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changed, (See Rev. W. Goode's Effects no less plain, and no less authoritaof Infant Baptism, c. iii. pp. 122 tive, than the works of Justin ? It 125.) For while the “ Calvinistic" would seem, indeed, that in this pastheology held the “orthodox” place sage, by the use of a common meduring the reign of Queen Elizabeth, tonymy, Justin calls the sign by yet long before the Restoration of the name of the thing signified, King Charles II. the “ Arminian" which, in those days persecution, school had almost entirely super- was seldom absent from the outward seded it within the pale of the Church sign. But even if he did not, even if of England. (The secret means by he really meant to teach the “opus which so momentous a change was operatum” system, surely the plain silently and almost imperceptibly statements of inspired Scripture are effected, may be seen in a most useful not to give place to the human opilittle volume, entitled,“ Hidden Works nion of the uninspired Justin ? Surely of Darkness; or, the Doings of the he may have erred in this point of Jesuits,” by W. Osburn, published doctrine, and, like many of the Fafor the Protestant Association, bythers, have been led astray by a warm W. H. Dalton, 1846.) We find too, imagination, or a superstitious reveon the point of baptism, that the rence for the outward sign, to false bishops' answer at the Savoy Con- notions and exaggerated statements ference, respecting the unconditional respecting the effects of the sacragrace of the sacrament, in the case ment? These remarks will also apply of infants, because they present no to many other points of disputed docbar by reason of actual sin, (see Card- trine, peculiar views of which, atwell, p. 336,)-proclaimed an adop- tempts have been made to palm off tion of a Romish tenet, which appears « Catholic doctrine."*
They may to have been unknown to the Re- serve, possibly, to suggest a train of formers of the preceding century, (see thought to the reader, which may tend Goode's "Effects,"c. vii. pp. 199–202.) to act as a caution against too readily If, then, it were possible (as we see admitting as true, any pseudo-catholic it was) that changes so important on doctrines which are opposed to the points of doctrine should thus pervade written Word. And, in conclusion, a Christian Church in one single cen- the writer cannot do better than quote tury, surely the thing must be no less the remarks of a Christian Israelite, possible in the early ages ? Particu- as they will forcibly illustrate the allarly, too, as copies of the Holy Scriptures were then less accessible to the
* An example of the reckless use of such members of the Church, than they terms as “Catholic doctrine," occurs in " the were at a later period after the in- Oxford Herald," of 14th June, 1851, in a Re
view of the second edition of " Hints and Sugvention of printing; and more espe- gestions on a Revision of the Liturgy,” by Rev. cially as the false maxims of heathen C. H. Davis, M.A. (J. H. Jackson, Paternoster
Row and Islington Green.) The reviewer asphilosophy, frequently exercised a de
oposal to alter the words in our seterious influence upon the opinions Ordinal,“Receive the Holy Ghost," into“Mayest of many of the early Christians, as thou receive,” &c., is designed “to repudiate
the Catholic doctrine of the apostolical succeswe conclude from the warnings given sion.” If the " apostolical succession" be “reby St. Paul, (Col. ii. 8; and 1 Tim. pudiated” by the disuse of these words, which
were never used by the Christian Church in convi. 20,) and also learn from subse
ferring orders till the twelfth century, and which quent facts. Now this being the case, have never yet been adopted in the GreekChurch, surely we cannot admit a certain well- what became of it for the first eleven centuries ? known passage in the writings of Surely
, the use of these words is a very un
catholic portion of our formularies, utterly unJustin Martyr, in his “ Apology,” tenable by the catholic rule of "quod semper, c. 79, wherein he speaks of the "
quod ubique, quod ab omnibus," though (as I
have shewn in the “Hints on Revision," p.67,) generation of himself and other
yet“ fairly defensible,” by the Puritan testimony adults, by means of baptismn, to be con
of the celebrated “ Westminster Confession,
c. xxx. 8. 2. And yet the Oxford Reviewer, clusive proof that the Spiritual rege- speaking of this and such like changes proposed neration of infants (or even of adults) in this work, gravely asserts that “the tenin baptism, is an apostolic doctrine ? dency of it, as a whole, is to puritanize, and
therefore to uncatholicize our Book of Common Surely the Epistles of St. John are Prayer"!
