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turies now, whole floods of brine, enough to salt the Herringfishery,—will not refuse these poor Corporals also her tributary sigh. With Arnald of the Rendezvous at Ware, with Lockyer of the Bull in Bishopsgate, and other misguided martyrs to the Liberties of England then and since, may they sleep well!


Cornet Dean who now came forward, as the next to be shot, 'expressed penitence;' got pardon from the General: and there was no more shooting. Lieutenant-General Cromwell went into the Church, called down the Decimated of the Mutineers; rebuked, admonished; said, the General in his mercy had forgiven them. Misguided men, would you ruin this Cause, which marvellous Providences have so confirmed to us to be the Cause of God? Go, repent; and rebel no more, lest a worse thing befall you! They wept,' says the old Newspaper; they retired to the Devizes for a time; were then restored to their regiments, and marched cheerfully for Ireland.-Captain Thompson, the Cornet's brother, the first of all the Mutineers, he too, a few days afterwards, was fallen in with in Northamptonshire, still mutinous : his men took quarter; he himself fled to a wood;' fired and fenced there, and again desperately fired, declaring he would never yield alive ;—whereupon ‘a Corporal with seven bullets in his carbine' ended Captain Thompson too; and this formidable conflagration, to the last glimmer of it, was extinct.

Sansculottism, as we said above, has to lie submerged for almost two centuries yet. Levelling, in the practical, civil or military provinces of English things, is forbidden to be. In the spiritual provinces it cannot be forbidden; for there it everywhere already is. It ceases dibbling beans on St. George's Hill near Cobham; ceases galloping in mutiny across the Isis to Burford; -takes into Quakerisms, and kingdoms which are not of this world. My poor friend Dryasdust lamentably tears his hair over the 'intolerance' of that old Time to Quakerism and such like : if Dryasdust had seen the dibbling on St. George's Hill, the threatened fall of 'Park-pales,' and the gallop to Burford, he would reflect that Conviction in an earnest age means, not lengthy Spouting in Exeter-Hall, but rapid silent Practice on the face of the Earth; and would perhaps leave his poor hair alone.

On Thursday night, 17th of the month, the General, Lieu

tenant-General, and chief Officers arrive at Oxford; lodge in All-Souls College; head-quarters are to be there for some days. Solemnly welcomed by the reformed University; bedinnered, bespeeched; made Doctors, Masters, Bachelors, or what was suitable to their ranks, and to the faculties of this reformed University. Of which high doings, degrees and convocation-dinners, and eloquence by Proctor Zanchy, we say nothing,-being in haste for Ireland. This small benefit we have from the business: Anthony Wood, in his crabbed but authentic way, has given us biographical sketches of all these Graduates; biographies, very lean, very perverse, but better than are commonly going then, and in the fatal scarcity not quite without value.*

Neither do we speak of the thanking in the House of Commons; or of the general day of Thanksgiving for London, which is Thursday, 7th June (the day for England at large being Thursday 21st),t-and of the illustrious Dinner which the City. gave the Parliament and Officers, and all the Dignitaries of England, when Sermon was done. It was at Grocers' Hall, this City dinner; really illustrious. Dull Bulstrode, Keeper, or one of the Keepers, of the Commonwealth Great Seal, was there,— Keeper of that lump of dignified metal, found since all rusty in the wall at Hursley and my Lord of Pembroke, an Earl and Member of the Council of State, 'speaking very loud' as his manner was, insisted that illustrious Bulstrode should take place above him. I have given place to Bishop Williams when he was Keeper; and the Commonwealth Great Seal is as good as any King's ever was;-illustrious Bulstrode, take place above me; so !+ 'On almost every dish was enamelled a bandrol with the word Welcome. No music but that of drum and trumpet ;' no balderdash, or almost none, of speech without meaning; 'no


*Wood's Athenæ, iv. (Fasti, ii., 127-155); the Graduates of Saturday, 19th May, 1649, are, Fairfax, p. 148; Cromwell, p. 152; Colonels Scrope, Grosvenor, Sir Hardress Waller, Ingoldsby, Harrison, Goff, Okey; Adjutant-General Sedascue, Scoutmaster Rowe: and of Monday, 21st, Lieutenant-Colonel Cobbet, p. 140; John Rushworth, Cornet Joyce, p. 138:of whom those marked here in Italics have biographies worth looking at for an instant.

