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or risking any of the tenets of, his creed. The principal articles of the church of England were, to fear God, love the king, and do good to your neighbour. Now, this institution effected the first, by potting the best guide to future happiness'in the hands of children; it inculcated the second, by the common feelings of gratitude which belonged to their nature, for ungrateful indeed must they be if they forgot the duty they owed a sovereign who bad so bountifully bestowed his patronage upon their work; and surely they could not be accused of inattention to the third article, when the sphere of their benevolence embraced the whole human race. So far from there being any existence of jealousy between the National Institution and the present, he hoped and thought that the former would give the £ 1,400 wanted by the latter, if application were made for such a grant, as a just tribute of acknowledgment to the parent society! The honourable baronet rcfer'fed to the minutes of the committee of education in the house of commons, as evidence to shew, on the authority of several clergymen, that the progress of education among the poor had a decided operation in reducing the heavy burthen of the poor rates.

Mr. Yeoland (of Malta) drew a melancholy picture of the state of education .among the Maltese. In one part of the island, containing a population of 10,000, not 1,900 were educated. He concluded by a motion of thanks to the Treasurer and Secretary.

Mr. John Pugh, in seconding this motion, complimented the society on the principles by which they were actuated, and took occasion to praise the Bible Societies, with whom their system of education was closely blended. The object of the one was to put the book into the hands of the poor, and of the other to teach them to read it.

The Rev. Dr. Schwabe said, that Bo thanks were due to him for his labours; the Treasurer (Mr. Allen) being, in reality, the person entitled to them, for his active and unceasing benevolence. The reverend doctor made an eloquent allusion to the interest which a distinguished dignitary of the church took in their proceedings, and when he named the Right Rev. the Bishop of Norwich, he felt persuaded the meeting would think with him, that be spoke of a character who united the most exalted patriotism with the greatest liberality of principle. He concluded by reading the following letter, which he had received from the Bishop of Norwich, as an apology for his Lordship's inability to attend at the present meeting:—

"Sir—Warmly attached to the great objects of your truly wise and general institution, because firmly convinced that

every government on the face of the earth will be found happy, peaceable, and quiet, in proportion as its subjects are free, and possessed, at the same time, of a good system of general education, to hinder their freedom from degenerating into licentiousness: it would give me real pleasure to be present at your meeting on the 12th instant; but the variousdutiesof a very laborious diocese, make it impossible for me to be absent at this season of the year. I am, Sir," &c. &c.

The Rev. J. Clayton moved thanks to the Ladies' Committee. The reverend gentleman took a strong and decided view of the advantages of the institution, and illustrated from holy writ the paramount importance of education. Ignorance was the pnrentof vice and crime; and when the Jewish seer described the state of lying into which the community of his day had fallen, he also declared its cause; because, said he, "There is no knowledge in the land." Knowledge was, therefore, strength to the weak, and a puissant arm to the strong. He hoped, therefore, they would all unite in erecting a temple af knowledge over the tomb of bigotry.

Mr. Robert Steven seconded the molion of thanks to the ladies, and drew an affecting picture of the progress of the institution in Ireland, where 23or 24,008 children had been lately educated under its auspices. It was, if possible, still more gratifying to find, that, notwithstanding some partial and important opposition, the catholic clergy of that interesting country, in many instances, came forward as its strenuous supporters, and gave the use of their chapels for schools. As a proof of the influence of education and virtuous habits, he quoted the case of three orphan children, who, while weeping over the corpse of their mother, who had only survived their father a few days, declared their submission and resignation to the will of God, and their confidence that he would provide for them.

The Rev. J. Townsend moved the thanks of the meeting to the Auxiliary Societies. The connexion between them and the Bible Associations was self-evident, and needed no argument. An expression of surprise had been made, that an institution like this had not appeared in earlier times, and soon after the invention of printing: the reason was obvious, because then all teachers were priests, and all sovereigns tyrants, whose mutual interest it was that the people shouM be slaves; to make them which, they were kept in ignorance.

