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Religious and Literary Intelligence.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL I Clergy, in many instances, lent their aid SOCIETY.
to the diffusion of education, according to The Anniversary Meeting of the British this system. The same intelligence was and Foreign School Society, was held on received from India, where the MisTuesday May 13th at Freemason's Hall. sionaries co-operated in the undertaking.
Before eleven o'clock in the morning, | The most favourable accounts had also the Hall, which was fitted up with great | been received from the Continent of neatness, for the accommodation of Ladies, Europe. In France, according to the invas filled in every part by a respectable formation conveyed by Mr. Moran (who throng of persons of distinction; a con- | first introduced the system into that counsiderable number of Ladies and Gentle try.) The most liberal support had been men of the Society of Friends were also given by the King, the Duke de la Charpresent.
tre, Count Laine, and several Prefects Soon after 12 o'clock, His Grace the and other Functionaries. His Majesty had Duke of BEDFORD entered tbe Hall, and directed that the Catholic and Protestant took the Chair amid great applause. His boys should be educated in different Grace was accompanied by the Marquis Schools, to admit of their receiving reliof Tavistock, Sir John Jackson, Bart. gious instruction from their several pas. Sir James Mackintosh, M. P. Mr. Bar tors. In Russia and the North of Europe clay, M. P. Mr. Brougham, M. P. His it received every support. In Rome no Excellency the French Ambassador, Lord objections were started against its introOssulston, Lord William Russel, The Sul-duction, and Cardinal Gousalvi, on the tan Katteghery, Baron Strandman, Dr. part of the Pope, desired that books of Hamel, Mr. Mellett, Secretary of the the Society should be forwarded for peruElementary School Society at Paris, Mr. sal. In the Kingdom of Hayti it had Moran, and a considerable number of also obtained a footing. In Spain, Africa, Ministers from various parts of the America, Sierra Leone, and other places country.
similar success had marked its progress. When the Duke of Bedrord took the I WILLIAM ALLEN, Esq. the Treasurer, Chair, he informed the meeting that His then read the financical statement of the Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex, who accounts of the Society. The Treasurer took a deep interest in the well being of took a retrospective view of the great the Society, was every moment expected. difficulties the Society had to struggle His Grace begged leave to repeat the with in past years, yet he could not help deep interest which he should ever take acknowledging the hand of God in its in its welfare.
support, for in a moment when there apThe business of the day was then opened peared to be no immediate prospect of by reading the Report of the current help, and those few friends who joined year's proceedings. This Report was of with the late lamented Joseph Fox, had the most gratifying kind--the sum of exerted themselves to the utmost, they £10,000, which was required to clear received a sum of £500 from a benevolent off some old debts, and erect a proper individual. This worthy man whose School-house, had, with an additional name he might now mention, was Richard sum, been procured within the last year. | Reynolds of Bristol, who, at different Mr. Oweu of Lanark, had contributed times had contributed between 2 and £1000, to this veșted subscription. It £3000 to the funds of this Institution, appeared from the Report, that the system And when he viewed the prosperous of this Society had been widely spread situation of the Society, which is this in every quarter of the world. In the day freed from the incumbrance of its Borough Free Schools alone 12,000 chilo debts, and the buildings erected with only dren had been educated, independently a further advance of 2,500, he could not of its being the centre from which in help thinking that if ever the hand of structors were initiated into the system, providence was manifested in support of and sent to every part of the world. A a benevolent Institution, it was evideot
Jews' School, for the education of 400 in this. - boys, had also been established in Hounds. Sir John JACKSON proposed the adopditch. The Auxiliary Society, in South- tion of the Report, on which he pro. wark had also done much in support of nounced the warmest panegyric. the system; and the parish of Newington The Rev. J. TOWNSEND seconded the had erected a School on the principle of motion, and took a warm and energetic Associations, which would be opened in view of the state of education in this a few days. The most satisfactory accounts country. He said that he should be unwere also received from Scotland and grateful indeed, if he were not an advoIreland; in the latter country the Catholic cate for gratuitous education, having himself received it at Christ's Hospital. The exertions in the Female department, from Rev. Gentleman paid a just tribute to the the important effects which education early instruction he had received from an! always has on the human mind, and very excellent mother, and very beautifully properly described those advantages in described the importance of education, tol promoting the happiness of families, as the present and future welfare of man, servants, or the mothers of families. He
The Marquis of TAVISTOCK proposed a expressed his regret that the Female demotion of thanks to the Prince Regent, partment appeared to be deficient in the and their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of state of its funds, and relied on the assis. Kent and Sussex, for their patronage of tance of the Ladies to support this imthis Society.
