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evil of which we have frequently lessons from the epistles to the Corina complained and supplies what has thians, he has fallen into some inhitherto been a desideratum.
accuracies which of course will be The Lessons are selected with due corrected in the next edition. The discrimination; and the titles are in first epistle, is always mentioned general appropriate ; beginning with “ Corinthians” without the numeral; The Creation the first Sabbath-the and those lessons which have been fall of man--the death of Abel- selected from the second epistle are Noah's Ark-the Deluge_ the Rain-uniformly said to be taken from the bow-the confusion of tongues—the first! The volume consists of 550 call of Abraham, &c. &c. The in-pages, and at the head of each lesson comparable history of Joseph and his is prefixed a text of scripture. Upon brethren occupies twelve lessons; the the whole, we think the publication history of the Israelties, beginning certainly deserves the attention of with the birth of Moses, and termi- teachers in general: and at a period nating with their settlement in the like the present, when unexampled promised land, makes nearly fifty. efforts are making to distribute the The book of Proverbs upwards of Scriptures universally abroadawork, twenty. It is with propriety that the such as the one before us, so well compiler has been sparing in his use adapted for utility, cannot fail, we of the Prophetic writings, and also think, of public patronage, and in of the Apostolic epistles. But he process of time, of being very genea has very judiciously harmonized the rally used. life of Christ. In selecting a few |
Religious and Literary Intelligence.
To the Editor of the New Evangelical In the year 1811, a respectable associ, Magazine,
ation was formed, for the purpose of ine vestigating the actual state of the High, lands and Islands, in regard to instruction,
and to provide the means of teaching It is now some months since I addressed them in the Gaelic their native tongue. you on the importance of universal edu- These inquiries demonstrated the necessity cation, and I am induced to request your of immediate exertion in their behalf, favourable reception of a few lines again, and the Society determined to adopt a in consequence of the great satisfaction plan, which had the sanction of expea I have experienced in reading the sixth rience in Wales, viz. the employment of Report of the Society for Gaelic Schools, Itinerant Teachers, in what are called and which I trust will be acceptable to ambulatory Schools. The result' has fully your readers.
answered the expectation of the Society, The Gaelic Society, is not opposed to The people old and young, most eagerly the respectable Society long since es- assemble together to learn, and a desire tablished in Edinburgh, for promoting is excited thereby to learn even the En. Christian knowledge in the Highlands, I glish language. At a small expense and and Islands, but is different in its object, by means of teachers who remain only & and its operations are principally di- few months in one place, instruction is rected to plans which have had litile or afforded to 3557 persons, of all ages from no benefit from the laudable operation of 5 to 117, for even at this advanced age, that Society. Much commendation is one person appeared as a learner, and undoubtedly due to the Society for pro- actually made some proficiency, when it moting Christian knowledge in the High- | pleased God to arrest his progress, by lands, &c, butit appears from experience, dimness of sight, and soon after to remove and from facts, that by teaching the him from this world, English language alone, they have made. The Report states, the visitor of the far less progress than would have been School at Glencalyie found “A house made by teaching the Gaelic. The in- crowded with 60 Scholars of all ages, struction thus given conveyed no ideas from the Glencalvie veteran Ivirach, now the people only read what they did not in his 117th year to, literally speaking, understand, and felt no interest in that the infant in the cradle; for the mother kind of education which conveyed no of the infant his one or to
of the infant his one of the Scholars, and such was here desire to learn, that she
brought the child and cradle to school. committed to memory. Thus the walls
This man Iverach now attending the of the cottage were illuminated, by the school, in the parish wherein he was taper which was lighted in the school, born, enlisted in the year 1715, and as it Prayer has been introduced to families, appears actually attempted to learn to whereno form of devotion existed before: read, one hundred years afterwards in swearers, liars, and drunkards, have ap. 1815. The teacher says, he acquired the l peared to stand in arve of their own knowledge of letters, nay had got the children, knowing how they had been length of reading syllables or short words, taught at school, to abhor these vices as when he was arrested in his progress by sins, which provoke the wrath of God, or an infirmity incident to far younger men. drown the soul in perdition." His sight failed considerably, otherwise “Formerly not having any subject of he would have learned to read."
