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I do myself individually regret what I knew of him from other his change. The little personal sources, led me to believe that I intercourse I had with him, and should find in him a friend to
bible altogether. We cannot, however, even for the present, take our leave of Dr. Carpenter, without tendering him a word of advice ; and if it should be thought either intrusive or impertinent, in such obscure individuals as we are, presuming to lecture a Doctor in Divinity, we beg leave to remind him, that, in the present instance, he owes it to his own officious conduct. Nothing was ever more apparently spontaneous than his interference on the present occasion. How far his prudence has kept pace with his valour will perhaps more obviously appear hereafter. He would fain per. suade us that he is engaged in a most sincere and disinterested pursuit of divine truth, and he therefore regrets that he is not privileged with the co-operation of Dr, Stock in that noble pursuit. But if such be really his opinion, we use the freedom to tell him, that he is egregiously deceiving himself in an affair of no little importance, and it is therefore an act of benevolence to apprise him of it. It is not Truth that he is in quest of, but pernicious error! and there are two characteristic marks or evidences of it, which, if duly considered, are in themselves quite sufficient to decide the question. The system which he is bending all his efforts to support, stands in direct opposition to the highest display of the divine glory-and to the eternal happiness of his fellow creatures. Is it possible to adduce stronger proofs of the falsehood of any Theological system? A brief illustration of each of these positions will close what we have to offer on the present occasion.
1. The system of Socinian doctrine (or, if they like it better, that of Unitarianism) stands in direct opposition to the highest manifestation of the divine glory, that ever was, or ever will be exhibited to the view of men or angels. No doubt, all the works of the blessed God are eminently glorious. When he called the Universe into existence “the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy.” Job xxxviii. 7. This was a signal display of his power, his wisdom, and his goodness, and so “ the heavens declare the glory of God, and the firmament sheweth forth his handy works." Ps. xix. 1. His providence, too, which, while it “wings an angel, guides a spar. row," shews us much of the divine beneficence and care of his creatures, Matt, vi, 26–32. the earth is full of the riches of his goodness. Ps. civ. Yet we learn that it was reserved for the work of redemption (the greatest of all the divine works) to give us a full display of his character as the Just God and the Saviour-that character under which he delights to present himself to the view of guilty men. Ex. xxxiv. 6, 7. Is. xlv. 21. In this stupendous work of mercy, truth, and grace, every perfection of the Godhead shines with everlasting and resplendent lustre, and they all concentrate in and blaze forth from the cross of Christ, where, in the language of the poet, we behold “ Expended Deity on human weal.” His wisdom, power and goodness are herein manifested in another manner than they had ever before been. His holiness, justice and faithfulness are also manifested in the highest possible degree: but that which bears the capital figure, and which could not be discovered in creation or providence, is his sovereign love and mercy, his rich and free grace to the guilty. This is emphatically termed THE RICHES OF HIS GLORY. Rom. ix. 23. the glory of his grace, Eph. i. 6, the riches of his grace and kindness. ch. ii. 7. It is the vicarious sufferings and death of Christ in the room of us who were “ ungodly and without strength” that exhibits his love towards us, to the highest possible advantage, Rom. v. 8. But this is that view of the divine character which Dr. Carpenter is labouring to obscure and eclipse; and we may add, that, in so doing, i
2. All his talents are exerted, not to promote, but to oppose the best interests of his fellow creatures. When the apostle Peter, from a mistaken zeal for the honour of his divine master, set himself to oppose the notion of his sufferings and death in those memorable words, “ Be it far from thee Lord, this shall not happen unto thee,” like the modern Unitarians, he little thought that he was actuated by a diabolical influence, to aim at frustrating the glory of God and the happiness of mankind. But it is added, “ Jesus turned and said unto him, “ Get thee behind me, Satan; thou art an offence unto me; for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.” Matt. xvi. 22, 23. Paul, adverting to the spirit which actuated the unbelieving Jews in putting to death the Lord Jesus and persecuting his apostles, declares that “they pleased not God, and were contrary to all men," i Thess. ii. 15. in other words, they were enemies to God and to the eternal interests of men ; for it will be found invariably to hold good, that the glory of the blessed God and the best interests of our fellow creatures, are promoted by us just so far as our minds are well affected to the gospel of divine grace and, no further.
