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THE SCIENCE OF NATURAL THEOLOGY; or, God the Unconditioned Cause, and God the Infinite and Perfect, as revealed in Creation. By Rev. Asa. Mahan, D.D., Author of "The Science of Logic," " A System of Intellectual Philosophy," "Doctrine of the Will," etc. 12mo. pp. 399. Boston: Henry Hoyt. 1867.- This volume affords a new indication that the questions most seriously agitating the scientific world pertain not so much to Biblical interpretation as to the fundamental truths of natural theology. Dr. Mahan discusses these truths with great earnestness. Without assenting to all his propositions, we cordially approve the general aim of his treatise. He has succeeded in showing that "at the basis of the theistic deductions, in their entireness, there are valid analytical judgments, that is, universally absolute and necessary intuitive truths"; that “under these principles the entire facts of the universe bearing legitimately upon our [theistic] inquiries do in fact take rank "; that "all these deductions are the necessary logical consequences of these facts and principles, and therefore have not merely a relative, but real and absolute, validity "; that "the deductions of theism are in fact really and truly truths of science."

MODERN INQUIRIES; Classical, Professional, and Miscellaneous. By Jacob Bigelow, M.D., late President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and late Professor in Harvard University. 12mo. pp. 379. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co. 1867.-The Essays in this volume relate to the necessity of subdivision and selection in our educational processes, to the relative importance of Classical and Utilitarian Studies, to various questions of Medical Science and of general literature. They are distinguished by their good style and good sense. We think, however, that they depreciate classical learning unduly.

THE JESUITS IN NORTH AMERICA in the Seventeenth Century. By Francis Parkman, Author of Pioneers of France in the New World. pp. 462, 463. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co. 1867. — Theologians will find this volume to be full of interest. It teaches many truths, and suggests more than it directly teaches.

Among other works which we would notice more at length if we had the requisite space are:

CHRISTOCRACY; or Essays on the Coming and Kingdom of Christ; with Answers to the Principal Objections of Post-millenarians. By John T. Demarest and William R. Gordon, Ministers of the Gospel in the Reformed Dutch Church. 16mo. pp. 403. New York: A. Lloyd. 1867.

CHRISTENDOM'S DIVISIONS: Part II. Greeks and Latins. Being a full and connected History of their Dissensions and Overtures for Peace down to the Reformation. By Edmund S. Ffoulkes, formerly Fellow and Tutor of Jesus College, Oxford. 16mo. pp. 601. London: Longmans, Green, and Co. 1867.




Advent, The Second, article on, 629.
Alger's, William R., Solitudes of Na-

ture and Man, noticed, 588.
Art of Conversation, The, article on,
by L. Withington, D.D., 74; the
value of the art, 74; nature of con-
versation and its principal parts,
75; small talk, 75; discussion, 76;
telling the news, 78; flattery, 80;
apothegms and repartees, 83; relig-
ious conversation, 84; religious con-
versation should not be separated
from all conversation, 85; reproof,
87; the mode of acquiring the art,
89; need of a sociable disposition,
90; the faults of conversation: noth-
ingism, 90; excessive talking, 91;
the summit of excellence in this
art reached by few, 92.
Atonement in the Light of Con-
science, The, article on, by Rev.
L. S. Potwin, 141; different theo-
ries of the atonement, 141; two
questions to be considered: the
first: What does sin deserve? 142;
sin deserves condemnation, 142;
repentance cannot satisfy the con-
science for past sins, 143; the con-
science finds satisfaction only in
God's ordinance of punishment,
143; the second question: What
does the sinner deserve? 144; he
deserves punishment, 144; can
anything take the place of punish-
ment? 145; the atonement can take
that place, 145; it marks men as
sinners, and men are directly in-
volved in the condemning of our
sins, 146; faith, not essential if the
atonement answered all the de-
mands of punitive justice, 147;
the idea of reward as found in the
atonement and as viewed by the
conscience, 147; righteousness de-
serves approbation, and a righteous
person deserves a reward, 148; the
personal ends of reward reached
by faith, 149; the satisfaction of
divine justice, 149.

