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CALDWELL'S MANUAL OF ELOCUTION.

DESIGNED FOR SCHOOLS, ACADEMIES,
AND COLLEGES; ALSO, FOR
PRIVATE LEARNERS.

clusively than in other parts of the vclume.

From the Methodist Quarterly Review. This valuable and eminently practical work supplies a want which has long ex- In part second, the author treats o isted in the American community, and Gesture. His object is not only to assist especially in literary institutions of all the learner in correcting the awkwardgrades. It is the only book we have seen ness of careless habits, and in acquiring which treats of both branches of the such command over his muscles that he speaker's art, utterance and action; and may take easy attitudes and make gracethough the size of the volume is mo- ful movements; but also to teach him derate, these subjects are discussed and how to adapt his action to the illustraillustrated with sufficient fullness to meet tion, embellishment, and enforcement of the necessities of the learner, and with a his subject, and to the significant expresseientific precision which shows the hand sion of every species of emotion. This of a master. It is also equally adapted portion of the work contains numerous to the wants of the private learner, and wood cuts designed to illustrate those atof the student in a public seminary; and titudes and gestures which ought to be will be found as beneficial to him who avoided, as well as those which are apwishes to read well, as to him who as-propriate. pires to be an orator.

From the Philadelphia Inquirer.

The work consists of two parts and an appendix. Part first treats of the Voice, The author begins with an analysis of the vocal sounds of our language, and then proceeds to a full and perspicuous exposition of the functions of the human voice. In this chapter the learner will find all the information he may need on articulation, on the different kinds of stress, and on the pitch, slides, waves, force, quality, and melodies of the voice. The author next applies the principles which he has established to a great variety of practical examples, and treats of accent, emphasis, drifts, expression, tran- "Is a good Elocution of sufficient imsition, and cadence. The section on Em-portance to deserve the attention of the phasis is a precise and clear analysis of American scholar? And can the printhat important subject, with appropriate ciples of Elocution be so taught as to examples of several kinds. The same become practically useful?" The author may be said of the section on Expression, of the book before us commences his inwhich teaches the application of the vocal troduction with these questions. The principles to the language of sentiment first of them any man can answer for and feeling. This subject is new in works himself. The second must be answered, of this kind, and is treated with the co- if at all, by such books as the one before piousness and accuracy which its import-us. Many have doubts upon the subance demands. This portion of the book ject; but we think they generally arise will be found none the less instructive from imperfect conceptions of the nature because the author was compelled, in its of elocution itself. Of course, any merely preparation, to draw from the resources artificial elocution must be false; but the of his own mind, and to be guided by his true design of the art is to develope and own experience and judgment, more ex- employ properly the means with which na1

The appendix contains some excellent hints on the elocution adapted to the pulpit, and on the action suited to the imitative representation of human passions. The minister of the gospel who desires to be "a workman that needeth not to be ashamed," can hardly fail to derive benefits from the careful perusal of the first chapter of the appendix; and among these benefits, an inducement to study the entire work will not be the least valuable.

Letter, Feb. 1845.

99

ture has endowed men for the expression preacher who is not too old to learn, and of their thoughts, feelings, and passions. who is desirous of becoming an effective Professor Caldwell has evidently formed speaker, and at the same time of so a just idea of the functions and limits of training his voice that he may speak elocution; and presents it both as a sci- with ease to himself, should at once proence and an art, in the work before us, cure this volume, and give to its practiwith admirable clearness. The proper cal lessons diligent attention. method of training the voice is a subject rarely or never treated in elementary books of Elocution, which are generally From Wiley and Putnam's Literary News mere compilations of rules more or less valuable, but unconnected by any philo- Merritt Caldwell, Esq., A. M., Professophical principles. In Professor Cald- sor of Elocution in Dickinson college, has well's book, the elementary sounds of the just published, "A Practical Manual of language are analysed with rigid accu- Elocution: embracing Voice and Gesracy, and the whole theory of their ut- ture. Designed for Schools, Academies, erance, and the various modifications of and Colleges, as well as for Private emphasis, stress, pitch, tone, and quality, Learners.' This valuable work, the represented with admirable clearness and sult of sixteen years successful practice, method. The principles thus developed will be found to supply an obvious want, are there applied in a series of practical at the present time, of a suitable text book exercises, which cannot fail, if fairly pur- in Elocution, This work possesses a sued, to insure every excellence in vocal great advantage over others-that of preexpression that can be desired. The se-senting both branches of the subject in cond part of the work takes up the sub- the same volume, which must prove a ject of Gesture, which is treated in the great convenience to the teacher,_as same way, both theoretically and practi-well as the learner. The section on Excally. A tone of excellent practical sense pression, it is believed, is a more full atpervades the treatise throughout. It does tempt to present the vocal "language of not make vague promises never to be ful- the passions," in intelligible terms, than filled, but leads the pupil on, by a progres- has ever before been made. We confisive and connected series of exercises, to dently recommend the work. the highest attainments of the art. We could wish that all elementary books were distinguished by as scholarly a tone and as skilful an arrangement as this work. The book is got up in excellent style and illustrated by a large number of wood cuts. The publishers, Messrs. Sorin and Ball, seem determined to get the good will of the community, by publishing good books and no others. They deserve every encouragement.

