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the heaviest of the penalty has descended. He

enjoyed the bad eminence of leadership in this His most vindictive foe could hardly have villainy, and his ruin has been more conspicuous wished for William Marcy Tweed a severer retri- and signal than that of any of his associates. bution than he has suffered. To be driven sud- On the whole, honest people will be forced to denly down from the seat of almost absolute own that the ways of Providence are very clear power that he had held so long in the chief city in all this matter. Complaints of Providence are of the land; to be arraigned and imprisoned as a often hasty; a little patience would make it plain criminal; to be stripped of the vast wealth he that the universe is, after all, founded on justice, had stolen; to escape from jail and live in hiding -and that the “Power not ourselves" does for an anxious year in a foreign land; to be recap- “make for righteousness," though sometimes His tured and returned to prison, there to lie for movements seem slow. Doubtless some rogues many months in the city of which he was so long do go unhung, and some honest folk never come the proud imperator and there at length to die, by their own, but it is a mistake to say that this -is not this fate hard enough to satisfy the most is the rule; it is the exception; in the long run, strenuous sense of justice? To have made his and for the most part, justice is done. Within exit from the top of a lamp-post-the victim of seven years how many vulgar rascals have been a vigilance committee-was a doom that at one brought to grief! It is only a little while since moment threatened him; but that would have been the eyes of young men were dazzled by the ex• less terrible and less impressive than the penalty ploits of one Fisk in the financial world; but that that he has suffered. Slowly, but surely, for career ended suddenly. Tweed dictated for a almost seven years, the iron walls of destiny few years the politics of New York, and by his have been closing in upon this malefactor. In shameless robberies amassed a large fortune; but full view of all the world the well-earned wages it was not, after all, worth while to stand where of his sin have been paid over to him, one install- Tweed stood if one must fall as Tweed has ment after another, tin the account is settled, so fallen. far as human law can settle it. And as no one The “last words” of Tweed ought to be treascould wish this reckoning to be more sharp or ured. They are characteristic and instructive. summary, so no one who values righteousness can The newspapers report him as saying just before regret that it was not more merciful. The man his end: “I have tried to do some good, if I have deserved all that he has got, and it is well for not had good luck. I am not afraid to die. I the country and the world that he got so nearly believe the guardian angels will protect me.” what he deserved.

A few moments later he roused and said: “I It was hard for one living in New York in hope they (not, presumably, the guardian angels) the spring of 1871 to hope that the rule of that will be satisfied now they have got me." famous Ring, which had so long dominated the He had tried to do a little good in the world. city and the state, would soon be broken. So A little of the money he had stolen he had given thoroughly intrenched was this iniquity; so many to the poor. The most of it he had spent on his politicians of both parties were there who had own lusts and ambitions; but he had, doubtless, reasons of their own for not wishing it to be dis- sometimes helped a poor man. Such gifts were turbed; so helpless had the people become from in part, sacrifices to Luck; for Tweed, like most the long disuse of their power, that one was coarse villains, had a vein of superstition in him. thought sanguine who looked for the overthrow But it was not only the Fates that he thus thought of the conspirators. But the “cohesive power of to propitiate; the gods of the caucus were by such public plunder" is an inconstant force at best; offerings most successfully entreated. There is and every such corrupt fabric is sure to crumble not much evidence that Tweed's largesses were sooner or later. The downfall of this one has prompted by an unselfish desire to relieve suffer been more complete and overwhelming than any ing or to confer happiness. A man who had been one could have predicted. Tweed's confederates his counsel said of him: “Tweed has never been are all suffering condign punishment; Sweeney popular on his own merits. When he was poor, and Connolly are fugitives and vagabonds in the before he entered public life, he never had any earth, and poor Oakey Hall has sunk into the warm personal adherents. All the ‘magnetism' depths of infamy. Yet upon Tweed, as was just, they talk so much about was given him by the newspapers after he had acquired the habit of

THE HERESY OF PAGANISM. spending the public money."

