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of Carpenters, and others, alleging in his complaint that the members of the United Brotherhood were carpenters and joiners banded together chiefly to secure employment in said trade or work for their members, and to prevent other persons of the same trade, not members of the said associatlon, from procuring or retaining such employment, and that persons employing members of the City Carpenters' Association were coerced into discharging them in order to avoid a general strike. Thomas H. McCracken, one of the officers of the City Carpenters' Association, in an affidavit in support of the complaint, stated that, "owing to the persistent and wanton interference of the defendants and their respective associations with the business of plaintiff association, the members thereof have found it, and are daily finding it, more and more difficult to obtain and retain employment in their trade in New York City and elsewhere."

On these allegations the Court denied the relief asked for, it not appearing that the members of the plaintiff association were the objects of a persecution based on determination to exclude them from working at their trade for anybody or under any circumstances. The Court cited with approval the case of Davis vs. Engineers, 51 N. Y. Supp. 180, wherein the Court said:

"There can be no doubt that members of trades unions, as well as other individuals, have a right to say that they will not work with persons who do not belong to their organizations; and whether they say it themselves, or through their organized societies, can make no difference. They have the right by that method to secure employment for their own members.

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It was necessary for the plaintiff to

prove under the averments of his complain, that he was the object of a persecution based upon a determination to exclude him from working at his trade for anybody or under any circumstances."

The case in point is summarized as holding that members of trades unions have the right to secure employment for their own members by saying that they will not work with persons not belonging to their organization, either by themselves or through their union. Tallman vs. Gaillard et al., 57 N. Y. Supp. 419.

Fooling the Workingmen.

If ever there was a land cursed by false pretense, it is the United States, and if ever there were people easily deluded, they are Americans. Some years ago the good people of this country felt it incumbent on themselves to save a few souls, therefore, hosts of missionaries were sent to the "Sandwich" Islands, as they were then called. These missionaries proceeded to save the soul of every Kanaka, and for this soul-saving service took all the tillable land the ignorant natives possessed. They then overthrew the native government and established what they called a "republic," but disfranchised every person who did not possess wealth and restricted the qualifications of office holders to the wealthy class. In the meantime the original missionaries had passed over the River Jordan and joined the souls they had been instrumental in saving, and left to their posterity the raising of cane with native labor. These plantation proprietors, whose papas were sent to convert the Kanakas, found that the latter were indolent, and, when driven to labor with kicks and cuffs, fled to the hills and existed on wild fruits. They

then set about to importing Chinese insist that we are an integral part of the Republic. We are increasing our plantations, but we are securing laborers for them, on the theory that Hawaii is not actually American territory.

and Japanese coolies, and enacted contract" labor laws which made of these coolies veritable slaves. They then concluded that Japan was about to break up slavery in Hawaii, so they asked the United States to annex the Islands. The job was done, and now, while standing off Japan by claiming to be a part of the United States, these sons of missionaries ignore every labor law of the United States and continue to import thousands of contract labor

slaves.

The inspector at Honolulu, in an of ficial report to the Commissioner General of Immigration, says that the whole number of Japanese laborers admitted to the islands since annexation is 12,180. Of this number 10,993 were contract laborers. These contracts are simply that the laborers shall work for the contractor three years on stipulated terms, At the end of that period they are at liberty to remain in the country or leave it at their own pleasure.

About half of the population, the Inspector says, is Asiatic, and of this number the Japanese exceeds the Chinese by about 10,000. He predicts that before the end of the present year the Asiatic population of the islands will largely exceed all other nationalities combined, and that the excess of Japanese over Chinese will be fully double what it is now

Commenting on the manner in which the plantation owners of Hawaii are ignoring the immigration laws of the United States, without interference by United States officials, the Pacific Commercial Advertiser of Honolulu says:

Is not our attitude in this matter an unsafe one? We are quite willing to remain beyond the sphere of the American Constitution and laws, so far as the labor supply is concerned. But in regard to benefits under the protective laws of the United States, we

