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BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.
The Committee for conducting the affairs of this invaluable Institution has recently published some highly interesting Extracts from their Correspondence, since issuing their last Report, and we embrace the earliest opportunity of laying before our readers so much of it as comports with our restricted means. We begin with an excellent Letter from Prince Galitzin, President of the Russian Bible Society, to Lord Teignmoutb, President of the British and Foreign Bible Society.
St. Petersburgh, October 18, 1816. My Lord.
The constant and sincere participation which unites the British and Foreign and Russian Bible Societies, causes me to feel a most particular pleasure in fulfilling the request ef the Members of our Committee, by communicating to your Lordship some circumstances regarding the cause of the Bible Society in Russia.
I esteem it therefore my first duty to notice the new grant of 20001. made by your Society, for the purpose of providing stereotype plates for the Lettish and Esthonian Bibles; as also the fount of Turkish types for the use of the Scottish Missionaries in Astrachan, in order to enable them to print, on our account, an edition of the New Testament in the Tartar language. Our Committee feel, in all its extent, the high worth of that Christian charity which actuates the Members of the London Committee, inducing them to furnish with the words of eternal life the inhabitants of regions so remote, and to them entirely strange; but upon whom, regarding them as their brethren, they wish to shower down the same blessings, which they endeavour in the most abundant measure to impart to their own countrymen. This holy impulse is evidently the fruit produced by the power of the Same word which the Bible Society seeks to propagate every where. The Committee of the Russian Bible Society accept of this new aid from an Institution, animated by the same spirit with our own, with feelings of the most lively gratitude, and feel themselves inflamed thereby to repay your generosity by their labours in the same work, for the benefit of our fellow men, who stand in need of that volume which contains the words of salvation to mankind. By such mutual co-operation, when each, according to his ability an« opportunities, promotes the common cause, when one offers the means, and the other, frooi his peculiar situation, has it
in his power to employ them, the object of the Bible Society is attained in the most advantageous manner. May we not in this instance apply the words of the apostle Paul: " Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord. And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketb all in all."
It is truly pleasing to observe, how rapidly a most earnest desire to read the words of eternal life spreads in our country. Copies of Bibles and Testaments in different languages are demanded by thousands; and, notwithstanding our utmost exertions to prepare many different editions, the Committee are unable to comply with the greatest part of these demands, not only in the Slavonian, but even in the German, Finnish, Esthonian, Lettish, and various other languages. On the one hand, it pain* the Members of the Committee, to be unable to provide, with this spiritual nourishment, every one who is hungering for the bread of life; and therefore they hasten, as much as possible, to multiply copies of that book which contains it; but on the other hand, they rejoice in seeing that their labour is not in vain in the Lord, and that, by assistance from on high, they are enabled to excite and to satisfy this hunger at the same time; and this spurs them on to still greater exertions. The expenses of the Society, in publishing different editions of the Holy Scriptures, increase exceedingly. Our monthly expenses, at present, far exreed the whole expenses of our first year.
As the object of the Society becomes more extensively known, the number of our Branch Societies increase. To this, the journey of Mr. Pinkerton has greatly contributed.
The formation of the Bible Societies in the Southern Provinces, opens for us a door for providing not only our countrymen, but even the Greeks in Turkey, especially in the Lesser Asia, (Anatolia,) with New Testaments. Already the most active measures are taken for this purpose. An Address to them in the Modern Greek language has been printed iiere, and sent to these places; in which our Grecian brethren are informed of the object and success of the Bible Society, and are invited to read the Holy Scriptures. Many copies of the New Testament have also been forwarded to them. Depots have been formed, and are forming, in different places in the South, particularly in Theodosia, for supplying their wants; and thousands of Greek Testamenu »re destined for them. The stereotype plates for the Modern Greek, which onr Committee have newly obtained from London, will aid us greatly in this work. The light of the Gospel, which, in former times, flowed from Greece into Russia, now begins to reflect its life-giving rays from our parts buck again on those from which we originally received it. Glory be to God, the lover of the human rare, who deigns not only to make sinful men partakers of his' salvation, but even increases their felicity, by enabling them mutually to communicate to one another the means of knowing and enjoying the same.
