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aud disquietade. He walked about the, were steady in their purpose, to bring all prison yard, while his looks and actions the active perpetrators of the daring indicated that his bosom was tortured by robbery, to condign punishment... the alternate operations of despair, hepe, " Till within eight or nine days prerevenge, disappointment, and dread of vious to his suffering death, be evidently future punishment. He often tbrew little laboured under a wounded spirit, and an pebbles at the window of the turnkey's inexpressible remorse of conscieace for lodge, wbere his accomplice was sitting, his past crimes: while 'to the way of as an expressive sigual that he should peace he was an utter stranger. "Weakeep in mind their solemnn engagement in risome nights were appointed to him.' iniquity not to betray each other. But When he laid down, he would say, though hand join in hand, yet sin shall not when will the night be gone?' 'He go um punished.” When Donald was in- was full of tossings to and fro until the formed that Kinghorn had abandoned him dawning of the day,' He was a burden and Pollet to their fate, and had resolved to himself. For the arrows of the at all events to preserve his own life, Almighty were within him ; the poison the irritation of his mind was dreadful; whereof drank up his spirit; the terrors and he contemplated, with ungovernable of God did set themselves in array against fury, all his sanguine hopes dashed to the him.'-- Nor need it excite wonder “tbat ground at once; and bis ingenious devices he often spake in the anguish of his spirit, to evade conviction, completely frustrated and complained in the bitterness of his He resembled a frantic fiend prepared to soul. Hell, he said, could not be worse execute his vindictive rage on all whom than the pains, terrors, and overwhelmhe suspected hostile to him. He accused ing grief, which his guilty conscience one of his fellow-prisoners of treachery, experienced. He requested once that a supposing he had advised Kinghorn to fellow-prisoner might be permitted to give evidence against him and the rest of sit up in his cell all night to keep him his associates in the horrid transaction. company, and to alleviate in some meaHe attacked him with the ferocity of a surebis grief and his calamity, which tyger, and, though a much stronger man appeared to be heavier (as Job expresses than himself, yet he beat him severely. it) than the sand of the sea. For, he It may be asserted with truth, that in observed, be could not close his eyes in this stage of his existence, he resembled sleep; and night was a terror and a dread "a wild bull in a net,' the stout hearted to him. It was judged prudent to deny and far from righteousness.""
this request of his, and he was conse“ To such an infuriated degree had the quently left to his own solitary reflecbostility of his prosecutors raised his mind, tions. Indeed his fellow-prisoner was that in his state of frenzy, he indiscrimi- afraid to risk his personal safety when nately accused every one, on whom his the proposal was made to him. suspicion fell, of being accessary to his “He refused to eat victuals for several condemnation and appointed execution ; | days; and when one inquired why be which was determined by the Judge did so, he answered, such was the extreme should take place in 14 days from this compunction of his heart, that he could day, August 31st. His behaviour on his not swallow his necessary food. The trial was extremely indecorous. During frequent and heavy sighs and groans, this solemn proceeding, an intrepid reso- uttered from a heart severely oppressed lution to set human justice at defiance, with guilt and dread of future judgment, and to brave the rigour of the law, were were truly affecting to the minds of his very conspicuous traits in his disgusting visitors; the impressive looks of gloomy deportment.
despair ; mingled with a faint and ex* In some parts of his trial he affected piring hope which he cast on this narrator an arch gaity, and discovered an acuteness on taking leave of him, while in a comof intellect, in his remarks to his council, fortless state of mind, will never be that might have done honour to a virtuous erased from his memory.” . cause in another place; but on such an awful occasion, it only filled every serious
Such was the state of this unhappy and reflecting mind with horror. While man, when Mr. Cockburn visited him. Kinghorn, his accomplice in injustice and on the 3rd of September, eleven days outrage, was giving his evidence in Court, before his death, and endeavoured to Donald's vindictive temper was strongly draw his attention to the way of saldepicted in his countenance, and to which vation revealed in the gospel, partihe occasionally gave vent without disguise.
cularly illustrating to him John iij. If we may be allowed to judge from
14, 15. and i Tim. i. 15. He appearappearances, he would probably have
ed then to be in the most shocking assassinated him, if he could have availed himself of a free opportunity of executing
state of mind that can be well conhis alarming menaces.
