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· This, Sir, is the plain state of | But if any man would seek to rethe question, and in the discus. | duce those who were gone astray sion of it, I shall be glad to meet from the truth, into the fold of the writer in the Baptist Maga- Christ, that is, into the unity of zine, or any of his brethren on the faith, by and by these rise up this side of the water, whether in against him, which are named or out of the ministry. I throw Pastors, but indeed are Wolves, down the gauntlet, and hope to which seek no other thing of their find some Doctor in Divinity flock, than the milk, the wool, and taking it up.
the fell-leaving both their own In the mean time,
souls and the souls of their flocks I am yours,
unto the Devil. NANUS. These are those physicians upon
whom the woman who was twelve EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM
years vexed with the bloody flux, , THOMAS BILNEY, TO CUTH.
had consumed all that she had, BERT TUNSTALL, BISHOP OF LONDON.
but was still worse and worse, [Bilney, the writer of the following
'until such time as she at last came letter, was burnt for heresy in the reign to Christ, and after she had once of Queen Mary. He was the means in touched the hem of his garment the hands of God of converting Latimer | through faith she was so healed, from a bigotted Catholic into a zealous Protestant. There is so much of the sim
that by and by she felt the same plicity of the truth in his letter, that it in her body.- O mighty power of cannot fail of interesting our readers.) | the most Highest; which I also
Most reverend Father in Christ, a miserable sinner have: often I think myself most happy that I tasted and felt; which before that am to be called to examination | I could come unto Christ, had before your reverence, although even likewise spent all that I had I know nothing of any error upon those ignorant physicians; in my sermons, neither of any that is to say, unlearned hearers heresy or sedition which divers do of confessions, so that there was slander me of, seeking rather their but a small portion of strength left own advantage than the health of in me, which by nature, was but souls; notwithstanding I do re- weak, small store of money and joice that I am to be brought be- very little wit or understanding; fore the seat of Tunstall, who for they appointed me fastings, knoweth as well as any other that watchings, buying of pardons, and there never will be wanting, some masses, &c. in all which things, as Jannes and Jambres who will re- I now understand, they sought sist the truth, and there will not rather their own gain than the be lacking some Elymas, who will salvation of my sick and languishgo about to subvert the right way ling soul. But at last I heard of of the Lord, and who will not Jesús-even then, when the New cease greedily to hunt and seek Testament was set forth by Erasafter that which pertaineth to mus, which when I heard to be themselves, not that which per- elegantly done by Erasmus, ale taineth to Jesus Christ. How lured rather by the love of learncan it then be that they can suffering than by the word of God, Christ to be truly and sincerely though at that time I knew not preached ? for if the people begin what it meant, I bought it even i once wholly to place their confi- by the providence of God, as I . dence in Christ, who was for now do well understand, and at them crucified, then that which the first reading I chanced on this: they have hitherto embraced, in- saying of St. Paul; Oh most sweet stead of Christ, shall then utterly and comfortable sentence to my decay in the heart of the faithful. 'soul, in his 1 Tim. i. 14. 'Tis a true
saying, and worthy of all men to ed His ways, which are mercy be embraced, that Christ Jesus and truth, and that the wicked came into the world to save sin- may be converted unto Him by ners, of whom I am the chief and me, who some time was also wickprincipal. This one sentence ed; which thing with all my power through God's instruction and in- I did endeavour before my Lord ward working, which I did not Cardinal and your Fatherhood. then perceive, did so exhilarate my Christ is blasphemed in me, and heart, being before wounded with this is my only comfort in my the guilt of my sins, and being afflictions; with my whole power almost in despair, that imme- I do teach and set forth Him diately I felt marvellous comfort being made for us, by God his and quietness, insomuch that my Father, our wisdom, righteousbruised bones leaped for joy. ness, sanctification and redemp
After this the scripture began tion. Finally, our satisfaction, to be more pleasant to me than being made sin for us, that is to the honey or the honey-comb; say, a sacrifice that we thirough wherein I learned that all my Him should be made the rightravail, all my fasting, my watch- teousness of God, who became ing, my masses and pardons, being accursed for us, to redeem man done without faith in Christ, who from the curse of the law; who alone saveth people from their sins; also came not to call the righteous these, I say, I learned to be nothing but sinners to repentance. else than, even as Augustine saith, an hasty and swift running EPIGRAM PARAPHRASED. out of the right way, or else much Fleres, si scires unum tua tempora menlike the vesture made with figs leaves, wherewith Adam and Eve
Rides, cum non sit forsitan una dies.