Yet he doubtless imagined that these small THERE is much nervousness in some quarters charities had covered the multitude of his sins. over the inroads of heresy. It is thought to be What was lacking in this respect he tried to make highly dangerous for men to suggest new explaup by reading the Bible in the prison, three times nations of the facts of the gospel history, even every day, for a quarter of an hour. The Bible though they may give to these facts the heartiest was a fetich; the reading was an incantation; credence. It is deemed almost a sin to discard that he ever made any application of its truth to the theories that good men of former times held his own moral condition is not likely. He would concerning God and his government. And when sometimes look up from the book and swear at attempts are made to show that the gospel of his attendant, and then go on with his reading. Christ is consistent with the ethical laws as we Evidently he had got the idea that “good works " in these latter days understand them,-that it were not quite enough to save him; he must add does not contradict, but confirms the first princia little devotion, and this he took in the form of ples of morality,-great anxiety is felt by many Bible reading.

excellent people. It seems to them that the very Yet all this had nothing whatever to do with foundations of the great deep of theology are character. There is no record of any compunc- broken up, and that the bottom of things is droption on account of the enormous crimes of which ping out. he had been guilty. He had been the patron and We will not, in this place, undertake to allay the ally of the gamblers and the rumsellers and these apprehensions. But we beg to call the the brothel-keepers of New York, whose aid he attention of our anxious friends to a type of unhad wanted in his political schemes; and thus he belief which sometimes escapes their notice, and had done more than any other man to debauch which seems to us far more prevalent, and får the morals of the city. He had filled the courts more dangerous. The worst heresy with which and the municipal and the state legislatures with the Christian churches of our time are affected is corruption and bribery. He had stolen millions unadulterated Paganism. We worry a good deal of the people's money, and had taught others to about the Pagans that China is sending over to steal,-thus by his robberies loading the city with our western coast; but the most and the worst of a debt that cripples its prosperity and adds not a our Pagans are native-born. Many of them have little weight to the burden that every poor man been baptized, and are constant worshipers in must carry. He had done more than any other our Christian churches; but though nominal man who ever lived in this country to defile the Christians they are as really Pagan as were the very sources of political power, and to undermine people to whom Paul preached on Mars Hill. the foundations of our government. For all this The highest type of Paganism was that which he shows no contrition. His glib recital, during Paul saw illustrated in Athens; and what was the last few months, of the part he has played in the basis of that Athenian culture ? Æsthetics, all this knavery indicates an utter lack of any rather than ethics, was at the foundation of the sense of guilt or shame on account of it.

Greek civilization. Taste and not morality was And now when he stands in the presence of the supreme standard. That is the essence of death he remembers that he has given to the poor the best Paganism. a little of all this enormous booty, and that he has The Christian law is the law of love. Whoever read the Bible in his cell of late for three-quarters puts the rules of art above the law of love is a of an hour every day; and he thinks that though Pagan. He who habitually seeks to gratify his he has had hard luck he is a pretty good Chris- own tastes, rather than to do good to all men as tian, and believes that the guardian angels will he has opportunity, is not a Christian but a Pagan. take care of him! Is it not pitiful ?

The church that in all its appointments and proThere are many people besides Tweed who visions for worship, and in the development of think that the "good-hearted” man who gives its social life, practically seeks æsthetic gratimoney to the poor, no matter how he got it, will fication more than the helpful service of the poor have an abundant entrance into heaven when he and the ignorant who dwell within the sight of dies. There are others who think the same thing its spire or the sound of its bell is not a true about the rascally devotee who punctnally goes church of Christ. No matter how orthodox may through some kind of religious motions. All be the doctrines taught from its pulpit; no matsuch people may be able to see, when their favor- ter how liberal may be the gifts of its members ite notions are brought out into the bold relief to missions in Africa; no matter how numerous which Tweed's example gives them, that a charity may be the converts that flock to its altar; if the which is based upon fr: ul or greed, and a piety practical relation of the church to the people in its which is a substitute for integrity are not, after neighborhood who most need the gospel is one of all, the best outfit for traveler who is going isolation rather than of sympathy; if the prevaaway into the unknown future.

lent sentiment of the church leads its members to


ignore their poor neighbors, and to associate only bears witness. It always will be a failure. To with persons of culture-pleasing themselves in baptize it with the Christian name will not save their social life instead of bearing the infirmities it. And the people and the churches that are of the weak,--then the religion of this church is Pa- "pleasing themselves" with their religion would ganism, and it has no right to the Christian name. do well to be inquiring what their religion is.

