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Godly Interest, and such a Settlement with his Majesty as may be the best for that. Towards the end of July, however, London City, torn by factions, but Presbyterian by the great majority, rallies again in a very extraordinary way. Take these glimpses from contemporaneous Whitlocke: and rouse them from their fat somnolency a little.

July 26th. Many young men and Apprentices of London came to the House, in a most rude and tumultuous manner; and presented some particular Desires. Desires, That the Eleven may come back; that the Presbyterian Militia Ordinance be not revoked,—that the Revocation of it be revoked. Desire, in short, That there be no peace made with Sectaries, but that the London Militia may have a fair chance to fight them !Drowsy Whitlocke continues; almost as if he were in Paris in the eighteenth century: "The Apprentices, and many other rude boys and mean fellows among them, came into the House of Commons; and kept the Door open and their hats on; and called out as they stood, “ Vote, Vote!”—and in this arrogant posture, stood till the votes passed in that way, To repeal the Ordinance for change of the Militia, to' &c. "In the evening about 7 o'clock, some of the Common Council came down to the House ;' but finding the Parliament and Speaker already had been forced, they, astute Common Council-men, ordered their Apprentices to go home again, the work they had set them upon being now finished.* This disastrous scene fell out on Monday, 26th July, 1647: the Houses on the morrow morning, without farther sitting, adjourn till Friday next.

On Friday next,-behold, the Two Speakers, with the Mace,' and many members of both Houses, have withdrawn; and the Army, lately at Bedford, is on quick march towards London! Alarming pause. “About noon, however, the Remainders of the Two Houses, reinforced by the Eleven who reappear for the last time, proceed to elect new Speakers, ' get the City Mace;' order, above all, that there be a vigorous enlistment of forces, under General Massey, General Poyntz, and others. St. James's Fields' were most busy all Saturday, all Monday; shops all shut;

* Whitlocke, p. 263.

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drums beating in all quarters; a most vigorous enlistment going on. Presbyterianism will die with harness on its back. Alas, news come that the Army is at Colnebrook, advancing towards Hounslow : news come that they have rendezvoused at Hounslow, and received the Speakers and fugitive Lords and Commons with shouts. Tuesday, 3d August, 1647, was such a day as London and the Guildhall never saw before or since! Southwark declares that it will not fight; sends to Fairfax for Peace and a sweet composure ;' comes to the Guildhall in great crowds petitioning for Peace ;-at which sight, General Poyntz, pressing through for orders about his enlistments, loses his last drop of human patience; draws his sword' on the whining multitudes, “slashes several persons, whereof some died. The game is nearly up. Look into the old Guildhall on that old Tuesday night; the palpitation, tremulous expectation ; wooden Gog and Magog themselves almost sweating cold with terror :

General Massey sent out scouts to Brentford : but Ten men of the Army beat Thirty of his; and took a flag from a Party of the City. The City Militia and Common Council sat late ; and a great number of people attended at Guildhall. When a scout came in and brought news, That the Army made a halt; or other good intelligence,—they cry, “ One and all !" But if the scouts reported that the Army was advancing nearer them, then they would cry as loud, “Treat, treat, treat!” So they spent most part of the night. At last they resolved to send the General an humble Letter, beseeching him that there might be a way of composure.*

On Friday morning, was a meeting at the Earl of Holland's House in Kensington' (the Holland House that yet stands), and prostrate submission by the Civic Authorities and Parliamentary Remainders; after which the Army marched three deep by Hyde Park ’into the heart of the City, 'with boughs of laurel in their hats ;'-and it was all ended. Fair treatment for all the Honest Party; and the Spiritualism of England shall not be forced to grow in the Presbyterian fashion, however it may grow. Here is another entry from somnolent Bulstrode. The Army soon

* Whitlocke, p. 265.

changes its head-quarters to Putney ;* one of its outer posts is Hampton Court, where his Majesty, obstinate still, but somewhat despondent now of getting the two Parties to extirpate one another, is lodged.

Saturday, September 18th. After a Sermon in Putney Church, the General, many great Officers, Field-Officers, inferior Officers and Adjutators, met in the Church; debated the Proposals of the Army' towards the Settlement of this bleeding Nation; "altered some things in them ;-and were very full of the Sermon, which had been preached by Mr. Peters.'t

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LETTERS XXVII.-X XXVII.

THESE Eleven Letters, touching slightly on public affairs, with one or two glimpses into private, must carry us, without commentary, in a very dim way, across to the next stage in Oliver's History and England's: the Flight of the King from Hampton Court and the Army, soon followed by the actual breaking out of the Second Civil War.

LETTER XXVII.

THE Marquis of Ormond, a man of distinguished integrity, patience, activity and talent, had done his utmost for the King in Ireland, so long as there remained any shadow of hope there. His last service, as we saw, was to venture secretly on a Peace with the Irish Catholics,-Papists, men of the massacre of 1641, men of many other massacres, falsities, mad blusterings and confusions,—whom all parties considered as sanguinary Rebels, and regarded with abhorrence. Which Peace, we saw farther, Abbas O’Teague and others threatening to produce excommunication on it, the Council of Kilkenny' broke away from,—not in the handsomest manner. Ormond, in this Spring of 1647, finding himself reduced to seven barrels of gunpowder’ and other extremities, without prospect of help or trustworthy bargain on the Irish side, -agreed to surrender Dublin, and what else he had left, rather to the Parliament than to the Rebels; his Majesty, from Eng. land, secretly and publicly advising that course. The Treaty was completed: Colonel Michael Jones,' lately Governor of Chester, arrived with some Parliamentary Regiments, with certain Parliamentary Commissioners, on the 7th of June :* the surrender was duly effected, and Ormond withdrew to England.

* Carte's Ormond, i., 603

A great English force had been anticipated; but the late quarrel with the Army had rendered that impossible. Jones, with such inadequate forces as he had, made head against the Rebels; gained ' a great victory' over them on the 8th of August, at a place called Dungan Hill, not far from Trim :* 'the most signal victory we had yet gained;' for which there was thankfulness enough.—Four days before that Sermon by Hugh Peters, followed by the military conclave in Putney Church, Cromwell had addressed this small Letter of Congratulation to Jones, whom, by the tone of it, he does not seem to have personally known:

For the Honorable Col. Jones, Governor of Dublin, and Commander-inChief of all the Forces in Leinster: These.

Putney,' 14th September, 1647. SIR,

The mutual interest and agreement we have in the same Causet give me occasion, as to congratulate, so · likewise' abundantly to rejoice in God's gracious Dispensation unto you and by you. We have, both in England and Ireland, found the immediate presence and assistance of God, in guiding and succeeding our endeavors hitherto; and therefore ought, as I doubt not both you and we desire, to ascribe the glories of all to Him, and to improve all we receive from Him unto Him alone.

Though, it may be, for the present a cloud may lie over our actions to those who are not acquainted with the grounds of them; yet we doubt not but God will cleart our integrity and innocency from any other ends we aim at but His glory and the Public Good. And as you are an instrument herein, so we shall, as becometh us, upon all occasions, give you your due honor. For my own particular,—wherein I may have your commands to serve you, you shall find none more ready than he that sincerely desires to approve himself, Your affectionate friend and humble servant,

OLIVER CROMWELL.

Michael Jones is the name of this Colonel ; there are several * Rushworth, vii., 779; Carte, ii., V. | Words uncertain to the Copyist; sense not doubtful. | Ms. Volume of Letters in Trinity-College Library, Dublin (marked: F. 3. 18), fol. 62. Autograph ; docketed by Jones himself, of whom the Volume contains other memorials,

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