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to a certain point, a general idea of the Greek system of quantities, in an English dress. This plan has been pursued till the reader is supposed to be tolerably versed in its ordinary application; after this point, the prosodial marks have been gradually withdrawn; and though some few deviations will occasionally be noticed, they are not of such a nature as to inconvenience the reader, who will have already gone through copious examples of a similar formation.

E. POCOCKE.

London, May, 1851.

NAMES OF CONTRIBUTORS.

E. POCOCKE, Esq.

CHAPTERS I., II., III., IV., V., and VI. ; CHAPTER VII., excepting the Life of Lycurgus; CHAPTER VIII., excepting the Lives of Codrus, Draco, Solon, and the Peisistratidæ.

SIR THOMAS NOON TALFOURD, D.C.L.,
ONE OF THE JUSTICES OF HER MAJESTY'S COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.

CHAPTER XI. Life of Alcibiadēs.

XIV. The Early Sculptors of Greece.
XV. The Early Painters of Greece.

THE LATE JOHN T. RUTT, Esq.
The Lives of Lycurgus, Draco, and Solon,

The Rev. J. B. OTTLEY, M.A.,
LATE FELLOW OF ORIEL COLLEGE, OXFORD,
CHAPTER XIII. The Social Condition of the Ancient Greeks.

The article on the Peisistratidæ, and the articles constituting CHAPTERs IX., X., and XII., were contributed to the first edition of the Encyclopædia Metropolitana by writers who are unknown to the present Editor. They have all been revised for this edition.

CONTENT S.

Page CHAPTER 1.-PRELIMINARY VIEW OF THE INFLUENCE OF MYTHOLOGY OVER THE EARLY GREEKS

1

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CHAPTER II.-ORACLES, MYSTERIES, FESTIVALS, AND NATIONAL GAMES
OF THE EARLY GREEKS

11 SECTION 1. The Oracles

11 2. The Mysteries

13 3. The Isthmian Games

16 4. The Nemæan Games

17 5. The Olympic Games

19 6. The Pythian Games

22 CHAPTER III.-ORIENTAL SOURCES OF GREEK MYTHOLOGY

26 CHAPTER IV.-POPULAR LEGENDS OF THE GODS

43 SECTION 1. The Legend of Dionysus

44 2. The Legend of Dēmēter

47 3. The Legend of Apollo

52 4. The Legend of Hermés

56 5. The Legend of Poseidon

60 6. The Legend of Aphrodītē

63 7. The Legend of Hērē

65 8. The Legend of Athēnē

66 9. The Legend of Arēs

67 10. The Legend of Hēphaistos

68 11. The Legend of Hestia

70 12. The Legend of Artemis

71 CHAPTER V.- LEGENDS OF HEROES

74 SECTION 1. The Legend of Prometheus

77 2. The Legend of Inachus

78 3. The Legend of lo

78 4. The Legend of Danaē and Perseus

80 5. The Legend of Hēraclēs

81 6. The Legend of Deucalion, Hellēn, and his Sons

85 7. The Legend of the Æolids, or Sons and Daughters of Æolus

87 8. The Legend of the Pelopids

89 9. The Legend of Niobē

90 10. Legends of Thebes

93 11. The Legend of Actæon

94 12. The Legend of Edipus

95 13. The Legend of the Seven against Thebes

· 100 14. The Legend of the Argonauts

. 103 15. The Legend of Theseus

. 108 16. The Legend of Troy

113 17. Indian Origin of the Greek Legends

118 CHAPTER VI.-SKETCH OF THE GEOGRAPHY OF GREECE

121

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CHAPTER VII.—EARLY History THE PELOPONNESIAN STATES,

B, C, 884 to B. c. 585

136

SECTION 1. Lycurgus

138

2. Pheidōn and Argos

154

3. The Spartan Military System

4. The First Messenian War

5. The Second Messenian War

159

6. Corinth

CHAPTER VIII.-ATHENS AND OTHER GREEK STATES, FROM THE TIME

OF CODRUS TO THE IONIC REVOLT, B. C. 500 164

SECTION 1. The Legend of Codrus

164

2. Codrus

• 165

3. The Ionic Emigration

4. Draco

170

5. Pythagoras. — The Political, Religious, and Scientific

Development of the Grecian Philosophy

172

6. Solon

176

7. The First Sacred War

8. The Peisistratidæ

193

9. The Ionic Revolt

207

CHAPTER IX.-THE PERSIAN WAR, B, C. 490 to B. C. 469

214

SECTION 1. Invasion of Greece by command of Darius, King of Persia 214

2. Miltiadēs

216

3. Mustering of the Persians for the final Invasion of

Greece, under Xerxes

222

4. Aristides and Themistocles

228

5. Leonidas

249

6 Pausanias

257

CHAPTER X.—THE SUPREMACY OF ATHENS, B. C. 469 to B. C. 429 268

SECTION 1. Cimon

268

2. Periclēs

CHAPTER XI.—ALCIBIADES, flourished about B. C. 400

292

CHAPTER XII.—RECAPITULATION OF THE HISTORY OF GREECE, FROM

THE BATTLE OF MARATHON TO THE CLOSE OF THE

PELOPONNESIAN WARS, B. C. 490 to B. C. 404 314

CHAPTER XIII.-ON THE SOCIAL CONDITION OF THE ANCIENT GREEKS. 357

Introduction

357

Section 1. The Social and Military Customs of the Homeric Age 360

2. Religious Ceremonies of the Homeric Age

374

3, Education of the Athenians

383

4. Education of the Spartans

404

5. State of Female Society in Athens

414

6. Jurisprudence of the Athenians

429

7. Convivial Habits of the Athenians

448

Conclusions respecting the Social Condition of the

Ancient Greeks

461

CHAPTER XIV.—THE EARLY SCULITORS OF GREECE .

467

CHAPTER XV.-THE EARLY PAINTERS OF GREECE

492

List of ILLUSTRATIONS

• 505

GREEK CHRONOLOGY

509

INDEX

525

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