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the old wife and the young girl, — the good goddess of Poverty!
11. It is she who sustains the cottage shaken by the storm; it is she who saves rosin for the torch and oil for the lamp; it is she who kneads bread for the family, and who weaves garments for them, summer and winter; it is she who maintains and feeds the world, — the good goddess of Poverty !
12. It is she who has built the great castles and the old cathedrals; it is she who builds and navigates all the ships; it is she who carries the sabre and the musket; it is she who makes war and conquests; it is she who buries the dead, cares for the wounded, and shelters the vanquished, — the good goddess of Poverty !
13. Thou art all gentleness, all patience, all strength, and all compassion, O good goddess! it is thou who dost reünite all thy children in a holy love, givest them charity, faith, hope, O goddess of Poverty!
14. Thy children will one day cease to bear the world on their shoulders; they will be recompensed for all their pains and labors. The time shall come when there shall be neither rich nor poor on the earth ; but when all men shall partake of its fruits, and enjoy equally the bounties of Providence; but thou shalt not be forgotten in their hymns, O good goddess of Poverty !
15. They will remember that thou wert their fruitful mother and their robust nurse. They will pour balm into thy wounds; and, of the fragrant and rejuvenated earth, they will make for thee a couch, where thou canst at length repose, O good goddess of Poverty !
16. Until that day of the Lord, torrents and woods, mountains and valleys, wastes swarming with little flowers and little birds, paths sanded with gold, without a master, — let pass the goddess, the good goddess of Poverty !
XXXVI. — FREEDOM S BRIGHTER DAY.
Pronounce HERO, here'ro, GLORIOUS, glöretri-us, VICTORIOUS, vic-töre' ri-us. See § 11. For LIBERTY, SOUTHERN, WESTERN, see § 7 ; SKY, § 21. Sound all the consonants in hosts.
See in Index, BEAUTEOUS, HEAVEN, HURRA, WARE.
Delivery. This noble and spirited poem requires great animation in the delivery. The last half of the fourth stanza and the exclamation “ Hurra " should have loud force and high pitch.
There comes a brighter day,
Shall have triumphant way.
And hold eternal sway.
Its coming is not far;
We see its morning star;
Hurra, hurra, hurra !
What voice shall bid the progress stay
Of truth's victorious car?
Or quench the solar star ?
And freedom's morning bar?
The day has come, the hour draws nigh,
We hear the coming car ;
Hurra, hurra, hurra!
Hurra, hurra, hurra!
XXXVII. — MANAGEMENT OF MONEY.
SIR E. BULWER LYTTON.
See in Index, CLERK, FULFILL or FULFIL, HEARTH, HULKS, JANTY, PRACTICE (vb.) or PRACTISE, AVERNUS, EUCLID, MARSEILLES, UTOPIA, LYTTON.
Delivery. The style, though principally didactic, partakes somewhat of the dramatic element, and should be read in a lively middle tone, with expressive pauses, imitative personation, and changes of pitch in those parts, where supposed characters are represented as speaking. See $$ 34, 40, 49, 51, 52.
1. On the first rule of the art of managing money all preceptors must be agreed. It is told in three words,
– Horror of Debt. Nurse, cherish, never cavil away the wholesome horror of debt. Man hazards the condition, and loses the virtues of freeman, in proportion as he accustoms his thoughts to view, without anguish and shame, his lapse into the bondage of debt.
2. Debt is to man what the serpent is to the bird ; its eye fascinates, its breath poisons, its coil crushes sinew and bone, its jaw is the pitiless grave. If you mock my illustration, if you sneer at the truth it embodies, give yourself no further trouble to learn how to manage your money. Consider yourself doomed; pass on your way with a janty step; the path is facile, paths to Avernus always are.
3. But if, while I write, your heart, true to the instinct of manhood, responds to my words, — if you say, “ Agreed; that which you call the first rule for the management of money, I hold yet more imperative as the necessity to freedom and the lifespring of probity,"
- then advance on your way, assured that wherever it may wind it must ascend. You see but the temple of Honor; close behind it is the temple of Fortune. You will pass through the one to the other.
4. “ But,” sighs the irresolute youth, whom the eye of the serpent has already charmed, “it is by no means so easy to keep out of debt as it is to write warnings against getting into it.” Easy to keep out of debt! Certainly not. Nothing in life worth an effort is easy. Do you expect to know the first six books of Euclid by inspiration ? Even in things the pleasantest, if we wish to succeed we must toil.
5. But think, 0.young man! of the object I place before you, and then be ashamed of yourself if you still sigh, “Easy to preach, and not easy to practice.” I have no interest in the preaching; your interest is immense in the practice. That object not won, your heart has no 'peace, and your hearth no security. Your conscience itself leaves a door open night and day to the tempter. Night and day, to the ear of a debtor, steal whispers that prompt to the deeds of a felon.
6. Three years ago you admired the rising success of some most respectable man. Where is he now ? In the dock, - in the jail, - in the hulks. What! that
Emon could urge
not the name tells you
opulent banker, whose plate dazzled princes? or that flourishing clerk who drove to his office the high-stepping horse? The same. And his crime? Fraud and swindling.
7. What dēmon could urge so respectable a man to so shameful an act ? I know not the name of the demon, but the cause of the crime the wretch tells you himself. Ask him : what is his answer? “I got into debt, - no way to get out of it but the way which I took; to the dock, to the jail, to the hulks!”
8. Easy to keep out of debt! No, my young friend, it is difficult. Are you rich? The bland tradesman cries, “ Pay when you please.” Are you poor? Still your character is as yet without stain, and your character is a property on which you can borrow a trifle. But when you borrow on your character, it is your character that you leave in pawn. Remember that.
9. Young friend, learn to say No. The worst that the “No” can inflict on you is a privation, - a want, - always short of starvation. No young man, with the average health of youth, need be in danger of starving. Be contented. Say No! Keep unscathed your good name. Keep out of peril your honor. Shake hands, brave young friend; we are agreed. You consent to have a horror of debt.
10. Now comes the next danger. You will not incur debt for yourself, but you have a friend. Pythias, your friend, your familiar, — the man you like best and see most of, — says to you, “ Damon, be my security, — your name to this bill !” Heaven forbid that I should cry out to Damon, “Pythias means to cheat thee, beware!”
11. But I address to Damon this observation: “Pythias asks thee to guarantee that three, six, or twelve months hence he will pay to another man — say to Dionysius — so many pounds sterling.” Here your first duty as an honest man is, not to Pythias, but to Dionysius.