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RATIONALISM IN EUROPE.

VOL. II.

LONDON PRINTED BY SPOTTISWOODE AND CO

NEW-STREET SQUARE

OF THE

RISE AND INFLUENCE

OF THE SPIRIT OF

RATIONALISM IN EUROPE.

BY W. E. H. LECKY, M.A.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

THIRD EDITION.

LONDON:
LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

1866.

118389-8

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Men who believe the Doctrine of Salvation in the Church alone will

always persecute-Success of Persecution shown in the Cases of the
Japanese Christians, the Albigenses, the Spanish Protestants, the
Massacre of St. Bartholomew, and the Laws of Elizabeth-Weak-
ness of the Objection derived from the History of Ireland—And
from that of the English Dissenters—True Causes of Opinions-
Influence of the Levitical Laws on Persecution-Opinions of the
Fathers determined chiefly by their Circumstances—Uncompromis-
ing Tolerance of Lactantius—Constantine persecutes the Jews-And
the Heretics—And the Pagans-Review of their Condition before
Theodosius-Destruction of the Temples in the Country Districts-
Libanius–Even in the Days of Persecution Cyprian regarded the
Levitical System as the foundation of dealings with Heretics—
Theology of Persecution systematised by Augustine-His Character
and Influence-Aversion to the Effusion of Blood-St. Martin and
Ambrose_Opinion that Ecclesiastics should under no circum-
stances cause the Death of Men— Increase of the Corporate Action
of the Church stimulates Persecution—The First Monks--Ruin of
Paganism—The Church was then for several Centuries an almost
unmixed Blessing-Decomposition of the Mediæval Society renews
Heresies—Which are encountered by Persecution-Innocent III.-
Unparalleled Magnitude and Atrocity of the Persecution perpetrated
by Catholicism–Protestants persecuted not so atrociously, but quite

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