ceived, finding fault with every thing, “ He continued to breathe bitter in- especially his food; and when a bason vectives for several days after his con. of tea was taken to him for breakfast, demnation against the Magistrates, who he exclaimed « Blast it, I wish it was a
bason of arsenic !!” But here we must, thousand years; yet all my tears and let Mr. Cockburn speak for himself. devotion for that length of time could
“ I visited him every succeeding day, not atone for one sin. I am a poor creauntil Friday the 6th, without observing ture, shut up in this cell-what can I do any perceptible change in him. On this to make my peace with God! My preoccasion he was desirous of conversing | sent peace of mind, and future prospects, about the plan of salvation. I told him do not arise from any thing I can possibly that the grand end for which the Son of do. I now firmly believe that God sent God was manifested, was to redeem the his Son into the world, that on the cross guilty from the punishment, power, and he made atonement for sin, that he was effects of sin; by himself bearing that raised again from the dead, and ascended wrath which was due to their transgres | up to the right hand of his Father, where sions, and thus displaying the righteous / he maketh intercession. God is now just character of God in the salvation of the | in justifying such a sinner, and in receivworthless and wretched : thus he died, | ing me to himself; for he that believeth under the divine malediction pronounced shall be saved, and God cannot lie.' He upon singers, as it is written • Christ frequently repeated - I have no other hath redeemed us from the curse of the hope. Glory to his name, the work was law, being made a curse for us,' for
finished by Christ.' 'cursed is every one that hangeth on a " He acknowledged having received tree.” Gal. iii. 13. The work of redemp- / much edification from a scriptural expotion, I observed, was completely finished sition of the brazen serpent; to which by Christ on the cross : for he said wbile | the infected Israelites were commanded he hung there, ' It is finished,' and he to look, and be healed; and the applicabowed his head, and gave up the ghost. | tion of it by Christ, that of his being lifted John xix. 30. But he was not left among up on the cross as a sacrifice for sin; that the dead : he arose the third day accord 'whosoever believeth might not perish, ing to the scriptures. God thus declaring | but have everlasting life.'” his satisfaction in the work of his Son."
“ We entered the cell for the last time It appears from the narrative before to visit him, about an hour before he us that several persons who at this
at this suffered, Joined with him in prayer and time got access to Donald, were very
praise. He sung a hymn with great animaurgent with him about his salvation
tion. He seemed anxious to give all present
every satisfaction as to his confidence in ---prescribing rules and directions for
God, and his happy state of mind. My him to follow in order to make his time, savshe
time,' says he, is now finished. I die in peace with God; but his answers and the faith of Christ. He is my hope.' remarks sufficiently indicate how lit-And, with a degree of cheerfulness, he tle such instructions were adapted to said, I am going to die to live for ever.' produce the desired effect. It was He then repeated 1 Tim. i. 15. “ It is a only the declaration of divine forgive- faithful saying and worthy of all acceptaness flowing freely to guilty rebels | tion, that Christ Jesus came into the through faith in the blood of the
world to save sinners, even the chief.'
" When the men came to take of his Lamb, that he found suited his case.
irons, he arose from his bed, and went to And when that was set before him,
meet them, saying, 'come my lads, I he said, “ If this be the gospel, it is
have been waiting for you. When he just suited to my present circum was conducted from the jail to the scaf. stances !" The following extracts will fold, he behaved with a degree of composhew what influence this simple state sure and becoming fortitude, which were ment of the truth had upon him; admired by the spectators; and appeared and we give it without comment. to be wonderfully supported, and main“ Monday afternoon, Sept. 9, I found
tained his confidence to the last. On the him greatly relieved in his mind. His
scaffold, he addressed the populace in a countenance was an index of that happy
short and impressive speech, warned them state of mind, to which, a few days pre
against the commission of such crimes, vious, he was an entire stranger. He
as had brought him to an untimely end, then gave a very scriptural account of
and informed them, that it was through man's character by nature; and of the
the sufferings of Christ he had obtained method God has provided for restoring
mercy and the hope of everlasting life.' him to his favour. It was a conviction
“ The writer of this narrative and of the love of God to sinners, that he
another friend, at his repeated and earassigned as the cause of producing such
nest request, accompanied him to the a change in his mind,
scaffold ; one of whom prayed with him “ I have,' says he, 'been a great sin
there; and when they had done, he ner, have committed many wicked ac
turned his head towards his friends below, tions; and am now truly sorry for my
| and was heard to say, 'the Lord be with conduct, and for having offended so good l you. Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.' a God. I look upon my guilt as such, | And he continued in fervent prayer, until that were I to weep constantly, and live the drop fell, and he was launched into ever so devoutly, for the space of a'l eternity."
