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becomes extremely difficult for the Jurymen to discharge their duty with a good conscience. And we seldom see punishments duly proportioned to the crimes committed. What shall we say in other cases where the tautology and circumlocution peculiar to the language of our law, the delay of judgment in the courts, and the tergiversation permitted through the whole proceedings, render it impossible for an honest man in middling life to obtain his right against a villain, without the utmost danger of being ruined ? A man who robs on the highway is hung-but a villain who robs by means of the chicanery, delay and expence of the law, escapes with impunity, and is applauded.”

· BIRTH OF PLATO. In the Aristippe of Weiland, translated into French, by Henry Coiffier, in 5 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1802, vol. 2, p. 233, is the following note : It is said that the father of Plato having married his cousin Germaine, Apollo appeared to him, and commanded him not to approach his wife, who was with child by him. Aristo obeyed, his wife was brought to bed ; and behold Plato the son of a God, and born of a vir.

gin."

Query. Did the miraculous conception of Jesus Christ arise out of this story, or some other ?—Plato was born 464 years before Christ.

SPANISH CLERGY. According to the royal census of Spain, (says a late writer) taken in 1801, there were in that country, 2,424,772 male inhabitants, between the ages of fifteen and sixty: of these 152,285 were regular and secular clergy, making about one for every fifteen men in the country. - ESTABLISHED CHURCH OF ENGLAND.

The following is said to be an accurate list of the Eccle. siastical Officers of the Church of England, with the revenue attached to each per annum. It exhibits the deplorable state of society in a country where the church is blended with the government, and where the government has the filling of all good livings, so called.

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Total 1. 1,857,000

Equal to 8,253,333 dollars. Exclusive of Rural Deans, Officers in Collegiate Churches, Lecturers, &c.

FUNERAL DIRECTIONS. The following are part of the directions which Mr. Hugh Kirk, who lately died at Belfast, left in writing with his executors, respecting his funeral, and which we think very worthy of imitation.

It is my particular request, that as little money as possible be expended on my funeral, my fixed opinion being that whatever is so spent, more than common decency requires, is worse than lost; it is a robbery on the surviving part of the family. Let my coffin be plain deal, painted black or oak color, as you please ; no escutcheons, except the two handles at the ends ; neither age nor name on it; no hearse, no head stone, no scarfs, no gloves, no spirits, tobacco or pipes; all these are utterly vain and useless, not meaning hereby to restrain you from exercising your discretion with respect to such necessary refreshment as my house will afford to my particular friends, and to the bearers of the bier. The poor-house grave yard being the nearest, and no more expensive than others, I suppose, and the money paid being applied to charitable purposes, I wish you to give it the preference, especially for the reasons last mentioned.”

ART OF PRINTING. The Art of Printing is the only true black art that is known to us. It is the magician, that works wonders. A free press transforms a political desert into a paradise, the might of superstition into the day-tide of truth. Introduce the press iuto Turkey, and it will be Turkey no longer.' IF is this powerful wand which is now diffusing the beams of light over South America, and preparing the citizens of Caraccas for the enjoyment of liberty. But to work all its wonders, this magician must be left at liberty; it must not, like the necromancers of old, be circumscribed within a circle. • The ample earth its area, and the arch of heaven its dome.'

BRIDEWELL. Our readers will recollect that we published in the ad number of this work, a report of the Humane Society respecting the Bridewell, Taverns, &c. accompanied with some observations of our own, which might perhaps be considered as reflecting upon the keeper of that prison. When we first read that report, we certainly felt indignant at the representation there given; though we were ignorant where the blame was justly imputable.. Meeting soon after with a person recently, liberated, we received the information to which we alluded. Our observations, however, were intended to apply particularly to the turnkeys, for whose conduct the keeper could not always be accountable. We have since been informed that the money mentioned to bave been paid for certain privileges, was for provisions actually furnished the prisoner from the keeper's table. It is an easy matter to cavil upon this subject, and whether a quid pro quo was in this case really given or not, it is not our province to enquire. We are sensible of the arduous situation in which the keeper of this prison is placed, that it is a very unthankful office, and tbat few criminals, who are confined there for punishment, ever leave it well satisfied. So far as our former strictures went to implicate the keeper of the Bridewell, we are satisfied they were incorrect, and that a change of the system hy the legislature, is the only way to remedy the evils com- . plaiped of.

CONCLUSION. This number concludes the Thcophilanthropist. It may perhaps be resumed at a future period. Previously to its commencement, several gentlemen had volunteered to write for it, which subsequent circumstances prevented. The work, therefore, is composed of less original matter than was first oontemplated; but perhaps it is not the less valuable on that account, as the extracts are chiefly from works of the greatest merit, and which are not easily acquired in this country..

* The enquiry into the Nature and Origin of Evil may be · ranked among the first productions of literature; only one, - and that a very indifferent edition, of which has ever been published in America, and that is now out of print. The Book, or Koran, of Mahomet, about which so much has been said, and so little known, even by the clergy of our country, the pith and marrow of which is here given, must be consi. dered a desirable acquisition by all those who are curious to know the tenets of so large a portion of the human species as now embrace its doctrines. The moral parts of the Koran, which are all that in any religion can possibly be of the least service to mankind, either here or hereafter, are collected in a compact form, which precludes the labor of wading through two large folio volumes, containing much mystical and theological nonsense. A knowledge of the Mahometan system, may be deemed important, as tending to blunt that rancorous prejudice, which bigotry engenders in the mind of ignorance against those of different religious persuasions. As to the more miscellaneous parts of the publication, the proprietors flatter themselves they have not been considered uninteresting. They propose uniting to the work, Thomas Paine's examination of the Prophecies, and his essay upon the origin of Free Masonry, which will extend the volume to 482 pages.

These pamphlets may be obtained at the places whero the Theophilanthropist has usually been sold.

229

347

CONTENTS.

Page. Ancient Philosophers,

172 Account of the early Christians from Tacitus, American Genius,

372 Biography, . . . . . . . 76 Biography of S. Jenyns,

16 Bonaparte's decree dispossessing the Popc, - 315 Bonaparte and the Church, Barlow's letter to Cheetham on the life of Thos. Paine, 361 Character of Thomas Paine,

36 of John Marshall, - - - - 98

of John Monroe, . Catholic Articles of Faith,

3.31 - Prayers,

- - 337 Causes of the reformation by Luther,

- 343 Comets, -

376 Comment on the Laws of England, Debtors' Prison, . . . . 72-402

138

378

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