We do not say that most of the churches of Christ in this country are essentially Pagan. The contrary is true. Most of them, we believe,

THE FLORIDA FRAUDS. remember who Christ was, and what the law of It is getting to be a serious question how far His kingdom is. But a great many of them are people are to be believed who accuse themselves wholly given over to this false religion; and there of crime. The chairman of the Florida Returnare strong elements in many others that tend the ing Board has confessed that he was party to a same way. And the dangers that threaten our fraud in counting the votes at the last presidenchurches from this quarter are much more serious tial election; and he now makes affidavit that the than those which grow out of new interpretations electoral vote of Florida, which rightfully beof doctrine. Really it must be that Paganism is longed to Mr. Tilden, was wickedly given to a little worse than Sabellianism or Bushnellism Hayes. This gentleman seems to have consented or even than Universalism. For a man who sets to this crime because he felt that the good of the aside and contemns the fundamental law of country demanded it; the good of the country in Christ's religion; for a church that professes to his view depending on his securing a government own him and yet ignores, practically, the very office. If Mr. Hayes were elected the office would people with whom he has so solemnly identified be secured and the country would be safe. But himself in the twenty-fifth chapter of Matthew, as he did not obtain the desired office he has some solicitude may well be felt. There has been concluded that the country is in peril; and he has a good deal of discussion, of late, about what therefore thought fit to confess the share that he kind of punishment it is that those are threatened had in giving Mr. Hayes the presidency. with, who, in the parable just referred to, are Of course scoffers will say that a man who found on the left hand. Would it not be worth would perjure himself about the returns would while to give a little attention to the question lie now for a consideration; but that argument what kind of people those are against whom this need not be urged. It is entirely possible that punishment is threatened ?

this gentleman may be telling the truth when he By the inroads of this Paganism our churches now says that he forswore himself a year and a have been greatly unfitted for the work that now half ago. Indeed this intelligence, though late, awaits them—the most urgent work of the hour. is not at all startling to some of us. That there The insurrection of the International and the was fraud-a great deal of it-in the operations Commune against the existing order of things of the Returning Boards of Florida and Louisiana, can only be quelled by putting Christianity in was evident enough long since to all candid perpractice. It is because the existing order of sons. But these were not the only frauds perpethings is very far from being ruled by the Chris- trated in that election. Perhaps the Republicans tian law that this revolt has arisen. In a thor- rather out-counted the Democrats; the Honorable oughly Christianized society no such thing could Mr. McLin seems to think that they did; but

And the feeble and uncertain way in the Democrats were by no means distanced in the which the Christian church has wrought to secure contest. And what they lacked in fraudulent a complete identification of feeling and interest counting they probably made up in violence. among all the classes of the community, is the When the gentleman from Florida gives it as fault with which it has chiefly to reproach itself. his honest opinion that Mr. Hayes was not enti

Some one has said that there is no warrant tled to the electoral vote of his state at the last for affirming that Christianity is a failure, be- election, he will, perhaps, expect those who credit cause it has never been tried. That is a good his statements to allow that Mr. Tilden was enmot but an incorrect statement. Christianity titled to that vote. But that by no means follows. has been tried, more than once, and it has not The probable truth is that Mr. Tilden was no betfailed. Where society has been founded upon ter entitled to the vote of that state than Mr. the Christian law of love, and has approximated Hayes was; and that there were other states whose in its development to that standard its order has electoral vote was given to Mr. Tilden, of which been firm and its life has been fruitful. There the same thing is true. The election was vitiated are churches that try to fulfill the law of Christ in several states by fraud and intimidation. In in the administration of their worship and in their a considerable portion of the country the will of social life, and they are prosperous and powerful the voters was not fairly expressed. And it would churches. If there were more of them just now be difficult for a perfectly unprejudiced judge to the country would be safer and better off. determine which of the two candidates had the

But Paganism is a failure. To that all history better moral right to the office.