Martialis Epigrammata. went about in vain to cover their nakedness, and could never before
ENGLISHED. obtain quietness and rest until they “ Youwould weep, if you knew you should believed in the promise of God, “ You laugh, when perhaps you may not
live but a month, that Christ the seed of the woman | -! live a day." . so should bruise the serpent's head;
PARAPHRASED. neither could I be cleared or eased Sorrow would fill thine eyes with tears, of the sharp stings or bitings of And fill thine heart with woe, my sins, before I was taught of Thy life. cut off from numerous years, God that lesson of which Christ! Brief as one month to know speaketh of in the wird of John. / Vaip mortal! yet, surpassing strange, Even as Moses, exalted
Mirth dances in thine eye,
the When ah! to day thy soul may change, serpent in the wilderness, so must Time for eternity.. "(.. ) the Son of man be exalted, that all Walworth, is The JENKIN$. who believe on him should nat | August 8, 1817., perish but have life everlasting." . This Epigram in Latin is carved
As soon as according to their wood over the front window of measure of grace given me of God, the Four Crosses Inn, in StaffordI began to taste the savour of this shire, facing the London road. heavenly lesson, which no man can I was struck with it as I rode by teach but God only, who revealed on horse-back, in; 1777; ; and the same unto Peter; I desired amused myself in translating and the Lord to increase, my faith- versifying it. I did not then and at last I desired nothing more know it was Martial's. than that I being so comforted by I was riding to Dunstable Him, might be strengthened by and London, at the time, by Dr. his Holy Spirit with grace from Currie's advice, for the benefit of above, that I may teach the wick-' my health.
DR. STOCK'S LETTER TO THE REV. JOHN ROWE.
To the Editor of the New Evangelical Magazine.
DR. STOCK “the writer of the following Letter,” has stated as one reason for privately printing a limited number of copies of his Letter to Mr. Rowe, that “Some pious and valuable friends for whose judgment he feels much deference, have expressed an opinion that it might be of service to others.” This is one of many reasons why I send a copy of it to you, for insertion in your valuable Magazine, as it is reasonable to conclude that the wider it is disseminated, the more extensively useful it is likely to become. . I cannot conjecture why the distribution of this Letter should have been hitherto confined to the private circle of the Doctor's friends, as the subjects they refer to possess more than a local interest. They appear to have been examined with all the critical acumen of the scholar, as well as the seriousness of the Christian. It is well known in our churches here, that Dr. Stock was a leading character among the Unitarians—that he was the channel of communication from that Society to Dr. Lant Carpenter of Exeter, inviting him to become a Colleague in the ministry with Mr. Rowe; and that, in the capacity of a Physician, he attended the deceased Mr. Vernon, the Baptist Minister at Downend, near this city, who embraced the opportunity of conversing with him upon religious subjects, particularly respecting the Divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the personality and influences of the Holy Spirit. The result of this was the renunciation of his Unitarian, and the adoption of Trinitarian sentiments. It is natural to conclude that a change of views so extensive as this, in a character eminent for his literary acquirements, should become the subject of much speculation in the religious world.
Trinitarians and Anti-Trinitarians who are acquainted with Dr. Stock have given him every credit for the integrity of his motives.
His Letter which evidently was never intended for publication, does so beautifully delineate the progression of his mind in the ins vestigation of truth, that it is of peculiar value to the Philosopher as well as to the Theologian. Soliciting that it may obtain an early insertion,
I remain Yours, &c.
A. August 25, 1817.
THE writer of the following letter never intended or expected that its circulation should extend beyond a very small circle. At the desire of the friend to whom he felt himself so deeply indebted, he transcribed it for his use; but, at the same time, accompanied it with a request, that no second copy should be taken; a request with which his friend rigidly complied. Nor was it till he found that the scope of it had been much misunderstood or misrepresented, and that some detached passages had found their way in various directions, that, in justice to himself, and to the truths which he had embraced, he permitted the circulation of it to be at all extended. In the mean time, he has been frequently solicited for copies of it, which his other avocations would by no means permit him to furnish ; and as some pious and valuable friends, for whose judgment he feels much deference, hade expressed an opinion that it might be of service to others, he has ordered a few to be privately printed, in order to comply with their wishes and to save himself the trouble of transcribing. VOL, III,
TO THE REV. JOHN ROWE. by the affectionate earnestness of
Clifton, Nov. 6. 1816. his manner. Now and then he proMY DEAR SIR.
duced a passage of scripture which I SCARCELY know in puzzled me exceedingly: but as I what terms to begin this letter, or was always distrustful, I scarcely how to communicate to you the ever allowed any weight to it, till object of it. Yet I am anxious after I had coolly examined it at to be the first to convey to you home. I began, however, somethe intelligence, because I am un- times, to consider, whether it was willing that it should reach you, not possible that his observations unattended by those expressions might contain some truth; and of of personal regard and respect, by course was led to examine them which I could wish that it should with more care and impartiality. be accompanied. It will surprise It is necessary here, to state, you to be told, that it is become that my letter to Dr. Carpenter, with me a matter of absolute duty though drawn up some little time to withdraw myself henceforth before, was dispatched about this from the Lewin's Mead Society. period. I advert to this circum.