Beside this, there are other prospects, which unexpectedly open on us, and which lead to the obtaining of the same object It is known, that in the Lesser Asia, and other places in the Turkish Empire, many Greeks and Armenians hate gradually lost the knowledge of their vernacular tongues, and now understand only the Turkish, while in their writing they use only the Greek or Armenian characters. The Rev. Mr. Pinkerton, in his journey in the South, has found some of the books of the holy Scriptures in manuscript, in the Turkish language, written with Greek characters. These manuscripts, which have been sent hither, may enable us to commence something for these neglected people. He also encourages a hope, that it may he possible to obtain manuscripts of the Scriptures in the Turkish, written in the Armenian characters. In the mean time, an Armenian Archimandrite, named Seraphim, who has travelled much in the west of Asia, and who has acquired a knowledge of the Turkish dialect spoken by his countrymen in those parts, has expressed his willingness, in conjunction with another Armenian residing in St. Petersburgh, to render the New Testament into this dialect, with Armenian characters. They have already begun tbeirwork.
Divine Providence seemslikewise to be opening the way for completing the translation of the whole Bible in the Tartar dialect. Mr. Pinkerton has discovered, near Baktchisaray, in the Crimea, by the Karaim Jews, a manuscript containing the whole Old Testament, in a kind of Tartar idiom, written with Hebrew characters. This precious manuscript being j arrived here, a volume o' it was sent to the Scotch Missionaries in Astrachan, who, after having examined it, informed I us, that, although the dialect in which it 1 is written, is far from being the same! which is spoken by our Nogay, Kasan, I and Crimea Tartars, it will, notwithstanding, be of great use to them in the translation they have undertaken of the Old Testament in the same Tartar dialect in which the New Testament already exists, I Copies of the Persian New testament
are received by the Persians with the greatest eagerness, many hundreds of which have already been conveyed into Persia. The edition of the Gospel by Matthew in the Calmuck language, is nearly exhausted. The Burials, or the Brattki, who live in Siberia, whose language is the same as the Calmuck or the Mongolian, with some difference in their written characters, expect and desire to have an edition "of the books of the true word of God," as they express themselves, printed for them, and have collected, tor this purpose, among themselves, about 18,000 rubles. Copies are also required by our Asiatic neighbours in the Arabic language. What an extensive field presents itself for the exertions of the Russian Bible Society, only in regard to these different people I But how shall I describe to your Lordship the pressing want of the Holy Scripture* among the inhabitants of this Empire, who are properly of Russian origin, and who speak the Russian language? The present demands extend to tells of thousands. The Moscow Committee inform us, that they could distribute alone 100,000 Russian Bibles, if they had them. Entire governments, whole dioceses, and circles of Bible Societies, raise their voices to our Committee, and intreat us to satisfy the spiritual hunger of millions of our countrymen; a hunger, which the distribution of the lively oraoles of the living God has excited. The Russian clergy every where show the most unbounded zeal in promoting the cause of the Society. The peasants, by their free-will offerings, proportioned to their means, manifest also their readiness to support the cause. The German colonists in Russia, as well Protestants as Catholics, desire also to be pul in possession of the pearl of great price. In one word, it is impossible not to see that the work of the Bible Society is supported from on High, and that it is not the work of man, but of Him, who himself foretold to' his disciples, that "the gospel of the kingdom should be preached in all the world, for a witness unto all nations." Thanks be to Him for fulfilling, in such a glorious manner, in our days, what He has thus foretold! What a comfort, to be instruments, however weak, in accomplishing such great events, connected with the happiness of the human race! The members of the Russian Bible Society, treading in the steps of the British and Foreign Bible Society, reckon it their greatest honour and happiness to labour for the spiritual good of their neighbours; and, far from being disheartened by all the difficulties arising from increased engagements and accumulated expenses, feel more, and more encouraged, inasmuch as the increase of labour and expense prove the reality of their success.