serts that a
most imperceptible introduction and Prayer-book in the kingdom contains spread of divers traditions among evidence to the contrary, the popular mankind, which, from want of obser- feeling certainly is, that sprinkling is vation or of investigation, are rashly the mode most approved by the Church received as primitive truths :—“I just of England. If this be the case at a venture to throw out a hint concern- time when printed evidence abounds, ing tradition ; the uncertainty of how easily, in a time when books which, as a means of transmitting
were scarce, and the power of readtruth, has frequently struck me, when ing them equally rare, might customs conversing with members of the Church be introduced by the few, that the of England. It is often argued, that many might come to believe, even in if we find any custom in the Christian
the next generation, had subsisted Church-say, in the second century, from time immemorial.” (R. H. Herit may fairly be inferred that it has
schell's “Reasons why I a Jew have been handed down from the Apostles ; become a Catholic, and not a Roman because its first introduction would
Catholic.” pp. 18, 19, J. Unwin, 1843.) have been resisted as an innovation ; This view may be illustrated by other and we should have some record of
examples, such as the general disuse the opposition it met with, as we have
of the prayer for the Church militant in regard to many heresies. This ar- after the sermon in the morning sergument has a fair show of truth; but vice, notwithstanding the plain diexperience contradicts it. When the rection of the Rubric, &c. &c. And conversation has happened to turn on it may well remind us not to be too the mode of baptism, I have often ready to follow ancient customsbeen amused at the decided negative such, for example, as prayers for the that has been given to the assertion, dead,—or to regard them as of aposthat immersion is the prescribed form tolic origin, merely because we cannot in the Church of England. A reference point out the precise period of their to the Prayer-Book of course decided commencement; nor yet to consider the matter. And then ng it after the ancient Fathers as infallible exthem (if they shall certify him that positors of apostolic doctrine.* the child may well endure it,) he shall
C. H. D. dip it in the water discreetly and
Nailsworth, Aug. 1851. warily. But if they certify that the child is weak, it shall suffice to pour * To the foregoing remarks, the writer must water upon it,' (Public Baptism of In- just add that only three of the Fathers, Clement, fants.) Here is a case in which, in
Polycarp, and Ignatius, could have possibly had
personal communication with any of the Apos. less than two centuries, the exception tles; and their writings, though valuable, are has become the universal rule. And scanty, and mutilated, and not decisive on many
of the disputed points. Besides, whatever inso natural is it for men to be im
tercourse they may have had with any of the pressed by what they daily see, rather Apostles, how can we be sure that they had than by the recollection of what they
every point caught the Apostles' mind,
and in no point had misapprehended their once knew to be true, that while every meaning ?
THE PRIVATE STUDY OF THE SCRIPTURES :
HINTS TO THOSE WHO FOLLOW THE CALENDAR IN THE Book of Common PRAYER.
By the Rev. C. H. Davis, M.A. It is a well known fact that many of September to the 23rd of NovemChristians in the private study of the ber, inclusive, such persons are not Scriptures, or in family worship, find unfrequently perplexed by the occurit very convenient to follow the calen- rence in the calendar of certain lesdar of our Prayer-book, as their rule sons from the Apocrypha, by which for reading. Upon certain Saints' they are driven to the selection of days, however, and also from the 27th some other portions of Scripture. For
the use of such persons, the following
Morning. Evening. 22
2 Chron. 35 2 Chron. Table of Lessons,—which places in 23
Leviticus 1 Leviticus a regular order and arrangement cer- 24
5 tain chapters of Holy Scripture, which
7 do not at present occur in our calen- 27
9 dar,-may be found very useful, and 28 St. Simon
and St. Jude Job not unsuitable at this season of the
24 & 25 Job
Leviticus 11 Leviticus 12 year.
17 Table of proper First Lessons for private November
1 All Saints' Daniel 7 v 9 Daniel
12 reading on certain Saints' days, in lieu of
Leviticus 23 Leviticus 24 the Apocryphal Lessons.*
27 Morning. Evening. 4
i Ezekiel 4 Innocents’day, Dec.28 Jer.31 tov 18 Exodus 1
8 St. Paul, Jan. 25 .2Chr.33 tov21 Jeremiah 1
10 Purification, Feb. 2 . Exodus 13 Leviticus 12
12 St. Matthias, Feb. 24 Numbers 17 1 Sam. 2, v 27 8
16 Annunciation, Mar.25 Micah 5 Hag.2 to v 10 9
19 St. Mark, April 25 . Deut. 31 Joshua 1
21 St. Phil. &St.Jas. Mayl Numbers 14 Joshua 14
22 St. Barnabas, June 11 Nahum 1 Habakkuk 3
25 St. Peter, June 29 Ezekiel 33 Ezekiel 34
27 St. James, July 25 . Gen. 12 to v10 Judges 6,vll 14.
29 St. Bartholom.Aug.24 Isaiah 52 Isaiah 62
31 St. Matthew, Sept. 21 Amos 7 Haggai 1
35 St. Luke, Oct. 18. Daniel 1 Job
37 All Saints, Nov. 1 Daniel 7, v 9 Daniel 12
39 Table of First Lessons for private read
43 ing, from 27th September till 23rd No
45 vember, inclusive, in lieu of the Apocryphal 22.