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Last month lengthy selections were published in the LoCOMOTIVE FIREMEN'S MAGAZINE from a series of articles running in the Engineering Magazine on the subject of "Machine Shop Management in Europe and America." The author of the article was one H. F. L. Orcutt, and his seeming knowledge of British and Continental machine shop practice led to the statement that he was an English writer." This belief was strengthened by his palpable ignorance of American trades unions, he having stated that he was "not acquainted with one American machine shop employe whose work or progress is influenced by an organiza

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I ports, forbid the employment of any member of the Miner's Union — and give the people a taste of what an imperial government can do when it tries. Mr. Patrick Reddy, a prominent lawyer of San Francisco, who was in the district, writes to the San Francisco Call:

Such rot exposes the ignorance of Mr. Orcutt. It is evident that he has never heard of the fact that American trades unions have reduced the working day to eight hours in all machine shops of the United States Government. The Bureau of Printing is "union" from cellar to garret. Practically all the first-class American printers are members of the International Typographical Union; practically all the first-class American bricklayers, plumbers, cigarmakers, locomotive engineers, locomotive firemen, railway conductors and railway brakemen are members of unions. While other trades are not so strongly organized, Mr. Orcutt will, perhaps, learn some day that his ignorance of the subject was extremely dense when he wrote the

article.

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A trade unionist at Burke, Idaho, writes Mr. W. J. Walker, editor of the Spokane Freemen's Labor Journal:

The scenes and treatment at Wardner are described as most horrible. One could imagine such things being done by Spaniards to Cuban prisoners, but it is hard for an American citizen to believe unless actually witnessed.

Just imagine about 400 American citizens, all of whom are innocent of any crime, many of whom do not even belong and taken to Wardner, there shut up in an to labor organizations, herded into box cars old barn to suffer from cold and hunger, guarded by a lot of half-civilized negro soldiers, who cuffed and kicked them about without mercy, subjecting them to the most insulting indignities and language, left half below and half in the loft among to suffer crowded into a barn 50 x 70 feet, hay and dirt of all descriptions, left to suffer without food or water for twentyfour hours, not even let out to obey nature's calls, so that in a short time the floor became so filthy that the filth was dropping down upon the heads of the poor shivering wretches below.

One by one they are being taken out and subjected to what is called an examination by the creature of corporations, B. Sinclair, who after a few questions sends these innocent men back, as he says "' until they can jog their memories and give him some

information as to the 29th." All this done under the pretense of a trial by martial law. When no martial law has been legally declared, simply a proclamation made by a Governor who no doubt is well paid by the Bunker Hill & Sullivan Company, which is another name for the Standard Oil Company. Alas for the United States and the American flag; she is indeed in the hands of the shylocks. Will the workingmen of America stand this? The actions of the company and their hirelings, the scab deputies, are but a taste of what the rest of our brother workingmen will receive, and as a citizen of this great republic, I must put in my protest and ask our brothers to wake before it is too late, before the shackless are so firmly bound that resistance would be useless.

The deputies have taken the safe and all the property of the union and the Western Labor Union, so that we are left without funds of any description.

Now, Brother Walker, these are the facts, which I shall endeavor to send you by registered mail, All ordinary mail is opened and read. I shall not sign my name, as if this was opened it would mean my instant arrest and most likely a long imprisonment.

If the United States military authorities treat American citizens in this manner, God pity the poor, ignorant wretches of foreign lands who fall into their power. This is but a taste of what is in store when militarism is in the saddle. Plutocracy demands an immense standing army and it remains to be seen what the American workingman will say concerning such a proposition.

A Problem for Thought.

How different are the methods employed for making these so-called prosperity announcements. How different in form, how different in type used, how different in space occupied, how more widely circulated. What a contrast from the periodical, frequent and silent notices of reductions made for years, made without the blare of trumpets, without the enlistment of the daily press; made by a simple process by posting a notice of reduction in the various factories and workshops. And why is it thus? It is not our intent to dwell upon this point at this time. We rather submit this as food for reflection. Let the wage worker himself solve the question in his own way of reasoning. 迪

Government by Injunction.