The communications from the British and Foreign Bible Society are peculiarly encouraging* to us. Indeed, such mutual communications, concerning our undertakings and success, proving, that the same spirit enlivens both Societies, that similiar impulses are leading us to the same useful end, must animate us on both sides to farther labour, that so the name of our Saviour, who gave us his word, and appointed us to distribute it among our brethren of all different languages and dialects, may be glorified.
While the Russian Bible Society exists, it will never cease to communicate with a Society from which it received its first impulse; and we hope also that you will continue to favour us with your communications, which are always so animating, and which tend so much to promote the common cause. As for me, it is very flattering to be the interpreter of the feelings of our Committee, and to have an opportunity to express the esteem with which 1 have the honour to be, Your Lordship's
Most obedient and devoted Servant,
'Prince ALEXANDER GAL1TZIN,
President of the Russian Bible Society.
From His Excellency Count Rosenrlad, President of the Swedish Bible Socio. . ty, to the Right Hon. the President.
Stockholm, August 9, 1810. 'My Lord,
f The Swedish Bible Society having experienced renewed tokens of that good-will and persevering beneficence with which the British and Foreign Bible Society embraces all Institutions established for dispersing the Holy Scriptures, hereby expresses the sincerest gratitude, for its kindness, as well as for the SOW. given this year to the Swedish Bible So-: ciety, and the 200/. to that in Westerns, whereby we have been euabled to dispose of a great number of Bibles among those poor people, with whom the country is replete.
The Society has with great satifaction beheld the friends of Holy Writ daily increase. Those who heretofore were in want of this Divine Book, are now enabled to make daily use of it. Many who formerly neither acknowledged the real value of this blessed volume, nor experienced its sanctifying influence, have been enlightened by the Spirit of God, and look upon the Holy Scriptures with a more pious regard. The spirit of levity and mockery that prevailed, as to the doctrines of revelation, has considerably given way to a more serious and devout attention to their important contents. The Most High, having begun a good work, will also wisely and gra~ -iously bring the same to its consumma
Assuring the British Bible Society, and every one of its members, of our unalterable attachment, esteem, and gratitude, we wish them grace, peace, and blessing from above.
(Signed) M.ROSENBLAD, President of the Swedish Bible Society. JOH. JAC. HEDREN, Sec.
From His Royal Highness the Crown Prince of Denmark, to the Right Hon. Lord Teignmouth.
Copenhagen, Oct. 25, 1816. I feel great satisfaction in requesting the British and Foreign Bible Society to accept my particular thanks for its handsome present of some editions of the Holy Scriptures, published under its auspices. It will remind me qf the attention showo by that most meritorious Society to those endeavours, which, aithti' limited to a narrow sphere of operation. conduce to the same great and heaeticcnt purpose. Nor do I feel less pleasure in availing myself of this opportunity to express my high regard for the Society, and the good-wishes I shall never fail tat entertain for the successful progress of an Institution, on which I pray the blessings of Divine Providence may ever rest.
From the Rev. Professor Leander ran Ess. Marburg, August 29, 1816. I Am solicited by multitudes who hunger and thirst after the word of God. \ could easily dispose of above 30,OOQ copies of my New Testament among Catholics, arid of several thousands of Luther's Bible, among Protectants, particularly those with a large print. I have no more Bibles of Luther's version left; all the store in hand consists of a few hundred New Testauients; and I am truly concerned for the people who crowd arqund my house for Bibles, as well as for those whq pyerwhelm me with written applications. My heart is almost broken at being obliged to send then) away empty. May your noble Society not slacken in its generous efforts, but continue to do good, and to work while it is yet day, before the night sets in. May your Society continually hear the voice of multitudes offering up thanks for the peace and consolation which they have found in the W«>rd of God; let it attend to the supplications of thousands still hungering aftesr the heavenly manna; and may the God of mercy, who never leaves unrewarded those, who dispense only a cup of c«>ld water to the thirsty, incline your hearts to relieve these spiritual necessities! .
