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That fatal mistress of the young, the lazy,
The coward, and the fool, condemned to lose
A useless life in waiting for to-morrow,
To gaze with longing eyes upon to-morrow,-
Till interposing death destroys the prospect !
Strange, that this general fraud from day to day
Should fill the world with wretches undetected !
The soldier, laboring through a winter's march,
Still sees to-morrow dressed in robes of triumph ;
Still to the lover's long-expecting arms
To-morrow brings the visionary bride.
But thou, too old to bear another cheat,
Learn that the present hour alone is man's.

O my countrymen,
You all can witness that, when she went forth,
It was a holiday in Rome. Old age
Forgot its crutch, labor its task; all ran; .
And mothers, turning to their daughters, cried,
“ There, there's Lucretia !” Now look ye where she lies.
That beauteous flower, that innocent, sweet rose,
Torn up by ruthless violence !- gone! gone!

Say, would ye seek instruction ? would ye seek
What ye should do ? Ask ye yon conscious walls,
And they will cry, Revenge!
Ask yon deserted street, where Tullia drove
D'er her dead father's corse ; 't will cry, Revenge !
Ask yonder senate-house, whose stones are purple
With human blood, and it will cry, Revenge!

4. RETIREMENT. — Goldsmith.
O blest retirement, friend to life's decline !
Retreats from care, that never must be mine!
How blest is he who crowns in shades like these
A youth of labor with an age of ease;
Who quits a world where strong temptations try,
And, since 't is hard to combat, learns to fly!
For him no wretches, born to work and weep,
Explore the mine, or tempt the dangerous deep ;

No surly porter stands in guilty state,
To spurn imploring famine from the gate;
But on he moves to meet his latter end,
Angels around befriending virtue's friend :
Sinks to the grave with unperceived decay,
While resignation gently slopes the way;
And, all his prospects brightening to the last,
His heaven commences ere the world be past !

5. THE PRESENT TIME. Of memory many a poet sings;

And Hope hath oft inspired the rhyme ; But who the charm of music brings

To celebrate the present time? Let the past guide, the future cheer,

While youth and health are in their prime; But, O, be still thy greatest care —

That awful point — the present time! Fulfill the duties of the day —

The next may hear thy funeral-chime; So shalt thou wing thy glorious way,

Where all shall be the present time.

6. Trust In God. — Young. O thou great Arbiter of life and death! Nature's immortal, immaterial sun! Whose all-prolific beam late called me forth From darkness, teeming darkness, where I lay The worm's inferior, and in rank beneath The dust I tread on, - high to bear my brow, To drink the spirit of the golden day, And triumph in existence, and couldst know No motive but my bliss, and hast ordained A rise in blessing, — with the patriarch's joy Thy call I follow to the land unknown: I trust in Thee, and know in whom I trust : Or life or death is equal; neither weighs ; All weight in this, - 0, let me live to Thee!






Adj., for adjective; A. D., in the year of our Lord; B. C., before Christ; b., born; d., died; Fr., French; Gr., Greek; L. or Lat., Latin; p., page; pp., pages.

The combined letters ou and ow, when unmarked, are sounded as in our. now. The sound of a in father is marked ä.

ABSOLVE (ab-zolv').

England. He was graduated at AB'STRACT, a. and n. Ab-stract', v. Queen's College, Oxford, in 1693. ACCESSORY, n. and adj.

He wrote Latin verses which gained ACHAIAN (å-kā'yăn)," belonging to him considerable reputation, which

Achaia, a name anciently applied was increased by a poetical Letter to Northern Greece.

to Lord Halifax. But Addison owes ADAMS, John, the second President his fame chiefly to his contributions

of the United States, was born at to the “Spectator," a daily sheet Braintree, Mass., October 19, 1735. which was started in 1711 by his He was an early and active friend schoolfellow, Richard Steele. The of American independence, and in passage marked 3, page 47 of this 1785 was appointed the first minis volume, is from one of these charmter to England; a post filled by his ing essays. In 1713 his play of Cato son, John Quincy Adams, in 1815, was produced at Drury Lane theaand by his grandson, Charles Fran tre in London, and was highly succis Adams, in 1861. He was an cessful. Time has somewhat abated able and eloquent man, intrepid, its reputation, but it contains many patriotic, incorruptible, and true ; passages that the world will not and was one of the committee of willingly let die. Addison died in five which reported the immortal 6 Declaration of Independence.” | he lay upon his death-bed, “ See,” He died, on the same day as Jeffer said he to his son-in-law," how a son, July 4, 1826. His last words Christian can die!” See Johnson's were, “It is the glorious 4th of remarks on Addison, p. 424. July ! - God bless it, — God bless ADIEU (ă-du'), a greeting at parting:

