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when the cause of humanity or the glory of his country calls him to the fight.
5. Who, in the darkest days of our Revolution, carried your flag into the very chops of the British Channel, bearded the lion in his den, and awoke the echo of old Albion's hills by the thunder of his cannon, and the shouts of his triumph ? It was the American sailor; and the names of John Paul Jones and the Bon Homme Richard will go down the annals of time forever.
6. Who struck the first blow that humbled the Barbary flag, — which, for a hundred years, had been the terror of Christendom, — drove it from the Mediterranean, and put an end to the infamous tribute it had been accustomed to exact? It was the American sailor; and the names of Decatur and his gallant companions will be as lasting as monumental brass.
7. In your war of 1812, when your arms on shore were covered by disaster, — when Winchester had been defeated, when the army of the Northwest had surrendered, and when the gloom of despondency hung like a cloud over the land, — who first relit the fires of nătional glory, and made the welkin ring with the shouts of victory? It was the American sailor; and the names of Hull and the Constitution will be remembered as long as we have a country to love.
8. That one event was worth more to the Republic than all the money which has ever been expended for a navy. Since that day, the navy has had no stain upon its nătional escutcheon, but has been cherished as your pride and glory; and the American sailor has established a reputation throughout the world, in peace and in war, in storm and in battle, for a heroism and prowess unsurpassed.
9. The great climax of Cicero in his speech against Verres is, that, though a Roman citizen, his client had been scourged. Will this more than Roman Senate long debate whether an American citizen, sailor though
he be, shall be robbed of his rights? whether, freeman as he is, he shall be scourged like a slave ?
10. Shall an American citizen be scourged ? Forbid it, Heaven! Humanity forbid it! For myself, I would rather see the navy abolished, and the stars and the stripes buried, with their glory, in the depths of the ocean, than that those who won for it all its renown. should be subjected to a punishment so brutal, to an ignominy so undeserved.
XXVIII. – THE BRIDAL OF MALAHIDE.
MALAHIDE is a village in Ireland, eight miles from Dublin..
Pronounce CLANGOR klang'gur, WREATHS rēthz, COMBAT kům'bat or kom'bat, BURGHER burg'er, STORY store'ry, GLORY glorery, FOREHEAD forred; the o in PORTAL as in more, in BORDER as in nor. Do not slur the th in DEPTHS, the ow (o) in HoLLOW, MEADOW, WIDOW. In BROKEN, SPOKEN, MAIDEN, the e before n is silent. See in the Index CHANCEL, OUNCE, GRIFFIN.
Delivery. There should be a transition at the fifth stanza to a tone of alarm ; at the seventh the young chieftain's summons should be loud and earnest ; the tenth should breathe the eagerness of victory ; and the eleventh, by its slow movement and altered tone, should prepare us for the grief of the bereaved mourner.
The joy-bells are ringing in gay Malahide,
Hark! 'mid the gay clangor that compassed their car,
As wakes the good shepherd, the watchful and bold,
Hark! loud from the mountain — 't is victory's cry!
XXIX. - REFORM IRRESISTIBLE.
Give the distinct sound of e as in her to e before r in GOVERNMENT, HEARD, LIBERTY, THEREFORE, WERE ; also to o and 3 in WORSE, FIRST. Pronounce the first syllable of DURING, PURITAN, as if dure-, pure-. .
See in the Index, CONSTRUE, CONTEMPLATE, COUNSELOR, GUIDE, INDIAN, PARLIAMENT, SCAFFOLD, TEDIOUS ; REFORM, STUART, Louis, MACAULAY.
1. It is a principle never to be forgotten, that it is not by absolute, but by relative misgovernment, that nations are roused to madness. Look at our own history. The liberties of the English people were, at least, as much respected by Charles the First as by Henry the Eighth, by James the Second as by Edward the Sixth. But did this save the crown of James the Second ? Did this save the head of Charles the First ? Every person who knows the history of our civil dissensions knows that all those arguments which are now employed by the opponents of the Reform Bill might have been employed, and were actually employed, by the unfortunate Stuarts.
2. The reasoning of Charles, and of all his apologists, runs thus: “ What new grievance does the nation suffer? Did the people ever enjoy more freedom than at present? Did they ever enjoy so much freedom ?” But what would a wise and honest counselor have replied ? He would have said : “ Though there has been no change in the government for the worse, there has been a change in the public mind, which produces exactly the same effect which would be produced by a change in the government for the worse. It may be that the submissive loyalty of our fathers was preferable to that inquiring, censuring, resisting spirit which is now abroad. And so it may be that infancy is a happier time than manhood, and manhood than old age.
3. “But God has decreed that old age shall succeed to manhood, and manhood to infancy. Even so have societies their law of growth. As their strength becomes greater, as their experience becomes more extensive, you can no longer confine them within the swaddling-bands, or lull them in the cradles, or amuse them with the rattles, or terrify them with the bugbears, of their infancy. I do not say that they are better or happier than they were; but this I say, — they are different from what they were; you cannot again make them what they were, and you cannot safely treat them as if they continued to be what they were.”
4. This was the advice which a wise and honest minister would have given to Charles the First. These were the principles on which that unhappy prince should have acted. But no. He would govern, - I do not say ill, I do not say tyrannically; I say only this, — he would govern the men of the seventeenth century as if they had been the men of the sixteenth century; and therefore it was that all his talents, and all his virtues, did not save him from unpopularity, — from civil war, — from a prison, — from a bar, - from a scaffold !