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limited; «hey ought to be extended through the world, and there was the greatest encouragement to enlarge their operations. Mr. Pinkerton had informed bin, that 13 or 14 Jews, at Hamburg, bad instituted a prayer meeting, with a view to supplicate the Divine assistance In their enquiries. Many Jews in Russia and in Poland had subscribed to the Bible Societies, not only for the Old Testament bnt for the New, in their own language, particularly the Caraites. A number of boys, at Gottenbnrg, had, of their own accord, formed a Juvenile Bible Society, whkh new amounted to 400, and the Secretary was a Jew, converted under the ministry of Dr. Steinkoptf: and some of the boys who had no money at command, subscribed a penny weekly, to be subtracted from their dinners, to meet the difficulty. He, therefore, hoped there Would be no delay in sending Missionaries among the foreign Jews.
The Sultan Kattegerry spoke very feelingly of the light which the Divine blessing on the Scriptures had shed on his mind, and desired the Jews might participate in the same blessing.
Two Jews from Poland and Germany explained their happiness since they became acquainted with Christianity.
Wm. Cunk Ixgham, Esq. very eloquently descanted on the Scripture promises relative to the Jews; but through a cold we heard him very indistinctly.
The Rev. Mr. Bickersteth, the Rev. B. Woodd, and the Rev. Lewis Way, severally addressed the meeting. The latter •aid, three things appeared to be requisite for the future conversion of the Jews, Which he ventured to prognosticate would soon be obtained,—a Missionary for the Jews in Poland,—another for Palestine, —and a Hebrew college for the instruction of Missionaries to the Jews.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.
The Anniversary of this invaluable Institution, was held at the Freemasons' Hall, on Wednesday, May 17th. the Right Hon. Lord Teignmouth, President, in the chair.
The Report, which every year encreases in extent, was read by the Chairman, assisted by the Rev. Daniel Wilson. It took a review of the stateof the Society, which our readers will rejoice to hear is extremely flourishing, and of its rapid extension through the world. The spirit of peace bad poured on the world a rich abundance of moral and intellectual blessings. Christian knowledge is now confined to no country: the A frican and the Asiatic—the Hottentot and the Hindoo, are enabled to trace the mind of God in the pages of Scripture, and rejoice in there contemplating a sublimer revelation tbaa in sun, moon, and. stars. The cres
cent of Mahomet sinks before the rising beams of Christianity; a Mahometan aged 40 bad learned to read .purposely that be night read the Scriptures. The first Bible sold in Africa was to an Hottentot. An African said of the Scriptures, "These are the weapoms that will conquer Africa —they have conquered me." The Report stated the formation of various Bible Societies at home and abroad, particularly in Russia, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, &c. and even among the Catholics, thousand* of whom now read the Bible: also in the East and West Indies, America, and Africa, where a Hottentot, of 50 years of age, learned to read that he might read the Bible, The Report concluded with giving thanks to God for a disposition to encourage the distribution of the Scriptures, and imploring the Divine blessing on its exertions. The distribution of Bibles and Testaments collectively, amount to one million and three quarters, including 25 languages.
After the Report was read, apologies for unavoidable absence were received from the Bishop of Durham, Lord Exmouth, and Mr. Vansittart.
W. Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. congratn. lated the Society on the favourable Report just read, and on the animating intelligence it contained. "My Lord, (said Mr. W.) you have even awakened Sibeni itself to life and action." Mr. W. momf the acceptance and printing of the Report, which was seconded by the teat Rev. the Bishop of Salisbury.
A number of eloquent addresses were then delivered, but we are unavoidable compelled by want of room, to postpone the insertion of them till next month, when we hope to do more ample justice to this meeting, than is at present in our power. We cannot, however, dismiss the subject this month without mentioning a singular circumstance which has since come to our ears, and on the truth of which we think we can rely. It is that the late Meeting of the Bible Society was attended by t Gentleman of the order of the Jesuits. This person found his way to the very platform on which the speakers and members of the Committee are always accommodated, and actually took his place among them, with what views or whether known to them, we do not undertake to say. He was, however, recognized by a person who resides in Lancashire, as a member of the College of Jesuits, at Stoneyburst, in that county, and to whom he is well known. We have ourselves seen and conversed with the person wbo communicated this information. At any other time than the present, we should not have thought a circumstance of tbi) kind worth mentioning; but when we perceive how much the Bible Society has become the subject of alarm at Rome, and hear the fulminations of the Vatican roariug against it month after month, we cannot help shrewdly suspecting that this Jesuit gained admittance as a spy upon the conduct of the Society, and that in all human probability its late proceedings are by this time well known at Rome, and the subject of deep deliberation with the Pope and his conclave 1 If our conjecture be well founded, it behoves the Society to look to themselves, for assuredly there is mischief in the wind.
