Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

limited; they ought to be extended cent of Mahomet sinks before the rising through the world, and there was the beams of Christianity; a Mahometan aged greatest encouragement to enlarge their 40 had learned to read, purposely that he operations. Mr. Pinkerton had informed might read the Scriptures. The first Bible him, that 13 or 14 Jews, at Hamburg, sold in Africa was to an Hottentot. An had instituted a prayer meeting, with a African said of the Scriptures, “ These view to supplicate the Divine assistance are the weapons that will conquer Africa in their enquiries. Many Jews in Russia they have conquered me." The Report and in Poland had subscribed to the Bible stated the formation of various Bible SoSocieties, not only for the Old Testament cieties at home and abroad, particularly bnt for the New, in their own language, in Russia, Sweden, Norway, Deomark, particularly the Caraites. A number of &c. and even among the Catholics, thonboys, at Gottenburg, had, of their own sands of whoni now read the Bible: also accord, formed a Juvenile Bible Society, in the East and West Indies, America, which now amounted to 400, and the and Africa, where a Hottentot, of 50 years Secretary was a Jew, converted under of age, learved to read that he might read the ministry of Dr. Steinkopff: and some the Bible. The Report concluded with of the boys who had no money at com giving thanks to God for a disposition to mand, subscribed a penny weekly, to be encourage the distribution of the Scripsubstracted from their dinners, to meet tures, and imploring the Divine blessing the difficulty. He, therefore, hoped on its exertions. The distribution of Bithere would be no delay in sending Mis- | bles and Testaments collectively, amount sionaries among the foreign Jews. to one million and three quarters, includ

The Sultan Kattegerry spoke very ing 25 languages. feelingly of the light which the Divine After the Report was read, apologies blessing on the Scriptures had shed on his for unavoidable absence were received mind, and desired the Jews might par- from the Bishop of Durham, Lord Exticipate in the same blessing.

mouth, and Mr. Vansittart. • Two Jews from Poland and Germany W. Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. congratuexplained their happiness since they belated the Society on the favourable Re came acquainted with Christianity. 1 port just read, and on the animating io

WM. CUNNINGHAM, Esq. very eloquent. telligence it contained. “My Lord, (said ly descanted on the Scripture promises re- Mr. W.) you have even awakened Siberia lative to the Jews; but through a cold itself to life and action.” Mr. W. moved we heard hin very indistinctly.

the acceptance and printing of the ReThe Rev. Mr. Bickersteth, the Rev. B. pori, which was seconded by the Right Woodd, and the Rev. Lewis Way, sever- Rev, the Bishop of Salisbury. ally addressed the meeting. The latter A number of eloquent addresses were said, three things appeared to be requisite then delivered, but we are unavoidably for the future conversion of the Jews, compelled by want of room, to postpone which he ventured to prognosticate would the insertion of them till next month, when soon be obtained,-a Missionary for the we hope to do more ample justice to this Jews in Poland, -another for Palestine, meeting, than is at present in our power.

and a Hebrew college for the instruc- | We cannot, however, dismiss the subject tion of Missionaries to the Jews.

this month without mentioning a singular circumstance which has since come to our

ears, and on the truth of which we think BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE we can rely. It is that the late Meeting SOCIETY.

of the Bible Society was attended by a THE Anniversary of this invaluable In Gentleman of the order of the Jesuits. stitution, was held at the Freemasons' This person found his way to the very Ha!), on Wednesday, May 17th. the Righit platform on which the speakers and memHon. Lord Teignmouth, President, in the bers of the Committee are always accomchair.

modated, and actually took his place The Report, which every year en among them, with what views or whether creases in extent, was read by the Chair- known to them, we do not undertake to man, assisted by the Rev. Daniel Wilson. say. He was, however, recognized by It took a review of the state of the Society, a person who resides in Lancashire, as a which our readers will rejoice to hear is member of the College of Jesuits, at extremely flourishing, and of its rapid Stoneyhurst, in that county, and to whom extension through the world. The spirit he is well known. We have ourselves of peace bad poured on the world a rich seen and conversed with the person who abundance of moral and intellectual bles- | communicated this information. At any sings. Christian knowledge is now con- other time than the present, we should fined to no couytry: the African and the | not have thought a circumstnnce of this Asiatic-the Hottentot and the Hindoo, kind worth mentioning; but when we are enabled to trace the mind of God in perceive how much the Bible Society has the pages of Scripture, and rejoice in become the subject of alarm at Rome, and there contemplating a sublimer revelation hear the fulminations of the Vatican roar than in sun, moon, and stars. The cres- jng against it month after month, we can