From the Baltimore American. This is a new work on Elocution, by Professor Caldwell, of Dickinson college. It is designed for instruction and discipline in the use, management, and modulation of the voice, and for facilitating the other requisitions necessary to make work seems to have been prepared with an accomplished reader or speaker. The great care and labor. The analysis of the elements of vocal utterance and

New York.

From the Christian Advocate and Journal, power, is minute, and is in accordance with the principles laid down by Dr. Rush, in his "Philosophy of the Human Voice." The student will find in Professor Caldwell's volume a valuable assistant and guide, in a department of education generally too much neglected.

Professor Caldwell has given us, in the preparation of this Manual, satisfactory evidence of his qualifications as a teacher of elocution. Acknowledging his indebtedness to the standard philosophical work of Rush, and to Austin's "Chironomia," the author has at the same time thought for himself, and prepared a work not only adapted for the use of students in colleges and academies, but most especially,and this we deem its chief excellence, of those who are engaged in the active duties of the ministry.

From the Albany Daily Advertiser. The author of this work is no tyro on the subject of which he treats. He has a mind not only adapted, but trained, to physical analysis, and familiar with the science of Elocution in all its progressive stages. It is a work to be studied carefully rather than read cursorily-a work for those who teach Elocution as well as for those who learn it; and, we cannot doubt, that it is destined to perform an

As a practical work, we have no hesitation to commend it as superior to any thing of the kind we have ever seen. We doubt not, that a discerning public

will agree with us in opinion. Every essential service in leading to a more

general, intimate, and philosophical ac-are valuable indeed, and would be of service quaintance with this highly important to all our preachers." branch of learning.-S.

From the Southern Christian Advocate,
Charleston, S. C.

From the Albany Evening Atlas.

This treatise is constructed throughout upon philosophical principles, and is evidently the result of much profound reflection and laborious search. We doubt not, that it is destined to be adopted in our higher literary institutions, and we trust it may contribute not a little to elevate the standard of public speaking throughout the land. We have been especially interested in the chapter on the eloquence of the pulpit, which brings favorable notice of Teachers and Profesmuch sound and excellent thought with-sors, this publication.

lieve that this is a valuable manual, in A cursory examination leads us to bewhich the reader or student will find all the important principles embodied, which relate to the management of the voice in reading or publie speaking, and a full analysis of the elements of gesture in an accomplished Elocution. The subject is confessedly of the highest importance in this country; and we commend to the

in very narrow limits; and we are quite

nal, Boston.

sure, that if our clergymen generally From Zion's Herald and Wesleyan Jour-
would study it, and would reduce to
practice the rules which it contains, it
would be found an important auxiliary
both to their popularity and usefulness.-
E.

From the Western Christian Advocate,
Cincinnati.

This work comes before the public, in our opinion, with considerable claims for very general use in colleges and academies. We cannot, however, claim much value for our opinion in regard to the best use of voice and gesture, unskilled as we are in both these very important parts of public speaking. Nevertheless, unless we are mistaken, Mr. Caldwell's The author of this Manual, who is well book will be well and generally re-known in this State as a faithful and exceived. perienced teacher, remarks that, "the

From the Christian Mirror, Portland.

