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3000 scholars. That it employs eleven | most important subjects. Why was it readers of the Irish Scriptures: three of that this expedient bad not been resorted whom are itinerants. Four new Soci-to for ages? What is there in the lancties have been formed: and five itine-guage of a mother country that should rant preachers are constantly employed. / make it the exclusive medium of the cir
Mr. Cox, rose and said, the Report we culation of the most important kinds of have heard, Mr. Chairman, must be re knowledge: There is nothing sacred in a corded in every heart; it must be written language: the only thing that recomin the book of remembrance of all who mends it is its being intelligible. No have heard it. I wish it were carried on doubt the Irish language is quite equal to the wings of angels to the extremities of the communication of thought. the earth. Sir, I am apprehensive that Mr. ROGERS, one of the missionaries to the 19th century wilt eclipse the glory
Ireland, thus addressed the audience. of the sixteenth. I confess that I have Ladies and Gentlemen, I mean to relate some strong feeling towards the sixteenth a few facts, or rather, to confirm the facts, century, in which so much good was as far as I can, which are in your Report. effected: that century is characterised as I have not only heard of these things, but the era of the reformation, a period I have seen them. Many in performing during which great things were done for penance have lost their lives. I can tell the advancement of the religion of the you an instance on good authority; not Cross. The nineteenth century may be long ago, a certain woman, with a little characterized as the era of the second child in her arms, was sent to the top of reformation. Under Henry the Eighth Brogh Patrick, to perform stations, (to the first reformation commenced, but un. do penance,) and I heard it was in conseder a more glorious name, and under quence of her going to hear one of the brighter auspices, the second reformation Methodist preachers. A shower of snow has commenced the reign of George the fell, and she perished with the child at Third.
the top of the mountain! Say you, Iwonder I shall only read the motion put into they should do so.' 0! when we consimy hand, that the Report now read, be der, we cannot wonder at all. How was approved adopted, and cireulated at the it with the ancient inhabitants of this discretion of the Committee.
kingdom? You remember their idolatrous Dr. STEADMAN felt. considerable diffi- practices; and since then it has been dence in addressing the meeting. The overwlielmed with popery. What has worthy Chairman last year condescended made us to differ? The Scriptures. British to request me to yisit Ireland. My mind, Christians have neglected Ireland in 2 my inclinations, my strong desires have shameful manner. They have been sympa. carried me over the Channel; and it thizing, with the Hindoo, with the African, would be one of the high gratifications of but the peasant of Ireland has been left my life to preach to the Irish in their neglected, lying at our very doors, weepcabins, or any where else. Every indicing over his lack of knowledge: exclaimvidual in this large meeting, of any meeting in our ears, “Hast thou but one ing that has the feelings of a Briton and blessing, O my father! Bless-me, even me a Christian, must be convinced, that it is also, O my father!”. his imperious duty to assist to the utmost You have heard of the children in Ireof his power in promoting the objects | land; of their committing the scriptores of this society. To rescue our fellow. to memory; and I have heard them re. creatures from ignorance and vice; to peating the scriptures. You have heard teach the uptutored to peruse the oracles of a young woman about fifteen years of of God, that book which has been written age; I have heard her repeat 79. chapters under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, of the New Testament. Another, six is an object nearly allied to that which is years of age has committed seven chapters pursued by the Divine Being himself, to memory in six weeks and three days. who has condescended to put that volume Indeed, the priests are well aware, that into our hands; an object that perfectly when these children grow up to maturity, coincides with the great design of our
it will be in vain for them to request their Redeemer himself in comiog into the attendance at confession. One of the world. When I stand and survey this priests told me, that he felt it his duty to respectable meeting, when I realize oppose our schools; that he thought the the object it has in view, I congratulate children would know the scriptores as iny country upon its vast improvements. well as the clergy. I agreed with him. Could the kingdom have furnished such the priest and myself never quarrel. a meeting as this twenty-five or 'six years think they are perfectly correct in their ago; a meeting convened on any special notions about circulating the scriptures: benevolent purpose? Were I to go to they think popery will be ruined; and so Ireland, I would congratulate those parts | it will: they oppose the Testament in the of Ireland where the native language is most violent manner; call it the heretic exclusively spoken and understood; yes, 1 book ; cursing from the very altar those I would congratulate them on the means | families that have the heretic's book of information which they possess on the among them, saying they will be damnet
for ever. I heard one of the priests had to promote the great cause of intellectual said, in a congregation of about 1200, 1 einancipation. "I should not be surprised if the earth Under the influence of these feelings, were to swallow up the cabins, families, though I have not the honour of persontestaments, and all together."
