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of the said Lease,*-gives such a maim to the Manor of Hursley as indeed renders the rest of the Manor very inconsiderable.

Sir, if I concur to deny myself in point of present monies, as also in the other things mentioned, as aforesaid, I may and do expect the Manor of Hursley to be settled without any charge upon it, after your decease, saving your Lady's jointure of 150l. per annum,—which if you should think fit to increase, I should not stand upon it. Your own Estate is best known to you: but surely your personal estate, being free for you to dispose, will, with some small matter of addition, beget a nearness of equality,—if I hear well from others. And if the difference were not very considerable, I should not insist upon it.

What you demand of me is very high in all points. I am willing to settle as you desire in everything ; saving for maintenance 4001. per annum, 3001. per annum.f I would have somewhat free, to be thanked by them for. The 3001. per annum of my old lands for a jointure, after my Wife's decease, I shall settle; and in the meantime 'a like sum out of other lands at your election : and truly, Sir, if that be not good, neither will any lands, I doubt. I do not much distrust, your principles in other things have acted you towards confidence.—You demand in case my Son have none issue male but only daughters, then the Cromwell' Lands in Hantshire, Monmouth, and Gloucester-shire to descend to these daughters, or else 3,0001. apiece. The first would be most unequal; the latter also' is too high. They will be well provided for by being inheritrixes of their Mother; and I am willing that’ 2,0001. apiece be charged upon those lands for them.'

Sir, I cannot but with very many thanks acknowledge your good opinion of me and of my Son; as also your great civilities towards him ; and your Daughter's good respects,—whose goodness, though known to me only at a distance and by the report of others, I much value. And indeed that causeth me so cheerfully to deny myself as I do in the point

* .Ludlow's Lease,' &c., is not very plain. The 'tenor of Ludlow's Lease!' is still less known to us than it was to the Lieutenant-General! Thus much is clear: 250+150=400 pounds are to be paid off Hursley Manor by Richard and his Wife, which gives a sad ‘maim'to it. When Ludlow's Lease falls in, there will be some increment of benefit to the Manor ; but we are to derive no advantage from that, we are still to pay the surplus ' for some time after.'

† Means, in its desperate haste: 'except that instead of 4001. per annum for maintenance, we must say 3001.'

Better than Parliament-land, thinks Mayor! Oliver too prefers it for his Wife ; but thinks all land will have a chance to go, if that go.

Actuated or impelled.

of monies, and so willingly to comply in other things. But if I should not insist as above, I should in a greater measure than were meet deny both my own reason and the advice of my friends; which I may not do. Indeed, Sir, I have not closed with a far greater Offer of estate; but chose rather to fix here : I hope I have not been wanting to Providence in this. I have made myself plain to you. Desiring you will make my

Son the messenger of your pleasure and resolution herein as speedily as with conveniency you may, I take leave,

And rest,
Your affectionate servant,


I desire my service may be presented to your Lady and Daughters.*

On the morrow, which is Monday the 15th, day of John Milton's nomination to be Secretary, Lieutenant-General Cromwell was nominated Commander for Ireland ; satisfactory appointments both.


THE Lieutenant-General is in hot haste to-day ; sends a brief Letter by your Kinsman,' consenting to almost everything. Mayor, as we saw before, decidedly prefers 'my ould land’ to uncertain Parliamentary land. Oliver (see last Letter) offered to settle the 3001. of jointure upon his old land, after his Wife's decease ; he now agrees that half of it, 1501., shall be settled directly out of the old land, and the other half out of what Parliamentary land Mayor may like best.— The Letter breathes haste in every line ; but hits, with a firin knock, in Cromwell's way, the essential nails on their head, as it hurries on.

* Your Kinsman,' who carries this Letter, turns out by and by to be a Mr. Barton ; a man somewhat particular in his ways of viewing matters : unknown otherwise to all men. The Lieu. tenant-General getting his Irish Appointment confirmed in Parliament, and the conditions of it settled,t is naturally very busy.

• Harris, p. 507; Dunch's Pusey seventeen.
† Cromwelliana, p. 54; Commons Journals, &c.

For my worthy Friend, Richard Mayor, Esquire, at

Hursley : These.

• London,' 25th March, 1649.


You will pardon the brevity of these lines; the haste I am in, by reason of business, bccasions it. To testify the earnest desire I have to see a happy period to this Treaty between us, I give you to understand,

That I agree to 1501. per annum out of the 3001. per annum of my old land for your Daughter's jointure, and the other 1501. where you please. Also' 4001. for present maintenance where you shall choose ; either in Hantshire, Gloucester- or Monmouth-shire. Those lands to be settled upon my Son and his heirs male by your Daughter; and in case of daughters, only 2,0001. apiece to be charged upon those lands.