The Rev. Rowland Hill thanked the illustrious chairman for his liberality of sentiment on that and every other occasion; and on that liberality he relied for pardon in differing a little from what his Royal Highness had propounded. It grieved his heart to differ an iota with such a personage, but he could not avoid it. His Royal Highness had said that this was no political meeting. Now, if it was not a political meeting, he (Mr. Hill) did not know what was one.—On the contrary, he thought it was highly political; for what could be more politic, what could be wiser than to educate all people in the most liberal way, and without trenching on their principles of religion, except so far as grounding them in the fundamental precepts of the word of God? How badly politic would it not he to throw aside into ignorance and darkness one half of the population of the empire, because they sought the road of heaven their own way. It, however, fortunately happened, that some important personages in this country turned a deaf ear to such advocates for barbarism; among the number was the venerable and ])ious sovereign and his benevolent sons; they clearly foresaw the anarchy and confusion that would follow the system of exclusion; and by setting the example of adopting a different course, they barred the pass to the throne from all such rebels, and educated the people into loyalty. A worthy baronet (Sir J. Jackson) had said, that he was a staunch member of the church of England, though he supported these sclwols. "So am I," said Mr. Hill, " and I do the same; I am a member of the established church, so far as they'll let me in; and when they won't nlloW me to go any farther within their porch, I go elsewhere to one of my own." The Bible Societies were fairly said to go hand in band with this; the members of one he often found members of the other, and he ventured to say that the royal family shewed their wisdom in coming forward to countenance this system, because it was calculated to unite all bands in support of the throne; for who, but madmen, with such a system of education open to them, would think of subverting the pillar of their strength. The time indeed was, when difference of religion made a man a political delinquent; but those dark clouds had passed away; the bright sun of intelligence now shone in all its splendour, and each man could bask under the shade of his own fig-tree, without envying his neighbour's thoughts or his position, •

His Royal Highness the Duke of SusSex, in allusion to what had fallen from his worthy friend, Mr. Hill, had only to say, that when he disconnected the meeting from identity with politics, he was far from saying that there was no policy in their plan'; so that his worthy friend had made out his point by overlooking one term which he had used, and substituting another which he had not used. His .Royal Highness concluded by pronouncing an eloquent eulogium upon the ser

vices of the late Mr. Joseph Fox, whose memory, he trusted, would be ever dear to them, and whose services, he hoped, before he left the chair, would be recorded in the minutes of their proceedings as an example for future secretaries, to excite their emulation and disinterested services.

This proposition was acceded to with loud approbation, and the meeting separated, after making a handsome collection.

RELIGIOUS LIBERTY.

Several of the public prints have informed us, that the Hon. Charles Noel has been lately fined 40/. for a certain violation of the laws, at which they have obscurely hinted. But as we have been favoured with the particulars from an authority on which we can fully rely, we hope Mr. N. will excuse our laying them before the public;' and we are confident the noble earl (Romney) who was so active in the prosecution, will applaud us for suggesting the caution to other persons, equally unacquainted with the offence.

It seems the late Lord Barham, of Barham Court, has founded a Sundayschool in the village in which he resided, and had been himself in the habit of attending the evening worship carried on therein, with a view to the benefit of the parents of the children, and other inhabitants who may choose to attend. Since his lordship's death, the Hon. Mr. Noel having come to reside in the same mansion, and his health making it imprudent for him to venture out in the cold and damp winter evenings, he thought proper, as a temporary measure, to remove the service to his own house; and without suspecting that he was violating any existing law, he permitted his neighbours and tenants to attend. But to avoid the danger of an error in our statement, we give the following literal extract from the information exhibited in court.

Kent to wit. To the constable of the lower half hundred of Twyfvrd, &c.— "Whereas Information and ComPlaint have been made before us, his Majesty's justices of the peace of the said county, by the Rt. Hon. Charles, Earl of Romney, that the Hon. Charles Noe), of Barham Court, in the parish of Teston, &c. did on Sunday, the ?lh day of January last past, knowingly permit and sutler a certain congregation or assembly for Religious Worship of ProTestants, (at which there were present more than twenty persons, to wit, thirty, or thereabouts, besides the immediate family and servants of the said Charles Noel,) to meet in the said mansion-house and premises, occupied by the said C. N, as aforesaid,—the said mansion and premises not having been duly certified and registered—according to the directions »f the statutes in such case made and provided," &c. &c.

This document was signed by five magistrates of the above county, and the appearance fixed for the 1st of April, on which day the following witnesses were also summoned to attend, viz. the Rev. John Keunedy, vicar of Teston, Rev. R. Wood,curate of Nettlested,—Nettlefold, parish clerk of Teston, I). Thompson, steward at Bar ham Court, Jas. Gardiner Jeffery, of Yelding, gent, and Jn. King, late servant to the said Rev. John Kennedy; but of whom only two were called in evidence.

Mr. Thompson having proved the occupancy of the house by Mr. Noel, then delivered a letter to the chairman of the sitting, which being read, wasexpressivcnf regret, that under mistaken views he had violated the law, and submitting to the decision of the bench to what degiee of penalty his error had made him liable. Rev. Mr. Kennedy being sworn, was interrogated by Lord Romney, whether more than twenty persons were present, beside Mr. N.'s domestics, and whether there were any besides parishioners of Teston, answered bjth questions in the affirmative.