a substantial or serious nature to engage The fundamental principle of this their attention arising from their inability Society is to teach the people to read the to peruse the oracles of truth, they spent scripture alone without note or comment, the sabbath in frivolous and idle converand the plan meets the approbation of sation; but now they not only continue all the people, a large proportion of the public reading of the scriptures in the whom are Catholics. This is another school house, on that day, but also read proof among many, of the superior ad- them every day in their families. I have vantage of giving instruction, on a plan found parents listening, wbile their chil. which includes the children of all de- dren read the scripture with great at. nominations. How forcibly does it re- tention.” prove the practice of exclusive measures, How precious are the moments which and how plainly does it evince the awful are passing away? Every hour is carrying responsibility of those, who have kept some individuals into an eternal state, the poor in ignorance of the Holy Scrip- who had they been instructed in the Holy tures under whatever pretext.
Scripture, would have been better memThe consequence has been the same as bers of Society, and under the divine bles. it will always be, when the power of sing on these Scriptures, might have been reading the scripture is afforded to the prepared to stand before the Judge of all. poor. In proof of which I shall trouble How many crimes must have been prevent. your readers with some short extracts | ed, only by the moral effect of teaching to from this valuable Report
read the oracles of God, and in so far as “In two populous townships, says our neighbours have been permitted to the Rev. Dr. Ross, at the distance of 12 grow up in ignorance, their crimes are as miles from the parish church, and in some much imputable to the public, as to them. measure detached from the world; when selves. I am sometimes inclined to think one year ago, except in the house of the there is as much lost by theft, as would principal tenant, a single Bible was not pay for the education of all the poor. It to be found, now there is not a house in is said that the part of the New Penitenwhich a portion of the word of God is not tiary at Milbank which is allotted to read, and his worship performed twice women, is full, and that of necessity every day. The thing is scarcely credible female convicts, must yet be transported. but the hand of God is in your labours." Shall we continue to build places of im. "After an examination at Glencalvie, prisonment at an enormous expense, or an old man thanked God in the most ex shall we not rather endeavour to prevent pressive terms, for what he had spared the evil by instruction ? Surely a small him to see. I remember, said he, when part of the sum so expended, might be there were only three Bibles in all Strath- I made to go for the moralising of youth, carron, Glencalvie, and Strathcullanach, and I have no doubt it will prove a blesa an extent of Strath measuring fully twenty sing to Society. miles in length, if taken in a straight line, Reading the scriptures appears to be and only three men in the vast population the best foundation which can be laid it then contained, who could read the for human improvement, and I trust the word of God, and now every child can day is not far distant, when every per. read it, every house contains one or son will exert his utmost endeavours to more bibles, and those who cannot read promote it. themselves, have daily opportunity of
I remain Sir, hearing it from some inmate of the
Your obedient servant, family,
The improvement in morals is also manifest. The Rev, Alexander Stewart of Dingwall writes : « The instructions in HIBERNIAN SOCIETY. culcated upon the children have through that medium, been transmitted to the [Coycluded from page 218.) parents, the parental interest and pleasure With respect to the progress wbich has they felt in their children's improvement | already been made in fugilling the pure drew their serious attention to the sacred poses for wbich this Society was forined, scriptures, which the young ones read or it may be observed,--that its advance
fo extensions of operations, and its suc- , rich unto all that call on him," the cess by its means and instruments, have father repeated the passage two or three proved in the highest degree pleasing times, and falling on his knees, blessed and satisfactory. But the gradually in God that he saw there what he never creasing operations of the Society have saw before; that God is no respecter of greatly exceeded its progressive means persons, and that people of other per. of support; its designs having been truly suasions may be saved as well as Roman laudable and excellent, its means and in Catholics. Here we see, in this delightstruments well adapted to execute them, ful instance, a Roman Catholic peasant and the sphere of its labours admirably in a lonely cottage learning the truths of calculated to gratify British benevolence, salvation from the Bible of his child, and to reward Christian zeal. Under and seeing, notwithstanding the bigotry all these circumstances, it is a matter of and mistatements of his priest, that the surprise and regret that the income of blood of the Lamb was shed for men of this Institution, arising from Annual every clime, nation, tongue, and people. Subscriptions, does not amount to £500; When we hear another poor man telling whilst its Annual Expenditure is up-his priest that he had one child in the wards of £4000!! The deficiency has, in school, but that if he had twenty he part, been supplied by Donations and would send them all ; and when he is Collections, and also by assistance re- told by the priest that he should be put ceived from Auxiliary Societies; but the out of the church, answers undauntedly, arrears at length amount toa sum (£1605) “ Another church will take me in." which must have become burdensome to Yes; this Society would have taken him the Treasurer, embarrassing to the Com- in, and the arms of Jesus would have mittee, and prejudicial to the interest of embraced him. When we hear of the Society.