Beligious and Literary Intelligence.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL , country, of what colour, or of what reliSOCIETY.
gion; they considered all mankind as A numerous and respectable Meeting their brothers, and were ready to extend of this valuable Institution took place at to them the great and solid advantages Freemason's Hall, on Thursday Dec. 12th. which education was calculated to dif
His Royal Highness the Duke of fuse. There was another point in which Sussex having taken the Chair, expressed he thought this Society was also unrivallmuch regret that though the meeting was ed--the facility with wbich its benefits numerous, the unfavourable state of the were extended. That facility was such, weather prevented so full an attendance that any individual might fairly calculate as was usual. He also regretted the upon being able to do more good by a absence of the Noble Duke who gene- small subscription to their funds, than by rally presided upon such occasions (the disposing of it to those of any other InstiDuke of Bedford,) as well as that of his tution. The Committee had paid such' Noble Brother (the Duke of Kent,) who attention to regulate and promote its ob- : was now abroad. It should be his endea- ject, that a poor man might now educate vour to discharge, to the best of his his child for the trifling expence of one abilities, the duties of that office, which penny per week. If they looked into had consequently devolved upon him. any of those writers who treated of the Before be sat down, he felt it necessary. nature of man, they would find it laid to state, that the Secretary, being a down as a principle, that every one was foreigner, was unwilling to read the useful to society in proportion as he was Report of the Committee himself, ander taught to respect himself. From that an apprehension that he might not be un principle it was clear that while they exderstood, he had therefore requested that tended their benevolence over a great Mr. Forster might be permitted to read portion of the world, they were making the Report in his place.
the best provision within the reach of Mr. Forster then read the Report, human sagacity for the diffusion of uniwhich gave a very flattering account of versal happiness. The effect of education the progress of the Institution, both at must be to elevate the mind of man, to home and abroad.
raise his ideas of himself, to make him a Mr. W. WILLIAMS then rose and said, better moral character, and by that that he offered himself thus early to the means to diffuse the greatest benefits attention of the Meeting, for the purpose through society. On those two points of moving a Resolution connected with the great advantage of the system apthe Report they had just heard.-He felt peared to him to rest. But there was it his duty upon this occasion to call their another good effect of the Institution that attention for a few moments to the general should not be omitted. He alluded to the advantages of the Institution they were effect which it had a tendency to produce assembled to promote. Its great utility in the breasts of the Members themselves, was now universally admitted; the days by calling into activity these virtuous diswere happily gone by when it would be positions which led them to assist the poor, necessary to expatiate at length on its not merely with their money, but with benefits, and to meet the objections that instruction and advice-which had a ten. were once supposed to apply to its objects dency to take from them those party feel. and consequences. Still, however, he ings that were but too apt to intrude into should call their attention to one or two the mind, and to communicate sentiments points. If it was granted to be right to of unmixed benevolence and charity. extend the blessings of general educa. They found from the Report, which was tion to the poor, humanity called upon just read, that schools were now esta. them to do so. The object of that blishing on the same plan in almost every Society was the universal education of quarter of the globe. They must feel mankind, and in the prosecution of that particularly gratified at learning that this object they had availed themselves of was the case with much injured Africa. every system that could tend to promote This country, in common with the rest of it. Without entering into any discussion the world, had inflicted evils upon that or dispute with other Societies of the people, which would not easily be re
kind, he might say with justice and with lieved; but if it was possible to make · out offence, that their's was the only sys them a recompense for past injuries, the tem that could be universally acted upon. | best means of reparation were already There was nothing exclusive in their prin attempted, in the effort to extend to them ciples, they embraced human pature the advantages of education. He hoped generally, without regard to nature or they would soon see the consequences of climate or condition ; no matter of what their system so far advanced in that part
of the world, as to contradict the vulgar system. There were some things intrprejudice which had long existed to the duced to which he certainly felt an obdisadvantage of Africa, and to prove, jection ; but, upon the whole, it was that though the Almighty had given them calculated to diffuse the benefits of ina different skin, he did not visit them with struction, and as such, was entitled to understandings incapable of improvement. praise. The invested fund which they One objection had been stated against were now called upon to assist, required the system pursued by the Society. It an addition of fourteen hon had been stated, that though they pro- which must be collected before Christmas. vided for the education of the poor, their He thought that if those persons who plan had no tendency to give the young were present would go round among their mind a religious bias. This, however. friends in the intermediate time, there was a mistake. In the desire to render could be no doubt of their ultimate sucthe system universal, they had felt it ad cess. For his own part, he should do sn, visable to banish all disputed and con and if the other individuals of the meettroverted points of religion. They bad ing, particularly the Ladies, would take humbly imitated the wisdom of Provi- | the trouble to follow his example, tbc dence, by leaving it to every mau's con purpose would unquestionably be acconscience to determine for him upon such plished. subjects. They did not feel that the The Resolution was then put and of their mode of w