"The Manual of Elocution, by Professor Caldwell, of Dickinson college, has just been published by Sorin and Ball, of Philadelphia. I have been intimately acquainted with the principles laid down and illustrated by Professor Caldwell, and am satisfied that they are the true principles of Elocution. I have seen them applied and illustrated in practical instruction in this college during the last ten years; and the success attending their application has fully established their value. I am persuaded that you will find the book exceedingly well Altogether, it appears to be a scholaradapted to instruction in colleges and aca-like production; is remarkably neat and demies, and of great service to private accurate in its typography; and though learners. The pages on pulpit elocution modestly dedicated by the author, to

We cannot withhold the following ex-question was once asked by the Bishop tract of a letter from Dr. Durbin, to our-of Cloyne, in relation to Great Britain, self, in which he mentions Mr. Caldwell's whether half the learning of the kingdom book, in the following terms. President was not lost for want of having a proper Durbin's opinion is of great value in this delivery taught in our schools and colcase, as he has had much opportunity of leges?" And, he adds, "a similar inwitnessing the practical utility of the quiry cannot but force itself on any book, and is withal, a master in the very thoughtful observer, in regard to our own department treated on. The annexed is country." Permit a correspondent, Mr. the extract: Editor, to suggest, that if he has formed any correct estimate of this book, all apology for the future neglect to teach Elocution in our schools and colleges, is removed. Having some slight familiarity with other works on Elocution, I think I cannot be mistaken in giving the decided preference to this over any other I have met with. It is simple in its plan, comprehensive in the views it takes of the requisites to a perfect orator, and is full of precepts and lessons for practice, which cannot be studied in vain.

The chief excellencies of this work are, first, It embraces the two subjects of voice and gesture; and, secondly, These are thoroughly and minutely developed. It makes a practical application of the principles of Rush, in regard to the former, and draws amply from the "Chironomia" of Austin for the latter. It is a critical and technical text book, adapted for the thorough drilling of the student. He cannot pass through it without becoming master of the two great implements of Elocution-voice and gesture.

"those who have during the last sixteen it would seem that not only the young
years, from time to time, been his pupils," man can improve and strengthen his
it is to be hoped, that it will soon find its vocal organs, as a preparatory training
way into the highest institutions of learn- for his future work; but even the man
ing in our State. That Elocution can be who is actively engaged in the business
learned, no longer admits of a doubt; of a profession, may successfully cul-
and that when learned, it is one of the tivate all the excellencies of delivery,
most effective qualifications of the Ame- We commend this volume to all who
rican scholar, requires no argument. would learn to read or speak well; and
Why, then, with such a text book, should especially to the Professors and Teachers
it not be every where studied?
in our colleges, academies and higher
schools, as a text book of rare excellence.

A GRADUATE OF BOWDOIN.
January, 1845.

From the N. York Commercial Advertiser.

ELOCUTION FOR SCHOOLS.-Professor

Caldwell, of Dickinson college, Carlisle,
(Pa.) has prepared a practical "Manual
of Elocution," including voice and ges-
ture, designed for schools, academies, and
colleges. It has been published in a neat
12mo. volume, by Sorin and Ball, of Phi-
ladelphia. The author has availed him-
self of the materials and principles found
in Rush's celebrated work on the Philo-
sophy of the Voice, and Austin's Chiro-

orator.

Its plan is good. It discusses the en-
tire subject; and yet the various portions
are so arranged, that the learner dis-nomia, so celebrated as a standard au-
tinctly comprehends each several point, thority in gesture. By a judicious con-
to which his attention is at the same time densation of the leading features of these
called. First come the Elements of Vocal and other elaborate works in the differ-
delivery, then their application; second-
ly, the Elements of Gesture, and after-ceeded in simplifying the subject so as to
ent departments of Elocution, he has suc-
wards their application; and, finally, the furnish learners with a text book of great
book closes with general precepts and in-practical merit. The success with which
structions well suited to show the rela- Professor Caldwell has taught Elocution,
tion between the vocal movements, and and his extensive experience thus ac-
the action of the body, and how they may quired, have enabled him to improve
be made to conspire in the highest degree upon his predecessors, especially in adapt-
to the accomplishment of the designs of ing the instructions of this volume to
oratory.
both Teachers and learners; and its ge-
neral use in our schools, academies, and
colleges, can scarcely fail to render the
art of public speaking a common acquire-
ment, which in our country will be most
desirable and useful, as it is now most
abominably neglected.

From the Christian Repository, Phila-
delphia.

