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CHAPTER VI.

LATER CATHOLIC THEOLOGY.

General characteristics — Examples of theological treatment of Atonement :

Tournely, Le Grande, Robbe - Examples of devotional treatment : Massiot, Plowden-The Sacrifice of the Cross and the Eucharist-German Catholic theology in the 19th century, Klüpfel and Dobmayer-Klee-Günther-Baader -Pabst—The dispute between Malebranche and Arnauld in 17th centuryFuture of theology .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 148 Notes to Chapter VI.:

1.-Recent Lutheran theology on the Motive of the Incarnation .. 174 II.-On the Connection between the Sacrifice of the Cross and the

Eucharist .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 178

CHAPTER VII.

MORAL FITNESS OF THE ATONEMENT IN RELATION TO MAN.

Summary to be gathered from what has gone before-Reflections suggested by it.

– The Passion 1. a bond of sympathy and instrument of power : illustrations —2, the consecration of suffering into a means of grace-3. the great lesson of self-sacrifice-4. and of Christian tenderness-5. the interpretation and corrective of ideal aspirations—6. the pledge of Divine compassion-Con

clusion .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 182 Note to Chapter VII.-On certain Contrasts of Christian and Heathen

Civilization .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 202

INTRODUCTION.

INTRODUCTION.

ON THE PRINCIPLE OF THEOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS.

It can hardly be doubted, that one of the most important theological questions of the day, on which many of our detailed controversies will be found to hinge, and into which they must ultimately be resolved, is that of developments in Christian belief. From failing to recognize this great law of revealed as of scientific truth, thousands are prejudiced against · dogmatic Christianity altogether, while others hold it with but a feeble and uncertain grasp. Nor can we look with any confidence for the return to unity of separated religious bodies, while some rigidly adhere to the principle of a lifeless and unfruitful tradition, and others insist on an exclusive appeal to the bare letter of Scripture. This question will accordingly be found, if I mistake not, to lie at the root of half our religious disputes, and some understanding upon it is an indispensable preliminary for their appreciation or adjustment.

There is of course a broad line to be drawn between matters of faith, and of theological opinion, between what is put be

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