• On the other hand,' 4001. per annum free* to raise portions for my two Daughters. I expect the Manor of Hursley to be settled upon your Daughter and her heirs, the heirs of her body. Your Lady a jointure of 1501. per annum out of it. For compensation to your younger Daughter, I agree to leave it in your power, after your decease, to charge it with as much as will buy in the Lease of the Farm at Allingtont by a just computation. I expect, so long as they “the young couple ' live with you, their diet, as you expressed; or in case of voluntary parting from you,' 1501. per annum. You are to give' 3,0001. in case you have a Son ;£ to be paid in two years next following. In case your Daughter die without issue,-1,0001. within six months of the marriage.'

Sir, if this satisfy, I desire a speedy resolution. I should the rather desire so because of what your Kinsman can satisfy you in. The Lord bless you, and your Family, to whom I desire my affections and service may be presented. I rest,

Your humble servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.Q Your Kinsman can in part satisfy you what a multiplicity of business we are in: modelling the Army for Ireland ;—which

* Means, shall be settled on Richard and his Wife, that I may be enabled

i Ludlow's Lease,' I fancy. Anne Mayor, “your younger Daughter,' married Dunch of Pusey; John Dunch, to whom we owe these seventeen Letters. See also Letter 27 August, 1657.

† Grandson, i. e. : die, in the next sentence, means more properly live. § Harris, p. 508 ; one of the seventeen

indeed is a most delicate dangerous operation, full of difficulties perhaps but partly known to your Kinsman !

For, in these days, John Lilburn is again growing very noisy ; bringing out Pamphlets, England's New Chains Discovered, in several Parts. As likewise, The Hunting of the Foxes from Triploe Heath to Whitehall by Five Small Beagles,*-the tracking out of Oliver Cromwell and his Grandees, onward from their rendezvous at Royston or Triploe, all the way to their present lodgement in Whitehall and the seat of authority. “Five small Bea. gles,' Five vociferous petitionary Troopers, of the Levelling species, who for their high carriage and mutinous ways have been set to ride the wooden horse' lately. Do military men of these times understand the wooden horse ? He is a mere triangular ridge or roof of wood, set on four sticks, with absurd head and tail superadded ; and you ride him bare-backed, in the face of the world, frequently with muskets tied to your feet,-in a very uneasy manner! To Lieutenant-Colonel Lilburn and these small Beagles it is manifest we are getting into New Chains, not a jot better than the old; and certainly Foxes ought to be hunted and tracked. Three of the Beagles, the best-nosed and loudest-toned, by names Richard Overton, William Walwyn, Thomas Prince,these, with Lieutenant-Colonel Lilburn, huntsman of the pack, are shortly after this lodged in the Tower ;t committed to the Lieutenant,' to be in mild but safe keeping with that officer. There is, in fact, a very dangerous leaven in the Army, and in the Levelling Public at present, which thinks with itself: God's enemies having been fought down, chief Delinquents all punished, and the Godly Party made triumphant, why does not some Millennium arrive ?


COMPENSATION,' here touched upon, is the compensation to your younger daughter' mentioned in last Letter; burden settled on Hursley Manor, ' after your decease,'' to buy in the Lease of

* Given in Somers Tracts, vi., 44-60.

27 March, 11 April, 1649 (Commons Journals, in diebus).

Allington Farm.' Mayor wants it another way; which seems truly inconvenient,' and in brief cannot be.

For my worthy Friend, Richard Mayor, Esquire, at

Hursley : These.

• London,' 30th March, 1649. SIR,

I received yours of the 28th instant. I desire the matter of compensation may be as in my last to you.


way; which seems to me truly inconvenient.

I have agreed to all other things, as you take me, and that rightly, repeating particulars in your Paper. The Lord dispose this great Business (great between you and me) for good.

You mention to send by the Post on Tuesday.* I shall speed things here as I may. I am designed for Ireland, which will be speedy. I should be very glad to see things settled before I go, if the Lord will. My service to all your Family. I rest,

Your affectionate servant,



Who the Lawyer, or what the 'arrest' of him is, which occasions new expense of time, I do not know. On the whole, one begins to wish Richard well wedded; but the settlements do still a little stick, and we must have patience.

For my worthy Friend, Richard Mayor, Esquire, at

Hursley: These.

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London,' 6th April, 1649. SIR,

I received your Papers enclosed in your Letter; although I know not how to make so good use of them as otherwise might have been, to have saved expense of time, if the arrest of your Lawyer had not fallen out at this time.

I conceive a draught, to your satisfaction, by your own Lawyer, would * The 30th of March is Friday ; Tuesday is the 3d of April. † Harris, p. 508.

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