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But, before he came, they called in Mrs. Young, the wife, it seems, of the aforesaid Robert Young ; but what a kind of wife, and which of the two wives he had at one and the same time, will appear in what follows.

When she was come in, my Lord Nottingham said to her, Mary Young, whence received you this paper taking up a paper that lay upon the table. Mary Young. I had it from captain Lawe. Earl of Not. What did he say when he gave it you? Mrs. Young. He bid me deliver it to my husband. Earl of Not. What did he say it was? Mrs. Young. He said it was a sociate, or some such word.

Earl of Not. What ! Did he deliver you a paper of this treasonable nature, in the manner as it is, to be given to your husband, without sealing it up, or inclosing it in another paper,

Mrs. Young. Yes, my lord, he did.
Earl of Not. Did he tell you any of the names to it.

Mrs. Young. Yes : he said there were the late Archbishop of Canterbury's, the Bishop of Rochester's, and some other lords names to it.

Earl of Not. What passed afterwards between you about it?

Mrs. Young. I gave it my husband, and, when captain Lawe came for it again, my husband said, No, these lords, whose names are subscribed, have not been so liberal in the relief of my wants as formerly; and therefore I will make another use of this paper ; and so locked it up.

By this time Blackhead was brought in, and the woman ordered to withdraw, and to be kept by herself.

Earl of Not. Blackhead. The last time you confessed you brought the Bishop of Rochester a letter from Robert Young, under the false name of doctor Hookes.

Blackhead. Yes, I did.
Eurl of Not. Can you know that letter when you see it?
Blackhead. I cannot tell, I doubt I cannot know it.

Earl of Not. Here it is ; (and it was given into his hand) is that the same letter you delivered the bishop?

Blackhead. I am not sure it is.

Earl of Not. Consider it well; look on the superscription, you cannot but remember that. You began to be somewhat ingenuous last Friday ; if you relapse, it will fare the worse with you. Blackhead. Yes, this may be the letter; this is the very same letter.

Earl of Not. And you received an answer to this from the bishop, for Doctor Hookes, which you carried to Robert Young?

Blackhead. Yes, I did, I own it.

Earl of Not. But, what made you, when you were at Bromley the second time, so earnestly desire of the bishop's butler, and his other servants, that you might see the rooms in the house, especially his study?

Blackhead. No, I do not remember that I desired to see the study: the house I might, out of curiosity.

Earl of Not. But here are some of the bishop's servants without,

who are ready to swear, that you pressed very often to get a sight of his study ; saying, you had the freedom at your master Hookes, to shew any stranger his books, and you doubted not but the butler could do the same there.

Blackhead. I cannot deny that I did desire to see the bishop's study; the other rooms I am sure I did.

Earl of Not. What reason had you to be so importunate to see that, or any of the other rooms ? Had you any paper about you, that you designed to drop, or leave in any part of the bishop's house.

Here Blackbead stopped, as very loth to out with it; till divers of the lords urged him to tell the truth. At last he went on, though with much hesitancy,

Blackhead. Yes, I must confess I had a paper in my pocket, which I designed to put somewhere in the house.

Earl of Not. What did you with it?
Blackhead. I did leave it in the parlour next the kitchen.
Earl of Not. In what part of the parlour ?
Blackhead. In the flower-pot in the chimney.

Good Lord bless me, cried I, I seriously protest, I never heard that any paper was found there by my servants. To be sure they would have brought it me.

Earl of Not. But, my lord, it will be worth your while to send presently to Bromley, to see whether there be any paper still, and what it is.

Bishop of Roch. My lord, I will send one away immediately. Only my servants are without, expecting to be sworn. Be pleased first to call them in, and dispatch them.

Earl of Not. Nay, my lord, there is no need of that testimony now. For this fellow has said already more than they know. He has confessed, not only that he desired to see your house, and particularly your study, but that he did it with an intention to leave a paper somewhere in it; and that he did leave one in your parlour, and in the flower pot of the chimney.