Here Lord Romney said, that he thought it necessary to observe, that, as complainant and informer, he took the whole matter upon himself, and added, that he had learned with surprise and astonishment, that Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Wood, two clergymen of the church of England, should countenance by rheir presence the illegal proceedings of Barham Court. In reply to this, Mr. Kennedy begged leave to impress upon the minds of his lordship and the bench, that for reasons assigned in the letter read by the chairman, he was equally unconscious that the assembly at Barham Court was illegal, and referred to what had been t(le practice at the school in the time of Lord Barham.

Mr. Kennedy added, that he could assert from Mr. Noel's authority, that no one could more venerate our laws, or was more desirous to pay all due respect to magistrates; that his error had been unintentional, and arose from misconception; and respecting his public sentiments he need not intrude farther upon their time. But as Mr. N. was not present (being called to attend the death-bed of a beloved sister in a distant county,) he requested the indulgence of the bench to otter a few'words upon his private character, to which, in bis absence, he could speak more freely. He had known him from infancy to manhood, and hesitated not to say, that a person of more solid practical Christianity—of more amiable manners, of more humane benevolence— or greater generosity of mind, or with a greater degree of the milk of human kindness, he had never known; and was persuaded he might affirm, be would not

knowingly do the least injury to any human being, but would rejoice in doing good to all, and more especially that good which ended not with the present life: in a word, he was the gentleman and the christian! With such dispositions, such views, and such intentions, the degree of criminality attached to an error in his judgment, and the degree of punishment it merited, might cheerfully be submitted to the decision of the bench.

After some farther conversation, the witnesses were ordered to withdraw, but in a few minutes recalled, and informed that the bench had convicted Mr. Noel in the full penalty of Forty Pouvds, for two offences, on Dec. 31, 1815, and Jan. 7, IS16.

Mr. Thompson, the steward, immediately paid the penalty, and, at the same time enquired whether one moiety of the penalty did not belong to the poor of Teston parish; to which the chairman answered, that when the expencesof the prosecution were paid, of what remained one-half went to the informer (Lord Romney we presume) and the other to the poor!

The reader has the whole case now before him, on which we shall oiler only a few brief remarks. 1. That the prosecution is grounded on the last Toleration Act,and on a clause which seems at the time to have attracted but little notice, as referring only to the registry of l>iss«".,tiug chapel., but which, it Appears, applies equally to niemb.-rs of the ebtalili-hment, not on consecrated ground. 2..That the assembly thus made criminal was not a political, a commercial, or a convivial meeting; nor was the assembly for a ball, but for rtligious worship, ^as the information states) and that on a sabbath-day. 3. The worship is expressly stated to be Protestant, not Roman Catholic, which (as far as we can learn) requires no licence, but simply to enter the name of the officiating priest. 4. That it was not a meeting of Protestant Dissenters, tho' some might possibly be present, they are not named, nor are they involved in the accusation: but Mr. Noel, a member of the church of England, his parish priest, the parish clerk, and tue curate of a neighbouring parish, are particularly named. Now herein seems a difficulty: dissenters may licence a house, or a field, or a barn, for public worship; but a member of the church of England cannot conscientiously do this, as it ranks him without the pale of the establishment: he i( therefore under disabilities unknown to either Catholic or Protestant dissentients. 5. The Act gives magistrates a discretionary power to mitigate the pounds of the penalty to shillings; and it is known that in many cases, as swearing, sabbathbreaking, drunkenness, short weights and measures, and some other faults mentioned in (he late Police Report, magistrates often shew themselves very tender hearted; bat praying and preaching are, it seems, crimes of such enormity, that they admit of no palliation, no mercy! Lastly, in respect to Lord Romney, and to prevent any mistake which might arise from a trifling similiarity of name, we remark, that it was not this noble Earl, but Lord Radnor, who, two or three years since, fined Kent, the Methodist, for saying his prayers in public, without a licence; tho' the Court of King's Bench had afterwards the temerity to reverse the judgment and return the penally.—Par nobile fratrum ! Philanthropic Gazette, Jan. 1.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.

Extract of a Letter from Mr. GolLivbr, dated Cape Henry (Hayti) Aev. 26, 1810.