portant department of the Institution Mr. CHARLES BARCLAY, M. P. second The Rev. Dr. Wauga in seconding the ed this motion, and paid a just tribute to motion took an extensive view of the the merits of the Society. Wide as this blessings of instruction. Like the God of system of education had been diffused, nature, in an intellectual point of view, there were, he was sorry to say, 6000 it said " let there light." "Light is daily children uneducated at present in the diffusing its beams in all directions, and Borough of Southwark.
while the Ladies are entitled to the The noble Chairman lamented the ab- warmest thanks of the meeting for their sence of the Duke of Sussex, which he active exertions, he reminded them of apprehended was occasioned by indispo- the strong claim which is laid on them sition. He then read a letter from the from the rank which they held in society. Duke of Kent, dated Brussels, May 5th. Here the Rev. Dr. engaged the attention which contained the strongest expression of his audience by some lively and inof His Royal Highness's anxiety for the teresting sketches of the inferior station success of this Society.
of women in various parts of the world Major TORRENS proposed a vote of where education has not extended itself, thanks to the Duke of Bedford, as Presi.nor Christian principles become estadent of the Society. He pronounced an bhished. eloquent panegyric upon his Grace, whom His Royal Highness the Duke of SUSSET he described as the hereditary friend of proposed à vote of thanks to the Treaall that was noble, free, and liberal insurer, Secretary, and Committee. His England. He also described in forcible Royal Highness paid a just tribute to the terms, the quantity of female talent Treasurer, who had supported this cause, which this country produced, and strongly
when, but for him and a few others it urged the advancement of the Female would have sunk ; abd very eloquently School.
stated his conviction that the broad and · His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex liberal ground which this Society took entered the room amidst the applauses of was the bounden duty of every man who the meeting.
respected the rights of conscience. It The Rev. JOAN PATTERSON gave a was the way to include every class allowmost encouraging account of the general ing their parents to worship God, and disposition of the people in many parts train up their children according to their of the Continent to read the Scriptures own religious principles. His R. H. and mentioned the case of a number of stated, that on these grounds, although he boys at Gottenburgh, who, of their own could add little to the observations which accord had formed' a Juvenile Bible had been inade he considered it the duty Society, which amounted to 400, and of persons in the highest station of rank, that some of the boys, who liad no money to support such an Institution as this. at command, subscribed a penny per THOMAS FAWELL BUXTON, Esq. very week, to be taken from their dinner eloquently seconded the motion. In alluallowance. He mentioned the universal sion to the Treasurer, who had stated his instruction of the people in many parts willingness to resige his office into other of Sweden, which he had visited, and hands, Mr. B. remarked that when the the custom of that country in refusing Society was in extreme difficulties when marriage to persons until they were able year after year the Treasurer was called to read. He paid a just tribute to the upon for further advances, wben every Emperor Alexander, who among the thing was difficult and discouraging, the various objects of his expanded benevo worthy Treasurer said nothing about relence was engaged in promoting Schools signing his office. Now, when the Society on the improved system,
is in prosperity and in flourishing cir. The noble Chairman acknowledged the cumstances, the Treasurer modestly conthanks of the meeting, declaring that ceals bimself behind the Noble Chairman, such were the transcendant advantages of land is willing to yield up an office, no this Institution, that he dared not have longer calling for such anxious cares, into withheld his support and exertion in its other hands. He need not say that such favour
a resignation could never be thought of GEORGE PAILLIPS, Esq. in proposing a by the members of this Institution or his vote of thanks to the Ladies of the Com- services ever forgot. mittee strenuously urged still greater The Rev. Dr. SCHWABE acknowledged
the thanks of the Meeting, both for the ters. Should this large mass of our fel. Treasurer and himself.