Atwater's Manual of Elementary
Logic, noticed, 579.
Authorship and Canonicity of the
Epistle to the Hebrews, article on,
by Prof. J. Henry Thayer, 681;
the conclusion as to the authorship
built on indirect evidence, 681;
certain admitted characteristics of
the author, 681; internal argu-
ments of Pauline authorship: the
first, facts or allusions contained
in the Epistle, 682; the request
made, ch. xiii. 19, to be prayed for,
682; the allusion, xiii. 23, to Timo-
thy as having been set at liberty,
682; salutations, xiii. 24, sent from
those of Italy, 683; characteristics
of form in favor of Pauline origin,
685; the general distribution of
topics, and resemblance in im-
agery to that of Paul, 685; doc-
trinal resemblances to the epistles
of Paul, 687; danger of forming
an incorrect estimate respecting
the argument from resemblance,
689; internal evidence against the
Pauline authorship, 690; indica-
tions of a formal nature, 690; at-
tempted explanations, 690; the
Old Testament not employed in a
manner like Paul, 692; the quota-
tions themselves and the source
from which the passages are taken,
692; the phraseology with which
they are introduced, 693; charac-
teristics of expression different from
those of Paul, 693; negative char-
acteristics: absence of favorite ex-
pressions of Paul's, 694; forms of
expression, substituted for synon-
ymous expressions of Paul, 694;
differences of style, 695; the lan-
guage more pure and the style less
impassioned, 696; testimonies in
regard to differences of style, 697:
from the early Fathers and the
period of the Reformation, 697;
explanations: a long interval be-
tween the dates of this Epistle and
that of the thirteen others, 698;

that it was addressed to Jewish
readers, 698; the style may have
been altered by the amanuensis,
699; internal evidence of a doc-
trinal nature, 699; the doctrine in
no case irreconcilable with that of
Paul, 699; Paul represents Chris-
tianity as justification by faith;
the Epistle to the Hebrews, as
consummated Judaism, 700; other
points of difference growing out
of this, 700; differences as to the
grounds in which its presenta-
tion in general is made to rest,
701; facts and allusions of a per-
sonal nature, inconsistent with a
Pauline origin, 702; Paul would
hardly have written such an epis-
tle to Jewish Christians, 702; the
passage ch. ii. 3, inconsistent with
Pauline origin, 703; indications
that the epistle was written after
the death of Paul, 704; external
or historical evidence against the
Pauline origin, 705; the testimony
of Pantaenus and Clement of Alex-
andria, 705; of Origen, 706; tes-
timony from the West of a differ-
ent nature, adverse, 708; of Ire-
naeus, Hippolytus, 709; Tertullian,
Cyprian, and Jerome, 710; Augus-
tine, 711; two reasons for disre-
garding this testimony from the
West, 712; the testimony of the
East, positive; that of the West,
negative; and the truth in the
matter more likely to have been
preserved than in the West, 712;
the opinion that Paul was indirectly
its author, 713; conjectures as to
its authorship, of little worth, 714;
the canonicity of the epistle, 714;
independent of the question of
authorship, 714; its authoritative
currency, quite well established,
716; testimony of Clement of
Rome, 717; our views in regard
to early testimony should be con-
formed to the facts of history, 717;
testimony of the East, 718; the
epistle forms part of the Peschito,
718; the Peschito made for church-
es, 718; it does not contain one
uncanonical book, but its list of
books is incomplete, 719; testimo-
ny of Justin Martyr, and the North

African churches, 719; the canon-
icity of the epistle the stronger
because of the opposition it has
encountered, 721.


Barrows, Prof. E. P., article by, 593.
Bascom, Prof. John, articles by, 150,
296, 722.

Bernard's, Thomas D., Progress of
Doctrine in the New Testament,
noticed, 590.

