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functions. Bowing submissively to mind has been much distressed concerning the Episcopal mandate, he, neverthe-| the practice of Infant Baptisin, on which less on the grd of Juív addressed a circumstances of a peculiar nature have Letter to his Lordship-couched in

particularly fixed my attention, Nine or such language as a conviction of the

Ten different persons called upon me,

unknown to one another, about the comrectitude of his own conduct would

mencement of, or rather before, the period naturally enough dictate, but such as

to which I have alluded, stating their we suspect his Lordship is not much difficulties concerning that practice and accustomed to receive. He might intimating a desire to be baptized. I indeed be excused for complaining of combated their views with every arguthe hardship of being suspended from ment in my power, lending them such the execution of his office before he books as I thought likely to remove their had an opportunity of either denying

scruples, and preserve them in the the charges, or offering his apology

Establishment. Some of the books I had for such parts of them as were true.

recommended on the opinions of others;

but when certain extracts from these But when he claims his privilege of

writers were brought me, and I was “ speaking the truth in his own de

asked, how I could maintain such opinions, fence with a holy boldness," and I felt grieved and ashamed at what I had

affirms that “ it is no part of a Chris done. I then examined these works my· tian's conduct to cringe to a superior, self, and though written professedly to merely because the Providence of support Pædobaptism, from their perusal, God, or the law of the land, happens

for the first time, became convinced, the to have made him so." and above / arguments on that side of the question. all, when he says “ I am well con

were not quite so satisfactory, as I had

been in the hahit of imagining, or as I vinced, that had i, instead of preach

had really wished to imagine. I then ing and I trust I may, without pre

determined on having recourse to my sumption, add, living as I do, been a Bible alone, and not to have any confi. jovial fellow, a hunting or shooting | dence in the flesh, but to search the parson, I should never have had scriptures whether these things were so.' occasion to address this letter to you" This I have now been diligently pursuing -he speaks that which we can easily for these last three months : and the readmit to be true, but for saying which

sult is, a conviction that the Church of we do not see how he could reason

England, in this particular, teaches for a

doctrine the commandment of man: and ably expect forgiveness. Our readers

consequently, a resolution of withdrawing will be gratified with the following

from her communion,-a resolution, L paragraph from this letter. Referring now sincerely regret, I had not put in to some of the peculiar doctrines of practice before this late business occurred. the gospel, he says,

“With my mind in this frame, your “ It gives me sincere pleasure to know,

Lordship cannot be surprised, that I have that, notwithstanding all the opposition

esteemed the circumstances recently these glorious truths are meeting with,

passed, as tending to make my way plain.

" While stating Baptism as the leading they are spreading; yes, my Lord, and spread they will, for they are doctrines

point of objection to the Establishment,

I have long had others of a minor nature, · according to godliness; and I am fully persuaded, that if, from the suggestions of

(if, indeed, minor they ought to be called) Satan, they are prohibited from being

which, though not deemed of sufficient promulgated in the Church of England,

validity to cause me to come out from Almighty God will remove her candle

among her, have yet often given me a stick, that she may not prove a stumbling

great deal of pain ; among these, I will, stone, or hindrance to the dissemination of

at present, only mention two-her Bap

tismal Service, and, the connexion behis truth. Most cordially do I adopt one of her own sentences, and pray, “ hasten

tween Church and State. As to the thy kingdom, O Lord, and accomplish the

former, I will content myself with obserynumber of thine elect,”

ing, (what has for some time been my

opinion) that Dr. Mantand his coadjutors Having waited nearly three weeks, have much to say for themselves, being, to afford time for the Bishop either as I conceive, argumentatively right, but to reply to his letter, or take off the theologically wrong. With respect to the Suspension, and receiving no intima latter; however excellent in a political tion of either, Mr. Cowan, on the point of view such an union may be ac22nd of July addressed another Let

counted, I have long considered it as unter to his Lordship, of which the fol

scriptural in its principle; and, permit

me to observe, your Lordship has now lowing is an extract.

shown, it is equally so in its practice. " It is well known to some of my “ From reading the Scriptures, we friends, that for about four Months, my should, I imagine, naturally collect that VOL. III.