Yes! my Dear Sir, such is the stance, because it marks a curifact. In the month of July last ous, though I fear, not an uncommy professional attendance was mon feature in the human mind. required for the Rey. John Vernon, I must, however, make the avowaly the Baptist Minister of Downend, that it was precisely about the who was then on a visit to a friend interval that occured between the in Bristol. I found him very ill: preparation and the dispatch of 'so much so, that his other medical the letter alluded to, and of that attendant and myself have since to you and the second to Dr. judged it necessary that he should Estlin, that the doubts above suspend all his public labours. stated, now and then, at rare interAfter attending him here, for two vals would force themselves upon or three days, he reinoved to Down- my mind. Such, however, was end; where I have since con- my hostility to the sentiments to tinued to see him about once a which these doubts pointed, that I week. He felt it a duty to endea- resisted every suspicion of this kind. vour to lead me to reconsider my I treated it as a mere delusion of Teligious opinions; and at length, the imagination : I felt ashamed with much delicacy and timidity even to have yielded to such sugled to the subject. I felt fully gestions for a moment; and when confident of their truth, and did Mr. Bright pointed out to me a not, on my part, shun the investi- strong passage in the address to gation. For some weeks his efforts | Dr. Carpenter, as if he thought did not produce the smallest effect; that it might be softened a little, and it required all the affectionate I persisted in retaining it. In fact, patience of his character to induce I seemed to seek, in the strength me to look upon the arguments on of the terms that I made use of, his side, as even worth examining. I to deepen my own convictions of The spirit of levity, however, was my previous opinions.* at length subdued and restrained! The letters were sent, and the
* To elucidate this paragraph, it may, perhaps, be proper to state, that bir Estlin, tbe senior minister of Lewin's Mead, having announced his intention to resign that ofice, the congregation met, and voted an address of thanks to him for his sera °vices. Some time afterwards, they met for the purpose of electing a successor. Their choice fell upon Dr. Carpenter of Exeter, and an invitation was, accordingly, sent him, which was accepted, and his acceptance announced in another address to eac of their ministers. The writer of the above letter was requested to be the organ expressing the sentiments of the Society, upon these several occasions, a request which be cheerfully complied.
respective answers received. Still this latter month, the evidence for my weekly visits to Mr. Vernon the doctrines, which I had hitherto were continued : I still investi- | so strenuously opposed, seemed gated the subject with constantly progressively to increase. But it increasing earnestness; yet I was was not until this very week that unaltered; and even when Mr. conviction came; and that my Bright read the history of the pro- mind unhesitatingly and thankfully ceedings to the congregation, I accepted the doctrines of the sufelt no regret at my share in them, preme divinity of our Lord and but, on the contrary, rejoiced in Saviour Jesus Christ, of atonement, anticipating the future triumphs of or reconciliation, by his precious Unitarianism.
blood, and of the divinity and Here, however, my triumph personality of the Holy Spirit. ceased. Almost immediately after- I do not, my dear sir, say it by wards, my doubts returned with way of commending my earnesttenfold force. I read: I was per- ness in the enquiry, but I say it in plexed. Often, very often, I justice to the opinions that I have wished that I had not begun the embraced, that, since this investienquiry. I prayed for illumina- gation began, I have regularly gone tion; but I found my mind daily through the New Testament as far becoming more and more unset- as the Epistle to the Hebrews; tled. I have now lying before me, (the Gospel of John I have read a sheet of paper on which I wrote through twice) that not only every down some of the thoughts of this text, which has been differently inperiod, while under their more terpreted, occuring in this large immediate pressure as if to relieve portion of the New Testament, but my mind by thus divulging them ; also all those refered to in the confor they were disclosed to no troversial volumes mentioned behuman ear. I copy from them low, were carefully compared with this passage :-" If the attainment the original, with the improved of truth be not the result, I am version, with Mr. Belsham's exsure that the state of mind in planation in his calın enquiry, and which I have been for some time frequently with Dr. Carpenter's past is not to be envied.” (Unitarianism the doctrine of the
I think that it was about this gospel; and that the references to time that you returned home. the Psalms, and the prophetical When I advanced to shake hands Scriptures, which occurred in the with you after the close of the New Testament, or the other writservice, you may remember that sings alluded to, were also examined you observed to me, “Why, Doc- in Dr. Priestley's Notes on the tor, you look pale.” Pale I was, Scriptures. For I am not possessed I have no doubt; for my mind was of, nor have I seen (with, I think, full of thoughts that chafed each one exception, in which Dr. Campother like a troubled sea; and bell's Annotations on Matt. xxii. your return, and the vivid recol. 41. et seq. were shown to me) one lection of the letters which it ex- orthodox commentary on the scripcited, had not tended to calm the tures. The controversial books, agitation. In addition to this, Ion that side, which I have used in had been in the habit of pursuing this enquiry, are Mr. Wardlaw's the enquiry, night after night, to a two Books*, Simpson's plea for the very late hour.
Divinity of Jesus (of which, at Such continued to be the state this very moment, not even a third of my mind, during the latter endt
* Discourses on the principal points of of September, and the whole of the Socinian Controversy, and UnitarianOctober. Towards the end of Jism incapable of yjudication.