you all!” See pp. 97, 193, 407. from the French à Dieu, to God. ADDISON, JOSEPH, the eldest son of a ÆSCHINES (es'ke-neez), a celebrated

clergyman, was born in 1672 at the orator of antiquity, born at Athens, rectory of Milston in Wiltshire, l 327 B. C. He was the rival of Demosthenes, but the latter nobly gave | BANE, to poison: thus used as a verb himself to the service of the people, by Shakespeare (p. 244). while Æschines favored the aris- BANNOCKBURN, a village in Scotland, tocracy.

twenty-nine miles from Edinburgh, AGAIN (a-ghen').

famous for a great battle fought on ALBERT, PRINCE, consort of Queen | the 24th of June, 1314, between Ed

Victoria of England, was born Aug. ward II. and King Robert Bruce, 26, 1819, and died 1862. He was a by which the independence of Scotworthy and noble prince.

land was established. AL'BI-ox, the name by which Great BAN-IAN' or BAN-YAN', the Indian figo

Britain was known to the Romans. tree, remarkable for sending down AL-LY' (from the Latin alligo, to || from its branches roots which, strikunite).

ing into the ground become trunks, AL'MO-NER, a distributor of alms. I so that a single tree sometimes ocANARCHICAL (ă-nark'ik-al), without cupies a circumference of 1500 feet. rule or order.

BATON (bă-tong' or båt'on), a marANIMAL'CU-L.E, the Latin plural of shal's staff.

animalcula, an animalcule. Animal- | BEACON (bē'kn). cula is also sometimes used as the BEATTIE, JAMES (beet'y), a Scotch plural of animalculum.

poet and moralist, born 1735, died ANOTHER (an-uth'er).

1803. He owes his reputation ANTIPODES (an-tipo-deez), a Latin chiefly to his poem of “The Minplural noun, having no singular. strel," from which see a stanza, p. 64. The irregularly Anglicized word | BEAUMONT, GUSTAVE-AUGUSTE DE, 3 anti-pode is sometimes used for the French writer and politician, was singular, and Webster authorizes born in the department of Sarthe, the pronunciation an' ti-põdz for the France, Dec. 2, 1802. In 1831 he plural.

accompanied his friend De TocqueARAB (ár/răbor ā'răb), relating to ville to the United States. He is Arabia.

the author of a novel, entitled ARCHANGEL (ark-).

“ Mary, or Slavery in the United ARCHITECTURE (ürki-těkt-yŭr). States"; also of a life of De ARISTOCRAT (a-ris'to-krat or år'is-to Tocqueville, from which the elokrat).

quent extract, p. 132, is taken. ARMADA (är-má'da), a large fleet of His wife is a granddaughter of Laarmed ships.

fayette. AUGURY (aw'gu-re).

BEEN (bìn), from Be. AU-GUST', adj. Au'gust, n.

BEGUILE. "See remarks $ 21, page 15, AVAUNT (ă-vawnt'), interj., hence ! on the sound of long i after g. begone!

BENGER, ELIZABETII OGILVY, a A-VER'NUS, a celebrated lake, sup- · writer of historical works, and au

posed in ancient mythology to be thor of a Life of Mary Queen of the entrance to the infernal regions. Scots, was born in England; died It is now called Averno, and occu-! ,1827. pies the crater of an extinct vol- BLAZON (blā'zn). cano, about nine miles west of Na- BOMBAST (bõm'băst or bặm'băst), ples near the Mediterranean.

the weight of authority is in favor Axe or Ax. Webster prefers the last of the last mode, but the former is

to make it conform with other mono-l usual in America. syllables ending in x.