When, therefore, it is demanded that Mr. Hayes are several whole states in which more than twoshall resign because his title to the presidency is thirds of the voters are wholly illiterate; so long tainted with fraud, the question arises whether as it is true that forty per cent. of the voters of anybody else has a better title. Doubtless the the Southern states are unable to read; so long irregularity of the process by which he was put as vast masses of the population of our northern in power has greatly distressed him as it has dis- cities are in the same condition, we may expect tressed all patriotic citizens. But the last election frequent revolutionary proceedings like those of was, in fact, no election. Who was rightfully the last presidential election. There is only one the President it was impossible to determine. radical cure for such disorders and that is ChrisSomebody must be invested with the office. And tian education. The spelling-book and the New the Congress at length agreed upon a plan by Testament are the sovereign remedy. And the which the matter should be settled. By that plan confession of the Florida frauds is another loud Mr. Hayes was designated. His legal right to call upon all who love the nation to gird themthe office is as good as the National Legislature selves for the work of carrying the light into the and the Supreme Court can make it. His moral dark places of the land. right is as good as that of Mr. Tilden, and better than that of anybody else. Not only is it legally impossible to go back of

OUR "symposium" on the dumb animals will the settlement of the matter made by Congress, Mr. Gray in Chicago and Mrs. Allen in Boston are

be a surprise party to those who participate in it. it would be impossible, if that were done, to prove

not a thousand miles apart in their thinking. that any one else has a better moral right to the

Mr. Gray, whose theories of total depravity are office than the man who now holds it.

But all this shows how serious a crisis we have sound, will find in Mr. Benjamin's experiences reached in our national life. The last presiden- full confirmation of his belief that animals have tial election was, in fact, a revolution. Several moral natures. A certain "John ” whose “menelections in the South and not a few in the large agerie” has been on exhibition, of late, in the cities of the North have been of the same charac- newspapers, has hazarded the conjecture that

“ draggens is the angels of the crockydile relig. ter. When the sovereign is deposed and his power is usurped by another we call it a revolu- ion.” Similarly Mr. Gray will have no difficulty tion. In our government the people are sovereign; the fallen angels of the beasts. But it will be

in proving that the centipedes and tarantulæ are and, more than once, by intimidation and fraud, demagogues have taken the power from them. necessary for Mrs. Allen to be very orthodox When, by force, voters are prevented from voting, in the future life. As for Mr. Marble's “Robin

indeed, in order to make room for such creatures the sovereign is deposed; there is a revolution. When, by fraud, the votes of the people are mis- 'mong the Cherry Blooms,” he may be quoted, it counted, and that which is not their will is pro

would seem, on either side of the debate, though claimed to be their will, the sovereign is robbed leaning to the negative. of his power; it is a revolution.

OUR readers have seen some of the verses of Happily the revolution of 1876 was brought to the two little Berkshire girls, Elaine and Dora a peaceful end. The two parties in the Congress Goodale. Only the strongest assurance from of the nation, after much angry controversy, con- those who know them best, that these children cluded not to fight and made a treaty. It is are living a perfectly free and healthy life, could devoutly to be hoped that future troubles may enable us to read their productions without pain. be composed in the same way. But it is not the This assurance we do not lack. “Their lives," ordinary course of revolutions. The sword is the writes one who has the best means of knowing, usual arbiter of such disputes.

“are as simple, natural and healthful as it is There could not be a better time than Sunday possible for children's lives to be--the peculiar afternoon to think this matter over. It is a isolation of their mountain home greatly favor serious matter. Things are going on smoothly, ing it. Nothing approaching a forcing system is just now; but it is not pleasant to think that the pursu in regard to their studies, which are carship of state has just been through a storm that ried on at home, though they are fairly well adcame so near wrecking her, and that she must vanced. . . Their essays and verses are all written sail for four years with a jury-rudder. It is a for their little monthly home paper. All is done great mercy, to be sure, that we were able in the in a purely voluntary way, at odd intervals bestorm to get even a jury-rudder rigged; but we tween study and housework and outdoor play, cannot help having some apprehensions, hereafter, nothing being ever suggested by their parents; as to the sea-worthiness of the vessel.

and when copies have been taken from these The fact is that casualties of this kind are likely papers for publication they have never been to occur in our government so long as the mental altered in the slightest." It is possible that some and moral condition of voters is what it now is of their early poems may be brought together in a large part of the Republic. So long as there within the year for publication in a volume enti

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tled, “Apple Blossoms: Two Children's Verses.” them good courses of lectures; it aids them in The spirited lyric, "All Round the Year,” by getting employment, and it works in various inElaine Goodale in the February number, will be telligent ways for their spiritual welfare. The recalled, and the dainty bit of verse which we result of this policy of looking after the young print in this number, was written by Dora in men and omitting to undertake the general superJune, 1876, when she was nine years old.

vision of the kingdom of heaven, is that this Asso

ciation lives and thrives, while many others that MRS. Lovitt's story of “One Summer's Work,” told in the May number, has called forth have spread themselves all over the field of the

world have come to naught. grateful and enthusiastic responses. It is not,

THE Watchman tells the story of a poor wohappily, the only work of this kind that has been done in the land. The Young Men's Christian

man near Boston who was sick unto death with Union of Boston offers a Country Week," to

an internal tumor, whose husband was out of needy and worthy adults and children selected work, and for whom it seemed to be necessary to with great care from the missions and schools of provide some comfortable place where she might Boston. This “ week in the country " has been have constant care and medical treatment. Her extended of late to ten days, and the beneficiaries husband has never paid taxes in the town in have been sent to various country places in the

which she was living, so the Overseers of the Poor vicinity of Boston. In 1875 one hundred and could do nothing for her; the State Almshouse in sixty persons were sent away; in 1876, just twice Tewksbury would receive her, but she was too that number; and in 1877 no less than eight hun- ill to be carried so far. The attempt was theredred and sixty-one different persons, of whom

fore made to find a hospital in Boston at which fifty-five only were adults, enjoyed a country she could be cared for. And this is the result: vacation through the agency of this society. Of

“1. At the Massachusetts General Hospital

the case could not be received because it was not these, two hundred and seventy-one were enter

one which the surgeon could benefit. tained without expense; the board of the remain- "2. At the Carney Hospital there was no room der was paid in full or in part by the society, and no money, costing, for six thousand and eighteen days' board, and children, the case was rejected for the same

3. At the New England Hospital for women $2,228.70 The work in Boston is done, as Mrs.

reason that had been assigned at the MassachuLovitt urges that it should not be done, by organ- setts General Hospital. The surgeon visited the ization; but it seems to be pretty well done, and

woman, however, but could do nothing for her,

deciding that an operation must be fatal. the reports, both from those who sent out the

“ 4. At the Boston City Hospital the woman children and those who received them are full of could not be received because she had no claim enthusiasm. But if organization does not neces

on the city of Boston.

“5. At Dr. Cullis's Home there was no prosarily“ take the heart out” of such a work there vision for any except consumptives. is, as Mrs. Lovitt truly says, some danger that it “6. At the Little Sisters of the Poor no patients will; and at any rate, it must not be forgotten under sixty years of age are received, and the that the Brooklyn experiment has proved organ

woman was not sufficiently old.

7. The East Brookline Street Home was found ization to be unnecessary. Here is the recipe: to be for young children and consumptives only. “Find so many children, and so many places in

“8. The Channing Home is for consumptives the country. Mark them off against one another. Only:

"9. At the House of the Good Samaritan no Take the children out, be good to them, and bring incurable chronic cases are admitted. them back safely. Repeat as many times as you “ 10. After visiting all these places in vain, the can."

lady was in despair.But learning from a Romish

clergyman living near her of a hospital under the The Young Men's Christian Association of New charge of the Sisters of Charity, known as St. York really seems to be a Young Men's Christian

Elizabeth's Hospital, she decided to make one

more effort. She was met at once with the Association. Its management remains in the cheerful words, "She can come.' Thus ended hands of young men, and the grizzled veterans the weary search of days.” who frequently usurp the offices of these asso- Of course, as the Watchman says, there were ciations are kept in the back seats. What is good reasons for not receiving this poor woman more important, its work is concentrated upon in all these cases. But it is rather humiliating young men. It is just what it pretends to be. that the only hospital in Boston where no one is It is not a Prison Association, nor a City Mission- refused who is sick and in want, is under the ary Society, nor a General Agency for the Con- charge of Roman Catholics. If some of the duct of the Churches and the Evangelization of money which has been spent in building gorgeous the Universe. It sticks to its own work and does churches had been devoted to the building of it. It helps young men to find boarding places; such a hospital, perhaps pure and undefiled reit forms classes of them for the study of Book- ligion would have prospered quite as well. By keeping, Phonography, Music and so forth; it the way, it would seem that the Watchman, in furnishes them a fine gymnasium, and opens to telling this story, might have omitted that conthem a delightful reading-room; it arranges for temptuous epithet “Romish.” Its reference in

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