ally knowing the gentleman, i have There are many who seem determined much pleasure in moving the thanks of to wipe out the disgrace that has long se- this meeting to William Burls, Esq. the mained on Britisk Christians, in conse- Treasurer, and that he be requested to quence of their neglect of Ireland. Col. continue his valuable services for the enlections are making in Scotland, and we suing year.. have only to send for them. I was in GRIERSON, Esq. a native of Ireland, Wales last year. The poor Welch people unexpectedly introduced himself to the seem determined to do what they can. meeting. His speech chiefly bore upon I preached there, and mentioned someone point: he disapproved of the Irish circumstances respecting the ignorance having the Scriptures in their own lanof the people in Ireland, and collected guage. Many of the audieuce expressed some money in Wales. After I had been strong disapprobation and impatience: preaching on one occasion, and pointing but through the interference of the Secreout some instances of the ignorance of tary, who said, “he hoped the gentleman the Irish people, a poor woman came would not be interrupted, as he was quite out of the meeting-house much affected, certain the society would be willing to She said, “I wish I had enough money | alter its plans, if the gentleman conld to give to buy a Testament; I have only prove they were acting wrong," he was two-pence in the world ; but I will give then permitted to proceed. it to have that verse printed In that I rise. Sir, to congratulate the meeting day a fountain shall be opened for sin on the luminous confirmation they have and for uncleanness.' -If (said she) they heard of their own opinions. Your knew the efficacy of that fountain as I speakers have all been eloquent, or I had have known it, I am sure they would not been less anxious to address you. You go to Crogh Patrick any more.”
have acted upon the presumption that Dr. RYLAND moved the grateful thanks Wales and Ireland are in similar circumof the Meeting to the British and Foreign stances, Wales is a country of patriotic Bible Society, the Bible Societies in renown, isolated and united by an ancient Scotland, and the Auxiliary Bible Society language ; you accommodated your mea. in Liverpool, for their liberal donations sures to her prejudices; you knew that of Bibles in aid of this dostitution, and she had an hereditary aversion to your was happy to add, that he had received language ; that she had an unconquerable from that country within a week past, blindness to her interest-you acted £300 for the Baptist Missionary Society. wisely: but yours is narrow policy to my Mr. SAFFERY, of Salisbury, seconded country; she well inclines to your lan
guage; she is not jealous of you. I am B. Shaw, Esq. M.P. moved the thanks proud to say, that she is ambitious of of the Society to the ministers, who | English education. She is well disposed during the past year, had made collec- to that language which her posterity must tions, in aid of the funds of the institution; | inherit--the language spoken by the and was seconded by Mr. WILKINSON, higher classes, and which is ultimately to who in passing a just tribute of praise on lead her to intellectual and moral imMr. ROGERS, congratulated himself in 'provement. Compare then Ireland and being his countryman, an ancient Briton. Wales, and the comparison will shew
C.B. SMYTH, Esq. of the Inner Temple, you a broad contrast indeed. It was -I shall not apologize for presenting wise, it was liberal, it was fortunate 10 myself before you, upon a subject like give their own language to the nations o. that which now engages your attention, the East. If Ireland were bigotted to though I may be incompetent adequately her native tongue, and yours were unto impress upon your minds the feelings known to her, in such case it would be that urge me to address you; yet I can- useful to apply your measure. Give her Not resist an occasion which, 'though it therefore the Bible in English, not in a may not inspire me with the eloquence barren language, which thousands cannot desirable for its support, will not allow read, and which at all events she nuse me to give it only my silent advocacy: | exchange; because, when sbe is taught as an Irishman, who has long witnessed religion in Irish, she must come to British with deep regret the mental wretchedness intelligence for morality. of thousands of my countrymen, I catch
JouN SYDNEY TAYLOR, Esq. (of the at any, the faintest hope of rescuing | Middle Temple.)--Mr. Chairman, Two them from a bondage the most degrading years ago I had the honour of addressing and ruinous under which humanity ever Suffered; and as one who sympathises
the friends of this Society. I trust the with whatever does honour to our species,
present meeting, so numerous and so exult in beholding the impressive speco respectable, has an undiminished zeal for tacle which presents itself, in your union 'the advancement of a cause, that pro.