2 x

an (Bishop) EDISKONTOE of the Church of the reasons of Mr. Cowan's dissatisChrist, was in the place of a Father to faction with the establishment the those over whom he was the Overseer; / views he now has of the discriminat

not lording it over God's heritage, but | ing doctrines of the everlasting gosrebuking, in the spirit of meekness and love, the errors incident to humanity; and

pel---and a concise declaration of his pever resorting to the full power of his present

e present intentions and future prosauthority, save as an act of painful neces- pects; on each of which points we sity, a dernier resort. I beg to ackpow. shall use the freedom of offering a ledge the Gentlemanlike manner, in few remarks, not indeed with the which your Lordship has conveyed to me view of dictating to Mr. Cowan or your ipse dixit for my suspension, for forestalling the judgment of his reawhat (if it must be deemed a fault,) was ders---but in the humble hope that surely a fault in favour of the real interests they may not be without their use in of the Establishment, I cannot, bowever, but be struck with the contrast now before

giving an additional stimulus to the me- I mean, the power with which a

spirit of enquiry which is gone farth, Bishop of the Church of England is in

and in aiding the progress of truth vested, and the consequent exercise of among our fellow christians. that power, from what marks the spirit In stating the grounds of his disand proceedings of the EmIEKONON of satisfaction with the church of Engthe Church of Christ, as delineated in land, Mr. Cowan places in a very Scripture.

prominent view the practice of sprink« At the same time, my Lord, thoughling infants, and substituting. “ the strongly impressed with this contrast, I lo will honestly confess, I do not think the

II godfather and the godmother” in the unscriptural exercise of unscriptural

room of the precious faith of God's authority by the Bishops of the Church

elect. It appears that his practice of England, would have been, of itself. had for some time past been a stumsufficient to dissolve that connexion, which bling block to him, and he was therefor near 18 years and a half, has now sub-fore led to examine the scriptures sisted between that Church and me. upon the subject. He honestly conWhen, bowever, it is superadded to the fesses that, during the whole course fundamental difference existing between of his enquiry, he had “a strong inus, on the point of Infant Baptism, my clination to adhere to infant baptism, mind is greatly strengthened in the resolution I have adopted ; and which I take

and a consequent unwillingness to rethis opportunity respectfully of making

ceive any proofs subversive of this long known to your Lordship, viz. that I do cherished idea," p. 34. But his prenot wish any longer to be considered as a judices at length gave way to the Minister of the Established Church, force of scriptural authority and of

“ I trust, I shall find credit with your sound reason. And here let us add, Lordship, when I solemnly aissert, my that we could not refrain from smil: secession from her communion is not the ing when we perceived that one or offspring of wounded pride, but the deli- I the principal sources of Mr. Cowan. berate step of the conviction of my heart. While I unfeignedly believe her errone

| conviction-and what contributed in ous in several important points, imagine

an especial inanner to make him not, I hold her as an enemy, or that be

DECIDED BAPTist, was a perusal of cause I secede, I must therefore hate.

our friend Mr. Taylor's Three Letters No-in whatever proportion I trace the addressed to the Deacon of a Baptist truth as it is in Jesus,' either in her church. In these Letters he found Articles, Services, Ministers, or Members," satisfactory proofs, that the custom in the same proportion will be my love ; [of baptizing infants) had not scripand where I conceive error to exist, there iure for its foundation, otherwise (as I will not hate, but pray, that those who are in ignorance may be brought into the

he very properly remarks) quibble in way, and rightly believe the truth.

argument, and the authority of man of Soliciting your Lordship’s indulgence |

would never have been resorted to, hud for having occupied so much of your time, scripture proof been extant !!!" p. 35. I remain, with respect for the Bishop of | Oh poor Mr. Taylor! what a bolus is . Bristol,

this for “the Editor of Calmet's “ Your Lordship's obedient Servant, Dictionary." What! have you been