ANOTHER BULL, OR PAPAL BRIEF, AGAINST BIBLE SOCIETIES;
Addressed to the Archbishop of Mechlin, (a city in the Netherlands, 10 miles from Brussells) on the third of Septemher, 1816.
POPE PIUS VII.
To our Venerable Brother Stanislaus,
1. We are worn down with poignant and bitter grief at hearing of the pernicious design, not very long ago entered upon, by which the most holy bonks of the Bible are every where dispersed in the several vernacular tongues, and published, contrary to the most wholesome rules of the church, with new translations, aad these craftily perverted into bad meanings. For we have perceived, from one of those versions which has been brought to us, that it tends to destroy the sanctity of purer doctrine; so that the faithful may easily drink deadly poison, from those fountains whence they ought to draw the waters of salutary wisdom.
2. But we were still more deeply grieved, when we read certain letters signed with the name of you, our brother; wherein you authorized and exhorted the people committed to your care, to procure for themselves modern versions of the Bible, or willingly to accept them when offered, and carefully and attentively te peruse themh Nothing certainly could more aggravate our grief than to behold you, who were placed to point out the ways of righteousness, become a stone of stumbling. For you ought carefully to have kept in view, what our predecessors have always prescribed; namely, " That if the holy Bible in the vulgar tongue were permitted every where, without discrimination, more injury than benefit would thence arise."
3. Further, the Roman church receiving only the Vulgate edition, by the well known decree of the council of Trent, rejects the versions in other languages, and allows only those which are published with notes, properly selected from the writings of the fathers and Catholic doctors; lest so great a treasure should be subject to the corruptions of novelties, and
in order that the church, srattered over the whole world, might be of one lip, and of the same speech. Truly, when we perceive in a vernacular tongue very frequent changes, variations, and alterations, proceeding from the immoderate licentiousness of biblical versions, that immutability must be destroyed; nay, the divine testimonies, and even the faith itself, must be shaken, especially as from the signification of one syllable the truth of a dogma may sometimes be ascertained.
4. Wherefore, by this means, heretics have been accustomed to bring forward their corrupt and most destructive machinations) in order that they might insidiously obtrude cac)i their own errors, dressed up in the more holy garb of the divine word, by publishing the Bible in the vulgar tongues, (though concerning the wonderful variety and discrepancy of these they mutually accuse and cavil at each other). "For heresies arise only," saith St. Augustine, "when the excellent Scriptures are not well understood; aad what in them is ill understood, is nevertheless rashly and boldly asserted."
5. But if we lament that men, the most renowned for piety and wisdom, have often failed in interpreting Scripture; what may not be feared, if the Scriptures, translated into every vulgar tongue, are allowed to be freely read by the ignorant common people, who usually judge not from any preference, but from a sort of temerity ?" Is it so," exclaims St. Augustine properly, "that you, unlinctured by nny poetical skill, do not venture to open Terence without a master; yet you rush without a guide upon the Holy Books, and dare to give an opinion upon them without the assistance of an instructor?"
6. Wherefore, our antecessor Innocent III. in his celebrated epistle to the faithful of the Church of Metis, most wisely commanded these things: "The hidden mysteries of the faith are not every where to be laid open to all people; since they cannot every where be understood by all men, but by those only who can comprehend them with a faithful mind."—" On which account (the Apostle says, 1 Cor. iii. 2.) to you who are the more ignorant, as it were babes in Christ, I gave milk to drink, not food; for strong meat belongelh to the elder. As he himself said to others: We speak wisdom among the perfect; but among you I determined to know nothing but Jesus Christ, and him crucified. For so great is the depth of the Divine Scriptures, that not only the simple and illiterate, but even the prudent and learned, are incompetent fully to discover their meaning. On which account the Scripture affirms: Because many who hare diligently searched have failed. Whence it was rightly ordained of old, in the divine law, (F.xod. xlx. 13.) tbat the beast which shall touch the mountain should be stoned; lest truly any simple and unlearned person should presume to reach after the height of Sacred Scripture, or even proclaim it to others: for it is written, Mind not high things. Therefore the Apostle commands; not to be more wise than is becoming, but to be wise soberly."