carried unanimously. exclusively necessary to salvation; and, The Sultan KATTE-GERRY KRIM therefore, they did not embarrass their GHERRY, from Mount Caucasus, after system with restrictions that might, and informing the Meeting that he was but must have operated, to prevent the uni. five weeks in this country, expressed versality of its adoption. But did they great satisfaction at learning the great neglect religion ? No; on the contrary, | efforts that were made in England for every lesson which they used was ex- the instructing the children of the poor. tracted from the Holy Scriptures. They He was greatly pleased with the British led the children every Sabbath to places system of education, and pledged him, of public worship; and, above all things, self to do all in his power to introduce it they recommended the adoption of Sun into his own country, as he conceived that day Schools; because, after having already the greatest blessing which could be contaught them to believe in the Divine Being, ferred on the poor was to teach them to and in the certainty of future rewards read the Scriptures. He then moved the and punishments, they might there be in- thanks of the Meeting to their Roya! structed with advantage in the different Highnesses the Prince Regent, and the modes of worship to which their parents Dukes of Kent and Sussex. were attached. It only remained for a The Rev. J. HOGHES seconded the generous British public to enable them to Resolution. He alluded to a misreprecarry the system into more completesentation that had appeared in a late pubeffect. This was the subject of the pre-lication, in which he was stated to have sent meeting. Several sums had been said that the British Bible Society and already subscribed for the erection of a the Foreign School Society were one and new building, to extend the benefits of the same. Perhaps the misconception was education still farther, but they had not owing to a want of clearness upon his yet amounted to the sum that was neces- part, as he was very little in the habit of sary. If that was not collected before addressing such large assemblies, but what Christmas, the subscribers would be at he intended to have said was, that they liberty to withdraw their donations, but were Institutions which contributed reswhen he saw so many present, especially pectively in a large degree to the prosof the fairer part of his country people, perity and happiness of the country. he could entertain no fear that the attempt With respect to the general subject of would be permitted to fail for the want | education, it was so well illustrated alof a few hundreds. He concluded with ready as to require no additional obsermoving, that the Report which was read, vations. The day, he argued, was gone should be received and adopted.
by, when any doubt could be entertained Mr. JOHN Smith expressed peculiar of the prudence of imtuing the minds of pleasure in seconding the motion. The children with education--for, though inReport, be thought, would be of great telligence might render them more capa. use in promoting the objects they had in ble of doing mischief, it increased their view, and ought to be circulated as widely | motives to do good. It was astonishing as possible. There was no one in that to reflect, that such a system of general room, and he believed he might say but education should never have occurred to few in the country, who were disposed to the philanthropists of former ages; that differ with the Society upon the princi- , it should have been reserved to the 19th ples they were labouring to diffuse. Cir- | century to commence so great a work; cumstances had called him to France in and that Britain, separated as it were the course of the summer, where he saw from other nations, should rise up with many poor persons educated upon their unequalled liberality, amidst the ravages and ruins of so many Empires, to be al In the press, Sermons by the Rer, blessing and a model to the universal John Martin, more than 40 years pastor world. With regard to the motion itself, of the Baptist Church now meeting in the duty which taught him to bonour the Keppel Street. Taken in Short Hand King, instructed him at the same time to by Mr. T. Palmer. With a fine Portrait, respect the King's sons. This tribute he | 2 vols. 8vo. willingly joined to pay to his Royal High- The work is published by Subscription, ness the Prince Regent, and his Royal and the price will be advanced to nonBrothers, the Dukes of Kent and Sussex, subscribers on its publication. who were so often seen in that Chair The Rev. F. A. Cox, A.M. has nearly promoting the happiness of mankind. completed at press, his work on Female That Institution owed them much of its Scripture Biography; with an Essay, external support; but they were met not shewing what Christianity bas done for to offer.complimeyts, but to express the Women. Also, a second edition, with genuine feelings of their hearts, and considerable alterations, of his Life of while they acknowledged these Royal Melanethon. Personages to be instruments of great A new edition of the late Rev. C. benefit and importance to the cause, they Buck's Sermons is nearly ready. must feel that the hand which moved Just published, in one volume, reyal those instruments was divine.