another father telling his priest, who That a work so truly important, that threatened to punish bim severely objects so highly benevolent, and that if he sent his child to school," that efforts so eminently successful, will be he thought it better that he should bear impeded or paralyzed for want of pecu- the punishment than that his children Diary support, the Committee cannot be should want education,” who could help lieve. For the appeal to Christian prin- admiring the father become, as it were, ciples, feelings, and generosity, is made, a martyr for his children? Surely the in the present instance, to the religious light of heaven must have beained upon public in Great Britain; whose noble his conscience !--In the recovery of liberality supports efforts of compassion Ireland from her gloom and errors, and mercy, amongst the ignorant and the night we not say, " The people who miserable in the most distant parts of the dwelt in darkness have seen a great world. And this liberality will surely light ?" and might we not also see the not be withheld from the Hibernian So- fulfilment of that pleasing prophecy, ciety, whose labours are directed to re-" The wilderness and the solitary place move the afflicting spectacle of ignorance, shall be glad for them, and the desert superstition, immorality, and mental de shall rejoice and blossom as the rose ?" gradation, which the lower classes of the When we hear of an old man, even at community in Ireland exhibit ; to place the advanced period of 97 years of age, our “ brethren according to the flesh," taking a journey of 50 miles to heg a our fellow subjects, on the same high large-print Testament, confessing he ground of moral and national advantage had been in the dark all his days, but on which we stand, and thus to promote pow he thought he saw a little light their best interest, their highest happi from the New Testament, we were ness, and their eternal salvation.
strongly reminded of that miracle on the Captain Pakenham, R. N. rose, and bliod man, who when he was cured by thus `addressed the Meeting.--Every Jesus, thought he at first saw men like Christian bosom must beat with delight trees walking ; but afterwards he saw at hearing the success which has attended things correctly, and in their true light. the labours of the Society in Ireland. So when divine truth breaks at first on When he heard that during the last year the gloom of the mind we see things only the increase in the number of children in in part as thro' a glass, darkly. It was the Society's Schools had been 8000, be by the Bible, and that only, that men contemplated with rapture the barren should be made wise unto salvation. In gloomy vale of superstition enlightened the hand of God this weapon became by the refreshia gbeams of the adorable truly mighty for pulling down sin and Sun of Righteousness ; and he trusted superstition. In the Havannah, a negro the Meeting would allow him to comment might, if he had money, buy his freedom, on a few passages in the delightful and if he had more inoney he might buy report they had just heard read. In one the privilege of ranking as a white man; part it was said that while a child was and if after so doing any one should call reading his scripture task at home before him a black man, even though he was as his father, who was a Catholic, when black as the ace of spades, the negro he came to these words, “ The Lord is ) could sue him in a court of justice and
obtain damages. The Bible not only i pointing such parents as could read to calls men the children of God, but makes assist him. He held public examinations, them such. It transforms them by con- and when a child was found to read well forming them to the image of God's eter- he was in the habit of praising the pabal Son. He was glad the Society was rents for their pains, but when the con. opposed, because this hostility would | trary was the case he reprimanded them teach them lessons of prudence. He was with the same fidelity: and thus by perglad they were in debt, for it would sti- severing, he had in a few years the plea. mulate their friends to relieve them. He sure of seeing every one in the parish able would only add, it was upnecessary for to read, both old and young.-The funds him to say more than merely ask the So- of the Hibernian Society were low, and ciety to consider the heart-felt pleasure he was astonished at this when he conof seeing a father, once a dark and igno- sidered that the cause was the cause of God, rant creature, now kneeling at the throne and should therefore open all purses and of grace, and teaching his little ones to all hearts. In Gottenburgh a school bad lisp the praises of Him who loved them, been established by the Prince there, and and who himself is the "God of Love." | the children following the example of He concluded by moving that the report some schools in England had subscribed a gow read be approved.