Biblical Notes, article, by Prof. H.
B. Hackett, 176; situation of Ha-
ran, 176; glorious view from Mt.
Nebo, 179.
Bohmer's Beginnings of Reformatory
Movements in Spain, noticed, 181.
Brown, J. A., D.D., article by, 629.
Buchanan's, Dr. James, Doctrine of

Justification, noticed, 587.
Bunsen, his Chronology, article on,


Burgess, Rev. E., article by, 744.
Burrowes's Commentary, the Song
of Solomon, noticed, 202.

Cause and Effect, article on, by Prof.
John Bascom, 296; structures in
philosophy, sometimes built on
foundations whose existence is de-
nied, 296; an illustration found in
that theory which denies the valid-
ity of the notion of cause and
effect, 296; the nature, office, and
limits of the idea of cause and ef-
fect, 299; the nature of a cause
essentially that of force, 299; no
direct nition of force in voli-
tion, 300; the mind always inter-
poses the notion of cause and effect
between consecutive phenomena,
301; cause and effect involve and
are commensurate with each other,
302; by means of the idea of cause
and effect we arrive at matter,
303; error of Hamilton, that we
know matter, 303; no distinction
between the primary and the sec-
ondary qualities of matter, 305;
this shown in regard to extension,
305; in regard to solidity, 306;
the necessary notion of matter that
of force, 309; under this notion
the eternity of matter inadmissible,

309; matter not passive and inert,
310; God does not require some-
thing on which to work, 310; cer-
tain theories shown to be fallacious
by means of the idea of causation,
311; the theory of progressive de-
velopment, 311; connection of
causation with liberty, 314; the
relation of causation to God, 315.
Chronology of Bunsen, The, article

on, by Rev. E. Burgess, 744; re-
ligious character of Bunsen, 744;
characteristics of his Egypt's Place
in History, 745; design of the ar-
ticle to exhibit his system of chro-
nology, 746; he rejects the scrip-
tural account of the creation of
man, 747; his synopsis of the four
ages of the world, 748; facts on
which he rests his system, 750; the
astronomical argument for his
theory of the great antiquity of
man, 754; objections to this argu-
ment, 754; the human race has
flourished most in a comparatively
cool climate, 755; no ancient tra-
ditions in favor of the great anti-
quity of man, 756; his argument
derived from "the strata of lan-
guages," 757; the argument drawn
from the sediment around the statue
of Rameses II, 761; his chronology
of the patriarchs, 763; his chronol-
ogy of Abraham, 765; criticism
of Sir G. C. Lewis, 768.
Clark, Rev. Sereno D., article by, 482.
Clarke, Dr. James F., on Orthodoxy,

noticed, 188.

Coleman, Lyman,D.D.,article by,248.
Communion, Free, article on, 482.
Conington's, John, Aeneid of Virgil,

noticed, 590.

Conscience as distinguished from the
Moral Faculty, The, article on, 401.
Conscience, its Relations and Office,
article on, by Prof. John Bascom,
150; significance of the term "con-
sciousness," 150; of the term “con-
science," 151; the relation of con-
science to our moral nature, 151;
its relation to our intellectual na-
ture, 152; to the will, 153; to our
physical faculties,155; the external
relations of conscience, 157; from
it arises our sense of justice, 157;
meaning of the word "justice,"

158; what is our sense of justice,
159; relation between guilt and
punishment, 160; the amount of
punishment for a particular sin
decided by considering the end of
punishment, 161; the relation of
conscience to God, 164; conscience
a chief means of revealing God to
us, and enabling us to apprehend
the holiness of God, 165; the moral
nature of God the condition of our
faith and love, 166; connection of
conscience with science and phi-
losophy, 167; man's rank in the
spiritual world not determined by
comparative anatomy or natural
history, 167; moral phenomena
not purely perceptive intellectual
processes, 168; the possession of
conscience unites man to spiritual
beings, 168; the office and method
of cultivation of conscience, 170;
guidance, its first office, 170; its sec-
ond office, to give a high and pecu-
liar pleasure, 171; its third and
chief office, to constitute character,
172; the absolute correctness of
conscience as a guide not impor-
tant, 172; means of cultivating con-
science, 174; cultivated by means
of intellectual discipline, by all
which promotes the health and ac-
tivity of the affections, and by its.
constant use, 174.
Conversation, Art of, article on, 74.
Cowles's Commentary on the Minor