Appreciating Dr. Carpenter's labours by this touchstone, what now are we to think of them? What can we, indeed, think of a System that degrades the creator of the universe to a level with ourselves that depies the Deity of Him“ in whom dwelt
value and to lore: our pursuits of English fanaticism; and the would, in many respects, have particular sentiments which disbeen similar; and our great ob. tinguisb us as a religious commujects, in more: our love of truth nity have to encounter a proporwould have led us in the same tionate degree of misrepresentadirection; and it would have been tion and obloquy:') but I was cheering, in the duties of my pro. little acquainted with his sbare in fession, to have had his co-opera- those proceedings till after his tion. But it should be stated, change; and I had no direct comthat he was not the official organ munication with him whatever. of the Lewin's Mead Society in I regret that change; and betheir different communications with lieving that it was from truth to me. He took, indeed, an active error, I regret it on his own acshare in the business of the con- count. If, however, in its immegregation at that period, far be- diate or remote influence, it should yond what the state of bis mind be the means of bending his heart fully authorized ; and he com- and life, more and more, to the posed the letter of invitation to obedience and imitation of Christ, me, in which he says, “our city then it must be well with him. has been designated by an eminent
L. CARPENTER, writer, as the nursery and hot-bed
all the fulness of the Godhead"-tbat dares to wrest those scriptures which speak of him as a propitiatory sacrifice, a ransom, a surety, dying the Just for the unjust and redeeming sioners by his blood, and in the face of such authority, wovid place the death of the RedEEMER upon an equality with that of any martyr suffering patiently in the cause of truth-that denies the personality of the Holy Spirit and calls all supernatural influence in the present day only the enthusiasm of fools and visionaries, thereby bereaving believers of all other assistance in working out their own Salvation than what they derive from the exertions of their own corrupt and enfeebled natures -tbat denies the perpetuity of future punishment, and the existence of such a being in the universe as the Devil! Considered in itself, the Unitarian system teems with impiety and blasphemy; and viewed in its unhappy abettors, it exhibits a set of men sinking into the very dregs of worldly conformity, apostatizing from truths in defence of which their forefathers would have died, and retaining nothing of religion but the exterior.
Such is modern Upitarianism-it is (in the language of an eminent writer, whose name we need not quote to Dr. Carpenter)“ it is an hypothesis which staggers all speculation. It is contrary to every maxim of historical evidence; and if pursued to its obvious consequences, involves the overthrow of Christianity, and renders every record of every age suspicious and uncertain. It cuts to the root of all that is distinguishing in the gospel-destroys the necessity and importance of a miraculous interposition, and gives the infidel too much reason to exclaim, that all that was extraordinary was superfluous-and that the apparatus was too expensive and too splendid for the purpose to which it was applied.”
Should Dr. Carpenter or any of his associates, who may be differently minded from us on the subject, think these animadversions deserving of a reply, the press is fairly open to them and they are at full liberty to proceed. We must however entreat them, under these circumstances, not to content themselves with carping at trifles, nor to disregard the texts of scripture by which our sentiments are supported throughout these Notes. It is doing nothing to waste their time in quibbling about wordslet them attend to the principles on which the controversy turns, and if they can defend their own and refute ours, let them do so. We seek no dispute with any man, much less with Dr. C. whom, for old acquaintance sake we would gladly have spared; but we cannot forget who hath said, “ Earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered to the saints.” Elated by his translation from Liverpool to Exeter, and from Exeter “ to the See of Bristol," it was very natural for him to wish to give his new constituents a proof of his zeal and of his talents, and had he contented himself with confining his “ Remarks" to his own immediate circle, he should have found no opponent in us; but his claim to have them conveyed to our readers through the medium of our Magazine, was actually throwing down the gauntlet, and he has no pretence to blame us, if in our owo defence we bave taken it up. .