The following article. from the United Mine Workers Journal demonstrates what the miners think of the federal judiciary:

Judge Rodgers, of the Federal Court of Arkansas, has given the working people of America another illustration of Federal Court justice by passing sentence upon some coal miners for an imaginnary violation of his patriotic (?) decrees. They were arrested at the instigation of the coal companies, solely upon suspicion, and given, as we believe, an unfair trial in which the evidence produced was submitted by the coal company and its "flunkies," containing no semblance of truth or justice, charging certain men with violation of the law as handed down by this august dignitary, whereupon the court proceeded to administer one of those thrilling curtain lectures upon the dignity and sacredness of law from his point of view, avowing his determination to put an end to this thing," and pathetically telling the accused that it became his solemn duty to make an example out of them so that other would-be

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The Piano and Organ Workers' Jour-offenders of the law would tremble with nal says of the hysterical manner in

which the public press announces every increase in wages that is being made: Recent events would indicate that an era of prosperity has come at last to brighten the horizon of the wage worker. The daily press prints in a profusion of type the voluntary advances made in the wages of numerous toilers by various manufacturers.

fear and comply with the company's behest without murmuring. After the curtain lecture, with eyes filled with tears (?), and with an awful solemnity resting upon all in the court-room that was only broken by the occasional sight of the judge, he announced that the accused would be incarcerated four months in the United States jail, together with costs of prosecution.

American citizens, in a free country,

given what we believe to be an unfair trial and without a chance of defense, or any semblance of guilt, subjected to four months' imprisonment and pay cost of prosecution upon the request of a soulless, greedy, villainous coal corporation. We presume Mr. Rodgers intended us to understand that he was going to destroy the miners' union when he declared his intention of " "putting an end to this thing."

If so, we wish to serve notice upon him now that he has undertaken a job that he will never get completed, and although he may possess the present power to punish what we believe to be innocent men without cause, retributive justice is upon his track and in time will overtake him as it has others of his kind, and long after his withered soul has writhed beneath the searching glance of a just and avenging God the miners' union will still continue to administer its offices of justice and equality. Such actions as these only tend to hasten the fall of Federal power as it is at present delegated to a few men. We believe in being law-abiding, but we do not consider the obnoxious, unfair, tyrannical decrees of what we believe to be a biased judge, who shows his contempt and injustice toward jaboring people by his every action, worthy of being classed as law in a land where men are supposed to be freemen.

Good citizens, torn from their families, disgraced, incarcerated in jails and penitentiaries fined and tormented by capital through these officers is a putrifying sore upon our body politic that is sending up a stench into the nostrils of American citizenship that will soon become unbearable. The Government should start a school for the cultivation of patriotism among the laboring classes and install Judges Rodgers and Jackson as instructors.

Suppose workingmen would discuss and vote such issues as " government by injunction" instead of being hypnotized with the money question, or some other complex problem that never will be settled. Suppose the workingmen demanded that all parties incorporate "government by injunction" in their respective platforms-and then see that pledges are carried out.

The Order of Railroad Telegraphers,

at their recent convention, adopted the following resolution :

"WHEREAS, We view with alarm the ar

bitrary interference of Federal judicial authorities in local and National affairs, and denounce it as a violation of the Constitution of the United States and a crime against free institutions, and we especially object to government by injunction as a new and highly dangerous form of oppression by which Federal judges, in contempt of the laws of the States and rights of citizens, become at once legislature, judges and executors; therefore, be it

Resolved, That the Order of Railroad Telegraphers in convention assembled in the city of Peoria, Ill., May 23, 1899, do respectfully urge and pray that Congress pass a law, so as to restrict the Federal judges in cases of contempt; that the spirit as well as the letter of the Constitution of the United States shall be fully preserved to the people, and that the greatest liberty and freedom consistent with the common good of all shall be enjoyed, as was intended by our forefathers, and by them bequeathed to us, their descendents.

New York Labor Report.

Upon the recommendation of Governor Roosevelt the Legislature of that state provided for issuing quarterly bulletins from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. From the advance sheets of Bulletin 1, for June, sent by Mr. John Labor McMackin, Commissioner of Statistics, it is learned that the new convict labor law has proved a success.

"One of the most noteworthy changes in prison methods that has been made in recent years has been accomplished in the abolition of the contract labor system by the Revised Constitution of 1894," says the Bulletin. "The convicts and prisoners now work only for the public institutions and departments of the state. Instead of an increase of idleness in the state prisons, it is found that the demands of the public institutions will supply work for a much larger prison population; hence the new

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