From a Catholic Gentleman in Swabia. December 18, 1816. Thanks to your Committee, the seed of (lie word of God is now sown ; many, many a good soil has kindly received it. God will give it increase. A growth in divine knowledge, and an increase in faith and love to Jesus Christ, are already visible in many thousand souls. May it continue to prosper, and bring forth the fruit of the kingdom of God, both here on earth, and beyond the grave, where hope will be exchanged for a brighter and eternal contemplation of the elorv of God! B y
A desire after the heavenly book of the New Testament shows itself among all classes, and is continually increasing. A great number of the Clergy in this Diocese are actively engaged in pronoting a more universal knowledge of it. we moral, effects, likely to be produced, »re incalculable. A venerable old man of seventy-two, Chaplain in R—, had no sooner heard that 1 had sent some copies of the New Testament to the Dean •f the Chapter, than he ordered his horses to be put too, and drove immediately to the Dean, fearing all the copies jn'Sht be disposed of, and begged to let "ira have two dozen, saying to him: I am on the brink of the grave, what legacy more precious could I leave to my near relations than the invaluable word of our blessed Redeemer."
I have been enabled to distribute, in the course of this year, 9,436 copies of the Testament.
ANECDOTES. When the following lines of Pope were read to Gopalii Tiirkalunkara, a learned Bramhun, he started from his seat, begged for a copy of them, and declared that the Author must have been a Hindoo:—
"All are but parts of one stupendous whole, Whose body nature is, and God the soul ;— Warms in the sun, refreshes in the breeze, Glows in the stars, and blossoms in the trees; Uves ttn<ou£h all life, extends through all
, extents. Spreads undivided, operates unspent."
The above Anecdote is related by Mr. Ward in his Hindoo Mythology, and affords a striking parallel to the unwelcome compliment which the new Bishop of Landau" received from Peter Gan oolphy.
A person in the Methodist connection »nce remarked to the Rev. Jabez Brown, of Stow-market, that he should he satisfied if he got far enough into heaven to see John Wesley. "I hope," replied the worthy minister, " to get go far in.as to see Jesus Christ."
The Rev. Francis Augustus Cox, A. M. proposes to deliver a Series of Lectures at his place of worship, Mare Street, Hackney, on the last Tuesday in every Month, on Ecclesiastical HisTory, with a particular view to a copious and distinct illustration of the inleference of Providence in the affairs of the church, throughout the successive centuries of the Christian era. The first of these Lectures will be delivered on Tuesday Evening, March 25<A, at halfpast Six o'Clock. Subject, The Doctrine of a Providence slated: the second Lecture in April will respect the manifestations of Providence to the Primitive church. •
Theabove Lectures are intended chiefly to communicate information to Young People, and to direct their inquiries.
Mr. Allen's Translation of Dr. Outram's valuable Dissertationsoo Sacrifices, is expected to appear about the end of this month, or early in April.
Anew and greatly enlarged edition by the Author, of the Rev. Rowland Hill's Celebrated Village Dialogues, is in the press, and will be completed in about 24 Numbers. No. 1. will appear on the first of April, with a portrait of the Author. Price 6d.
The Rev. Sir Adah Gordon has in the press a Course of Lectures on the Church Catechism, for every Sunday in the year.
A Reply to a Letter from a Rector to his Curate, on the subject of the Bible Society, by a Deacon of the Church of England. Price 2s. 6d. •
The Rev. Mr. Bicheno has in the Press, An Examination of the Prophecies, with a vidw to ascertain the probable issue of the recent restoration of the Old Dynasty; of the revival of Popery; and of the present mental ferment in Europe: as likewise how far Great Britain is likely to share in the calamities by which Providence will accomplish the final overthrow of the kingdom of the Roman Monarchy.