7. Yet not only the letter of Innocent III. just quoted, but also the Bulls of Pius IV. Clement VIII. and Benedict XIV. are very well known; in which they fore-warned us, lest, if the Scripture was unreservedly laid open to all, it would perhaps be despised and disregarded, or being improperly understood by persons of low capacities, it would lead them into error. But you, our brother, may know plainly what is the opinion of the Church, concerning the reading and interpretation of the Scripture, from the famous Hull Unigenitus by another of our predecessors, Clement XI; wherein are expressly refuted those opinions which assert, "That it is useful and necessary at all times, in all places, and for all descriptions of persons, to know the mysteries of the Scripture, the reading of which was intended to be for all,—That it is pernicious to keep it back from Christian people,— Yea, that the mouth of i brist was closed against the faithful, when the New Testament was taken out of their hands."
8. But what caused even still greater grief, is this; that you have gone so far as, when transcribing the decree of the Council of Trent, concerning the Canon of Scripture, that you omit those things respecting Traditions, which are sanctioned by the same context. For, when these holy fathers openly declare, That the Word of God is contained not merely in the written books, but also in the most indubitable Traditions of the Church, in things pertaining to faith, as well as to morals; which, as proceeding either from the mouth of Christ, or dictated by the Holy Spirit, and preserved by continued succession in the Catholic Church, this most holy Synod receives and venerates
. villi equally pious affection and reve* rence:—
9. You, venerable brother, have not feared entirely to garble this passage, with the same artifice with which we observe you have quoted the letter of Pius VI. our predecessor, to Martini, Archbishop of Florence! For, when that most wise Pontiff, for this very reason commends a version of the Holy Scriptures, made by that prelate, " because he had abundantly enriched it by expositions drawn from Tradition, accurately and religiously observing the rules prescribed by the sacred congregation of the Index, and by the Roman Pontiffs i" Yon have suppressed the
part of that letter in which these things are related: and thus not only have you excited the strongest suspicion of your judgment on this subject, but also, by not fully quoting both the context of the holy Synod, and that of our aforesaid predecessor, you have given an occasion to others to err, in an affair of so great importance.
10. For what else, venerable brother, can these mutilations mean, but that either you thought not rightly concerning the most holy Traditions of the Church, or that these passages were expunged by you for the purpose of favouring the machinations of innovators? which certainly tend to deceive the faith of the readers, and to make even the common people themselves read with an unsuspicious mind those versions which, as we showed above, mutt to them be much mora injurious than profitable,
11. Moreover, if this would by no means be lawful for any Catholic person, what shall we say of a holy Prelate of the Church, whom pastoral dignity has constituted the guardian of the faith and doctrine committed to him; and who is strictly bound by the force and obligation of the oath he has taken, both strenuously and diligently to remove from the people dangers of erring, and to observe and maintain the laws and regulations of the Church.
IS. You see therefore, venerable brother, what ought to be our mode of acting toward you, if we were disposed to enforce the severity of the Canon laws! "For," said St. Thomas of Canterbury, "he who does not come forward to remote what ought to be corrected, »ives his sanction to error; nor is he fre« from suspicion of a secret confederacy, who evidently neglects to oppose mischief."
13. But we, for the love we bear you, insist only upon that thing, from which, since it must be enjoined upon you by divine authority, we cannot refrain; namely, that you would take away the scandal, which by this mode of acting you have occasioned. Hence we most earnestly exhort you, our brother, and beseech you by the bowels of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you will strive to repair, by a due and speedy amendment, all those things which you have improperly taught or done concerning the new versions of the Bible,
14. And I wish, venerable brother, emulating the example of illustrious men, which procured for them such honour, tbat you would consider how you might reprobate these your deeds by a solemn and formal retractation! We cannot, however, avoid exciting you, and by virtue of holy obedience, we even command you to do at least what is necessary for preserving the pnrity of doctrine, and the integrity of the faith; namely, that in a fresh letter addressed to the people, containing the whole contents both of the decree of the Council of Trent, and of the letter of Pius VI. on this subject, you should sincerely and plainly teach, "That the Christian truth and doctrine, as well dogmatical as moral, are contained not in the Scriptures only, but also in the Traditions of the Catholic Church; and that it belongs to the Church herself alone to interpret each of them.