Bishop of Roch. Then, my lord, I will send away forthwith.

Earl of Not. Stay, my lord, let us first examine him a little farther. Blackhead, what paper was it you left in the bishop's chimney, in the flower-pot?

Blackhead. It was the association.

Earl of Not. Was it this paper here ? Shewing the association that lay upon the table.

Blackhead. Yes, it was.

Earl of Not. How came you by it? and who advised you to lodge it there?

Blackhead. I had it from Mr. Young, and he advised me to leave it in the bishop's house, as I did.

Earl of Not. Did Young direct you to put it into the flower-pot in the parlour?

Blackhead. Yes, he did, and I put it there accordingly in the flower-pot. Earl of Not. But were you not a third time in the bishop's house? It was upon a Sunday, which it seems was Whit-Sunday.

Blackhead. I was.

Earl of Not. You pretended to condole for the bishop's imprisonment : it is manifest that could not be your business. What

was it ?

Blackhead. I was desired by Mr. Young, seeing the association was not found by those who apprehended the bishop, to go to Bromley, and try to recover it, that being the original. I did so, I came into the house before any of the servants were aware, I went into the parlour unseen, and took the paper out of the same place where I had put it, and delivered it again to Mr. Young.

Bishop of Roch. My lords, I am very much surprised at all this. I cannot but admire the wonderful goodness of God, in this my extraordinary deliverance. It appears, by what this fellow confesses, that this forged association was in my house, in a flower-pot, for many days together; and that it was there at the very time I was seized on by your lordship’s order. For he says he put it there the second time he was at Bromley, which was a pretty while before I was in hold, and took it not out till the third time, which was upon Whit-sunday, the ninth day after I was under confinement ; and, by a strange and marvellous providence, that parlour, where he

says it lay so long in the chimney, was never searched or inquired after by the clerk of the council, or the messenger.

The other part of the house, on the left-hand of the hall, where my study is, and bed-chamber above stairs, and a parlour and drawing-room below, all these they searched very accurately; particularly, I well remember, the messenger thrust his hand into the flower-pots in every chimney; which seemed very odd to me then, but I now understand the meaning of it.

At this, my Lord Sydney, my Lord Nottingham, my Lord Devonshire, and some others of the council affirmed, that they perfectly remembered, both Blackhead and Young did especially direct them to give order to those, who should be sent to take me, to search all the flower-pots.

By this time it was thought seasonable by the lords to confront Blackhead with Young.

But, in the mean while, the counterfeit association, being handed about the table, was at length delivered to me; it was to this purpose, as much of it as, by a transient view, I could carry away in my memory :

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TH
HAT we, whose names were subscribed, should solemnly

promise, in the presence of God, to contribute our utmost assistance towards King James's recovery of his kingdoms: that, ' to this end, we would have ready to meet him, at his landing, thirty-thousand men well armed; that we would seize upon the person of the Princess of Orange, dead or alive; and take care, • that some strong garrison should be forthwith delivered into his • hands; and furnish him with a considerable sum of money, for the support of his army;' or to this sense. March 20, -91,

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And the forged subscriptions were, as I remember, after this manner :

W. Cant.
Marleborough. Salisbury.

Tho. Roffen.

Cornbury.
Basil Firebraçe.

John IVilcoxe.

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Now, upon the first sight of this paper, I presently said, I protest, my lords, I am very much amazed to see my hand so well counterfeited ; all the difference is, they have done me the favour to write it finer, than I can: otherwise, I acknowledge it is so like, that I verily believe, I myself, had I seen it in another place, should have been apt to doubt, whether it were of my writing, or

I am confident it might, upon the first blush, deceive the best friends I have.

But; my lords, here is another innocent person's name, whose hand I know very well, and I dare venture to say, it is even better forged than mine; I mean, Archbishop Sancroft's.