Prophets, noticed 198.
Cowper's, B. Harris, Apochryphal

Gospels, noticed, 592.
Cox's, Robert, Literature of the Sab-
bath Question, noticed, 399.
Crawford's, D. T. J., Fatherhood of
God, noticed, 589.
Cremer's Biblico-Theological Lexi-
con of the Greek of the New Test-
ament, noticed, 188.
Creskas's Historical Influence of his

Religious Philosophy, noticed, 569.
Crevasse of the Jordan and the Red
Sca, The, article on, 248.


Day's, Henry N., Elements of Logic,
noticed, 400.
Dictionaries and Cyclopedia's, Bib-
lical, noticed 584.

Divine and Human Natures in Christ,
The, article on, by E. A. Lawrence,
D.D., 41; the fundamental idea
of Christianity a deed, rather than
a doctrine or law, 41; in the per-
son of Christ the infinite and finite
to be conciliated, 41; the divine
nature in Christ, 42; a conception
of the infinite by the finite not
impossible, 42; the significance of
the term "Logos" to be sought in
the drift of the scriptures, 43; a
personal distinction in the God-
head unequivocally revealed, 45;
the Arian view of this distinction,
47; the Sabellian view, 48; the
doctrine of the Bible intermediate
between Arianism and Sabellian-
ism, 50; the human nature of
Christ, 51; meaning of the word
"flesh," 51; evidences of the hu-
manity of Christ, 52; temptations
and sufferings of Christ, 54; a
human nature in Christ needful
in order to his being an example,
58; the origin of Christ's humanity,
59; his humanity an emanation,
59; an immediate creation, 60; a
derivation from the Father, 61; the
sinlessness of Christ, 62; Strauss's
and Renan's Lives of Christ, 62;
union of the divine and human in
Christ, 65; the two natures not
identical, 66; no conversion of the
divine into the human, 66; no
transmutation nor mixture, 67;
difficulties in the union of the two
natures not greater than those
attending every other theory, 69;
the incarnation and redeeming
work of Christ conditioned on this
union of the divine and human
natures, 70; the doctrine of Christ
mysterious, 72.
Dorner's History of Protestant The-
ology, noticed, 571.

Eastwood's Bible Word-Book, no-
ticed, 588.

Ecce Deus, Ecce Homo, and Deus
Homo, noticed, 580.
Education, Theological, in England,
article on, 431.
Egyptology, Fresh Notes on, article,


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Gage's, Rev. W. L., Translation of
Ritter's Geography of Palestine,
noticed, 400.

Gangauf, on Augustine's Speculative
Doctrine of God, the Triune, no-
ticed, 184.

Garde's, Dr. P. de la, Clementine
Homilies, noticed, 571.
Geology, its Relations to Theology,
article on, 363, 429.
German, Publications, Recent, no-
ticed, 575, 789.
Gnomological Verses, article by L.
Withington, D.D., 263; examples
of such verses from different writ-
ers, 263; Dr. Withington's own
verses, 269.

Godet's Examination of Critical
Questions relating to the Fourth
Gospel, noticed, 183.
Godet's, Commentary on the Gospel

of St. John, noticed, 573.
Great Crevasse of the Jordan and
of the Red Sea, The, article on, by
Lyman Coleman, D.D., 248; quo-
tations from Robinson, Grove, and
Porter in reference to this cre-
vasse, 248; extent of this crevasse,
250; indications of volcanic agen-
cies along the line of the Jordan
and the Red Sea, 251; volcanic
mountains parallel with the Afri-
can shore of the Red Sea, 252;
coral reefs on the eastern shore,
252; terrible convulsions in the
Sinaitic groups, 253; hot springs
in the Sinaitic Peninsula, 253;
volcanic movements in the moun-

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