15. Moreover, you should declare; that you did not intend to recommend those versions of the sacred books in the vulgar tongues, which were not exactly conformable to the rules prescribed by the Canons and Apostolic Institutions: lastly, you should make known and likewise declare, that, in advising and recommending the perusal of these divine Scriptures, you bad not respect to all the faithful indiscriminately, but only to ecclesiastical persons, or at most to those Laymen, who in the judgment of their pastors, were sufficiently instructed.
16. If you shall truly perform all these things, as we trust in the Lord yon will, and which we promise onrsel ves most certainrj from your prudent and tractable disposition, you will afford great consolation to our mind, and also to the Church universal.
Filled with this hope, we permanently impart to yon, venerable brother, and the flock committed to your care, the Apostolic Benediction.
Given at Rome, at St. Mary the Greater, on the thi rd day of September, '818 i the seventeenth year of our Pontificate.
POPE PIUS VII.
LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
The Anniversary of this Society commenced on Wednesday May 14th. with public worship at Surry Chapel, when Dr. Chalmers of Glasgow delivered a discourse from 1 Cor. xiv. 23—25. "If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad? But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all he is judged of all; and thus are the (ecrets of his heart made manifest: and so falling down on his face he will worship God, and report that God is in you »f a truth." Although this text may, at first sight, appear to have been rather strangely selected by the preacher, «n this particular occasion, yet when we come to take a nearer survey of it, we shall find a peculiarappropriateness in it «n two accounts. Dr. Chalmers is well *nown to have written some treatises of uncommon excellence on the external
evidences of Christianity—to which indeed we have had frequent occasion to call the attention of the readers of onr Magazine. These publications have deservedly conferred upon him a large portion of well-earned celebrity. But to the reflecting mind of Dr. C. it was not likely to escape attention that, important as the external evidences of tho truth of the gospel inanif.stIy are, there is a source of evidence still more important attending it, and that evidence exists in itself—it arises out of its own nature —and is therefore properly denominated internal. Now, the words which the preacher chose on this occasion, as the ground of his discourse, led him immediately into the consideration of this source of evidence, and his Sermon, may, without hesitation, be pronounced the finest illustration of it, that ts known to any of his hearers, while the impression which was produced by it upon them, can be adequately conceived of only by those that witnessed it. But another consideration which evinces the propriety and suitableness of this particular text to the occasion is, that it laid a foundation for the preacher to justify the conduct of the Society in sending plain, unlearned men, as Missionaries into distant lands, to convey the knowledge of salva. tion among nations sitting in darkness and the region of the shadow of death and thus strengthening the hands of the friends of the Mission, in the good work in which they are engaged. Allowing Dr. Chalmers his own interpretation of the prophesying mentioned in the text, namely, the simple teaching of the doctrine of Christ, we need not take time to show what a field the passage presented to him of useful illustration, and of purposes expressly conson;int to the objects of the meeting. ConsH"ring the gospel as the record or testimony which God. hath given of his Son, the preacher remarked that it contained in itself indisputable evidence of the source from whence it issued It includes in itself all that is necessary to inform the judgment, to renew the mind,and to save the son!. Its discoveries and doctrines and precepts commend tbemsclvs *n the conscience of everv man, as in the sight of God; and [they need no miracles or signs from heaven to attest their truth. Human learnii);T is not necessary to qualify men for teaching it. The mechanic while engaged at.-'ut his daily occupation miy communicate t'je know ledge of the Saviour to sinners around him, and through the blessing of God whose record it is, may make them wise unto salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. For the sake of our friends at a distance, we should certainly have attempted to furnish an outline of this admirable discourse; but Dr. Chalmers has been importuned to print it, and in so pressing a uiaunci, that we cannot doubt of his compliance. Under the full persuasion, therefore, that it trill very soon be in our power to furnish a more correct and detailed account of it than we now have it in our power to do, we desist from the attempt.