TIES;

not help shrewdly suspecting that this in order that the church, scattered over Jesuit gained admittance as a spy upon the whole world, might be of one lip, and the conduct of the Society, and that in all of the same speech. Truly, when we human probability its late proceedings | perceive in a vernacular tongue very fre. are by this time well known at Rome, quent changes, variations, and alterations, and the subject of deep deliberation with proceeding from the immoderate licenthe Pope and his conclave! If our con tiousness of biblical versions, that immu. jecture be well founded, it behoves the tability must be destroyed; nay, the dis Society to look to themselves, for assuredly vine testimonies, and even the faith itself, there is mischief in the wind.

must be shaken, especially as from the signification of one syllable the truth of

a dogma may sometimes be ascertained. ANOTHER BULL, OR PAPAL

4. Wherefore, by this means, heretics BRIEF. AGAINST BIBLE SOCIE. have been accustomed to bring forward

their corrupt and most destructive ma

chinations; in order that they might Addressed to the Archbishop of Mechlin,

insidiously obtrude each their own errors, (a city in the Netherlands, 10 miles

dressed up in the more holy garb of the from Brussells) on the third of Sep

divine word, by publishing the Bible in tember, 1916.

the vulgar tongues, (though concerning POPE PIUS VII.

the wonderful variety and discrepancy To our Venerable Brother Stanislaus,

of these they mutually accuse and cavil Archbishop of Mechlin,

at each other). * For heresies arise

only,” saith St. Augustine, " when the VENERABLE BROTHER,

excellent Scriptures are not well underHealth and Apostolic Benediction. stood ; and what in them is ill under

1. We are worn down with poignant stood, is nevertheless rashly and boldly and bitter grief at hearing of the perni- | asserted.” cious design, not very long ago entered 5. But if we lament that men, the upon, by which the most holy books of most renowned for piety and wisdom, the Bible are every where dispersed in have often failed in interpreting Scripthe several vernacular tongues, and pub- ture; wbat may not be feared, if the lished, contrary to the most wholesome Scriptures, translated into every vulgar rules of the church, with new translations, tongue, are allowed to be freely read by and these craftily perverted into bad the ignorant common people, who usumeanings. For we have perceived, from ally judge not from any preference, but one of those versions which has been from a sort of temerity?“ Is it so," brought to us, that it tends to destroy the | exclaims St. Augustine properly, “that sanctity of purer doctrine; so that the you, untinctured by any poetical skill, faithful may easily drink deadly poison, do not venture to open Terence without from those fountains wbence they ought a master; yet you rush without a guide to draw the waters of salutary wisdom. upon the Holy Books, and dare to give

2. But we were still more deeply griev an opinion upon them without the assised, when we read certain letters signed tance of an instructor ?" with the name of you, our brother ; 6. Wherefore, our antecessor Innocent wherein you authorized and exhorted the III. in his celebrated epistle to the people committed to your care, to procure faithful of the Church of Metz, most for themselves modern versions of the wisely commanded these things : “ The Bible, or willingly to accept them when hidden mysteries of the faith are not offered, and carefully and attentively to every where to be laid open to all peoperuse them h Nothing certainly could ple; since they cannot every where be more aggravate our grief than to behold understood by all men, but by those only you, who were placed to point out the who can comprehend them with a faithways of righteousness, become a stone of ful mind."-" On which account (the stumbling. For you ought carefully to Apostle says, 1 Cor. iii. 2.) to you who have kept in view, what our predecessors are the more ignorant, as it were babes have always prescribed; namely, “ That in Cbrist, I gave milk to drink, not food; : if the holy Bible in the vulgar tongue for strong meat belongeth to the elder, were permitted every where, without dis As he himself said to others : We speak crimination, more injury than benefit wisdom among the perfect; but among would thence arise.”

you I determined to know nothing but 3. Further, the Roman church receiv- Jesus Christ, and him crucified. For so ing only the Vulgate edition, by the well great is the depth of the Divine Scripknown decree of the council of Trent, tures, that not only the simple and illirejects the versions in other languages, and terate, but even the prudent and learned, allows only those which are published are incompetent fully to discover their with notes, properly selected from the meaning. On which account the Scripwritings of the fathers and Catholic doc- ture affirms: Because many who have tors; lest so great a treasure should be diligently searched have failed. Whence subject to the corruptions of povelties, and it was rightly ordained of old, in the

divine law, (Exod. xix. 12.) that the part of that letter in which tbese things beast which shall touch the mountain are related : and thus not only bave you should be stoned ; lest truly any simple excited the strongest suspicion of your and unlearned person should presume to judgment on this subject, but also, by reach after the height of Sacred Scrip- not fully quoting both the context of the ture, or even proclaim it to others : for holy Synod, and that of our aforesaid it is written, Mind not high things. predecessor, you have given an occasion Therefore the Apostle commands; not to others to err, in an affair of so great to be more wise than is becoming, but to importance. be wise soberly.”