low subjects be doomed to ignorance beSir JAMES MACKINTOSH moved the cause of the religion of their parents? thanks of the meeting to those benevolent Were such a dreadful event to take place individuals, who, by their exertions had in a generation or two, we might expect raised the sum of £11, 024, 13s. 1d. for a large proportion of them to become liquidating the debts and the erection of barbarians. new buildings. In the most eloquent L R. H. Marten, Esq. Rev. Jacob Snel. manner this Gentleman discanted on the gar, and the Rey. E. J. Jones addressed benefits of education. He stated that the meeting, and His Royal Highness the by documents laid before the House of Duke of Sussex concluded, by moving the Commons, it appeared that the punish- thanks of the Meeting to the Noble ment of criminals cost this country Duke in the Chair. £150,000 annually. This large sum is ex: pended in inflicting misery and pain on our fellow creatures. He did not say
LONDON SOCIETY that any blame was attached to the Government of this country for this ex- |
For Promoting Christianity among the penditure. He declared his conviction
Jews. that the punishment of Criminals was We have already had occasion to advert benevolent in its effects on Society, and to this Society, which was founded in the that the laws were administered in the year 1809, upon the broad principle of inost admirable spirit of mercy by our admitting various denominations into a judges. But a small part of this sum, if share in its direction ; but as some prace laid out in the instruction of children, tical difficulties in the management were would do more to prevent this infliction found to arise from this union, in 1815 of pain and unhappiness, than all the (if we mistake not) the dissenters with punishment arising from the execution of drew, and left the concern wholly in the the laws, and it would have the immense conduct of members of the Establishment, advantages of rendering persons, who, by in consequence of which, the Bps of St. ignorance are growing up to be the pests Davids and of Gloucester were invited to of Society, valuable and useful members become its joint patrons, and the follow, of the community.
ing account will shew that they have The Rev. Dr. MASON Secretary to the cheerfully acceded. American Bible Society, rejoiced in the Whether the projectors of this society spirit of British benevolence, and in the were too sanguine, or whether they have individuality of the objects of different been duped by false friends or pretended Institutions. He considered it his greatest converts, is not for us to say, but they happiness to be present at the Meetings have certainly met with unusual disapheld in London at this season of Christian pointments and discouragements, which exertion. While he respected his native | we think it necessary to mention, because Country and its Government, he was the fact is alluded to, more or less, by alproud that British blood flowed through most all the speakers of this anniversary, his veins. He was happy to say the same which was introduced by two sermons by spirit was widely diffused in America, | the Rev. Basil Woodd and Lewis Way. and education was making rapid progress After the latter, the Society adjourned to on that Continent.
the public Meeting at Freemasons' Hall, The Rev. Mr. HILLYARD paid a tribute Friday, May, 10, at 12 o'Cclock. Sir of respect to the Noble Chairman, and | THOMAS BARING, Bart. M. P. President the Marquis of Tavistock, for the exer- | of the Society, in the Chair. tions made in the neighbourhood of Bed! The business of the Meeting was intro. ford, not only for the relief of their duced by the Chairman, who, with a temporal necessities, but in supporting modest diffidence, stated the grand object Schools, and dispensing to them the of the Society to be to promote the salva. bread of life.
|tion of the Jews, by directing their atThe Rev. ROWLAND Hill highly ap- tention to the Lamb of God, and to the proved of the plan of this Institution, fountain of redemption opened in his and remarked that since their establish blood upon Mount Calvary. The Jews, ment the Sunday Schools in Southwark he remarked, had a claim upon the were increased from 2 to 8000. And he Christians, from their faithful preservawas happy to see the instruction of the tion of the Old Testament Scriptures, children on week days, united with the and we had every reason to believe that benefits of religious instruction at their they will be restored to the favour of God respective places of worship on Sundays. and the bosom of the Church. With res. He rejoiced in what is doing by another pect to the Society, it has undoubtedly institution among the children of the been embarrassed, but by the zeal of its establishment, but he could not agree to friends and economy in its affairs, its the exclusion of those who dissent from prospects had become far more encouragit. Including the Catholics, half of the ing. population may be considered as dissen-| Rev. Mr. HAWTREY (one of the Secretaries) then read the REPORT, which found among the subscribers to the Bible stated the honourable patronage it had Society. But the great field for usefulrecently received from the prelates aboveness appeared to be in Russia and in mentioned; that an episcopal chapel had Poland. In the latter only were