The objects also, are precisely what it
is desirable to have accomplished by a
work on Elocution; to wit, to make the
business of speaking effective,-to give
success to the efforts of the orator; and
also to guard the speaker against the dis-
eases of the vocal organs, which are now
carrying so many to their graves. This
system almost demonstrates the feasibi-
lity of accomplishing these objects-of
actually learning "the orator's art." If In the preparation of this work, the
one desires to become an accomplished author seems to have taken advantage
singer, he must practice, and that notwith- of the valuable materials furnished by
standing all that nature may have done others, and very handsomely notices in
for him; so also he must practice if he his preface the assistance of such works
would become a boxer, or acquire skill as "The Philosophy of the Human Voice,"
in penmanship, or in performing on mu- by Dr. James Rush, and the "Chiro-
sical instruments. We are here told, that nomia," of Austin; besides which, his
in the same way, the speaker must learn own experience as a teacher for some six-
the art of managing his voice, and of giv-teen years, enables him to introduce such
ing ease and grace to his gestures. improvements and simplifications as are
wanted at the present day. The work is
progressive in its character, and numer-
ously illustrated with figures so arranged
that it might properly be called a self-

All the principles presented in this Manual, are illustrated by well selected examples for practice; and by this kind of discipline, recommended in the book,

From the Portland Argus.

This is a book of many excellencies. It is throughout practical, teaching all along, precisely what the student in Elocution most needs to know; and, as he

needs them, giving him the exercises which are necessary to enable him to discipline all the various functions of the

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instructor. We hope that there are num-mies, and colleges, as well as for private bers of our young men, and especially learners, and its preparation, says the those who attempt public speaking, that author, would not have been undertaken will avail themselves of this timely pub- but for the obvious want, at the present lication. It is comprised in one volume, time, of a suitable text book in Elocution 12mo., and contains nearly 350 pages, for the use of classes in our various inneatly and substantially bound. stitutions of learning. The Professor also takes the ground that it is within the power of every man to make himself an effective public speaker by careful study of the elements of oratory, and practice of the rules laid down for the exercise of the Voice and Gesture. And the time and labor bestowed upon this

From the Pennsylvania Telegraph, Harrisburg.

The impression has extensively obtained, that all works on Elocution, are solely intended for public speakers, or such as are in a course of preparation for profession. That money expended in important subject, will be amply repaid, their purchase, and time occupied in their he futher contends, by the almost omnistudy, by others, are wholly wasted. potent influence which powerful oratory This, however, is a serious mistake. secures over the public mind, and the Vocal powers are possessed and largely enlarged prospects it holds out for acquir used by men of every class, and in every ing useful and honorable distinction in a condition. Would it not be advantageous country like ours.

to every man, to be able to use this power The Manual has been noticed in terms in communicating with his fellows, to the of warm commendation by several of our best advantage? Education is necessary city contemporaries, who cordially agree to teach the fingers to write, and the in pronouncing it a most valuable contrihands to execute their most ordinary bu-bution to the stock of elementary insiness. Even the mental powers must be struction on this subject.

in

trained and exercised, or they cannot be depended on, with any degree of certainty. And shall every other faculty be BOWDOIN COLLEGE, May 17, 1845. duly improved while the vocal powers are left in entire neglect?. The muscles of Elocution, by Professor Caldwell, I feel Having carefully examined the Manual which form the voice, like those which no hesitation in expressing a decided move the fingers, need and must have a approval of it. The Vocal Exercises are proper training, or they cannot be ex-well adapted to give power and flexibility pected to obey the will with promptness to the voice; whilst judicious aid is also and precision. The boy must be accus- afforded in the important department of tomed to the use of tools before he can Gesture. A considerable portion of the be a good mechanic-so every one who work is devoted to the Expression of expects to be a good speaker, reader-or Speech-a branch of the subject in which even good in private conversation, must little has hitherto been attempted, learn the elementary sounds of which which Professor Caldwell has happily words are composed, and so practice on succeeded. them as to make them familiar, natural, and habitual, or he will always be blundering. No one but he who has practised on these sounds, and used such works as this, can tell the great advantages to be derived from them. Experience has fully shown that the feeblest voice, and the least flexible organs of speech, have been vastly improved by practising on tables similar to those so numerously furnished in this most valuable work. I most ardently hope. therefore, that the Professor's book, will be extensively circulated and generally and faithfully studied. A. ATWOOD. Harrisburg, Feb. 1845.

From the Herald and Expositor, Carlisle,
Penn'a.

This work, which we regard as a valuable one, is designed for schools, acade

On the whole, I regard the work as having superior claims to popular favor; as supplying a want severely felt by both Teachers and learners, in the art of which it treats.

H. H. BOODY, Teacher of Elocution in Bowdoin College.

dial acquiescence in the views expressed It gives us pleasure to express our corby Mr. Boody, of the merits of Professor Caldwell's work on Elocution.

A. S. PACKARD, Professor of Rhetoric and Ancient Languages. THOMAS C. UPHAM,

Professor of Mental Philosophy and Ethics.

Bowdoin College, May 1845.

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