BONAR, HORATIUS, a Scottish theoloAYE (ā), adr., always.

gian and poet. How to Live, p. 98. Bacon, FRANCIS, usually known as BON HOMME (bo-no.m), French for

Lord Bacon, was born in London, good man. John Paul Jones namel England, Jan. 22, 1560, and died one of his vessels “Bon Homme 1626. He was famous as a scholar, Richard," in honor of Dr. Franka wit, a lawyer, a judge, a states lin, author of " Poor Richard's Say. man, a politician, but chiefly as a ings." philosopher. With all his great ac- BONHOMIE (bo-no-me), good nature, quirements he was morally weak, / simplicity. being found guilty of having re- BoxxivARD, FRANCIS DE, born in ceived m

for grants of office 1496, was confined in the prison of and privileges under the seal of state. Chillon on the lake of Geneva, Swit

zerland, from 1530 to 1536. His of and the following year became
fense was his manly resistance to editor of the N. Y. Evening Post,
the arbitrary infringements of the with which journal he has ever
Duke of Savoy upon popular liberty. since been connected. Several col-
See Byron's lines, p. 42.

lections of his poems have been
BOUQUET (boo-kā').

published, and they will undoubt-
BRAKE, obsolete preterit of to break. edly hold an enduring place in Eng-
BRITTANY, one of the thirty-three lish literature. In his descriptions

provinces into which France was of natural scenery he shows the
divided before the Revolution of power of a great artist, and his
1789. Its inhabitants retain their writings overflow with the religious
ancient language, which resembles fervor and insight which devout
the Welsh.

communion with God's material
BROOKE, HENRY, a political and liter works is fitted to augment. His
ary writer, was born in Ireland in style is elegant and correct without
1706, and died in Dublin 1783. His failing in vigor, and his versification
principal work is “ The Fool of is always musical and appropriate.
Quality.” See extract, page 204. His sympathies and labors have al.
Brooke was the author of “Gus- | ways been on the side of universal
tavus Vasa” and other plays of freedom. Our Country, p. 111.
more than ordinary merit. He was Not Yet, p. 147. The Poet, p. 313.
an ardent friend of popular liberty, BUOYANT (bwoy'ant).
and his writings breathe a pure and Burgh'ER (burg'er), an inhabitant of
noble spirit.

· a borough or corporate town.

was born in Edinburgh, Sept. 1788, ebrated German poet, born near
and was educated to the bar. He Halberstadt, 1748, died 1794 at Göt-
entered Parliament in 1810, and dis tingen. He is chiefly celebrated
tinguished himself in letters as well | for his ballads, which are bold and
as in politics. In the early part of spirited. For a translation of one
his career he was the strenuous foe of these, The Brave Man, see p. 382.
of slavery, but in 1863 he spoke in BURGOYNE, John, a lieut.-general of
opposition to the efforts of the gov the British army, in the war of the
ernment of the United States in an American Revolution, led the army
nihilating the slaveholders' rebel which was to penetrate from Can-
lion. Quotation from p. 410.

ada into the revolted provinces.
Bru'TUS, LUCIUS JUNIUS, a celebrated At first successful, he was finally

character of ancient Rome. Taking compelled to surrender at Saratoga.
the occasion of the outrage of Sex He died 1792. See Chatham's re-
tus Tarquin upon Lucretia, he marks, p. 113.
roused the people, banished the BURKE, EDMUND, a celebrated states.
king, and established a republic. — man and writer, was born at Car-
MARCUS JUNIUS, an illustrious Ro low, in Ireland, Jan. 1, 1730. He
man, and one of the conspirators

was educated at Dublin, went to
against Cæsar. Defeated at the London, and became a contributor
battle of Philippi, he persuaded to the newspapers and periodical
Strato, one of his friends, to kill | publications. He entered Parlia-
him. See dialogue by Shakespeare, ment in 1765, having carefully
p. 140.

trained himself for political life.
BRYANT, WM. CULLEN, one of the He strenuously opposed the Ameri-

inost eminent poets of America, was can war, and distinguished himself
born at Cummington, Mass., Nov. 3, at the trial of Warren Hastings.
1797. He displayed early in life an He made a large contribution to
extraordinary literary taste. Grad the parliamentary oratory of his
uating at Williams College in 1812, day, and his speeches were remark-
he commenced the practice of law | able for their richness of language
in 1815. Before he was nineteen and abundance of imagery. Ho
appeared his poem of “ Thanatop-| died July 8, 1797. See extracts
sis,” an extraordinary production from, pp. 65, 464 ; mentioned by
for one so young, and stamping him i. Sydney Smith, p. 375.
as a writer of no ordinary promise. BUTLER, SAMUEL, an English poet
In 1825 he removed to New York, and wit, author of “Hudibras,”

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