Thus our readers are in possession

s are in possessioning your ingenuity for no other end of the most material circumstances than to make Baptists? We are quite detailed in this interesting narrative. / sure that nothing was ever farther. The remainder of the pamphlet is from your intention or wishes than occupied in stating more particularly do so. But perhaps Mr. Cowan hän,

not seen your last sicpenny worth on Christianity to a nation of this world, the subject; and we must not be un- its compilers had found themselves mindful of the old adage, Finis coro-constrained to give up this leading nat opus—'tis the topstone which doctrine of the gospel-and“ to make crowns the whole building. But to her minister declare that Christ did proceed :

make a full, perfect, and sufficient saThe indiscriminate use of the crifice, oblation, and satisfaction for Burial service, which is alone appli- the sins of the whole world.” On this cable to the case of those who have important topic, Mr. Cowan has laid died in the faith of Christ, was another before his readers a comprehensive serious objection, as it cannot fail to view of the doctrine taught by both be to every conscientious clergyman prophets and apostles, which he closes -for, as Mr. Cowan justly remarks, with the following pointed remarks. " to thank God that it hath pleased him to take unto himself the soul of “As I cannot entertain the unscrip. one who had died without manifest- | tural idea of universal salvation, in the ing faith in Jesus is a rejoicing in sense that all the world will be ultimately, iniquity;"—it is in truth little bet

saved; neither can I assert with the ter than a solemn mockery of the

Church of England, that Christ died for

| all, and yet that the end shall not be atAlmighty, and Mr. Cowan may well

tained; believing as I do, most un. congratulate himself that he is freed

feignedly, that of those whom the Father from the necessity of doing it. He hath given him, wil he lose none,' but also intimates that there are various will at the last day, declare, “Behold ţ her Services contained in the Book me, and the Children whom thou hast of Common Prayer which struck him given me. With a full persuasion, thereas being objectionable, though he has

fore, that the view given by the Church not particularly specified them. He

of England is, on this point, radically

wrong, calculated to speak peace to a has however dwelt largely on the

careless world, and to distress those who utter inconsistency of the scripture

are looking for the consolation of Israel,' doctrine of particular redemption, with

you will not be surprised, that I deem it the Sacramental service as prescribed a strong reason for withdrawing from her in the Rubrick of the church of Eng Communion. To all the Ministers of the land. And this brings us to the Establishinent, who believe the doctrine second particular which we proposed

of Particular Redemption, and yet read to notice.

this Sacramental Service, and teach the Mr. Cowan informs us, that about

Church Catechism, I would address the

language of Dr. Wall, which he uses a year ago his mind was opened to

concerning the practice of sprinklingreceive the clear and decided light of • Let those defend it, who use it.'I canthe New Testament, respecting the not-and therefore I renounce it.” inseparable connection between Christ and his elect people-his substitution These are sentiments and declara, in their stead, in virtue of which tions that do great honour to Mr. their sins were, by a sovereign and Cowan. They shew him to be a congracious divine constitution, imputed scientious, upright Christian - one to him, so that, he who personally who fears the Lord his God, and esknew no sin, was made sin for them, chews evil-who prefers the testithat through his obedience unto mony of his own conscience, and the death, they might be made the righte approbation of his divine master, to ousness of God in him. Keeping his every other consideration. His coneye steadily fixed upon the scripture duct carries in it a more powerful account of Christ's death as an argument for the truth of Christianity, atonement for the sins of those with than all the Sermons he has ever whom he took part in flesh and blood, preached during the eighteen years « the many sons whom he brings to he has been engaged in the service glory"-or “ the sheep for whom .he of the national church. It is, in its voluntarily laid down his life," and very nature, calculated to reach confor whose “ transgressions he was viction to the minds of the thoughtstricken;" he perceived that the less or sceptical, and to impress them Church of England Prayer Book de- with the persuasion that real religion parted altogether from the very cha- is something more than a mere form racter of the atonement as thus de- of godliness. We can, therefore. scribed in the word of God and that give him implicit credit for the truth in order to adopt the profession of of the following statement.