In the evening of the same day, another Sermon waa preached at the Tabernacle, City Road, by the Rev. Mr. Jones of Syi ior. On the evening of the following da)' the Rev. Mr. Harris of Cambridge, preached at Tottenham-court-chapel, and on Friday morning the Rev. H. Campbell, at St. Anu's church Blackfrinrs. The Society met on Thursday Morning, May 16, at the Chapel in Spa Fields for the purpose of transacting the usual business, when the Annual Report was read by Mr. George Burder, assisted by his son, Mr. PL F. Burder; and we subjoin the following condensed account of this report.
The Report commences with the first station of the Society at Otaheite, one of the South Sea Islands. Here its labours commenced about 20 years ago, and for a long time with little prospect of success | and after success appeared no longer doubtful, in July 1815, some of the chiefs formed a plot to cut off all the "praying people," as they were called; but this was providentially discovered, and occasioned their removal to Eimeo, where, they found a happy and secure asylum with the King Pomare, " whose heart appears to be deeply engaged" in the cause of Christianity. By the last letter received from the Missionaries, it appears that the number of those who have entered their names as professed disciples of Christ, amounted to 362, and the scholars were 600 or 700, among whom are many persons of consequence: many more requested admission, but the teachers were waiting for elementary books, which have since been supplied. China—Mr. Morrison has commenced new and large editions of the Chinese New Testament, both in octavo and duodecimo, the latter at the cost of only about 2s. 6d. each. He has translated the whole of Genesis and a great part of the Psalms; but we are sorry to say, fhat not a single copy has yet readied us, nor have we had the pleasure of receiving any copies of his Chinese Grammar, though long ago finished at Calcutta. The British and Foreign Bible Society has lately given another <£1000. to assist him in his translations, and .£400. has been subscribed in America.
At Malacca Mr. Milne continues to prosecute with diligence his translation of the Scriptures into the Chinese language, and to publish his monthly Chinese | Magazine, which seems to promise great usefulness to the Chinese dispersed among the numerous and populous islands of the eastern sen, and is read with great avidity. Java—Mr. Supper's sphere of useful-;
ness is much enlarged by his being ap* pointed minister of the Malay Churcb; so that he has not only an opportunity of preaching to a great number of much neglected nominal Christians, Malay and Portuguese, but also to the Chinese aid Mahometans. The surrender of Malacca and Batavia to the Dutch, presents no impediment to the progress of the Mis. sionary work. Mr. Kam, at Amboyna, preaches to 1000 persons in the Malay language.
Ceylon.—Mr. Erhardt and Mr. Read continue in this island; the former preaches alternately in the Dutch and Cingalese languages; he has also established a school, in which children are instructed in the English, Dutch, and Cingalese tongues, and on the Lord'sdays, in the meaning of the chapters which they read. Mr. Read preacbei twice a week in Dutch, and keepsa day school. The pricipal proprietors n: slaves in the islaud have declared fin till children who shall be born of their slaves subsequent to Aug. 12,1816.
India.—The brethren who sailed ii the Moira, about a year ago, to strength!! the several stations in India, arrired safely at Madras, 26th of Aug. ISIS; Mr. Townley and Mr. Keith proceeded immediately to Calcutta, where thejarrivedon the 7 th of Sept. in perfecthaH and have been favoured with a prop*' entrance upon their sacred labour;
Mr. May at Chin Surah, infer**, that the number of schools under hiscan amounted to thirty, in which there Eimore than 2600 children.
The proceedings of Mr. Lee at Giv Jam have been much interrupted bytst ravages of a fever which prevailed the" for a considerable time; and inthecoura of a single month about 700 persons fell victims to it.
Of the safe arrival of Messrs. Wi Reeve, Mead, and Render at Madrw, we have received the agreeable inform' tion. Mr. Loveless states, that nil fn* school flourishes. He had then 1» scholars, with the prospect of further increase.
Mr. Pritcbeit continues to labour at Vizigapatam, and has been joined by Mr. Dawson, Mr. Gordon being bud b) through indisposition. There are 4 aative schools at Bellary, and the European congregation flourishes. The soldiers alone have raised =£43. towards w Missionary cause. At Surat Mos* Skinner and Fyvie are studying the«»/ guage, in the mean time they have instituted two schools for boys, and Mrs- *• one for girls. Mr. Le Brun is very «*fully employed in the Isle Of Fsaw*
South Africa.—Mr. Thorn contui«<> at Cape Town, where he pr»c« statedly, and with no small ocoura; • ment. He has, in various insto,ia«L. dered important services! to t** *^