Rev. Mr. Barker of Towcester is publishing a Sermon addressed to Young Persons, entitled Youth admonished of many sources of danger, destructive to religious feeling.
Mr. W. Beck has published, dedicated to the Lord Mayor, a new Edition of Dr. Prich's Observations on the Nature of Civil Liberty, and the Principles of Government.
A New Weekly Paper, entitled "The Philanthropic Gazette," has lately appeared, of which Nine Numbers are now published. It is particularly adapted for the use of Religious Families and Schools, by the omission of every thing indelicate or improper for the perusal of young persons. .m
Faith lights the path Tm call'd to tread,
So when on derated ground.
CONSOLATION CNDER BEREAVEMENT.
Cclsttlu Mom! Whe* the cold hud of
death Freeze* the stream of social happiness To what refreshing ware, what living spring. Shall the bereaved ro? A scanty rill, Bitter to taste, is all that reason shows. Celestial Muse ! thou, as with Motes' rod. Can strike the/tony rock, and there obtain Rivers of Consolation.
Awfnl Death! • O say not, " Tis a necessary end. Coming when 'twill come ;* say if we be
Christ's All things are oars, things present, things to
come, * . ■
All length, all depth,—and death itself is oars.
Death is the Christian's friend. Of all man- ■ * kind,
Who but the Christian welcomes his approach,
Except it be a wretched maniac, .
That knows not what his awful message is?
So the youog widow, upon Ganges* banks.
Shares with her husband's corse the burning pile;.
Rears loud and fearful the tempestuous surge.
Impatiently seeks refuge—in the deep.
The Christian dies in faith: his heart re* verts With gratitude and wonder to the past. Humble, but full of hope, anticipates The unknown bliss to come. O! he is glad A* angels are, with joy unspeakable.
Heav'n chastens whom it loves. Perhaps
the dead Are taken from our arms, that we chasliz'd, A wounded spirit, unsupportable May never kuow; that we who mourn their
May not for ever mourn. He sees, perhaps, Who sees the heart, affection for a worm, Supplanting in the bosom love divine. Because the dazzled eye transpierces not These low material skies, he brings a. cloud Over the sun of our prosperity, That far off in the heavens we may see, The everlasting city lifting up Its pinnacles of gold.—Weep then, but say "High as the heaven's are above the earth, So above human are the ways of God, So are his thoughts the thoughts of man above!" Hereafter, to remember that we mourn'd, , May wake to sweeter tones the lyres of
How sweet by Faith to trace the way,
Thus In the valley and the shade.
LIFE HOW SHORT! How short the space assigned to man, His age is but a little span,
And like a winter's day: And time is swiftly on the wing/ And shortly will the summons bring,
To call the soul away. Are we possess'd of blooming health, Of earthly toys or glitfring wealth,
While here we dwell beneath? Whene'er the messenger shall call, Alas! the stately tree must fall,
To sleep the sleep of death. Then let us leave the things of earth. For those which are of greater worth,
And serve t' enrich the mind^ Press on to win the heavenly prize* Which now we have before our eyes,
And cast the world behind!
THE STREAM OF TIME. It chanced that in a waking dream, A running brook, as I sat by, .„
Tis thus methought with time's swift sire
And what are these so little specks,
How fair yon hill, how green J"1**!?' e.
Is strength-iA-m flow's*, and where are J
Man's fragile bark thou driftest too.
Blessed is he who when thy wave,
Is motionless and dried away.
Sees through eternity, thy grave,
A lasting calm—a brighter day I
Flow on dark stream! unless on thee,
Smiles yonder star, so mild, so dear,
It cares me not, how swift ye flee.
How short the day 1 wander here. ff *,