“ Those who know any thing of the in the kingdom and patience of Jesus force of habit, and long attachment, and Christ, to contemplate the progress believe what I have stated on this point, of divine truth in the world to see will not readily think that these conclu- it triumphing over the prejudices of sions bave been either partial or hasty on

the human mind-subverting the my part. To acknowledge an error of

delusions of Antichrist-and introso long standing may be supposed to be

ducing the disciples of the Saviour attended with some feeling of humiliation !-to quit an Establishment, with

into that freedom from the doctrines which I have been connected by so many

and commandments of men which is endearing ties, cannot be entirely unac their inalienable birth-right; yet it companied with feelings of another des were altogether unreasonable to excription ! but the truth cannot, must not, pect that the human mind should be be sacrificed at any shrine. The sweet prepared to take in at once, the whole and inestimable privileges of union with

will of God concerning their duty as Christ, and its consequences, seem to be

the subjects of his kingdom. A exhibited to my view by immersion, sup

teachable disposition of mind is indeed ported by Scriptural authority: and as I unfeignedly believe these principles and

essential to our being Christ's real dis

ciples, Matt. xviii. 1-5. For while cerity' the principles and ideas of Scrip: “the wise and prudent” of this world, ture, the inward and spiritual grace,' of have their minds blinded by pride, which Baptism is a type, you will not be prejudice, and carnal reasonings, God surprised to hear from myself, of what, reveals the mysteries of his kingdom perhaps, common report has already ap- 1 to those who 16 as new born babes. prised you, that I have fully made up my | desire the sincere milk of the word" mind on being baptized ; sensible that I

1-who implicitly believe what he says, am in the condition of those who have never yet complied with this command

and who make conscience of obeying of our Lord ; and that, as I mentioned in

all his commands. But the path of my last letter to the Bishop, 'the Church the just is as the shining light which of England, or any other Church, that | shines more and more into the perprescribes the Baptism of Infants, teaches fect day: And this applies as truly to for a doctrine, the commandment of man."" our obedience to the divine will, as it

does to our acquaintance with the Thus we are brought to the third doctrines of the Gospel, and conseparticular above mentioned, namely, quent joy in the truth. It is of the to notice Mr. Cowan's avowal of his highest importance for a Christian to present intentions and future pros have his mind always open to conviction, pects. Although he has declared his and anxiously desirous to know and do purpose of being baptized, he der the whole will of God. This, and clines connecting himself with the nothing short of it, is to be a disciBaptist societies already existing in ple indeed. Mr. Cowan, and the other Bristol---of which it appears there clergymen who have recently quitted are three, under the pastoral care of the establishment for conscience sake, Dr. Ryland, Mr. Roberts, and Mr. have done nobly in that act, and are Holloway---preferring to receive the so far entitled to the unfeigned respect ordinance of Baptism at the hands of and affection of all their fellow ChrisMr. Baring---one of the ministers tians. We honour them from our who about two years ago seceded from hearts, and fervently pray that the the establishment. From a note, at blessing of the God of Jacob may the foot of page 44. of the pamphlet rest upon them. They have de before us, we learn that an intimation scended, it is true, from an elevated of Mr. Cowan's intention in this station but surely it ought not to respect, has given rise to a variety of excite any surprise, that they are not reports and to much discussion in yet prepared to take their standing Bristol, which has induced him to upon the common level to which it is enter upon a brief explanation, with a the will of Christ that all his disciview of justifying his conduct in this ples should be reduced, Matt. xx. particular instance; and on this part 25–29. The doctrine of the cross of the subject we shall take the liberty of Christ can alone produce this effecof offering a few observations before tually-but the more deeply they we close the article.

