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to a certain point, a general idea of the Greek system of quantities, in an English dress. This plan has been pursued till the reader is supposed to be tolerably versed in its ordinary application; after this point, the prosodial marks have been gradually withdrawn; and though some few deviations will occasionally be noticed, they are not of such a nature as to inconvenience the reader, who will have already gone through copious examples of a similar formation.

E. POCOCKE.

London, May, 1851.

NAMES OF CONTRIBUTORS.

E. POCOCKE, Esq.

CHAPTERS I., II., III., IV., V., and VI.; CHAPTER VII., excepting the Life of Lycurgus; CHAPTER VIII., excepting the Lives of Codrus, Draco, Solon, and the Peisistratida,

SIR THOMAS NOON TALFOURD, D.C.L.,
ONE OF THE JUSTICES OF HER MAJESTY'S COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.

CHAPTER XI. Life of Alcibiadēs.

XIV. The Early Sculptors of Greece.
XV. The Early Painters of Greece.

THE LATE JOHN T. RUTT, Esq.
The Lives of Lycurgus, Draco, and Solon.

THE REV. J. B. OTTLEY, M.A.,

LATE FELLOW OF ORIEL COLLEGE, OXFORD.
CHAPTER XIII. The Social Condition of the Ancient Greeks.

The article on the Peisistratidæ, and the articles constituting CHAPTERS IX., X., and XII., were contributed to the first edition of the Encyclopædia Metropolitana by writers who are unknown to the present Editor. They have all been revised for this edition,

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CHAPTER VII.-EARLY HISTORY OF THE PELOPONNESIAN STATES,

B, C. 884 to B. c. 585

136

SECTION 1. Lycurgus

138

2. Pheidon and Argos

154

3. The Spartan Military System

156

4. The First Messenian War

158

5. The Second Messenian War

159

6. Corinth

161

CHAPTER VIII.-ATHENS AND OTHER GREEK STATES, FROM THE TIME

OF CODRUS TO THE IONIC REVOLT, B.C. 500 164

SECTION 1. The Legend of Codrus

164

2. Codrus

165

3. The Ionic Emigration

167

4. Draco

170

5. Pythagoras. — The Political, Religious, and Scientific

Development of the Grecian Philosophy

172

6. Solon

176

7. The First Sacred War

191

8. The Peisistratidæ

193

9. The Ionic Revolt

207

CHAPTER IX.—THE PERSIAN WAR, B, C. 490 to B. C. 469

214

SECTION 1. Invasion of Greece by command of Darius, King of Persia 214

2. Miltiadēs

216

3. Mustering of the Persians for the final Invasion of

Greece, under Xerxes

222

4. Aristīdēs and Themistocles

228

5. Leonidas

249

6 Pausanias

257

CHAPTER X.—THE SUPREMACY OF ATHENS, B. C. 469 to B. C. 429

• 268

SECTION 1. Cimon

268

2. Periclēs

• 275

CHAPTER XI.-ALCIBIADĒS, flourished about B.C. 400

292

CHAPTER XII.-RECAPITULATION OF THE HISTORY OF GREECE, FROM

THE BATTLE OF MARATHON TO THE CLOSE OF THE

PELOPONNESIAN WARS, B.C. 490 to B. C. 404 314

CHAPTER XIII.-ON THE SOCIAL CONDITION OF THE ANCIENT GREEKS. 357

Introduction

357

SECTION 1. The Social and Military Customs of the Homeric Age 360

2. Religious Ceremonies of the Homeric Age

374

3. Education of the Athenians

383

4. Education of the Spartans

404

5. State of Female Society in Athens

414

6. Jurisprudence of the Athenians

429

7. Convivial Habits of the Athenians

Conclusions respecting the Social Condition of the

Ancient Greeks

461

CHAPTER XIV.—THE EARLY SCULPTORS OF GREECE .

• 467

CHAPTER XV.-THE EARLY PAINTERS OF GREECE

. 492

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

• 505

GREEK CHRONOLOGY

• 509

INDEX

. 525

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