† Commons Journals, 26 May, 1649.

Whitlocke, p. 391.

drinking of healths or other incivility:'-drinking of healths; a kind of invocation or prayer, addressed surely not to God, in that humor; probably therefore to the Devil, or to the Heathen gods: which is offensive to the well-constituted mind. Four-hundred pounds were given to the Poor of London, that they also might dine.-*

And now for Bristol and the Campaign in Ireland.

* Newspapers (in Cromwelliana, p. 59, 60)


Tuesday, 10th July, 1649. This evening about five of the clock, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland began his journey; by the way of Windsor, and so to Bristol. He went forth in that state and equipage as the like hath hardly been seen; himself in a coach with six gallant Flanders mares, whitish grey; divers coaches accompanying him; and very many great Officers of the Army; his Lifeguard consisting of eighty gallant men, the meanest whereof a Commander or Esquire, in stately habit ;—with trumpets sounding, almost to the shaking of Charing Cross, had it been now standing. Of his Lifeguard many are Colonels; and believe me, it's such a guard as is hardly to be paralleled in the world. And now have at you, my Lord of Ormond! You will have men of gallantry to encounter; whom to overcome will be honor sufficient, and to be beaten by them will be no great blemish to your reputation. If you say, Cæsar or Nothing: they say, A Republic or Nothing. The Lord Lieutenant's colors are white.'*

Thus has Lord Lieutenant Cromwell gone to the Wars in Ireland. But before going, and while just in the act, he has had a Letter to write, on behalf of his 'Partner' or fellow Member for Cambridge, which the reader is now to glance at:


For the Honorable William Lenthall, Esquire.

'London,' 10th July, 1649.

SIR, I beseech you, upon that score of favor, if I be not too bold to call it friendship, which I have ever had from you, let me desire you

* Newspapers (in Cromwelliana, p. 62).

to promote my Partner's humble suit to the House; and obtain, as far as possibly you may, some just satisfaction for him. I know his sufferings for the Public have been great, besides the loss of his calling by his attendance here. His affections have been true and constant; and, I believe, his decay great in his Estate. It will be justice and charity to him; and I shall acknowledge it as a favor to,

Your most humble servant,

John Lowry, Esq., is Oliver's fellow Member for Cambridge. What Lowry's 'losses,' ' estate,' 'calling,' or history in general were, remains undiscoverable. One might guess that he had been perhaps a lawyer, of Puritan principles, and fortune already easy. He did not sit in the short Parliament of 1640, as Oliver had done; Oliver's former Partner,' one Meautys as we mentioned already, gave place to Lowry when the new Election happened.



Lowry in 1645 was Mayor of Cambridge. Some controversy as to the Privileges of the University there, which was now reformed according to the Puritan scheme, had arisen with the Town of Cambridge: a deputation of Cambridge University men, with Mr. Vines' at their head, comes up with a Petition to the House of Commons, on the 4th of August, 1645; reporting that they are like to be aggrieved, that the new Mayor of Cambridge will not take the customary oaths,' in respect to certain privileges of the University; and praying the House, in a bland and flattering way, to protect them. The House answers: "Yours is the University which is under the protection of this House;" Oxford, still in the King's hands, being in a very unreformed state: “this House can see no learning now in the Kingdom but by your eyes;" -certainly you shall be protected!-Counter-Petitions come from Lowry and the Corporation; but we doubt not the University was protected in this controversy, and Gown made good against Town.† What the controversy specially was, or what became of it, let no living man inquire. Lowry here vanishes into thick night again ; nowhere reappears till in this Letter of Cromwell's.

Letter written, as its date bears, on the very day when he set

Harris, p. 516; Harleian мss., no. 6988-collated, and exact.

† See Commons Journals, vi., 229, 241.

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