10. For what else, venerable brother, 7. Yet pot only the letter of Innocent can these mutilations mean, but that III. just quoted, but also the Bulls of either you thought not rightly concerning Pius IV. Clement Vill. and Benedict the most holy Traditions of the Church, XIV. are very well known; in which or that these passages were expunged by they fore-warned us, Jest, if the Scrip | you for the purpose of favouring the ture was upreservedly laid open to all, machinations of innovators? which cerit would perhaps be despised and disre- tainly tend to deceive tbe faith of the garded, or being improperly understood readers, and to make even the common by persons of low capacities, it would people themselves read with an unsuslead them into error. But you, our picious mind those versions which, as we brother, may know plainly what is the showed above, must to them be much more opinion of the Church, concerning the injurious than profitable. reading and interpretation of the Scrip 11. Moreover, if this would by no ture, from the famous Bull Unigenitus means be lawful for any Catholic person, by another of our predecessors, Clement what shall we say of a holy Prelate of XI; wherein are expressly refuted those the Church, whom pastoral dignity has opinions which assert, " That it is useful constituted the guardian of the faith and and necessary at all times, in all places, doctrine committed to him; and who is and for all descriptions of persons, to strictly bouod by the force and obligation know the mysteries of the Scripture, the of the oath he has taken, both strengreading of which was intended to be for ously and diligently to remove from the all,-- That it is pernicious to keep it people dangers of erring, and to observe back from Christian people, Yea, that and maintain the laws and regulations of the mouth of Christ was closed against the Charch. the faithful, wben the New Testament 12. You see therefore, venerable browas taken out of their hands.”

ther, what ought to be our mode of act8. But what caused even still greater ing toward you, if we were disposed to grief, is this ; that you have gone so far enforce the severity of the Canon laws! as, when transcribing the decree of the | " For," said St. Thomas of Canterbury, Council of Trent, concerning the Canon“ he who does not come forward to of Scripture, that you omit those things remove wbat ought to be corrected, respecting Traditions, which are sanc- gives his sanction to error; nor is he free tioned by the same context. For, when from suspicion of a secret confederacy, these holy fathers openly declare, That who evidently neglects to oppose misthe Word of God is contained not merely | chief.” in the written books, but also in the most 13. But we, for the love we bear you, indubitable Traditions of the Church, in insist only upon that thing, from which, things pertaining to faith, as well as to since it must be enjoined upon you by morals; which, as proceeding either from divine authority, we cannot refrain ; the mouth of Christ, or diclated by the Damely, that you would take away the Holy Spirit, and preserved by continued scandal, which by this mode of acting succession in the Catholic Church, this you have occasioned. Hence we most most holy Synod receives and venerates earnestly exhort you, our brother, and with equally pious affection and reve beseech you by the bowels of our Lord rence!

Jesus Christ, that you will strive to re9. You, venerable hrother, bave not pair, by a due and speedy amendment, feared entirely to garble this passage, all those things which you have improwith the same artifice with which we perly taught or done concerning the new observe you have quoted the letter of versions of the Bible, Pius VI. our predecessor, to Martini, 14. And I wish, venerable brother, Archbishop of Florence! For, when emulating the example of illustrious men, that most wise Pontiff, for this very which procured for them such honour, reason commends a version of the Holy that you would consider how you might Scriptures, made by that prelate, “be. reprobate these your deeds by a solemn cause he had abundantly enriched it by and formal retractation! We cannot, expositions drawn from Tradition, ac | however, avoid exciting you, and by curately and religiously observing the | virtue of holy obedience, we even comrules prescribed by the sacred congre- mand you to do at least what is necessary gation of the Index, and by the Roman for preserving the purity of doctrine, Pontiffs :" You have suppressed the and the integrity of tbe faith ; pamely,

that is a fresh letter addressed to the evidences of Christianity to which inpeople, containing the whole contents | deed we have had frequent occasion to both of the decree of the Council of call the attention of the readers of our Trent, and of the letter of Pius VI. on Magazine. These publications have this subject, you should sincerely and deservedly conferred upon him a large plainly teach, “That the Christian truth portion of well-earned celebrity. But and doctrine, as well dogmatical as mo- to the reflecting mind of Dr. C. it was ral, are contained not in the Scriptures not likely to escape attention that, imonly, but also in the Traditions of the portant as the external evidences of the Catholic Church; and that it belongs to truth of the gospel manifestly are, there the Church herself alone to interpret each | is a source of evidence still more imporof them.