1 September Morning. Evening. In the foregoing Table, the Scripture 27.
Malachi 4 1 Chron. + 10 28. 1 Chron.
lessons for certain Saints’days have not
13 29 St. Michael Genesis
10, v 5
been altered. The following Table of 1 Chron. 15 1 Chron. 16
chapters, which are very suitable for October 1. 1 Chron. 17 1 Chron.
18 private reading on these days, may, 2
20 however, not be here out of place, as 3.
a kind of appendix to the foregoing 28
St. Andrew, Nov. 30. Isaiah 8
6 Ezekiel 10
St. Thomas, Dec. 21. Jeremiah 20 Jonah 12
St. Stephen, Dec. 26. 1 Kings 21 2 Chr.24,v 15
9 Daniel 10 12
St.John Bapt. June 25 Mal. 3 & 4 Isa.40 to v 12
St. Michael, Sept. 29 Gen. 28, v 10 Gen.
St. Luke, Oct. 18. Daniel 1 Zechariah 1
St. Simon & St. Jude,
Zech. 3 & 4 Zechariah 6 16
28 18 St. Luke Daniel
C. H. D. 1 Job
2 Chron. 292 Chron. 30 20.
32 • In the regular course (in the month of Fe21
34 bruary) only four chapters of Leviticus are read,
viz., 18, 19, 20, and 26; which chapters are,
therefore, among those which are here omitted. * The Lessons here suggested will be found For public reading, perhaps chapters 21 and 22 to contain allusions to some incident parallel would have been preferable to 18 and 20. with that noticed in the collect, or in the Scrip- + In regular course (in the month of August) ture record of the saint commemorated.
only nine chapters of Ezekiel are read, viz., 2, + The chapters here selected from the Books 3, 6, 7, 13, 14, 18, 33, and 34, which chapters are, of Chronicles are the same which are used in therefore, there omitted. Of these nine, four are the Scotch Liturgy of 1637, from 23rd Nov, to read among the proper Sunday lessons, viz., 2, 16th Dec. No part of these books is now read 13, 14, and 18; and two have been suggested in our Church.
above for St. Peter's day, viz., 33 and 34.
To the Editor of the Christian Guardian. “ The Church must be daily becoming more Again, too many have their own prisensible that some thorough and systematic vate objects to gain, and are hoping plan of Church Reform must be promulgated by its friends, or it will inevitably be taken in
to benefit themselves by certain hand by parties hostile to its best interests. Our changes, and they are so blinded by wisdom, as men who are bent upon the maintenance of the Established Church, in all its
their own interests, and actuated by integrity of pure Christian and Protestant doc- motives so entirely unsuited to those trine, will be to head a movement in favour of that ought to animate the true Church absolutely needed reform, and not to wait until unsafe minds and hands shall proceed to frame
Reformer, that it is no wonder to see and carry measures either grievously detrimen- them unscrupulously striving to actal or entirely destructive."'-Vide Christian Guurdian, for July, 1851, p. 330.
complish their own objects, while
they profess to desire and intend the Sır,—The preceding remarks made by improvement and benefit of the yon, as you yourself express it, in Church. your "editorial capacity,” are so en- The last session of parliament has tirely in unison with my own convic- been more prolific than any recent tions, and have aroused within me one, in efforts to deal with the faults such strong feelings, that I must beg of our system, and to redress a variety you to allow me to give utterance to of grievances that may justly be comthe echoes that I would respond to plained of, but yet are chiefly to be your very faithful and appropriate regarded as symptoms of disease in observations. In doing so, I desire the body ecclesiastical, and indicative to refer to what has passed in the only of a malady that demands steady legislature during the recent session and systematic treatment to remedy of parliament; and then to develope it. Thus Sir B. Hall has brought to some views of my own on the great light the very inefficient and unjustisubject so ably, fully, and frequently fiable method, according to which discussed in your pages.
