Language Change and Variation in Gibraltar
John Benjamins Publishing, 2008 - Всего страниц: 192
While much has been written about Gibraltar from historical and political perspectives, sociolinguistic aspects have been largely overlooked. This book describes the influences which have shaped the colony s linguistic development since the British occupation in 1704, and the relationship between the three principal means of communication: English, Spanish and the code-switching variant Yanito. The study then focuses its attentions on the communicative forms and functions of Gibraltarian English. The closing of the border between Gibraltar and Spain (1969-1982), which effectively isolated the colony, had important social and linguistic repercussions. This volume presents the first full account of the language attitudes and identity of a new generation of Gibraltarians, all of whom were born after the border was re-opened. Adopting a variationist approach, this study analyses the extent to which the language use and phonetic realisations of young Gibraltarians differ from those of previous generations and the factors conditioning language variation and change.
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Past and present
Fieldwork methodology and analysis
1 Research sample by sex ageeducational level and school
3 Research sample by class and sex
Language choice competence and attitude
1 Language spoken by informants with grandparents GL in
Vowels and diphthongs
1 Gibraltarian English GibE vowel summary
3 Distribution of THOUGHT vowel length by class
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72 informants accent adolescents affricate age group allophonic analysis Andalusian Spanish appear autochthonous majority BrE norms Britain British English casual conversation centralised centring diphthong clear code-switching comfortable language MCL consonant diphthong diphthong/monophthong variants Distribution English language Enriles environments ethnic groups evident fact Figure findings formant fricative GibE Gibraltar H-dropping Hispanophones Home language HL Indian informants inter-student language ISL intervocalic Jewish and Indian Jewish informants Joe Bossano Kellermann 2001 Kerswill L-vocalisation labiodental Labov language behaviour language change language choice language maintenance language shift lexical items linguistic LMC3 males middle school Milroy minimal pairs monophthong Moroccan Arabic Moroccan community Moroccan informants non-standard noted parents particularly patterns phonetic plosives population pre-adolescents pronunciation revealed sample Spain Spanish language Spanish speakers Spanish transfer speak English speech community StCast stratification suggest T-glottalling teenagers tend TH-fronting tion tokens Type UMC1 variables velar vowel length vowel quality vowel realisations Whereas word Yanito young Gibraltarians