Lord Godolphin. My lords, I am very well acquainted with Archbishop Sancroft's hand, and really it is here most exactly counterfeited.

Moreover, my Lord Godolphin, my Lord Sydney, and others said, that the Earl of Marleborough's hand had been so well feigned, in a letter pretended to be written to Young himself, that it was very difficult for his most intimate friends to observe

any

distinca tion; and, in that letter, the Bishop of Rochester was said to have the paper in his keeping ; which appears now to have been meant of the false association's being in my custody.

Nay, my Lord Sydney assured me, these very impostors had brought him a letter, supposed also to be written by me to Young; which, being but of ordinary matters, he thought not worth the keeping, but he well remembered, the subscription of my name was very like this in the association, as well indeed it might.

By this time, Young being come into the room, my Lord Nottingham spoke to him:

Young, look upon that letter (shewing him his own to me, under the name of Dr. Hookes) do you know that hand ?

Young. No, I don't know it.

Earl of Not. Did not you send that letter to the bishop of Rochester, hy Blackhead ?

Young. No, I know no Hookes ; I never writ to the Bishop of Rochester, but in my own name, with my own hand.

Earl of Not. What say you, Blackhead ?

Blackhead. I did receive that very letter from Mr. Young's own hand, and delivered it to the Bishop of Rochester with mine.

Earl of Not. (Taking up the association, and shewing it to Young) did not you give this paper to Blackhead, and order him to put it into a chimney in the Bishop of Rochester's house, and into a flower-pot, if there were any?

Young. No, I never desired him to carry it thither, or to put it into a flower-pot,

Earl of Not. What say you, Blackhead ?

Blackhead. Mr. Young did give me that paper, and directed me to leave it in the bishop's house; and, if I could, to put it in a flower-pot in some room; which I did, in the parlour.

Young. There is no such matter, I absolutely deny it.

Upon this, the Earl of Nottingham, the Lord Sydney, and some others of the counsellors, asked Young, Why then did you give us such express directions, to send, and search the flower-pots, among other places, in the bishop's house?

Young. I said nothing of flower-pots. I bid you take care that the bishop's person should be exactly searched ; because, when he went abroad, he carried the association about him ; when he was at home, he put it in some private place, for fear of surprise ; perhaps, I might say, in the chimney.

The lords replied, Nay, we all well remember, you particularly mentioned the flower-pots.

Earl of Not. Young, when you perceived that the persons sent to seize on the bishop had missed the association, did not you then desire Blackhead to go a third time to the bishop's house, and to take it out of the pot, where he had laid it ?

Young. No, I know nothing of it,
Earl of Not. What say you, Blackhead?

Blackhead. At Mr, Young's request, I went to the bishop's house a third time; it was upon a Sunday ; I privately got into the parlour, and took out the association out of the same flowerpot where I had laid it, and returned it back to Mr. Young.

Young. This is a combination between the Bishop of Rochester and Blackhead, to baffle the whole discovery of the plot.

Which saying of Young's could not but raise a general smile among all the company, they lifting up their hands with great indignation at his unparalleled impudence.

Bishop of Roch. I thought, my lords, the last time I was here, Blackhead was the most brazen-faced fellow that ever I saw ; but now I find this same Young to be a much viler miscreant than he. This is so base a suggestion against me, and so impossible for me to be guilty of, and I know your lordships so little suspect it of me, that I need not make any answer to it in my defence.

Lord President. Young, thou art the strangest creature that ever I heard of : dost thou think we could imagine, that the Bishop of Rochester would combine with this thy confederate, to have an association written, with his own hand to it, and then laid in his 'own house, in a flower-pot there? which, if it had been found, must have endangered his life: and we see it was the most remarkable good fortune to him that almost ever happened to any man, that it was not found there,

But Young still persisting, that he believed I had taken Black. head off, they were both ordered to withdraw. And, I assure my reader, that, during this wbole examination, though Young's

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