SOME ACCOUNT OF MR. HUT. | Hutchinson became steward to a · CHINSON AND HIS WRITINGS. I gentleman in Yorkshire, and when
John Hutchinson, the foun. he quitted that station he visited der of Hutchinsonianism, was the Earl of Scarborough who would born at the village of Spennythorn gladly have retained him in his in Yorkshire, in the year 1674. employ; but his determination to His father possessed a small estate serve the Duke of Somerset preof forty pounds a year, and, invented his compliance, and he tending to qualify his son for the accordingly removed soon after office of Steward to some Gentle- into his Grace's household, where man or Nobleman, he gave him he distinguished himself in such a the best education which the manner as to obtain the chief neighbourhood afforded, purpos- stewardship, and the particular ing to put him, at a proper age, favour of that nobleman. under the finishing hand of some About the year 1700, Mr. abler master. In the mean time, Hutchinson visited London, and however, a favourable opportunity during his residence in town, formoffered for his further improvement ed an acquaintance with Dr. at home, by the assistance of a / Woodward, author of the “Natural gentleman who came to board at History of the Earth.” This pubhis father's house, and who, on lication seems to have attracted being made acquainted with his the particular attention of Mr. H. intentions concerning his son, and to have directed his thoughts offered to instruct him in every towards the study of natural his. branch of learning proper for the tory. His situation calling him station he was designed to fill, on into different parts of England and condition the father would enter- Wales, he began to make useful tain him in his house, during his observations in his journeys to stay in those parts; which he collect fossils, &c. and soon after promised not to leave until he had published a small pamphlet entiperfected his son's education. tled “ Observations made by J.H. These conditions were accepted, mostly in the year 1706.” Pursuand the Gentleman punctually ful ing his researches, he in a course filled his engagements. Young of years had formed a Collection Hutchinson was initiated in such of fossils, which he committed to branches of the mathematics as the care of Dr. Woodward, inwere more immediately connected tending them as materials for a with his destined employment, work the object of which was to with a competent knowledge also prove the truth of the Mosaic acof the most celebrated writings of count of the first formation of the antiquity. It is a remarkable cir. earth at the creation, and the recumstance, that it does not appear formation of it after the deluge, to have been ever known to Mr. to occular demonstration. Dr. Hutchinson's family, who the Gen- | Woodward had engaged to draw tleman was, to whom the subject up and publish a treatise on this of this Memoir was indebted for subject, partly from our author's his education: he industriously materials and partly from his own; concealed every incident relative but neglecting to perform his proto his own history, and so effectu- mise, Mr. H. began to suspect ally, that no discovery could be that he did not seriously intend to made; for having fulfilled his fulfil it, and therefore formed the engagement he retired from the resolution of trusting to his own neighbourhood, and does not ap pen for effecting what he in vain pear to have been heard of more. expected from the pen of another.
At the age of nineteen, young lle consequently prepared for the
undertaking; and that he might especially in Mechanics, for which be more at leisure to prosecute his he had a particular genius. But studies he begged permission to whatever may have been bis sagaquit the service of the Duke of city or penetration, his temper Somerset. The request at first seems to have unfitted him for the piqued the pride of that noble- office of investigating truth. A man; but when he understood furious vindictive spirit is conthat Mr. H. did not intend to serve spicuous in most of his produc. any other master and was informed tions, where it breaks out in in. of the reasons of his request, he decent language, and betrays a not only complied with it, but strong propensity towards perse. made him his Riding Purveyor, cution. See Dr. Towers's Brit. his Grace being at that time Mas- Biog. Vol. ix. p. 67. et seq. ter of the Horse to King George I. | According to the Hutchinsonian As this place is a sinecure with a system, the Father of Lights has fixed Salary of £200 a year, and given in the Hebrew Scriptures, a good house in the little Mews all true philosophy as well as attached to it, the appointment theology; that it is, therefore, was extremely agreeable to our necessary to examine into the author, who, from this time gave radical idea of the words he has himself up to a studious and se-employed; that, in order to this, dantary life.
we must discard the vowel points, The first fruits of his retirement which are a modern, if not a diawere presented to the public in bolical device, to conceal, rather. 1724, in a work entitled “ Moses's than convey, the contents of the Principia," in which he ridiculed Bible ; that when the Mosaic his. Dr. Woodward's Natural History tory is understood, it confutes all of the Earth-and daringly ad other systems of the universe, not ventured to oppose the principle excepting the Newtonian, with its of gravitation espoused by Sir doctrines of gravity, attraction, Isaac Newton. In 1727, the second and repulsion; that the world is a part of this work appeared, and in machine of limited extent, of it may be found the sum and sub- which the sun is the main-spring, stance of what he calls the Scrip at the centre, the most dense state ture philosophy. From this time of air forming a wall at the extrehe continued publishing a volumé mity, and all the planets revolving - every year or every other year, till upon mechanical principles; that his death, which happened on the the deluge was an exhibition of 28th of August 1737, in his sixty the Creator's power to rea ice the third year.