mises to give a happier direction to the mand of Canute, to repel the waves roll, energies of my country. Bat I have a ing beneath the immutable impulse of napainful task now to undertake. In that ture. No, you must first tranquillize and meeting there was but one sentiment of conciliate before you can reform, and generous unanimity-one conviction of when you have done this, the British the justness of the means, and the utility Empire, as far as regards Ireland, will of the end, which the Society was so be- be no longer an ill-consorted alliance of nevolently interested to accomplish. To discordant elements and jarring propenthe former, one individual bas now stated sities, but similar tastes, habits, and acobjections; and though it is easy to show quirements must blend into a communion their insufficiency, I am sorry that the sen- of sympathies, and beget congenial assotiments of any one among us should re- ciation. quire refutation. However, before I That this has not been achieved before reply to the arguments of that gentleman, 1 is not so much a reproach to Ireland as a my countryman, who has preceded me, disgrace to the land that has held the rod
I wish to say a few words on the general of dominion over her; and when neglect nature of the Institution. This is a sub- or bad policy had long abandoned her to ject that must be important to every one ignorance and its degrading circumstances, whose heart is human-but peculiarly you boast, and justly, of your liberal interesting to an Irishman, as it is one of habits, your civilizing institutions, and the the strongest principles of our nature, solid principles of your national character. where not warped by wrong habits, to | But consider what have been your advanfeel incitement and animation in what- tages, and contrast them with the picture ever is conducive to the welfare of that of Ireland-look through your history for spot of earth we call by the sacred name the causes why you are exalted, and she of country! But why is my country dif- | is abased! When you were a land of ferent from yours? Are they not encir- | naked and wild barbarians, whose only cled by the ramparts of the same con- | dwelling was the forest, and food the stitution ? Do they not swear allegiance precarious acquisition of the chase, a to the same Sovereign-shed their blood people then the most civilized and polished in the same ranks-for the same objects in the world descended upon your shores.
with a like devotion--and has not our It is true, they came as conquerors; but combined legislature pronounced them they conquered you by more than the force one and the same, united in interest of arms: the dominion which the wea. identified in policy? Why then is my pons of war had imperfectly attained, the country different from yours? But I will energies of mind accomplished; and they not flatter myself: there is a difference ; subdued you by benefits, and disarmed and one, which, while it exists, must ren- you by liberality. They did not treat der union but a political fiction or at you with the harsh and jealous spirit of a least but the smile of mutual compliment gloomy policy, which, building its domi
barren and delusive; having nothing of nion on the weakness of man, dare not the core of friendship to assimilate sen- impart to those oyer whom it presides any timent and produce esteem.
