Global Catastrophic Risks

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Nick Bostrom, Milan M. Cirkovic
OUP Oxford, 3 июл. 2008 г. - Всего страниц: 578
A global catastrophic risk is one with the potential to wreak death and destruction on a global scale. In human history, wars and plagues have done so on more than one occasion, and misguided ideologies and totalitarian regimes have darkened an entire era or a region. Advances in technology are adding dangers of a new kind. It could happen again. In Global Catastrophic Risks 25 leading experts look at the gravest risks facing humanity in the 21st century, including asteroid impacts, gamma-ray bursts, Earth-based natural catastrophes, nuclear war, terrorism, global warming, biological weapons, totalitarianism, advanced nanotechnology, general artificial intelligence, and social collapse. The book also addresses over-arching issues - policy responses and methods for predicting and managing catastrophes. This is invaluable reading for anyone interested in the big issues of our time; for students focusing on science, society, technology, and public policy; and for academics, policy-makers, and professionals working in these acutely important fields.
 

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"Box 8 - Anthropic capture: The AI might assign a substantial probability to its simulation hypothesis, the hypothesis that it is living in a computer simulation." In "Superintelligence - Paths ... Читать весь отзыв

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I found this to be a fun and thought-provoking exploration of a possible future in which there is a superintelligence "detonation," in which an artificial intelligence improves itself, rapidly ... Читать весь отзыв

Содержание

Introduction Nick Bostrom and Milan M Ćirković
Biotechnology and biosecurity
Longterm astrophysical processes
we depend
Millennial tendencies in responses to apocalyptic threats
scenarios
Cognitive biases potentially affecting judgement of global risks
Observation selection effects and global catastrophic risks
past present and future
catastrophes
ancient threats
Artificial Intelligence as a positive and negative factor in global
Big troubles imagined and real
Catastrophe social collapse and human extinction
The continuing threat of nuclear
a preventable peril

intelligence
Systemsbased risk analysis
multiscale systems
Catastrophes and insurance
Public policy towards catastrophe
Supervolcanism and other geophysical processes
Hazards from comets and asteroids
Influence of Supernovae gammaray bursts solar flares
Climate change and global risk
nuclear explosive capabilities in the future?
of mass destruction
biotechnology risks
managing outbreaks
Nanotechnology as global catastrophic risk
The totalitarian threat
Authors biographies
Evolution theory and the future of humanity
Index

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Об авторе (2008)

Nick Bostrom, PhD, is Director of the Future of Humanity Institute, in the James Martin 21st Century School, at Oxford University. He previously taught at Yale University in the Department of Philosophy and in the Yale Institute for Social and Policy Studies. Bostrom has served as an expert consultant for the European Commission in Brussels and for the Central Intelligence Agency in Washington DC. He has advised the British Parliament, the European Parliament, and many other public bodies on issues relating to emerging technologies. Milan M. Cirkovic, PhD, is a senior research associate of the Astronomical Observatory of Belgrade, (Serbia) and a professor of Cosmology at Department of Physics, University of Novi Sad (Serbia). He received both his PhD in Physics and his MSc in Earth and Space Sciences from the State University of New York at Stony Brook (USA) and his BSc in Theoretical Physics was received from the University of Belgrade.

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