episcopal incomes were placed in such I. There is a mode of dealing with a position by the first Ecclesiastical the sick, well-known to medical men Commission, then consisting chiefly as that of “ treating symptoms,” which of a few diocesans, that while a parade is adopted when the malady itself is was made of nominal reductions, and not well understood, or the nature new distributions of incomes, matters and precise character of it can not be were left really so much in the state determined, and which consists in they had hitherto been, that there was dealing with such symptoms as are every reason to believe that the preevident, and endeavouring, by the re- sent condition of things would cergulation and subdual of these, to allay tainly result. I can write thus with the suffering of the patient, and to confidence, because from the very rescue him from impending peril. time that this arrangement was first Now this sort of treatment, as it ap- made, I took occasion to point out pears to me, is all that as yet the what its working must inevitably be ; public men, who have assumed the and all my worst expectations, I may office of Church Reformers, have at- say, have been fully and grievously tained to. The consequence is, that realized. As an able coadjutor of no right understanding of the state of Sir B. Hall, Mr. Horsman, backed by the Established Church prevails; at- the influence of the Times, has contempts are made to deal with certain centrated his energies upon one glarpalpable evils, some of the deformities ing case, and has shewn to what an of our ecclesiastical system are exhi- extent Church property may be so bited, but these are only partially dealt with as to be misappropriated dealt with, and no effective scheme and diverted from its strictly legitiof amendment and development of mate uses. These, indeed, are terrible the Church is proposed or aimed at. symptoms, but they have been so far remedied that they can not occur bill pleaded for their friends, the again in the same form they have holders of Church Leases, who were hitherto assumed; but then they are to be benefited by it; and how feeble not the malady that requires to be was the defence made for the Church, dealt with, and the dealing with them whose property was to be dealt with. at all has been but a “ treating of Thus have we seen through the course symptoms without attacking the of the session, these various matters, disease itself. Again, the Marquis of telling too sadly the state of the Blandford, in an amiable and most Church, indicating its weaknesses and laudable spirit
, brought forward the treating its symptoms, but in no single subject of Church extension, exposing instance proposing any scheme or the spiritual wants of the land, laying plan for a full and decisive reform. bare the fearful defects of our paro- Next session we are promised other chial system, and proposing that similar efforts. Mr. Horsman has something should be done to assist in given notice of a more general mearendering it more efficient. But even sure, the Marquis of Blandford prothe noble Marquis has done no more poses to bring forward the question than treat these symptoms of sickness, of parochial subdivisions, and the without probing the cause of our Earl of Shaftesbury has given notice weakness or shewing the true sources of a motion for additional bishops and of its remedy. Another instance of the extension of the parochial system. flagrant abuse of endowments and What will be the result time and the dereliction of duty in their manage- session must unfold. ment, has been brought forward by II. What ought, however, to be Mr. Mowatt, at the instance of Mr. the efforts of Church Reformers, we Whiston, the Master of the Rochester have no doubt whatever about; and, Grammar School, who, in a most able in the hope of leading to systematic pamphlet, entitled “ Cathedral Trusts rather than to symptomatic treatment and their Fulfilment,” has developed of the subject, we will endeavour to some of the worst symptoms yet indicate something of a scheme such treated of, but yet has not reached as is needed for the Church. the seat of the disorder in the capitular The first act ought to be one of bodies he has examined into, although simple straight-forward honesty. The he deserves the thanks of every true Church, as at present regulated, preChurch Reformer, for the gallant sents two great anomalies. On the stand and defence he has made. In one hand are a comparatively small the House of Peers, Lord Redesdale number of great prize-holders, conhas brought forward the subject of a sisting of bishops, deans, and canons; revival of the Synodical action of the and, on the other hand, a very large Church, but yet in such a manner as number of very ill-paid incumbents to prove, that while it is a felt want, of parishes, that is in fact, of the hardand while the abeyance of convoca- working clergy, amounting to at least tion is an evil symptom in our Church; four thousand. These latter are always the symptom is regarded more than put forward as the stalking-horse for the malady itself, and the true cor- redress of grievances and correction rective, a properly modified and gra- of abuses; and well indeed they may duated system of deliberative action, be, since nearly all the wealth, if not is little understood or desired.
the whole of it, is derived from the The only measure that has been impoverishment of these ill-paid clergy. carried through Parliament, and that Take a single fact in proof, that stated with most indiscreet and unbecoming by the Episcopal and Capitular Comhaste in the last few days of a long missioners themselves, that they have and wearisome session, is a Bill for to deal with funds arising from tithes helping to alienate Church property, and rent charges amounting to at and to give to the lessees privileges least £650,000 per annum. Now which will benefit them rather than whence do such funds arise but from the Church. It is remarkable to the pauperized incumbencies, which observe how all the partizans of this have been deprived of their great