penny a week to the Bible Society. Rev. J. PATERSON, of St. Petersburg, 1 Some of them, however, being so poor as seconded the motion. He was no speechi. not to have even this, went to the person fier, but a plain narrator of facts, and as who provided their victuals and begged some facts had been put into his hand he him to give them so much less dinner as begged to read them. [Here the reverend would amount to a penny a week, that gentleman entered into an account of they might give this to the Society. Oh some facts respecting the schools, and that this example might be followed !, and among other things added, that passing that, denying themselves the luxuries of one day through a field, the writer of the life, Christians would join heart and hand account he held in his hand was asked by l in supporting the great work of the Lord two men, “ What news ?” He answered, | Surely it would not fare worse with them “Good news! glad tidings for perishing or their families, that they had given sippers, in the gospel of our salvation ! something to the Lord. The men taking off their hats answered, C. S. DUDLEY, Esq. after stating the “ Blessed be God! this is good news to receipts of the Society and their expen• all people!”] The meeting would ex. diture, which he considered of much im. pect as he came from the continent, that portance, said he had heard it observed he should give them some news from " that solid pudding was better than thence. He would therefore observe, empty praise;" but though they had that though they had heard much of oppo often praised their chairman, who was sition being made by the Catholics in their treasurer, he was afraid by their Ireland to the work of Education and the heavy debt to him they had cut off a gond circulation of the Scriptures, he could many slices of his pudding. He, how. bless God that this was not the case in the ever, would now move that the thanks of Dorth of Europe. It was the glory of the the Society be given him for his valuable Greek Church that she had never been a services, and that he be requested 10 persecuting church, for, although she had continue them. He was persuaded that many errors, still she never prevented he would do so; but hoped they would men from worshipping God according to think of some way of re-paying him. the unbiassed dictates of their own con- | This might be done by giving less to the science. In Denmark, Norway, Sweden, lawyers, for one or two lawyers fees 1 and Finland, education was as common a year would pay for two children; of as in this country, few being found who by the ladies sacrificing some part of could not read, and few who had not an their superfluities of dress or ornament. earnest desire for Scripture truths. In | Had the Society only the means, they one of the German provinces of Russia, could take in double, nay treble, the a worthy dean, who was in the custom of number of children. Those counties of giving books as rewards of diligence, was applied to by a poor woman for a Testa- / tablished, formed a striking contrast ... ment, for a child of hers between 4 and 5 | the others, in their loyalty and peaceli years old. The Dean, being astonished, | habits. “ Had Ireland been situated where asked her if the child could read, tó | Otaheite is, she wonld long ere Dow which she answered he could; and the have been civilized; but somehow child being examined, read so admirably other, because she was so near, theretor that he immediately obtained the Testa- she had been overlooked. He had o 'ment. Another clergyman was nomi- | thought that Missionaries in passing
pated to a parish consisting of 13,000 | the shores of Ireland to go to a forma *souls, but few of whom when he came | clime, must have sometimes heaver there could read ; and he immediately I sigh and cried, “ There is a field whe commenced a school and acted as school. | four Millions of souls are yet in dark master bimself, at the same time ap- and in the shadow of death.".
schools had been es
Med be God, Ireland was no longer to be | --the same means must be employed to veglected. He was glad to find the enlighten the mind and renew the heart, auxiliary branches increasing.-
in the one case as in the other, and the T. PELLA TT, Esq. seconded a molion same Divine power was necessary to renof thanks to the treasurer.