tant attending it, and that evidence exists 15. Moreover, you should declare ; | in itself—it arises out of its own nature that you did not intend to recommend and is therefore properly denominated those versions of the sacred books in the internal. Now, the words which the vulgar tongues, which were not exactly preacher chose on this occasion, as the conformable to the rules prescribed by ground of his discourse, led him immethe Canons and Apostolic Institutions :diately into the consideration of this lastly, you should make known and like-source of evidence, and his Sermon, may, wise declare, that, in advising and re- without hesitation, be pronounced the commending the perusal of these divine finest illustration of it, that is known to Scriptures, you bad not respect to all the any of his hearers, while the impression faithful indiscriminately, but only to which was produced by it upon them, ecclesiastical persons, or at most to those can be adequately conceived of only by Laymen, who in the judgment of their those that witnessed it. But another conpastors, were sufficiently instructed. sideration which evinces the propriety

16. If you shall truly perform all these and suitableness of this particular text things, as we trust in the Lord you will, to the occasion is, that it laid a foundaand which we promise ourselves most cer- tion for the preacher to justify the containly from your prudent and tractable duct of the Society in sending plain, un. disposition, you will afford great conso learned men, as Missionaries into distant lation to our mind, and also to the Church | lands, to convey the knowledge of salva. universal.

tion amoug nations sitting in darkness Filled with this hope, we permanently and the region of the shadow of death impart to you, venerable brother, and and thus strengthening the haods of the the flock committed to your care, the friends of the Mission, in the good work Apostolic Benediction.

in which they are engaged. Allowing Given at Rome, at St. Mary the Dr. Chalmers his own interpretation of Greater, on the third day of September, the prophesying mentioned in the text, 1816; the seventeenth year of our Pon namely, the simple teaching of the doc

trine of Christ, we need not take time to POPE PIUS VII. show what a field the passage presented

to him of useful illustration, and of pur

poses expressly consonant to the objects LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.

of the meeting. Considering the gospel The Anniversary of this Society com- | as the record or testimony which God menced on Wednesday May 14th, with hath given of his Son, the preacher republic worship at Surry Chapel, when marked that it contained in itself in tis. Dr. Chalmers of Glasgow delivered a dis- putable evidence of the source from course from 1 Cor. xiv. 23-25. " If whence it issued. It includes in itself therefore the whole church be come toge- all that is necessary to inform the judge ther into one place, and all speak with ment, to renew the mind, and to save the tongues, and there come in those that are soul. Its discoveries and doctrines and unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not precepts commend themselves to the consay that ye are mad? But if all prophesy, science of every man, as in the sight of and there come in one that believeth not, God; and they need no miracles or signs or one unlearned, he is convinced of all from heaven to attest their truth. Human he is judged of all; and thus are the learning is not necessary to qualify men secrets of his heart made manifest : and for teaching it. The mechanic while so falling down on his face he will wor engaged about his daily occupation may ship God, and report that God is in you communicate the knowledge of the Saviof a truth.” Although this text may, at our to sinners around him, and through the first sight, appear to have been rather blessing of God whose record it is, may strangely selected by the preacher, on make them wise unto salvation through this particular occasion, yet when we faith in Christ Jesus. For the sake of come to take a nearer survey of it, we our friends at a distance, we should cer. shall find a peculiar appropriateness in it tainly have attempted to furnish an outon two accounts. Dr. Chalmers is well line of this admirable discourse; but known to have written some treatises of Dr. Chalmers has been importuned to uncommon, excellence on the external print it, and in so pressing a manner, that

tificate.

we cannot doubt of his compliance. Un-, ness is much enlarged by his being ati der the full persuasion, therefore, that it pointed minister of the Malay Church; will very soon be in our power to furnish so that he has not only an opportunity of a more correct and detailed account of it preaching to a great number of much than we now have it in our power to do, neglected nominal Christians, Malay and we desist from the attempt.