share in the knowledge which confers But what is this separating influence ? superiority. It is true, they took from You will read it in the history of a people your ancestors their savage independence; more generous than circumspect, more but, in place of its dangerous freedom, unfortunate than criminal.–Tossed for they taught them the construction of the ages upon seas of calamity, fearfully social state-rencouraged in them a love of destructive of political rectitude-op- civil improvement, and though possessing pressed by a superstition that frets away no pure religion themselves (not like you the moral virtues, and obscured by the in possession of the light of the gospel) shade of its attendant ignorance-Is it they had the spirit and the feeling to unstrange that our countries are so unlike; bind the human sacrifice from the altar of pr is it not rather astonishing, thąt they superstition. Thus was England, when a are not more decidedly contrasted ? yet land of savage darkness, visited by the still the difference is manifest; and to dis- arts and information of a great com. sipate the obstacles to a sincere coalition, munity; and thus did she receive from a the voice of the legislature must of itself power beyond herself, the impulse which be as yaįn and igeffectual as the com- first carried her towards a sublime desille
nation. Happy would it have been for of all the plans which have been Ireland, if this lesson of generous policy adopted for this great purpose, yours apwhich the Romans taught your ancestors, pears to me the best calculated, not only had instructed them to use their con- for the speediest but the most permanent quest over her in the same spirit of intel-success. The Gentleman who last adligent mercy; and taught them to excite dressed you has said that the Irish are not in the Irish, a feeling emulous of their disinclined towards the English language; improvements, instead of inspiring vulgar but that gentleman has not had all the awe and conscious humiliation! But when experience of bis countrymen which should a brighter prospect presents itself in the give his opinion the requisite authority. future, I look not to the melancholy past | This is a matter of fact. I impeach not for subject of reproach, or gloomy reflec the accuracy of his personal observation, tion. I ask experience for the light that but the extent of it. His residence has serves to retrieve the errors of former con been in the neighbourhood of Dublin, duct, not to perpetuate the bitter feelings within the pale of an English colony, it has excited. Remember that a people where Irish is spoken by very few-He with the sensibilities of the Irish. cannot | has indeed been in the north of Ireland, be your slaves without being dangerous: 1 among the descendants of Scotch settlers: or your free-brethren without being affectionate; and they can hardly be free | south and west. He would have there till instruction has made them appreciate found the posterity of a people the first the value of the blessing, and taught possessors of the Island, inheriting a them its genuine enjoyment and best se- strong animosity to the English name curity. I know that there are many who full of a cherished antipathy to your lanthink that there is something radically de- guage, your manners, and their dreaded fective in the Irish character, something innovation. Is it strange that such a that sets it at variance with the regular people, influenced as they are by the habits of well-ordered society, and ren- traditions of ancient times, should love a ders it averse from the aspect even of the language which bears with it the endear. wisest legislation; but let them remember, ing memory of their independence that it is but lately my countrymen have breathes the spirit of their bards---celehad reason to learn the docility, which a brates tbe achievements of their heroes judiciously mild and conciliating treat contains the names which embellish their
but lately that they have been taught, songs, like the voice of departed days, is that there is a virtue in obedience because full of a mouroful fascination? That the authority has shewn itself virtuous, and Irish should be attached to this their na that there is wisdom in submission because tive language, when it has been endeademanded by an intelligent controul. Yes, voured to drive them out of it by perseI perceive that the British people, ad. cution, is not a curious singularity in the vised by the examples of the past, coun- history of mankind. All nations, so cirsel better for the future interests of Ire cumstanced, have been fond of the relics land: they now perceive that it is an in- of their former freedom, however bartellectual authority which must mould the barous, and bave clung to whatever remind of Ireland in conformity to British minds them of departed glories, however Sentiment, and the interests of an united dimly seen through the fables and mist of empire ; and they have discovered. tbat antiquity. I know other persons, besides the first great instrument of this must be this Gentleman, possessing more benevoEducation.
lence than penetration, who are alarmed I believe all enlightened minds agree at this way of attempting to inform the upon this subject. I believe my eloquent Irish. They suppose that by thus counfriend who last addressed you, and who, tenancing their love for their native lanI am sorry to say, objected to the main guage, you will roll back upon them, in feature of the institution, is of the same tenfold darkness, that cloud of. barbarism opinion--we only differ with regard to which they say is beginning to break, and the means. No doubt human nature is that you will finally shut out every ray of stubbornly tenacious of its first received opinions, when it has carried them un imagination of such persons is stronger molested from childhood to maturity ; but than the reasoning faculty. They dont it is on the plastic and unconfirmed dis- consider, that when knowledge is introposition that education is to manifest its duced in any way, it will work its own finest power, in counteracting the bias of effects; that morality will not be less wrong prepossession. Convinced of this moral, nor religion less pure, nor its civitruth, many and strenuous exertions are lizing spirit less corrective of impetuous making by various societies to pour out passions, and erratic sensibilities, because upon the young mind of Ireland the liber-conveyed through the medium of the Irish alizing spirit of instruction, that future language. And when such information is times may never witness the horrors conveyed to the mind of man, what matwhose recital is so afflicting, or weep forters it in what language be speaks? Is me degradations over which we have not his heart right-is not his understande lamented!