4to, price £2. 12s.6d, boards, Scripture This Resolution being put, it was Genealogy from Adam to Christ, exhibitcarried unanimously.
ing, in a series of Thirty-Six Engraved [ To be continued in our next.]
Tables, a Distinct View of the Nation,
Tribe, Family, Lineal Descent, and Pos. IRELAND.
terity of every person mentioned in the
Bible, so far as they can be traced from "A Sermon was lately preached in the
Sacred and Profane History; to which parish church of Sligo in Ireland, by the
are annexed Chronological Dates, on the Rev. Archdeacon Digby, and a liberal
Authority of Usber and Blair ; together collection made in aid of the funds of the
with a Copious Introduction, an Histo London Hibernian Society, whose bene
rical Description of each Plate, and a volent exertions commenced in that town Complete Index. about seven years since. The return of
Just publisbed, Gethsemane, or Thoughts the Society's Schools in Ireland, is, 11
on the Sufferings of Christ, by the Author Counties, 330 Schools, 22,417 Pupils.
of the Refuge. The second edition, em
bellished with a beautiful Design, by AFRICA.
Burney. Foolscap 8vo. price 5s. It is painful to state another death in
The Young PLANTATION, consisting of the African (Church) Mission, Mr. Jost,
Poems, Religious, Moral, and Entertain who had but recently arrived in Africa,
ing, for Juvenile Minds, in 3. parts, and had just commenced his work, as a
price 6d, each. schoolmaster, was attacked by the fever
Part 1. Confined to words of one syllable. on the 19th of June, and after a short
2. Not exceeding two syllables. illness expired. He was greatly sup
3. Extending to four syllables. ported and comforted by his views of
By John BURTON. Christ, as a precious Saviour. “ Who,"
The Third Part of the Supplement to says Mr. Horton, his fellow-labourer,
the Encylopædia Britannica is just pub6 would have supposed that he, the
lished, containing, besides the usual arstrongest of us all, should have been
ticles and engravings, a Dissertation, excalled away the first of us all.” Mis
hibiting a general view of the Progress of sionaries who offer their services, should |
Mathematical and Physical Science since do it in the spirit of St. Paul; “I count
the revival of Letters in Europe, by not my life dear unto myself, that I
Professor Playfair, on the same plan as may finish my course with joy ;" and
the Discourse in the First Part on the they have Christ's repeated promise for
Progress of Metaphysical, Ethical, and their encouragement: “Whosoever will
Political Philosophy, by Dugald Stewart. Jose his life for my sake, shall find it."
An elegant Translation of Pascal's
| Provincial Letters, containing an ExRECENT DEATH.
posure of the Reasoning and Morals of Nov. 26th, died, at the advanced age of
the Jesuits, has just appeared, preceded 79, the Rev. Dan Taylor, many years | by a Brief View of the History of the minister of a congregation of General
| Jesuits, Speaking of these Letters in the Baptists, in Church Lane, Commercial
original, Voltaire says, “ Moliere's best Road.
Comedies do not excell them in wit, por
the compositions of Bossuet in sublimity. - LITERARY NOTICES.. Mr. Coleridge bas just published his
Speedily will be published, An Inquiry long promised Lay Sermon, addressed to into the Effects of Spirituous Liquors on the Higher Classes of Society, entitled the Physical and Moral: Faculties of The Statesman's Manuel, or the Bible the Man, and on the Happiness of Society. best Guide to Political Skill & Foresight.