der those means effectual. He was glad On thanks being unanimously voted to lo see the Meeting so numerously attended, the Chairman, he said, he was deeply and hoped that the Society would meet sensible of their kindness, and should be with adequate support. happy to be always their willing servant | The vote of thanks to the Chairmat in the Lord. Bible Societies were good; / was moved by the Rev. Sam, HILLYARD, but if the friends of Religion wished of Bedford, and seconded by Mr. San. those Societies to prosper, they should West (one of the Society of Friends). promote this which opened the way, for The latter assured the Meeting that the Bibles were useless to those who could interest of the Institution lay near his pot read.
heart, and that it would give him great Rer. W. EVANSON, a clergymen from pleasure to see more of his own denominaCork, proposed a vote of thanks to the tion engaged in the support of it. HowCommittee.
ever humble his services might be, as a The Rev. LEGH RICAMOND seconded member of the Committee, he protested the motion, and in a very pleasing and that he would rather be a labourer on the kumourous speech advocated the cause. road to be of public utility, than roll in
The Rev. Jos. SLATTERIE, of Chatham, his carriage an unmoved spectator of the moved the thanks of the Meeting to the miseries of his fellow creatures. various Auxiliary and other Societies, The Chairman having returned thanks, that have rendered assistance to this In- the Meeting broke up. stitution.
The motion was seconded by the Rev. Dr. Smith, of Homerton, an early and
BAPTIST IRISH SOCIETY. steady friend to the Institution. · R. H. MARTEN, Esq. moved the thanks This Society held its third Anniversary, of the Meeting to those Ministers and Con on the morning of Friday, June 27th at the gregations who had contributed to the City of London Tavern, Bishopsgate funds of the Society, respectfully request. . Street. J. BUTTERWORTH, Esq. M. P, in . ing the continuance of their aid.
the chair. Rob. Steven, Esq. in seconding the He stated, that he was happy to acmotion, observed, that it was not an unu quaint the meeting that considerable exsual thing to renew an oath of allegiance. ertions were now inaking in Ireland to He would therefore again declare his alle- | teach the natives the knowledge of the giance to Ireland, and would hold himself | Scriptures in their own tongue. . That at the disposal of the Society, to aid it this Society had excited exertions in other with his best ability in begging for its sup- | quarters totally unconnected with it, and port. He called upon England, in the that a spirit of enquiry had gone forth most solemn aanner, to remember that all | among the lower classes of the Irish, the political evils in Ireland were charge many of whom were exceedingly desirous able to her, because she had neglected to of knowing the Scriptures for themselves. do her duty to that unhappy country. He trusted that by the exertions of this
The Rev. Js. STRATTON, Minister of and other Societies, that a change would York-street Chapel, Dublin, inoved the ere long be effected in the moral characfollowing resolution :-“ That this Meet- ter of that people. That they would be ing, deeply impressed with a sense of the delivered from that miserable condition magnitude and importance of the objects of darkness, superstition, and ignorance of this Society, and of the inadequacy of in which they had long been held. That its funds, in their present state, for the they were a hospitable, generous, noble attainment of those objects, do most ear people, and when made fully acquainted nestly intreat the friends and supporters with the truths of the Bible, would add of the Institution, to use their utmost in dignity and strength to the British empire. fluence in the circle of their respective He lamented that so little had been done connexions, to obtain annual Subscriptions, for the education of the poor in Ireland, Donations, and Contributions, and also to and that what had been done in times forin Auxiliary Societies, that by their / past by the chartered schools in that combined and continued exertions, the country, had only reflected disgrace upon Society may be enabled to persevere in the parties concerned. the pursuit of its benevolent designs, till The Chairman then related some affall Ireland shall be covered with Schools, ecting facts with regard to the want of and the Scriptures be circulated through education among the lower classes in the whole mass of the population."
Ireland. He then stated the objects of The Rey. JoAN CAMPBELL, (the African the Meeting, and called upon the SecreTraveller,) seconded the motion, observo tary for the Report, which was read, ing, that human nature was the same in We find by it that the Society has is Every country whether savage or civilized all thirty-one schools, containing about