ing strong is not the voice of the Chris. Í sume it from its presence toferates it for tian in his actions--does he not do bis a time only to try the charitable energies duty to his God and his neighbour, and I of man to man! these energies are not would like to know, what language could put to the test of a great struggle and fix on such a mind the stain of barbarism, this is an era in which that agency is or make him undeserving of the most glo greatly operative and you are instrurious community. I should be glad to to ments to aid in the
ich is know what nation would wish to expel him from its bosom, because he loved the truth. Direct your efforts then to a conn. language of his forefathers, and the words try too long neglected, and too well de. which were the first his infancy had serving of your most active attention. I attered ! No--let the mind be rightly in repeat it, the most effectual means of informed, and the habits well-directed, and troducing to the Irish peasant a salutary men's language will accommodate itself to influence, which must correct a vicious their moral advancement-it will become and hereditary feeling, is to make the polished and pleasing, or if it be inflexi- language of truth address bim-in what ? bly barbarous, they will take advantage in his own tongue. Yes, let him have the of a language already formed, for the ex-advantage which was given to the Capapression of their new wants, and fitted to docian and the Phrygian of old, and the the extent of the intellectual attainments Indian of the present day. Let not him which result from civilization,
alone be an exception to the rule of an But my friend has told you of a formi- intelligent philanthrophy. Vigorous indable power in Ireland hostile to the deed must be the natural understanding scriptures, and all information that exalts of that Irish peasant, who would dare to the human mind. I know it too well read the scriptures in defiance of a penal and my country knows it too well, and it injunction; and when they accost him in is on the fact of there being such a power a language for which, neither from nature that the strongest argument against his or argument, has he any affection. But opinion is founded. That authority having | when you introduce the gospel to him in commenced its dominion in dark and bar- , his own beloved language, there is somebarous times, has through a series of ages thing too congenial to his feelings, too established over the Irish population a agreeable to the patriot-passion in its terrible ascendency! It has reduced them, aspect, to allow him to refuse its invitaI am sorry to say, almost to a state of sa-l tion, no matter what sentiment he may tisfied servitude that kind of habitual, be told it contains! it has at least a charm slavery in which chains and darkness are capable of counteracting the charm that so familiar that we have no remembrance has enslaved him-it will at least induce of liberty and light! and in which we enquiry, and when the subject of that look upon them who would beckon us enquiry is the gospel, hesitate not to put from our dungeons, as tormentors that it in his hands; man's duty will then be would betray us beyond the bounds of our performed, and heaven will not let it be security. To this infatuating influence, in vain. Once received, it will soon imunder which reason must be either silent I prove his moral perceptions, till he beor rebellious, nothing so effective can becomes sensible of the odious deformity of opposed as the Gospel conveyed through that gothic superstructure, whose gloomy the medium of the Irish language. For and fantastic battlements have so long you know, and the gentleman has told thrown their shadow over his country, you, that that authority has forbidden the chilling its moral bloom, and causing its book of life as something whose contact virtues to perish untimely! . is dangerous to the soul of man and its I must add a few words more particuimmortal hopes-yes, it rejoices in having larly in reference to my friend who prerendered the human heart proof against ceded me. I have I trust already replied the eloquence with which its God ad. to the main objects of his discourse. There dresses it, Awful violation! to enact is an argument on which he has laid great laws against God's law-to tear down the stress-he has said there is no analogy proclamation of his pardon to repentant between Ireland and Wales. I am sorry men, and to prefix to his published ordi- for it, I am sorry they are not more alike. nances, penalties against reading them! There never was an analogy; and because An insult like this to an earthly sovereign, there is not one, our argument is stronger, would provoke extermination : but God, and his is less convincing. In Wales, in his wisdom, is of long endurance-He there is no authority that interdicts the has allowed human agency to have the gospel to the humble peasant-that bamerit under his providence of dissipating | nishes its consolation from his hours of the obstacles which man raises to his trial, and its pleasant voice from the power; and when any human system ob felicities of his fire-side! Yet because he trudes itself. like an opaque body be. I loved and understood tween the light of heaven and the earth | better than yours, you gratified that patuon which it would shine, covering human ral feeling, and gave him the Bible in minds with the gloom of an eclipsing | Welch. And when the Irish bave not superstition, that light which could con- Jonly one power operating against the Tea