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est, opposed itself to the madness which every art and every power were employed to render popular. This opposition continued till after our great but most unfortunate victory on Long Island.* Then all the mounds and banks of our constancy were borne down at once, and the frenzy of the American war broke in upon us like a deluge.
2. This victory, which seemed to put an immediate end to all difficulties, perfected us in that spirit of domination which our unparalleled prosperity had but too long nurtured. Our headlong desires became our politics and our morals. All men who wished for peace, or retained any sentiments of moderation, were overborne or silenced. But time at length has made us all of one opinion; and we have all opened our eyes on the true nature of the American war, - of all its successes and all its failures.
3. Do you remember our commission ? We sent out a solemn embassy across the Atlantic Ocean, to lay the Crown, the Peerage, the Commons of Great Britain at the feet of the American Congress. My Lord Carlisle, once the mover of a haughty address against America, was put in the front of this embassy of submission. Mr. Eden was taken from the office of Lord Suffolk, to whom he was then Under-Secretary of State ;- taken from the office of that Lord Suffolk who, but a few weeks before, in his place in Parliament, did not deign to inquire where a congress of vagrants” was to be found. This Lord Suffolk sent Mr. Eden to find out these “ vagrants," — without knowing where His Majesty's generals were to be found, who were joined in the same commission of supplicating thoso whom they were sent out to subdue!
4. They enter the capital of America only to aban
* In August, 1776, the British followed up their success by the occupation of New York.
don it; and these assertors and representatives of the dignity of England, in the rear of a flying army, let fly their Parthian shafts of memorials and remonstrances at random behind them. Their promises and their offers, their flatteries and their menaces, were all despised; and we were saved the disgrace of their formal reception, only because the American Congress scorned to receive them; whilst the state-house of independent Philadelphia opened her doors to the public entry of the ambassador of France !
5. From war and blood we went to submission, and from submission we plunged back again into war and blood, to desolate and be desolated, without measure, hope, or end! I am a royalist,.—I blushed for this degradation of the Crown. I am a Whig, - I blushed for the dishonor of Parliament. I am a true Englishman,- I felt to the quick for the disgrace of England. I am a man, — I felt for the melancholy reverse of human affairs in the fall of the first power in the world.
CXXXVI. - THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE.
W. W. STORY.
In the following verses we have marked the cæsural pause by a perpendicular. dash. By the cæsura (se-zu'ra) we understand the natural pause or rest of the voice in reciting a verse.
See in Index, CHIVALRIC, COURTEOUS, DIAPASON, GUTTURAL, OBEISANCE, SESQUIAL'TRO, SESQUIPEDALIAN, DACTYLIC, IAMB, PEGASUS, SPONDEE, TROCHEE (tro' ke), STORY.
Delivery. This should be in a pure middle tone, with a marked cægnral pause in every line. In the sixth stanza, there is an opportunity for imitative modulation, expressive of the rhythmical character of the lines.
Give me of every language, I first my vigorous English,
Grand in its rhythmical cadence, I simple for household employment,
So unto thy close strength | is welded and beaten together
Thou hast the sharp clean edge, I the downright blow of the Saxon,
v. How art thou freely obedient / unto the poet or speaker When, in a happy hour, I thought he translates into speech: Caught on the words' sharp angles, | flash the bright hues of his fancy, Grandly the thought rides the words, | as a good horseman his steed.
VI. Now clear, pure, hard, bright, I and one by one, like to hail-stones, Short words fall from his lips fast as the first of a shower, Now in a twofold column, | Spondee, lamb, and Trochee, Unbroke, firm-set, advance, | retreat, trampling along, Now with a sprightlier springiness, I bounding in triplicate syllables, Dance the elastic Dactylics | in musical cadences on; Now, their voluminous coil | intertangling like huge anacondas, Roll overwhelmingly onward | the sesquipedalian words.
VII. Flexile and free in thy gait, / and simple in all thy construction, Yielding to every turn | thou bearest thy rider along; Now, like our hackney or draught-horse | serving our commonest uses, Now bearing grandly the poet | Pegasus-like to the sky.
Call thee incongruous, wild, of rule and of reason defiant;
Therefore it is that I praise thee and never can cease from rejoicing,
CXXXVII. — MISCELLANEOUS EXTRACTS.
See in Index, mould or MOLD, SKEPTIC or SCEPTIC, ANGELO, Davy, KORAN, Nichol, SMITH, TOULMAN.
1. ALL SORTS OF MINDS. — There is a strong disposition in men of opposite minds to despise each other. A grave man cannot conceive what is the use of wit in society; a person who takes a strong common-sense view of the subject, is for pushing out by the head and shoulders an ingenious theorist, who catches at the slightest and faintest analogies; and another man, who scents the ridiculous from afar, will hold no commerce with him who tests exquisitely the fine feeling of the heart, and is alive to nothing else; whereas talent is talent, and mind is mind, in all its branches !
Wit gives to life one of its best flavors; commonsense leads to immediate action, and gives society its daily motion; large and comprehensive views, its annual rotation; ridicule chastises folly and impudence,
and keeps men in their proper sphere; subtlety seizes hold of the fine threads of truth; analogy darts away in the most sublime discoveries; feeling paints all the exquisite passions of man's soul, and rewards him by a thousand inward visitations for the sorrows that come from without. God made it all! It is all good! We must despise no sort of talent; they all have their separate duties and uses; all the happiness of man for their object; they all improve, exalt, and gladden life. - Sydney Smith.
2. A FITTING REBUKE. — “Having in my youth notions of severe piety," says a celebrated Persian writer, “I used to rise in the night to watch, pray, and read the Koran. One night, as I was engaged in these exercises, my father, a man of practical virtue, awoke while I was reading. “Behold,' said I to him, “thy other children are lost in irreligious slumber, while I alone wake to praise God.' Son of my soul,' he answered,
it is better to sleep, than to wake to remark the faults of thy brethren.'”
3. ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE LIFE. — There is nothing short of revelation that more beautifully or satisfactorily proves the existence of an Almighty mind, than the fewness and simplicity of the ultimate elements of animal and vegetable life. Thus, there are but four elementary principles essentially necessary, and but six generally employed, to form every variety of organic life; nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen are the bases, to which sulphur and phosphorus may be considered supplementary.
With these, infinitely varied in their atomic proportions, are built up not only the whole animal kingdom, but also every variety of the vegetable world, from wheat, the “staff of life,” to the poison of the deadly Upas-tree. It is also worthy of remark, that these four