptized ;
«• There is no greater proof of spiritual ignoand yet they are not baptized to no pur- rance than the delusive idea of limiting the pose, because they are baptized in respect guardianship of the truth' to ecclesiastics. 'I he of future faith and repentance and because
statement lately made by the Dean of Bristol,
quoting from Father Ambrose, that there is they are members of the Church, and
scarce a heresy that has ever entered into the holy by covenant, and therefore the sign Church of Christ, except through the way of of the covenant is not to be denied them; the clergy; but the truth and simplicity of the
Gospel have been retained by the fidelity of the but when grown up, unless they believe
laity,' should at least qualify the overweening the Gospel, they derive no benefit from confidence of the Tractarians upon this point,"