drink into that humbling, and self Although it must ever be a source abasing doctrine, the more will they of inexpressible satisfaction to those be reconciled “ to take the lowest who are themselves sincerely engaged room.” Let their brethren, then,

allow time for this, and beware of which, it seems, he does not agree putting stumbling blocks in their with them; but in both instances, we way, or contributing by their impro- think they are right and he is wrong. per behaviour to impede their march The first is, the doctrine of a progresof sentiment. It was with real con sive sanctification the other, that the cern that we read the following para- moral law is a rule of life to believers. graph towards the close of Mr. 1. With respect to the doctrine of Cowan's pamphlet.

sanctification. We have long had

occasion to remark, that, in almost “ As to what is denominated the reli- every controversy which has arisen gious world, the more I know of it, the among Christians, much confusion more inclined I am to knew less of it. has been occasioned by the disputants While I see professors living and acting taking vartial views of the subject, as as others do, find in them, the most bitter

it lies in the word of God; confining persecutors of those who believe in a finished redemption for all the elect of

their attention to one side of a quesGod, and would, from feeling this desire tion, without taking into their confrom love, to live godly in Christ Jesus," sideration the whole doctrine of the and yet at the same time, hear them talk scriptures concerning it. This is of progressive sanctification, and of the obviously the case in the instance Law being a rule of life to Believers, I before us. If Mr. Cowan would immust be pardoned if I say, the society of partially examine the New Testathose who are branded with the name of

ment on the point, he would presently Antinomians, is infinitely preferred by

find that the inspired writers, treat of me-men, who, while thus stigmatized,

the doctrine of sanctification under know their Bibles better, and live as close to God, as any I have met with, and

two different aspects. The first is who love, when meeting together, to con

that which, for distinction sake, we verse of what Jesus hath done for their may call the sacrificial sense of the souls, instead of passing their time in re term; in which sense, we admit, the ligious gossipping, in censuring others, or term “ sanctify,” is mostly used in in praising themselves, by talking of their the epistle to the Hebrews. We humility, &c. &c. ' By their fruits ye

shall quote a few texts in proof of it. shall know them. If this be Antino

| Thus, the apostle says, “ For he that mianism, the Lord make me more Anti

sanctifieth, and they who are sanctified, nomian still. Amen. Sept. 17th. 1817.

are all of one" (nature, family, or

father] Heb. ii. 11. Again : “ For if Mr. Cowan will, we trust, allow us the blood of bulls or of goats, and the privilege of offering a remark or the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the two on this extract. In fact he has unclean, sanctifeth to the purifying of himself invited us to it, when he tells the flesh, how much more shall the us, p. 49. that “on the score of doc- blood of Christ, who through the trine he seeks 'no indulgence.” That Eternal Spirit, offered himself withpart of the quotation which respects out spot to God, purge your conthe conduct of the professing part of science from dead works to serve the the inhabitants of Bristol, we consi- living God." ch. ix. 13, 14. Once der as beyond our province, and we more: “Wherefore Jesus also, that therefore meddle not with it further he might sanctify the people with his than to say, that we hope Mr. Cowan own blood, suffered without the gate." has sufficient candour to distinguish ch. xiii. 12. By this act of suffering between truth and its professed Christ not only atoned for their sins, friends, and not to blame a whole but also consecrated them to God as denomination of Christians for the his peculiar people; and to complete indiscreet conduct of a few indivi- the service of their Great High Priest duals who may chuse to class with he carried his blood into the heavenly them. Of the religious people in sanctuary to present it in the presence Bristol we know nothing: let them of God for them, even as the blood of defend themselves if they are able to the sin-offering, under the law, was do o-but if the complaint be well | carried by the high priest into the founded, it will be wise in them to earthly sanctuary, ch. ix. 12, 24. And lay the subject to heart and study co thus Christ, hath by his one offering correct what is amiss. There are two “ perfected for ever them that are points of doctrine however to which sanctified," having obtained eternal Mr. Cowan refers, as held by the redemption for them. In this sense, Baptist churches in Bristol, and in we presume no Christian talks of the

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