reckoned been erected, and is supported to preach 400,000 of that nation, and in the whole the Gospel to the Jews, besides lectures dominions of the Emperor Alexander, adapted to their instruction in other cha not less than 2 millions. This had led the pels and churches in the Establishment; Committee to turn their attention to those that Schools also had been founded for the countries, whither it is proposed to send education of their children of both sexes, Missionaries, and if some of these could in which there are at present above 70 be sent to Jerusalem at the feast of the under instruction. The Report then Passover, the gospel might be conveyed stated the progress which had been made to Jews of as many different nations as on in printing the New Testament to the the day of Pentecost. A college was also end of St. Paul's epistles (except that to intended to be established in the British the Hebrews), the readiness with which metropolis for the preparation of such it had been received and circulated among Missionaries, for the cultivation of Hebrew the Jews, both at home and abroad, so literature, and for the translation of the far as to the end of Acts; that various book of Common Prayer. tracts, both practical and controversial, It might be said that these were extenhad been disseminated among the sons of sive plans and called for extensive funds : Israel with good effect; that a monthly but on this point there was no ground for publication, called “the Jewish Exposi- | despair, as other societies had found that tor," was carried on to promote the same | the only way to accomplish great things benevolent design; that a correspondence was to aim at them, with an humble dehad been opened on this subject in vari-pendence on the divine blessing for sucous parts abroad; and that at home a cess. The Report closed with reciting society had been formed for visiting and the 80th Psalm. relieving distressed Jews at their own The Report being ended, the Bishop of habitations, which last promised results GLOUCESTER moved the acceptance and peculiarly gratifying.
printing of it; on which occasion he reThe Report then proceeds to state, that marked, that this cause was chiefly suptowards supporting the funds of the ported by the same individuals that were Society, various Auxiliary Societies had engaged in the other great benevolent been formed, not only in Britain, but in institutions, wbich had met on the preCalcutta and, America—that in this work ceding week, and that though it bad not of benevolence the ladies had been par- to boast triumphs so conspicuous as some ticularly active; that Mrs. Hannah of them, it was no less worthy of support. Adams, author of a late History of the But Christianity had always been exposed Jews, had (in particular) founded a to trials, and in the present case they Ladies Auxiliary Society in Boston, New might be expected from the prejudices of England, and that another lady (whose the Jews, from the opposition of the name could not be mentioned) had lately world, and from false friends it was given £500, in addition to £200 before, through these that it advanced to victory, making the whole produce of the last as in the instances of our Lord himself; year £6,589. But the expenditure bad and whenever the conversion of Israel been proportionally large; and left in should take place, it would be no less than. the hands of the treasurers but a very | a resurrection, or in St. Paul's words, trifling balance.
“ life from the dead.” It had been expected that the chapel THOMAS BABINGTON, Esq. M. P. who lately occupied by the Society in Spital- seconded the preceding motion, was fearfields might have been opened in the fullest any thing he might say should establishment, but as the rector of that lessen the effect of their excellent rcport, parish strenuonsly opposed this, it would or of the remarks of the right rev. prebe necessary to dispose of it in some other | late, to several of which he briefly and way. Some painful circumstances had respectfully adverted. He added, that also occurred in the conduct of persons the Jews abroad had not been inattentive from whom much better things were to the wars and commotions which had hoped, and those it had been necessary to lately afflicted Europe; that their thoughts dismiss from the Society; but on the had been directed to the advent of the other hand they had not been without en-Messiah, and the benevolent exertions of couraging success. A Polish Jew of con- | Christians, especially in the distribution siderable learning had embraced the gos- of tbe Scriptures, had favourably impel; and a wealthy Jew of Malta, who pressed them, and led them to enquire into had been sometime since converted by the character of our Saviour: this was reading one of the Society's Hebrew particularly the case, he observed, in Tracts, had exerted himself in the con- | Poland and in Russia. version of his brethren. At home 3 Jews W. WILBERFORCE, Esq. M. P. moved and 39 of their children had been bap- the thanks of the meeting to the right tized, and not less than 50 Jews had been rev. prelates, who had favoured the