earth to its first principles, and That he was a person of a very form it again; that the visible singular turn of mind is sufficiently creation was intended to be an evident from the following con- image of the Creator, his attributes densed view of his tenets which and relations towards his creatures; are collected from the twelve that the heavens, or celestial fuid, octavo volumes of his printed composed of fire, light, and air, works. He seems to have wanted are designed to teach the Trinity neither parts nor learning; but it of Father, Son, and Spirit; that may well be questioned whether the Deity imparted a knowledge he did not want judgment to apply of all these mysteries to the first them properly. His talents, how- \ parents of the human race, who ever, were not confined to the sub- were placed, not in the paradise of jects of which he chiefly treated Epicurus, but in a kind of obserin his writings; he was curious vatory, or school of philosophy; and inquisitive in other matters, that, after the fall, visible repre
sentations of the Trinity in unity tinguished scholars, and cherished were given in the cherubim, on by some of the most devout bethe east of Eden, placed in a taber- lievers in Revelation, as an antinacle, similar to that of Moses, dote to what they deem the atheiswhere our fallen parents wor- tic tendency of the Newtonian shipped, being taught the rite of philosophy. It has, indeed, been sacrificing, circumcision, and other rendered ridiculous by some insymbolic ceremonies; that, from judicious friends, among whom thence, a revelation may be said may be ranked Mr. Romaine; to have been given to the whole but the pious manner of bishop human race, without which, man Horne will insinuate its principles could know nothing of God or into the devout, the erudition of religion: that the idolatry of the Parkhurst recommend it to the heathen was only an apostacy studious, and the cultivated taste from the true philosophy, by of Mr. Jones may procure it worshipping the works, instead of admirers among the lovers of learning from them the author of elegant learning. nature; that to recover the true See Bogue and Bennet's Hisphilosophico-theology, the Mosaic tory of Dissenters, Vol. IV. p. 44, economy was given, representing 45. Note. in its ta bernacle and utensils, the structure of the universe, as well REMARKS ON 1 COR. xiv. 30. as pre-figuring a Saviour, who
I “ If any thing be revealed to another should be the Creator tabernacling that sitteth by, let the first hold his among his own works, to make | peace.”' &c. expiation for sin by a sacrifice of The forwardness of the Corinwhich all nations have retained thian church to display the exthe aboriginal tradition; that the traordinary gift of teaching, which temple of Solomon was a figure of they had received, under the preChrist's humanity, as the Saviour text of being impelled by the Spirit himself declared, in which, as a of God, produced confusion in temple, dwelt all the fulness of the their assemblies. Instead of congodhead bodily, while it was also sidering the revelations, which a grand monument to the creative they received in the church, as honours of the Deity; and finally, subject to their discretion, in rethat the figurative language of gard to the time of delivering Scripture is not mere allusion or them, one began to speak before embellishment, but an application the preceding speaker had finished of the material world to its true his discourse; the consequence design of teaching spiritual and was, indecency, disorder, and con. divine doctrine.* If this sketch fusion. of Hutchinsonianism, hasty and To correct this, the apostle tells compendious as it is, be thought them that if any thing should be redisproportionably protracted, let vealed to him who was sitting by, it be remembered that the system he should let the first speaker finish has founded a school in religion his discourse, before he proceed. and philosophy, has been warmly ed; for, (as if he had said,) there espoused by bishops and their is time and opportunity for you all clergy, taught by the most dis-/ to prophecy, not iwo or three at
* To give the reader a single specimen of the whimsical things contained in the writings of this philosopher, take the following. DR. HOADLY, Bishop of Winchester, was one of his cotemporaries and being the leader of the low church party at that period he became the but of Mr. Hutchinson's malignity, which he vented by turning his name into Hebrew letters which sounded Hodii-this term he found was used in the Bible to denote a naughty or vain person, or some reproachful epithet, and thus bishop Hoadly was condenined by revelation!!