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LONDON

PAINTED nY Spottisivoodi! AND CO. NEW-STREET SQUARE

HISTORY

OF THB

RISE AND INFLUENCE

OP THB SPIRIT OP

/

RATIONALISM IN EUROPE.

BY W. E. H. LECKY, M.A.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.
THIRD EDITION.

LONDON:

LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.
1866.

- -o CONTENTS

OF

THE SECOND VOLUME.

CHAPTER TV.—continued.
PART II.

THE HISTORY OF PERSECUTION.

Men who believe the Doctrine of Salvation in the Church alone will
always persecute—Success of Persecution shown in the Cases of the
Japanese Christians, the Albigenses, the Spanish Protestants, the
Massacre of St. Bartholomew, and the Laws of Elizabeth—Weak-
ness of the Objection derived from the History of Ireland—And
from that of the English Dissenters—True Causes of Opinions—
Influence of the Levitical Laws on Persecution—Opinions of the
Fathers determined chiefly by their Circumstances—Uncompromis-
ing Tolerance of Lac tan ti us—Constantine persecutes the Jews—And
the Heretics—And the Pagans—Review of their Condition before
Theodosius—Destruction of the Temples in the Country Districts—
Libanius—Even in the Days of Persecution Cyprian regarded the
Levitical System as the foundation of dealings with Heretics—
Theology of Persecution systematised by Augustine—His Character
and Influence—Aversion to the Effusion of Blood—St. Martin and
Ambrose—Opinion that Ecclesiastics should under no circum-
stances cause the Death of Men—Increase of the Corporate Action
of the Church stimulates Persecution—The First Monks—Ruin of
Paganism—The Church was then for several Centuries an almost
unmixed Blessing—Decomposition of the Mediseval Society renews
Heresies—Which are encountered by Persecution—Innocent III.—
Unparalleled Magnitude and Atrocity of the Persecution perpetrated
by Catholicism—Protestants persecuted not so atrociously, but quite

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