Portuguese, but also to the Chinese and In the evening of the same day, another Mahometans. The surrender of Malacca Sermon was preached at the Tabernacle, and Batavia to the Dutch, presents no City Road, by the Rev. Mr. Jones of impediment to the progress of the MisSyrior. On the evening of the following sionary work. Mr. Kam, at Amboyna, day the Rev. Mr. Harris of Cambridge, preaches to 1000 persons in the Malay preached at Tottenham-court-chapel, and language. on Friday morning the Rev. H. Camp. CEYLON.-Mr. Erhardt and Mr. Read bell, at St. Anu's church Blackfriars. continue in this island; the former The Society met on Thursday Morning, preaches alternately in the Dutch and May 15, at the Chapel in Spa Fields for Cingalese languages; he has also estathe purpose of transacting the usual blished a school, in which children are business, when the Annual Report was instructed in the English, Dutch, and read by Mr. George Burder, assisted by Cingalese tongues, and on the Lord'shis son, Mr. H. F. Burder; and we sub- days, in the meaning of the chapters join the following condensed account of which they read. Mr. Read preacbes this report.

twice a week in Dutch, and keeps a day The Report commences with the first school. The pricipal proprietors of station of the Society at Otaheite, one of slaves in the island have declared free the South Sea Islands. Here its labours all children who shall be born of their commenced about 20 years ago, and for slaves subsequent to Aug. 12, 1816. a long time with little prospect of suc- ! INDIA.--The brethren who sailed in cess; and after success appeared no lon- the Moira, about a year ago, to strengthen ger doubtful, in July 1815, some of the the several stations in India, arrived chiefs formed a plot to cut off all the safely at Madras, 26th of Aug. 1816; “ praying people, as they were called ; | Mr. Townley and Mr. Keith proceeded but this was providentially discovered, immediately to Calcutta, where they arand occasioned their removal to Eimeo, I rived on the 7th of Sept. in perfect health, where they found a happy and secure and have been favoured with a propitious asylum with the King Pomare, " whose entrance upon their sacred labouri heart appears to be deeply engaged” in Mr. May at CHINSURAH, informs 64 the cause of Christianity. By the last that the number of schools under his care letter received from the Missionaries, it amounted to thirty, in which there are appears that the number of those who inore than 2600 children. have entered their names as professed The proceedings of Mr. Lee at Gas disciples of Christ, amounted to 362, and JAM have been much interrupted by the the scholars were 600 or 700, among whom ravages of a fever which prevailed there are many persons of consequence: many for a considerable time; and in the course more requested admission, but the of a single month about 700 persons fell teachers were waiting for elementary victims to it. books, which have since been supplied. Of the safe, arrival of Messrs. Knill,

CHINA-Mr. Morrison has commenced | Reeve, Mead, and Render at MADRAS, new and large editions of the Chinese we have received the agreeable informaNew Testament, both in octavo and tion. Mr. Loveless states, that bis free · duodecimo, the latter at the cost of only school flourishes. He had then 128 about 2s. 6d, each. He has translated scholars, with the prospect of further the whole of Genesis and a great part of increase. the Psalms; but we are sorry to say, that Mr. Pritcheit continues to labour at not a single copy has yet reached us, nor | VIZIGAPATAM, and has been joined by have we had the pleasure of receiving | Mr. Dawson, Mr. Gordon being laid by any copies of his Chinese Grammar, | through indisposition. There are 4 nde though long ago finished at Calcutta. The tive schools at BELLARY, and the EuroBritish and Foreign Bible Society has | pean congregation flourishes. The 60 lately given another £1000. to assist him diers alone have raised £43, towards Ibe in bis translations, and £400. bas been Missionary cause. At SURAT Messts subscribed in America,

Skinner and Fyvie are studying the labe At MALACCA Mr. Milne continues to guage, in the mean time they have in prosecute with diligence his translation tuted two schools for boys, and Mrs. of the Scriptures into the Chinese lan- | one for girls. Mr. Le Brun is very use guage, and to publish his monthly Chinese | fully employed in the ISLE OF FRANCE Magazine, wbich seems to promise great SOUTH AFRICA.-Mr. Thom content usefulness to the Chinese dispersed among at CAPE Town, where be prea the numerous and populous islands of the statedly, and with no small encours eastern sea, and is read with great avidity. I ment. He has, in various instances

Java-Mr. Supper's sphere of useful. dered important services to the

insti

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »