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What the grounds of our proceedings have been, and what our desires and aims in relation to the glory of God and the common Interest of His People, we have often expressed in our Papers tendered to public view. To which though credit hitherto hath not been given by men, yet the Lord hath been pleased to bear a gracious and favorable testimony; and hath not only kept us constant to our profession, and in our affections to such as fear the Lord in this Nation, but hath unmasked others from their pretences, -as appears by the present transactions at St. Johnston.* Let the Lord dispose your resolutions as seemeth good to Him: my sense of duty presseth me, for the ends aforesaid, and to prevent the effusion of more blood, To demand the rendering of this place to me upon fit conditions. To which expecting your answer this day, I rest,

Sir, your servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.

The Governor's Answer to my Lord General's Letter is this :

For his Excellency the General of the English Forces.

Edinburgh, 12th December, 1650.

“MY LORD,—I am intrusted by the Estates of Scotland with this place; and being sworn not to deliver it to any without their warrant, I have no power to dispose thereof by myself. I do therefore desire the space of ten days, wherein I may conveniently acquaint the said Estates, and receive their answer. And for this effect, your safe-conduct for them employed in the message. Upon the receipt of their answer, you shall have the resolution of,—my Lord, your most humble servant,

“ W. DUNDAS."

The Lord General's Reply to Governor Walter Dundas :

LETTER CII.

For the Governor of the Castle of Edinburgh.

Edinburgh, 12th December, 1650. SIR,

It concerns not me to know your obligations to those that trust you. I make no question of the apprehensions you have of your

* Readmission of the Malignants almost all; Earl of Calendar, Duke of Hamilton, &c. (Balfour, iv., 179–203); by the Parliament at Perth.

abilities to resist those impressions which shall be made upon you,* are the natural and equitable rules of all men's judgments and consciences in your condition ;-except you had taken an oath beyond a possibility. I leave that to your consideration; and shall not seek to contest with your thoughts : only I think it may become me to let you know, You may have honorable terms for yourself and those with you; and both yourself and soldiers have satisfaction to all your reasonable desires; and those that have other employments, liberty and protection in the exercise of them.

But to deal plainly with you, I will not give liberty to you to consult your Committee of Estates; because I hear, those that are honest amongst them enjoy not satisfaction, and the rest are now discovered to seek another Interest than they have formerly pretended to. And if you

desire to be informed of this, you may, by them you dare trust, at a nearer distance than St. Johnston. Expecting your present answer, I rest,

Sir, your servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.

The Governor's Reply No. 2 arrives on the morrow, Friday:

For his Excellency the Lord General of the English Forces in Scotland.

Edinburgh, 13th December, 1650. “ MY LORD,-It much concerneth me (considering my obligations) to be found faithful in the trust committed to me. And therefore, in the fear of the living God, and of His great Name called upon in the accepting of my trust, I do again press the liberty of acquainting the Estates. The time is but sbort; and I do expect it as answerable to your profession of affection to those that fear the Lord. In the meantime I am wil. ling 10 hear information of late proceedings from such as he dare trust who is,-my Lord, your humble servant,

“ W. DUNDAS."

The Lord General's Reply, No. 2:

* By my cannons and mortars.

LETTER CIII.

For the Governor of Edinburgh Castle : These. SIR,

Edinburgh, 13th December, 1650. Because of your strict and solemn adjuration of me, in the fear and Name of the living God, That I give you time to send to the Committee of Estates, to whom you undertook the keeping of this place under the obligation of an oath, as you affirm, I cannot but hope that it is your conscience, and not policy, carrying you to that desire. The granting of which, if it be prejudicial to our affairs, I am as much obliged in conscience not to do it, as you can pretend cause for your conscience' sake to desire it.

Now considering that' our merciful and wise God binds not His People to actions too cross one to another; but that our bands may be, * as I am persuaded they are, through our mistakes and darkness,-not only in the question about the surrendering this Castle, but also in all the present differences :- I have much reason to believe that, by a Conference, you may be well satisfied, in point of fact, of your Estates (to whom you say you are obliged) carrying on an Interest destructive and contrary to what they professed when they committed that trust to you, -having made to depart from them many honest men through fear of their own safety,t and making way for the reception of professed Malignants, both in their Parliament and Army ;-and also that you' may have laid before you such grounds of our ends and aims to the preservation of the interest of honest men in Scotland as well as England, as will (if God vouchsafe to appear in them) give your conscience satisfaction. Which if you refuse, I hope you will not have cause to say that we are either unmindful of the great Name of the Lord which you have mentioned, nor that we are wanting to answer our profession of affection to those that fear the Lord.

I am willing to cease hostility, for some hours, or convenient time to so good an end as information of judgment, and satisfaction of conscience ;-although I may not give liberty for the time desired, to send to the Committee of Estates; or at all stay the prosecution of my attempt. Expecting your sudden answer, I rest,

Your servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL. our perplexities are caused. † Swinton, Strahan, Hope of Craighall, &c. | Newspapers (in Cromwelliana, p. 97).

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The Governor's Reply, No. 3, comes out on Saturday :

For his Excellency, the Lord General of the English Forces in

Scotland: These.

• Edinburgh Castle, 14th December, 1650. “MY LORD,—What I pressed, in my last, proceeded from conscience and not from policy: and I conceived that the few days desired could not be of such prejudice to your affairs, as to bar the desired expressions of professed affection towards those that fear the Lord. And I expected that a small delay of our own* affairs should not have preponderated the satisfaction of a desire pressed in so serious and solemn a manner for satisfying conscience.

“But if you will needs persist in denial, I shall desire to hear the information of late proceedings from such as I dare trust, and as' have had occasion to know the certainty of things. Such I hope you will permit to come alongst at the first convenience; and during that time all acts of hostility, and prosecution of attempts, be forborne on both sides. I am, my Lord, your humble servant,

6 W. DUNDAS.”

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For the Governor of Edinburgh Castle : These.

Edinburgh, 14th December, 1650.

SIR,

You will give me leave to be sensible of delays out of conscience of duty 'too.'

If you please to name any you would speak with who are now in Town, they shall have liberty to come and speak with you for one hour, if they will; provided you send presently. I expect there be no loss of time. I rest,

Your servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.I

1

Governor Dundas applies hereupon for Mr. Alexander Jaffray and the Reverend John Carstairs to be sent to him : two official

our own,' one's own.

† Newspapers (in Cromwelliana, p. 97).

persons, whom we saw made captive in Dunbar Drove, who have ever since been Prisoners-on-parole with his Excellency, much meditating on him and his ways. Who very naturally decline to be concerned with so delicate an operation as this now on hand, -in the following characteristic Note, in his Excellency's Reply, No. 4:

LETTER CV.

For the Governor of Edinburgh Castle : These.

Edinburgh, 14th December, 1650. SIR,

Having acquainted the Gentlemen with your desire to speak with them, and they making some difficulty of it, have desired me to send you this enclosed. I rest,

Sir, your servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.*

Here is this enclosed :'

For the Right Honorable the Governor of Edinburgh Castle : These.

“Edinburgh, 14th December, 1650. “RIGHT HONORABLE,–We now hearing that you was desirous to speak with us for your information of the posture of affairs, we would be glad, and we think you make no doubt of it, to be refreshing or useful to you in anything; but the matter is of so high concernment, especially since it may be you will lean somewhat upon our information in managing that important trust put upon you, that we dare not take upon us to meddle : ye may therefore do as ye find yourselves clear and in capacity; and the Lord be with you. We are, Sir, your honor's humble servants, wellwishers in the Lord,

“ AL. JAFFRAY.
6. Jo. CARSTAIRS."

So that, for this Saturday, nothing can be done. On Sun. day, we suppose, Mr. Stapylton, in black, teaches in St. Giles's; and other qualified persons, some of them in red with teach in other Kirks; the Scots, much taken with the doctrine, "answering in their usual way of groans,' Hum-m-m-rrh !-and

* Newspapers (in Cromwelliana,'p. 98).

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