Society with their patronage, in which,, cluded with moving, that the circumas a sincere member of the Church of stances which have lately occurred in the England, he expressed much -satisfaction, affairs of the Society, however trying, for he thought that Church very properly afford no real ground of discouragement. came forward as the friend of the dis-1 Rev. C. SIMEON, of Cambridge secondtressed Jews; and he derived confidence ed this motion in the most emphatic manfrom their zealous efforts, that a divine ner. He remarked that the progress of blessing would attend their labours. Some religion had always been attended with friends of the Society might have been difficulties and opposition, and that those too sanguine in their expectations, but circumstances had been used by Provi. changes like that to which they looked dence to try the faith of good men, and to were only to be expected by degrees., draw them from idolizing their favourite After the long gloom of night, it was! object, and to look above to him, who is gradually that ihe streaks of light illumin-1 alone able to give them success. ed our hemisphere, and after the tedious ROBART GRANT, jun. Esq. Doticed reign of winter, it was by slow advances various objections to the design of the that the buds of spring appeared, and Society, as if they were attempting to vegetation advanced to the maturity of anticipate the plans of Providence, or summer. It was a folly to complain of pursue a visionary object. It was a plain difficulties and disappointments; what command, he observed, to preach the great design was ever carried forward | Gospel to all nations; and if to all na without them? What! were travellers tions, why not to the Jews? The conso. to expect no weariness, or soldiers no war- lations of prophecy are intended for times fare? The idea was in itself ridiculous. of darkness and discouragement: stars
The Right Hon. Lord GAMBIER did not were not made to enlighten the day, but expect to be called upon to speak when the night. Possibly, the event desired he entered the room, but had great plea. may be retarded to another and another sure in seconding the motion, and at the generation; yet their labours may not be same time in declaring, that “ bis heart's in vain: for a seed-time must always predesire and prayer for Israel was, that cede the harvest. Mr, G, then adverted they might be saved.”
to the treatment of the Jews, in a beautiThe Bishop of GLOUCESTER, on the be ful allusion to the vision of Elijah. The half of himself, and the Bishop of St. tempest, the earthquake, and the fire, Davids, felt an honour conferred on them had visited them; but the Lord was not in the appointment.
in these ; but now, the small still voice Rev. W. MARSH, of Colchester, con- | of the Gospel is addressed to them, we gratulated the Society, the Church, and may hope it will not be in vain. the world, on the formation of an institu Rev. J. W. CUNNINGHAM, of Harrow, tion in behalf of a people who have been observed, that all the addresses which had so eminently a blessing to the world : “to been delivered, implied a doubt in the whom pertained the adoption and the public mind, as to their ultimate success : glory, the covenants, and the giving of the but suppose, soon after the first propagalaw, the service of God and the promises : tion of the Gospel, a council had been whose are the fathers, and of whom, as held to consider the difficulties and disconcerning the flesh, Christ came.” And couragement which then presented themknowing, as we do, that they shall even selves, what would have been the reasontually be converted, we ought, after the ing of objectors ? were not their disexample of our great apostle, to use “all couragements far more than ours ? But means, if by any means we might save they only animated them in the contest. some.” Notwithstanding some may have It was with them as with Cato--the undeserted the standard of the Cross, others successful cause delighted him, as it called adhere to it, and shall the cause fail be forth all his energies. He moved, that cause there are some apostates? Was the the Society has great cause for gratitude fall of Judas, or even of Peter, fatal to in the success of their exertions. . the Christian cause : “ In an age of Rev. Mr. PATTERSON, from Russia, rebenevolence like this, (said Mr. M.) shall marked on our former treatment of the the interesting nation of the Jews be Jews; we had prayed for them, and reoverlooked, related as we are to their proached them with the hardness of their fathers? We are the descendants of hearts; but had taken no pains to conJapheth as they are of. Shem; God has vince them of their errors. He remarked persuaded Japheth to dwell in the tents the general movement among Christians in of Shem, we have been made partakers many parts of Europe, in favour of the of the blessings designed for them; and Jews, and that the Emperor Alexander now Shem has no tent to dwell in, shall had been particularly interested in their not the descendents of Japheth invite him favour, from their fidelity to him in the to sojourn with them? A shoot from time of the French invasion. Here Mr. Israel's vine has been planted in our P. read and commented upon the new land, and we have drank the pure blood decree of the Emperor of Russia in favour of the grape therefrom, and shall not we of the Jews. The exertions of the Society, cherish the vine of Israel?” Mr. M. cog. | he thought, bad hean hitherto far too VOL. III.
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