His Majesty has sent me some young men for monitors, whom I am at present training. A school is building for me at the Cape which will contain from 300 to 400 scholars, at the opening of which his Majesty will be present, and indeed so well pleased is he with the military movements, &c in the school, and finding the sj-sfem, in every respect, so well adapted for this country, and for changing the language, that no exertions will be spared to secure its success. I have every reason lo be pleased with my pupils as to their attention and ability; the ardent desire they have to learn the English language, and every thing else that may be beneficial to them, gives me great encouragement. Last Sunday I commenced a Sunday-school, when the scholars were present in order to hear the scriptures read, this appears lo be the particular desire of fits Majesty,

A Lord's-day evening lecture has lately been established by several of the pastors of Baptist churches in London, at No. 56. Bartholomew Close.

The room is large and commodious, and has hitherto been well attended.

LITERARY NOTICES. Just published. Serious Warnings addressed to various Classes of Persons. By J. Thornton. 1 vol. 12mo.

A Sunday School Dialoguf, in verse, intended to shew the utility aud importance of Sunday Schools. Price 4d.

Instructions For Babes; or Answers in Verse to Scriptural Questions; adapted to the ideas of Children, and designed for Sunday Schools and Private Tuition. By R. Newstead, a Missionary to Ceylon. Price 4d.

CHAPEL OPENED.

On Friday, Sept. 6,1816, a new Bap. tist meeting house was opened at Oldham, Lancashire, under favourable circumstances. Service begun at ten o'clock, A.M. Mr. Littlewood, of Rochdale, read a portion of scripture and prayed. Mr. Stephens, of Manchester, preached from Eph.iv.5. "One baptism." After thesermon, fourteen persons, who had been previously examined bj Mr. Hargreaves, of Ogden, were baptized in a reservoir, near the town, in the presence of from eight to ten thousand spectators. At halfpast two o'clock, P.M. Dr. Steadinan, of Bradford, preached on the nature and order of a gospel church, from the first chapter of Revelations. After the sermon, the newly baptized persons formed themselves into a church, and sat down at the Lord's-table with many members from neighbouring churches, and Mr. Hargreaves presided. At half-past six in the evening, Mr. Fisher preached from 1 Cor. i. 23. All the services were very numerously attended, and conducted with great solemnity. A deep impression seemed to be made on all present. The brethren were edified, strengthened, and greatly comforted, by the rational hope of future success among a people so little acquainted with the gospel of Jesus Christ. Many individuals found jt to be to them a good day. The Lord seemed to be there of a truth.

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On Thursday, November 28, 1816, the first annual meeting of the Society iu Glasgow, auxiliary to the Baptist Mission and Translations in India, was held in the Trades hall, Glassford-street. The < hair was taken at one o'clock, by William Cunningham, Esq. nho was supported by the Rev. Dr. Balfour, and the Rev. Dr. M'Gill, Professor of Divinity in that University. The report of the proceedings of the society for the past year, was read by Mr. Bnchan, the secretary, and Mr. Deakin, the treasurer, gave a statement of the sums received and remitted to the parent institution. After which, the meeting was addressed by the Reverend Doctors Burns and Mitchel, the Reverend Messrs. Carment, of Duke-slreet Gaelic Chapel, Barclay, of Kilwinning, Ewing, of Nile-street meeting-house, and Anderson, of Edinburgh.

Though we do not profess to give a report of any of the speeches, we cannot deny ourselves the pleasure of adverting t« what was stated with much feeling by the chairman, after he had received the thanks of the meeting. * In what has been said by different speakers of tot merits of the gentlemen who conduct the mission in India, I most heartily concur. Those who have spoken on that subject, however, know their character only from report; but I can speak from personal knowledge—from intimate acquaintance with the missionaries themselves. While in India, eighteen years ago, I often met with Mr. Carey in a small house, where he communicated religious instruction to a few poor natives. Little did I think then that a work so small in its beginning, should, in a few years, excite such interest in the Christian world, or that I should have the honour of presiding in a meeting like this in the city of Glasgow.' He gave the most decisive testimony to the ability and zeal of the missionaries, and eipecled that from their labours, the most

blessed effectswould resultto the immense population of India.

One of the most gratifying spectacles exhibited by this meeting, was the merging of all party differences in the one great cause of the gospel; the speaker! were of different denominations of Christians, yet they all united in recommending the cause of one denomination, not in the article from which it takes its distinctive name, but merely as promoting the truth in which they were all agreed. This is as it should be; and we cordially concur in the wish of one of the speakers, who said he hoped soon to see other denominations of Christians receive similar countenance and support from those who could not follow them in all their peculiarities.

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United Meeting of Prayer, for the Success of the Gospel, at home and abroad; to be held in Bristol, for the Year 1817.

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From the rising of the sun even to the going down of the same, my name shall be great imong the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto ray name, and a pure offering; for my name shall be great among the heathen saith the Lord of hosts. Mal.i. 11.

To begin at Seven o'Clock in the Evening.

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